A History of the Brain

A History of the Brain

This is the first time a history of the brain has been written in a narrative way, emphasizing how our understanding of the brain and nervous system has developed over time, with the development of the disciplines of anatomy, pharmacology, ...

Author: Andrew P. Wickens

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317744832

Category: Psychology

Page: 390

View: 577

A History of the Brain tells the full story of neuroscience, from antiquity to the present day. It describes how we have come to understand the biological nature of the brain, beginning in prehistoric times, and progressing to the twentieth century with the development of Modern Neuroscience. This is the first time a history of the brain has been written in a narrative way, emphasizing how our understanding of the brain and nervous system has developed over time, with the development of the disciplines of anatomy, pharmacology, physiology, psychology and neurosurgery. The book covers: beliefs about the brain in ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome the Medieval period, Renaissance and Enlightenment the nineteenth century the most important advances in the twentieth century and future directions in neuroscience. The discoveries leading to the development of modern neuroscience gave rise to one of the most exciting and fascinating stories in the whole of science. Written for readers with no prior knowledge of the brain or history, the book will delight students, and will also be of great interest to researchers and lecturers with an interest in understanding how we have arrived at our present knowledge of the brain.
Categories: Psychology

A History of the Brain

A History of the Brain

From Stone Age surgery to modern neuroscience Andrew P. Wickens. 14 15 London. Years later, brain scans would show that HM's frontal lobes remained slightly pushed up and squashed. In fact, the clips turned outtobe nonferromagnetic, ...

Author: Andrew P. Wickens

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317744825

Category: Psychology

Page: 390

View: 406

A History of the Brain tells the full story of neuroscience, from antiquity to the present day. It describes how we have come to understand the biological nature of the brain, beginning in prehistoric times, and progressing to the twentieth century with the development of Modern Neuroscience. This is the first time a history of the brain has been written in a narrative way, emphasizing how our understanding of the brain and nervous system has developed over time, with the development of the disciplines of anatomy, pharmacology, physiology, psychology and neurosurgery. The book covers: beliefs about the brain in ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome the Medieval period, Renaissance and Enlightenment the nineteenth century the most important advances in the twentieth century and future directions in neuroscience. The discoveries leading to the development of modern neuroscience gave rise to one of the most exciting and fascinating stories in the whole of science. Written for readers with no prior knowledge of the brain or history, the book will delight students, and will also be of great interest to researchers and lecturers with an interest in understanding how we have arrived at our present knowledge of the brain.
Categories: Psychology

Motion and Emotion

Motion and Emotion

The Neuropsychiatry of Movement Disorders and Epilepsy Andrea E. Cavanna. Clifford Rose F, Bynum WF, editors. Historical aspects of the neurosciences. ... A history of the brain: from stone age surgery to modern neuroscience.

Author: Andrea E. Cavanna

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319893303

Category: Medical

Page: 193

View: 502

This book illustrates the clinical interface between neurology and psychiatry by focusing on neuropsychiatric conditions characterised by alterations at the level of both motor function and behaviour. The neuropsychiatric approach to movement disorders and epilepsy is of key importance in clinically assessing and treating these common and often disabling conditions. While addressing the clinical challenges posed by the behavioural aspects of movement disorders and epilepsy, it invites readers on a journey through the evolving discipline of neuropsychiatry / behavioural neurology – both in the past and today. This discipline has an illustrious history, and continues its ascending trajectory in the new millennium through the activity of long-established national organisations (British Neuropsychiatry Association, BNPA, and American Neuropsychiatric Association, ANPA) as well as newly developed strategic research initiatives (Michael Trimble Neuropsychiatry Research Group, MTNRG).
Categories: Medical

Law and Neuroscience

Law and Neuroscience

Through processes like these, brains can reconfigure their neural networks at astonishing speed and in ... covered in books like these: Andrew P. Wickens, A History of the Brain: From Stone Age Surgery to Modern Neuroscience (2014).

Author: Owen D. Jones

Publisher: Aspen Publishers

ISBN: 9781543801095

Category: Medical

Page: 1004

View: 713

The implications for law of new neuroscientific techniques and findings are now among the hottest topics in legal, academic, and media venues. Law and Neuroscience—a collaboration of professors in law, neuroscience, and biology—is the first and still only coursebook to chart this new territory, providing the world’s most comprehensive collection of neurolaw materials. This text will be of interest to many professors teaching Criminal Law and Torts courses, who would like to incorporate the most current thinking on how biology intersects with the law. New to the Second Edition: Extensively revised chapters, updated with new findings and materials. New chapter on Aging Brains Hundreds of new references and citations to recent developments. Over 600 new references and citations to recent developments, with 260 new readings, including 27 new case selections Highly current material; 45% of cases and publications in the Second Edition were published since the first edition in 2014 Professors and students will benefit from: Technical subjects explained in an accessible manner Extensive glossary of key terms Photos and illustrations enliven the text Professors of any background can teach this course
Categories: Medical

The Neuro Consumer

The Neuro Consumer

In his book A History of the Brain: From Stone Age Surgery to Modern Neuroscience,1 Andrew P. Wickens helps the reader gain deeper insight into the evolution of our knowledge of this organ over the centuries.

