Academic Governance

Academic Governance

Bringing these three levels together into a framework, this book examines how academia is governed, both formally and informally, bridging the different aspects of governing knowledge networks through a large multi-country study.

Author: Jenny Lewis

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135014407

Category: Education

Page: 221

View: 417

Academia is an important site for producing knowledge, which is crucial in driving economies and societies around the globe at the beginning of the 21st century. Yet surprisingly little is known about how contemporary universities are shaped by the formal and multiple demands they face from national policy requirements, particularly performance measurement. What effects do these policies have on individual universities and the academics who work within them? While policy surely has impacts on institutions and academics, there are also numerous other things that shape academic life. This book’s starting point is that there are three main shaping forces that govern academia – intellectual curiosity, disciplinary traditions and research policy. Bringing these three levels together into a framework, this book examines how academia is governed, both formally and informally, bridging the different aspects of governing knowledge networks through a large multi-country study. Author Jenny Lewis uses a large empirical study of academics in three countries (Australia, Britain and New Zealand) and in the broad disciplinary areas of the humanities, social sciences and sciences, to demonstrate the analytical framework’s application. The book also offers some needed directions on what policy should and can do, providing a snapshot of contemporary academic life in different disciplines and in different countries, from the perspective of academics on the frontline.
Categories: Education

Performance Management at Universities

Performance Management at Universities

Kiewiet, D. Roderick, and Mathew D. McCubbins. 1991. The Logic of Delegation. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Lewis, Jenny M. 2014. Academic Governance: Disciplines and Policy. London: Routledge Research in Higher Education.

Author: Poul Erik Mouritzen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783030213251

Category: Political Science

Page: 297

View: 371

"Mouritzen and Opstrup's book is a most welcome addition to the subject of the management of academic performance. It is certainly well-worth reading and considering."—Bruno S. Frey, Permanent Visiting Professor at the University of Basel and Research Director CREMA - Center for Research in Economics, Management and the Arts, Switzerland "Performance Management at Universities could not possibly be more timely. With universities and university faculty throughout the world being pressed to give more evidence and more precise indicators about their productivity, this thoughtful contribution provides a much needed and unusually thoughtful analysis of the possibilities and pitfalls found in current approaches to university performance evaluation. Given policy-makers’ and politicians’ calls for evidence-based management and evaluation, let us hope that policy-makers heed their own rhetoric and act on the evidence provided here. The authors show that performance measures, while sometimes beneficial, are subject to gaming and manipulation and that more precision does not necessarily equate with better performance, but rather altered performance. This superb book should be read by anyone interested higher education evaluation as well as by those who are subjected to it."—Barry Bozeman, Regents' Professor, Arizona Centennial Professor of Technology Policy and Public Management, School of Public Affairs, Arizona State University, USA "In Performance Management at Universities, Mouritzen and Opstrup definitively answer the question: What are the effects of national university performance-based funding schemes that use bibliometric indicators? As these schemes have proliferated, the question has become urgent. The authors marshal comprehensive data on the Danish university system to sift through the many predictions commonly made by academics newly subject to these systems to identify what actually happened to Danish research as the system took hold." —Diana Hicks, Professor, School of Public Policy, Georgia Institute of Technology, USA, and first author on the Leiden Manifesto on research metrics This book gives an account of what can happen when performance management is introduced at universities. How do scholars – for better or worse – respond to a system which counts the number of articles and books? Many myths exist about scholar’s reactions: They cheat, slice their production to the least publishable unit, become more risk averse and will go for the low-hanging fruits; in short, they develop a “taste for publication” at the cost of a “taste of science”. Systematic knowledge about the consequences of such systems for the motivation, behavior and productivity of university scholars is in short supply. The book is a major contribution to remedy this situation.
Categories: Political Science

Convergence and Diversity in the Governance of Higher Education

Convergence and Diversity in the Governance of Higher Education

His main research interests include comparative higher education policy, policy making and governance in higher education, ... is the author of six books (including Academic Governance: Disciplines and Policy; Routledge, 2013), ...

