Author: Anatoly I. BurshteinPublish On: 2008-07-11

Readable and accessible throughout, this book provides both thermodynamic and statistical points of view, covering thermodynamic potentials, such as entropy and free energy, whenever relevant.

Author: Anatoly I. Burshtein

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527618125

Category: Science

Page: 349

View: 726

Imparts the similarities and differences between ratified and condensed matter, classical and quantum systems as well as real and ideal gases. Presents the quasi-thermodynamic theory of gas-liquid interface and its application for density profile calculation within the van der Waals theory of surface tension. Uses inductive logic to lead readers from observation and facts to personal interpretation and from specific conclusions to general ones.

The text surveys the application of quantum theory to the problem of specific heats and the contributions of kinetic theory to knowledge of electrical and magnetic properties of molecules, concluding with applications of the kinetic theory ...

Author: Leonard B. Loeb

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486495728

Category: Science

Page: 687

View: 741

A pioneering text in its field, this comprehensive study is one of the most valuable texts and references available. The author explores the classical kinetic theory in the first four chapters, with discussions of the mechanical picture of a perfect gas, the mean free path, and the distribution of molecular velocities. Tbhe fifth chapter deals with the more accurate equations of state, or Van der Waals' equation, and later chapters examine viscosity, heat conduction, surface phenomena, and Browninan movements. The text surveys the application of quantum theory to the problem of specific heats and the contributions of kinetic theory to knowledge of electrical and magnetic properties of molecules, concluding with applications of the kinetic theory to the conduction of electricity in gases. 1934 edition.

Monograph and text supplement for first-year students of physical chemistry focuses chiefly on the molecular basis of important thermodynamic properties of gases, including pressure, temperature, and thermal energy. 1966 edition.

Author: Walter Kauzmann

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486273433

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 555

Monograph and text supplement for first-year students of physical chemistry focuses chiefly on the molecular basis of important thermodynamic properties of gases, including pressure, temperature, and thermal energy. 1966 edition.

The Gaseous State . On the other hand , it is possible for the whole of the liquid to
be transformed into vapour in this way , before a steady state is reached . Here
we have the kinetic theory picture of a gas — a crowd of molecules , each moving
...

Author: James Jeans

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 0521092329

Category: Science

Page: 311

View: 384

This book can be described as a student's edition of the author's Dynamical Theory of Gases. It is written, however, with the needs of the student of physics and physical chemistry in mind, and those parts of which the interest was mainly mathematical have been discarded. This does not mean that the book contains no serious mathematical discussion; the discussion in particular of the distribution law is quite detailed; but in the main the mathematics is concerned with the discussion of particular phenomena rather than with the discussion of fundamentals.

This volume is comprised of eight chapters and opens by presenting basic information on gases and liquids as well as intermolecular forces and con .

Author: Stanisław Bretsznajder

Publisher: Pergamon

ISBN: STANFORD:36105031275907

Category: Chemistry, Physical and theoretical

Page: 408

View: 955

Prediction of Transport and Other Physical Properties of Fluids reviews general methods for predicting the transport and other physical properties of fluids such as gases and liquids. Topics covered range from the theory of corresponding states and methods for estimating the surface tension of liquids to some basic concepts of the kinetic theory of gases. Methods of estimating liquid viscosity based on the principle of additivity are also described. This volume is comprised of eight chapters and opens by presenting basic information on gases and liquids as well as intermolecular forces and con ...

This monograph is intended to provide a comprehensive description of the rela tion between kinetic theory and fluid dynamics for a time-independent behavior of a gas in a general domain.

Author: Yoshio Sone

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461200611

Category: Science

Page: 353

View: 425

This monograph is intended to provide a comprehensive description of the rela tion between kinetic theory and fluid dynamics for a time-independent behavior of a gas in a general domain. A gas in a steady (or time-independent) state in a general domain is considered, and its asymptotic behavior for small Knudsen numbers is studied on the basis of kinetic theory. Fluid-dynamic-type equations and their associated boundary conditions, together with their Knudsen-layer corrections, describing the asymptotic behavior of the gas for small Knudsen numbers are presented. In addition, various interesting physical phenomena derived from the asymptotic theory are explained. The background of the asymptotic studies is explained in Chapter 1, accord ing to which the fluid-dynamic-type equations that describe the behavior of a gas in the continuum limit are to be studied carefully. Their detailed studies depending on physical situations are treated in the following chapters. What is striking is that the classical gas dynamic system is incomplete to describe the behavior of a gas in the continuum limit (or in the limit that the mean free path of the gas molecules vanishes). Thanks to the asymptotic theory, problems for a slightly rarefied gas can be treated with the same ease as the corresponding classical fluid-dynamic problems. In a rarefied gas, a temperature field is di rectly related to a gas flow, and there are various interesting phenomena which cannot be found in a gas in the continuum limit.