Author: Anne-Sophie Bayle-Tourtoulou

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000055528

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 322

View: 496

Neuroscientific research shows that the great majority of purchase decisions are irrational and driven by subconscious mechanisms in our brains. This is hugely disruptive to the rational, logical arguments of traditional communication and marketing practices and we are just starting to understand how organizations must adapt their strategies. This book explains the subconscious behavior of the "neuro-consumer" and shows how major international companies are using these findings to cast light on their own consumers’ behavior. Written in plain English for business and management readers with no scientific background, it focuses on: how to adapt marketing and communication to the subconscious and irrational behaviors of consumers; the direct influence of the primary senses (sight, hearing, smell, taste, touch) on purchasing decisions and the perception of communications by customers’ brains; implications for innovation, packaging, price, retail environments and advertising; the use of "nudges" and artifices to increase marketing and communication efficiency by making them neuro-compatible with the brain’s subconscious expectations; the influence of social media and communities on consumers’ decisions – when collective conscience is gradually replacing individual conscience and recommendation becomes more important than communication; and the ethical limits and considerations that organizations must heed when following these principles. Authored by two globally recognized leaders in business and neuroscience, this book is an essential companion to marketers and brand strategists interested in neuroscience and vital reading for any advanced student or researcher in this area.
Categories: Business & Economics

Brain and Race

Brain and Race

... 2013); “Focus: Neurohistory and the History of Science,” Isis, 2014, 105:100-154; Andrew P. Wickens, A History of the Brain. From Stone Age Surgery to Modern Neuroscience (London-New York: Psychology Press, 2015); Stephen ...

Author: Claudio Pogliano

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004431881

Category: Science

Page: 364

View: 866

For nearly two centuries, the racial significance of the human brain has absorbed a huge amount of scientific energy, despite the frequency of shortcomings and disappointing results. This book tries to show and explain the resilience of such a thorny issue.
Categories: Science

The Emergence of Neuroscience and the German Novel

The Emergence of Neuroscience and the German Novel

On a more serious note, Gall's specific contribution to neuroscience consisted in his venturing into the field of comparative ... (18) See Andrew P. Wickens, A History of the Brain: From Stone Age Surgery to Modern Neuroscience (London: ...

Author: Sonja Boos

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030828165

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 262

View: 897

The Emergence of Neuroscience and the German Novel: Poetics of the Brain revises the dominant narrative about the distinctive psychological inwardness and introspective depth of the German novel by reinterpreting the novel’s development from the perspective of the nascent discipline of neuroscience, the emergence of which is coterminous with the rise of the novel form. In particular, it asks how the novel’s formal properties—stylistic, narrative, rhetorical, and figurative—correlate with the formation of a neuroscientific discourse, and how the former may have assisted, disrupted, and/or intensified the medical articulation of neurological concepts. This study poses the question: how does this rapidly evolving field emerge in the context of nineteenth century cultural practices and what were the conditions for its emergence in the German-speaking world specifically? Where did neuroscience begin and how did it broaden in scope? And most crucially, to what degree does it owe its existence to literature?
Categories: Literary Criticism

The Invention of Surgery

The Invention of Surgery

6 A. P. Wickens, A History of the Brain: From Stone Age Surgery to Modern Neuroscience (London: Psychology Press, 2014), p. 171. 7 Bahar Gholipour, “A visual history of neurons,” Brain Decoder, April 13, ...