Author: Giliberto Capano

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108483964

Category: Education

Page: 513

View: 234

This volume explores convergence and divergence in the governance of higher education systems from a global and comparative perspective.
Categories: Education

Theory and Method in Higher Education Research

Theory and Method in Higher Education Research

From apprentice to colleague: The metamorphosis of early career researchers. Higher Education, 55(3), 387–406. doi:10.1007/s10734-007-9063-7 Lewis, J. (2013). Academic governance: Disciplines and policy. New York: Routledge.

Author: Jeroen Huisman

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 9781804553862

Category: Education

Page: 148

View: 860

This volume of Theory and Method in Higher Education Research explores several timely topics including transnational approaches to higher education policy, universities contributions to society, data collection in higher education, virtual and blended research, and more.
Categories: Education

Higher Education in Austerity Europe

Higher Education in Austerity Europe

Academic Governance: Disciplines and Policy. New York: Routledge. Lynch, K. (2015). Control by numbers: New managerialism and ranking in higher education, Critical Studies in Education 56(2): 190–207. Marginson, S. (2007).

Author: Jon Nixon

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781474277273

Category: Education

Page: 256

View: 358

The financial crisis of 2007/2008 prompted governments across Europe to adopt austerity measures aimed at the reduction of their escalating budget deficits. Higher Education in Austerity Europe explores how the resulting cuts in public expenditure - together with the increasing reliance on the privatisation of services - have impacted on higher education directly through the reduction of public sector provision and indirectly as a result of the social and political consequences of that reduction. Moreover, it explores how the effects of these economic policies have differed markedly across the national regions of Europe, with the result that inequality has increased significantly both within and between national regions, and this, in turn, has led to social and political dislocation within and across communities. It is only by viewing higher education within this broader context that we can begin to understand the full implications of the austerity measures introduced over the last ten years. Jon Nixon draws together leading scholars to delve into the complexity of impact and response generated by these measures. Part 1 focuses on cross-European perspectives; Part 2 on the impact of austerity measures within national systems; and Part 3 on new perspectives and possibilities. The volume also includes considered responses from 'outsiders' by academics located in Asia, Australia, and the USA, providing an additional dimension to the analysis. As well as analysing the full impact of austerity measures across some of the worst hit national regions of Europe, the contributors also identifying openings and possibilities for renewal.
Categories: Education

Knowledge at the Crossroads

Knowledge at the Crossroads

Higher Education, 49(1–2), 155–176. Hicks, D. (2012). Performance-based university research funding systems. Research Policy, 41(2), 251–261. Hood, C., & Peters, G. (2004). The middle aging of new public management: Into the age of ...

Author: Lyn Yates

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811020810

Category: Education

Page: 257

View: 422

There is much discussion about what needs to change in education institutions in the 21st century, but less attention given to how core disciplinary studies should be considered within that context. This book is based on a major 4-year research study of history and physics in the changing environment of schools and universities in Australia. Are these forms of knowledge still valuable for students? Are they complementary to, or at odds with the concerns about ‘21st century skills’, interdisciplinary and collaborative research teams, employability and ‘learner-centred’ education? How do those who work in these fields see changes in their disciplines and in their work environment? And what are the similarities and differences between the experiences of teachers and academics in physics and those in history? The book draws on interviews with 115 school teachers and university academics to provide new perspectives on two important issues. Firstly, how, for the purposes of today’s schools and universities, can we adequately understand knowledge and knowledge building over time? Secondly, what has been productive and what has been counter-productive in recent efforts to steer and manage the changes in Australia?
Categories: Education

Refocusing the Self in Higher Education

Refocusing the Self in Higher Education

Routledge Research in Higher Education 1 Developing Creativities in Higher Music Education International Perspectives and Practices Edited by Pamela Burnard 2 Academic Governance Disciplines and Policy Jenny M. Lewis 3 Refocusing the ...