This culminated in the mean free path theory of Clausius [50] and the more
successful kinetic theory of gases of Maxwell [51]. Maxwell's kinetic theory of gases was continued and improved in a very important way by Boltzmann [52],
who ...

Author: Byung Chan Eu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540282167

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 862

In this monograph, the density ?uctuation theory of transport coe?cients of simple and complex liquids is described together with the kinetic theory of liquids, the generic van der Waals equation of state, and the modi?ed free volume theory. The latter two theories are integral parts of the density ?- tuation theory, which enables us to calculate the density and temperature dependence of transport coe?cients of liquids from intermolecular forces. The terms nanoscience and bioscience are the catch phrases currently in fashion in science. It seems that much of the fundamentals remaining unsolved or poorly understood in the science of condensed matter has been overshadowed by the frenzy over the more glamorous disciplines of the former, shunned by novices, and are on the verge of being forgotten. The transport coe?cients of liquids and gases and related thermophysical properties of matter appear to be one such area in the science of macroscopic properties of molecular systems and statisticalmechanicsofcondensedmatter. Evennano-andbiomaterials,h- ever, cannot be fully and appropriately understood without ?rm grounding and foundations in the macroscopic and molecular theories of transport pr- ertiesandrelatedthermophysicalpropertiesofmatterinthecondensedphase. Oneisstilldealingwithsystemsmadeupofnotafewparticlesbutamultitude of them, often too many to count, to call them few-body problems that can be understoodwithoutthehelpofstatisticalmechanicsandmacroscopicphysics. In the density ?uctuation theory of transport coe?cients, the basic approach taken is quite di?erent from the approaches taken in the conventional kinetic theories of gases and liquids.

Among the theories of viscosity (a measure of internal friction) of fluids, those
related to gases are well developed compared to ... The simplicity of approach
adopted in the kinetic theory applied to gas viscosity, which is of natural interest
to the ...

Author: Dabir S. Viswanath

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402054822

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 662

View: 471

This book is unique in that it brings together published viscosity data, experimental methods, theoretical, correlation and predictive procedures in a single volume. The readers will get a better understanding of why various methods are used for measuring viscosity of different types of liquids and why an experimental method is dependent on fluid characteristics, such as Newtonian or non-Newtonian fluids.

A general kinetic theory of liquids I. The molecular distribution functions By M.
Born, F.R.S. and H. S. Green, Edinburgh ... It is shown that Boltzmann's equation
in the kinetic theory of gases follows as a particular case, and that, in equilibrium
...

This is now the third edition of a well established and highly successful undergraduate text. The content of the second edition has been reworked and added to where necessary, and completely new material has also been included.

Author: D. Tabor

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521406676

Category: Science

Page: 418

View: 980

This is now the third edition of a well established and highly successful undergraduate text. The content of the second edition has been reworked and added to where necessary, and completely new material has also been included. There are new sections on amorphous solids and liquid crystals, and completely new chapters on colloids and polymers. Using unsophisticated mathematics and simple models, Professor Tabor leads the reader skilfully and systematically from the basic physics of interatomic and intermolecular forces, temperature, heat and thermodynamics, to a coherent understanding of the bulk properties of gases, liquids and solids. The introductory material on intermolecular forces and on heat and thermodynamics is followed by several chapters dealing with the properties of ideal and real gases, both at an elementary and at a more sophisticated level. The mechanical, thermal and electrical properties of solids are considered next, before an examination of the liquid state. The author continues with chapters on colloids and polymers, and ends with a discussion of the dielectric and magnetic properties of matter in terms of simple atomic models. The abiding theme is that all these macroscopic material properties can be understood as resulting from the competition between thermal energy and intermolecular or interatomic forces. This is a lucid textbook which will continue to provide students of physics and chemistry with a comprehensive and integrated view of the properties of matter in all its many fascinating forms.

A masterpiece of theoretical physics, this classic contains a comprehensive exposition of the kinetic theory of gases. It combines rigorous mathematic analysis with a pragmatic treatment of physical and chemical applications.

Author: Ludwig Boltzmann

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 9780486152332

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 177

A masterpiece of theoretical physics, this classic contains a comprehensive exposition of the kinetic theory of gases. It combines rigorous mathematic analysis with a pragmatic treatment of physical and chemical applications.