Author: David Schneider

Publisher: Hachette UK

ISBN: 9781529362251

Category: Philosophy

Page: 410

View: 828

"Bold and compelling... Uniformly excellent, and often wryly amusing."" - The Wall Street Journal "A globetrotting historical adventure, told from the inside of the operating room... Medical writing at its most exhilarating." - Michael Paul Mason "Comprehensively researched, deftly told, and radiating both intellect and passion... Essential reading for anyone interested not only in the history but also in the future of medicine." - Frank Huyler "A history of surgery that is informative, entertaining, and highly readable." Library Journal A fascinating history of the practice of surgery from one of the leading figures in the field, chronicling centuries of scientific breakthroughs by the discipline's most dynamic, pioneering doctors. Written by an author with plenty of experience holding a scalpel, Dr. David Schneider's The Invention of Surgery is an in-depth biography of the practice that has leapt forward over the centuries from the dangerous guesswork of ancient Greek physicians through the world-changing "implant revolution" of the twentieth century. The Invention of Surgery explains this dramatic progress and highlights the personalities of the discipline's most dynamic historical figures. It links together the lives of the pioneering scientists who first understood what causes disease, how organs become infected or cancerous, and how surgery could powerfully intercede in people's lives, and then shows how the rise of surgery intersected with many of the greatest medical breakthroughs of the last century, including the evolution of medical education, the transformation of the hospital from a place of dying to a habitation of healing, the development of antibiotics, and the rise of transistors and polymer science. And as Schneider argues, surgery has not finished transforming; new technologies are constantly reinventing both the practice of surgery and the nature of the objects we are permanently implanting in our bodies. Schneider considers these latest developments, asking "What's next?" and analyzing how our conception of surgery has changed alongside our evolving ideas of medicine, technology, and our bodies.
Categories: Philosophy

Models of the Mind

Models of the Mind

Whishaw, I. Q. & Kolb, Bryan. 1983. Can male decorticate rats copulate? Behavioral Neuroscience 97(2):270–79 doi:10.1037/0735-7044.97.2.270. Wickens, A. P. 2014. A History of the Brain: From Stone Age Surgery to Modern Neuroscience.

Author: Grace Lindsay

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781472966452

Category: Mathematics

Page: 320

View: 340

The brain is made up of 85 billion neurons, which are connected by over 100 trillion synapses. For more than a century, a diverse array of researchers has been trying to find a language that can be used to capture the essence of what these neurons do and how they communicate – and how those communications create thoughts, perceptions and actions. The language they were looking for was mathematics, and we would not be able to understand the brain as we do today without it. In Models of the Mind, author and computational neuroscientist Grace Lindsay explains how mathematical models have allowed scientists to understand and describe many of the brain's processes, including decision-making, sensory processing, quantifying memory, and more. She introduces readers to the most important concepts in modern neuroscience, and highlights the tensions that arise when the abstract world of mathematical modelling collides with the messy details of biology. Each chapter focuses on mathematical tools that have been applied in a particular area of neuroscience, progressing from the simplest building block of the brain – the individual neuron – through to circuits of interacting neurons, whole brain areas and even the behaviours that brains command. Throughout, Grace examines the history of the field, starting with experiments done on neurons in frog legs at the turn of the twentieth century and building to the large models of artificial neural networks that form the basis of modern artificial intelligence. She demonstrates the value of describing the machinery of neuroscience using the elegant language of mathematics and reveals in full the remarkable fruits of this endeavour.
Categories: Mathematics

The Neuroscience of Learning and Development

The Neuroscience of Learning and Development

... the thalamus and the amygdala: Evidence for a parallel organization. Prefrontal Cortex: Its Structure, Function and Pathology 85, 95. Wickens, A. P. (2014). A history of the brain: From Stone Age surgery to modern neuroscience.

Author: Marilee J. Bresciani Ludvik

Publisher: Stylus Publishing, LLC

ISBN: 9781620362860

Category: Education

Page: 376

View: 379

Is higher education preparing our students for a world that is increasingly complex and volatile, and in which they will have to contend with uncertainty and ambiguity? Are we addressing the concerns of employers who complain that graduates do not possess the creative, critical thinking, and communication skills needed in the workplace? This book harnesses what we have learned from innovations in teaching, from neuroscience, experiential learning, and studies on mindfulness and personal development to transform how we deliver and create new knowledge, and indeed transform our students, developing their capacities for adaptive boundary spanning. Starting from the premise that our current linear, course-based, educational practices are frequently at odds with how our neurological system facilitates learning and personal development, the authors set out an alternative model that emphasizes a holistic approach to education that integrates mindful inquiry practice with self-authorship and the regulation of emotion as the cornerstones of learning, while demonstrating how these align with the latest discoveries in neuroscience. The book closes by offering practical ideas for implementation, showing how simple refinements in classroom and out-of-classroom experiences can create foundations for students to develop key skills that will enhance adaptive problem solving, creativity, overall wellbeing, innovation, resilience, compassion, and ultimately world peace. Co-published with ACPA – College Student Educators International img width="118" height="50" src="/sites/stylus/images/imgACPA.jpg"
Categories: Education