Author: Glen Sherman

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135942465

Category: Education

Page: 168

View: 238

In higher education literature, theories of learning and development have largely been adapted from psychology to the exclusion of basic insights from philosophy. This volume addresses the gaps in higher education’s theoretical base created by this inattention to philosophy and reflects on the significance of the history of philosophy for the field of higher education. Key insights from phenomenological and then deconstructive philosophy are explained in an accessible and useful way and woven into a practical theory of the student-subject and its implications for learning and development. Finally, narrative theory is introduced in conjunction with these philosophical considerations as the author considers alternative ways of conceptualizing the student, the student’s experience, and the unification of the curricular, co-curricular, and extracurricular aspects of higher education.
Categories: Education

Early Career Academics in New Zealand Challenges and Prospects in Comparative Perspective

Early Career Academics in New Zealand  Challenges and Prospects in Comparative Perspective

Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 31(5), 605–625. ... In J. C. Smart & M. B. Paulsen (Eds.), Higher education: Handbook of theory and research (pp. 123–206). ... Academic governance: Disciplines and policy.

Author: Kathryn A. Sutherland

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319618302

Category: Education

Page: 201

View: 321

What does it mean to be starting an academic career in the twenty first century? What challenges and prospects are new academics facing and how are they dealing with these? This book provides answers to these questions through an investigation of the experiences of early career academics in New Zealand universities. Filling a gap in the international literature on the academic profession by providing a comprehensive overview of the experiences of New Zealand academics, the book includes research findings from a national survey covering all eight New Zealand universities. This research is also compared with various findings from the 2007 Changing Academic Profession survey in 19 other countries. The book encourages readers to think about the early career academic experience in New Zealand in relation to their own experiences of the academic profession internationally. Key areas of focus in the nine chapters include: the teaching, research, and service preferences and activities of early career academics; work-life balance; satisfaction; the experiences of Māori academics; and professional development and support for all early career academics. Underpinning the book is the issue of the socialisation of early career academics into the academic profession in the twenty first century, and how structure and agency interact to affect that socialisation. Suggestions are made, and links to freely available online resources are provided, for improving socialisation at the individual, departmental, institutional, and national levels.
Categories: Education

Gender Studies and the New Academic Governance

Gender Studies and the New Academic Governance

Academic Governance. Disciplines and Policy. New York, Abingdon: Routledge . Liinasson, Mia, and Sabine Grenz . Eds . 2016 . Women's/Gender Studies and Contemporary Changes in Academic Cultures: European Perspectives.

Author: Heike Kahlert

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783658198534

Category: Social Science

Page: 289

View: 127

What is happening to gender studies and gender research as emerging but contested fields of scientific knowledge in the conditions of the new academic governance? And which role do gender studies and gender research play in the current transformations in academia? All articles in this book make clear that the impacts of the new academic governance have global, glocal and local dimensions which have to be taken into account in analysing the state of gender studies and gender research at the end of the 2010s. From diverse geopolitical and sociocultural views the authors simultaneously draw a multifaceted picture of the current situation, criticise the widespread tendencies of the marketisation of scientific knowledge, suggest strategies for resistance against the neo-liberalisation of higher education and research, and identify starting points for further and optionally comparative studies on these issues. These contributions emphasise not only the need for more theoretical reflection and empirical research and for critical exchanges on the current transformations, but also the need for political action to challenge, resist and change them. The EditorDr Heike Kahlert is Professor and Chair of Sociology/Social Inequality and Gender at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB), Germany.
Categories: Social Science

Varieties of Governance

Varieties of Governance

Ferlie E., Musselin C. and Andresani G. (2009) The governance of higher education systems: A public management perspective. ... Research Policy, 41: 251–261. ... Lewis J. M. (2013) Academic governance: Disciplines and policy.

Author: G. Capano

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137477972

Category: Political Science

Page: 265

View: 397

This edited collection examines various facets of governance - the organization and steering of political processes within society - for a better understanding of the complexities of contemporary policy making.
Categories: Political Science