James Clerk Maxwell's dynamical theory of gases is also examined. This book is written primarily for students and research workers in physics, as well as for historians of science.

Author: S. G. Brush

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483138770

Category: Science

Page: 196

View: 165

Kinetic Theory, Volume I: The Nature of Gases and of Heat deals with kinetic theory and the nature of gases and heat. A comprehensive account of the life, works, and historical environment of a number of scientists such as Robert Boyle and Hermann von Helmholtz is presented. This volume is comprised of 11 chapters and begins with an overview of the caloric theory, the principle of conservation of energy, the ""virial theorem,"" and atomic magnitudes. The discussion then turns to the qualitative atomic theory of the ""spring"" of the air, proposed by Robert Boyle; Isaac Newton's repulsion theory; Daniel Bernoulli's thery on the properties and motions of elastic fluids, especially air; and George Gregory's theory on the existence of fire. Subsequent chapters focus on Robert Mayer's theory on the forces of inorganic nature; James Joule's theory on matter, living force, and heat; Hermann von Helmholtz's theory on the conservation of force; and Rudolf Clausius's theory on the nature of heat. James Clerk Maxwell's dynamical theory of gases is also examined. This book is written primarily for students and research workers in physics, as well as for historians of science.

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION AND DEFINITIONS Fluid mechanics is a subject of
widespread interest to engineers . ... The physical properties of gases can be
explained on a molecular picture by the kinetic theory of gases ( 1 ) , † but there
is ...

Author: J. M. Kay

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521098807

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 340

View: 973

First published in 1975 as the third edition of a 1957 original, this book presents the fundamental ideas of fluid flow, viscosity, heat conduction, diffusion, the energy and momentum principles, and the method of dimensional analysis. These ideas are subsequently developed in terms of their important practical applications, such as flow in pipes and channels, pumps, compressors and heat exchangers. Later chapters deal with the equation of fluid motion, turbulence and the general equations of forced convection. The final section discusses special problems in process engineering, including compressible flow in pipes, solid particles in fluid flow, flow through packed beds, condensation and evaporation. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest the wider applications of fluid mechanics and heat transfer.

Liquid carbon dioxide is obtained by putting carbon dioxide gas under pressure;
it can exist only at pressures greater ... Liquids,. and. Solids. The different states
of matter were defined in Section 1.4, and the gas laws and the kinetic theory of ...

Author: Darrell Ebbing

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781305887299

Category: Science

Page: 1152

View: 780

The eleventh edition was carefully reviewed with an eye toward strengthening the content available in OWLv2, end-of-chapter questions, and updating the presentation. Nomenclature changes and the adoption of IUPAC periodic table conventions are highlights of the narrative revisions, along with changes to the discussion of d orbitals. In-text examples have been reformatted to facilitate learning, and the accompanying Interactive Examples in OWLv2 have been redesigned to better parallel the problem-solving approach in the narrative. New Capstone Problems have been added to a number of chapters. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

gases are fluids in which molecules are spread as far apart as the container will
allow. The average molecular ... Kinetic theory offers an explanation for gas law
behavior in terms of atomic theory and the energy of motion. This, in turn, leads to
...

Author: Michael Chapple

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1579581293

Category: Reference

Page: 264

View: 955

First Published in 1999. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Liquid carbon dioxide is obtained by putting carbon dioxide gas under pressure;
it can exist only at pressures greater than 5 ... According to kinetic-molecular theory, the molecules of a liquid are in constant random motion (as in a gas) but
are ...

Author: Darrell Ebbing

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9780538497527

Category: Science

Page: 1152

View: 394

Specially updated to include references to OWL, the only online learning system designed to support mastery learning, this ENHANCED NINTH EDITION of GENERAL CHEMISTRY helps students master quantitative skills and build a lasting conceptual understanding of key chemical concepts. The book creates a context for numerical problem solving and helps students master the big ideas in each chapter through Concept Checks and Conceptual Problems, as well as Concept Explorations and Strategy Problems that challenge students to think step by step and not rush for a numerical answer. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION AND DEFINITIONS Fluid mechanics is a subject of
widespread interest to engineers . ... The physical properties of gases can be
explained on a molecular picture by the kinetic theory of gases ( 1 ) , † but there
is ...

Buckle , E.R. A kinetic theory of cluster formation in the condensation of gases .
Trans . Faraday Soc . ... Hirschfelder , J.O .; Curtis , C.F .; Bird , R.B. Molecular Theory of Gases and Liquids ; Wiley : New York , 1954 ; Chap 13 . 31.
Zettlemoyer ...