Animal Ethos

Animal Ethos

The Morality of Human-Animal Encounters in Experimental Lab Science Lesley A. Sharp ... Sharp-Animal Ethos.indd 129 Sharp-Animal Ethos.indd 129 22/09/18 9:34 PM 22/09/18 9:34 PM The Lives and Deaths of Laboratory Animals / 129.

Author: Lesley A. Sharp

Publisher: University of California Press

ISBN: 9780520299245

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 213

What kinds of moral challenges arise from encounters between species in laboratory science? Animal Ethos draws on ethnographic engagement with academic labs in which experimental research involving nonhuman species provokes difficult questions involving life and death, scientific progress, and other competing quandaries. Whereas much has been written on core bioethical values that inform regulated behavior in labs, Lesley A. Sharp reveals the importance of attending to lab personnel’s quotidian and unscripted responses to animals. Animal Ethos exposes the rich—yet poorly understood—moral dimensions of daily lab life, where serendipitous, creative, and unorthodox responses are evidence of concerted efforts by researchers, animal technicians, veterinarians, and animal activists to transform animal laboratories into moral scientific worlds.
Categories: Social Science

Animal Ethos

Animal Ethos

Animal Ethos draws on ethnographic engagement with academic labs in which experimental research involving nonhuman species provokes difficult questions involving life and death, scientific progress, and other competing quandaries.

Author: Lesley A. Sharp

Publisher: University of California Press

ISBN: 9780520299252

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 180

What kinds of moral challenges arise from encounters between species in laboratory science? Animal Ethos draws on ethnographic engagement with academic labs in which experimental research involving nonhuman species provokes difficult questions involving life and death, scientific progress, and other competing quandaries. Whereas much has been written on core bioethical values that inform regulated behavior in labs, Lesley A. Sharp reveals the importance of attending to lab personnel’s quotidian and unscripted responses to animals. Animal Ethos exposes the rich—yet poorly understood—moral dimensions of daily lab life, where serendipitous, creative, and unorthodox responses are evidence of concerted efforts by researchers, animal technicians, veterinarians, and animal activists to transform animal laboratories into moral scientific worlds.
Categories: Social Science

The Wives of Western Philosophy

The Wives of Western Philosophy

In the extended discussion of animal ēthos that Aristotle provides in his History of Animals, sexual difference appears as one of five aspects of animal character that allow for the granular discussion of difference that is the hallmark ...

Author: Jennifer Forestal

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000283464

Category: Political Science

Page: 204

View: 377

The Wives of Western Philosophy examines the lives and experiences of the wives and women associated with nine distinct political thinkers—from Socrates to Marx—in order to explore the gendered patterns of intellectual labor that permeate the foundations of Western political thought. Organized chronologically and representative of three eras in the history of political thought (Ancient, Early Modern, and Modern), nine critical biographical chapters explore the everyday acts of intellectual labor and partnership involving these "wives of the canon." Taking seriously their narratives as intimate partners reveals that wives have labored in remarkable ways throughout the history of political thought. In some cases, their labors mark the conceptual boundaries of political life; in others, they serve as uncredited resources for the production of political ideas. In all instances, however, these wives and intimates are pushed to the margins of the history of political thought. The Wives of Western Philosophy brings these women to the center of scholarly interest. In so doing, it provides new insights into the intellectual biographies of some of the most famed men in political theory while also raising important questions about the gendered politics of intellectual labor which shape our receptions of canonical texts and thinkers, and which sustain the academy even today.
Categories: Political Science

Aristotle on the Concept of Shared Life

Aristotle on the Concept of Shared Life

Aristotle's emphasis on the factors that produce the clearest vision of animal character is structural for Book 8, dedicated to a study of the ēthos of animals in order to fill out Book 7's concern with animal bios and praxis.

Author: Sara Brill

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192575975

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 593

According to the terms of Aristotle's Politics, to be alive is to instantiate a form of rule. In the growth of plants, the perceptual capacities and movement of animals, and the impulse that motivates thinking, speaking, and deliberating Aristotle sees the working of a powerful generative force come to expression in an array of forms of life, and it is in these, if anywhere, that one could find the resources needed for a philosophic account of the nature of life as such. Aristotle on the Concept of Shared Life explores this intertwining of power and life in Aristotle's thought, and argues that Aristotle locates the foundation of human political life in the capacity to share one's most vital activities with others. A comprehensive study of the relationality which shared life reveals tells us something essential about Aristotle's approach to human political phenomena; namely, that they arise as forms of intimacy whose political character can only be seen when viewed in the context of Aristotle's larger inquiries into animal life, where they emerge not as categorically distinct from animal sociality, but as intensifications of it. Tracing the human capacity to share life thus illuminates the interrelation between the zoological, ethical, and political lenses through which Aristotle pursues his investigation of the polis. In following this connection, this volume also examines — and critically evaluates — the reception of Aristotle's political thought in some of the most influential concepts of contemporary critical theory.
Categories: Philosophy

Corporal Compassion

Corporal Compassion

Animal Ethics and Philosophy of Body Ralph R. Acampora ... 11. John Tambornino, The Corporeal Turn (Lanham: Rowman and Littlefield, 2002), 10. 12. Ethos ... The animal's éthos is the place to which it returns, its dwelling place.

Author: Ralph R. Acampora

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN: 9780822971078

Category: Philosophy

Page: 224

View: 489

Most approaches to animal ethics ground the moral standing of nonhumans in some appeal to their capacities for intelligent autonomy or mental sentience. Corporal Compassion emphasizes the phenomenal and somatic commonality of living beings; a philosophy of body that seeks to displace any notion of anthropomorphic empathy in viewing the moral experiences of nonhuman living beings. Ralph R. Acampora employs phenomenology, hermeneutics, existentialism and deconstruction to connect and contest analytic treatments of animal rights and liberation theory. In doing so, he focuses on issues of being and value, and posits a felt nexus of bodily being, termed symphysis, to devise an interspecies ethos. Acampora uses this broad-based bioethic to engage in dialogue with other strains of environmental ethics and ecophilosophy. Corporal Compassion examines the practical applications of the somatic ethos in contexts such as laboratory experimentation and zoological exhibition and challenges practitioners to move past recent reforms and look to a future beyond exploitation or total noninterference--a posthumanist culture that advocates caring in a participatory approach.
Categories: Philosophy

Learning from Disease in Pets

Learning from Disease in Pets

Conduct, oversight, and ethical considerations of clinical trials in companion animals with cancer: Report of a workshop on best practice ... Animal Ethos: The Morality of Human-Animal Encounters in Experimental Lab Science.

Author: Rebecca A. Krimins

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780429509117

Category: Medical

Page: 294

View: 599

Learning from Disease in Pets: A ‘One Health’ Model for Discovery is the first encompassing reference guide for veterinarians, researchers and physicians on conducting studies using spontaneous models of disease in animals. The study of naturally occurring disease in (pet) animals can help model our understanding of the biology, prevention and therapy of human and animal diseases. Studies of pet dogs, for instance, can aid treatment of complex medical problems such as cancer, orthopedic, cardiopulmonary, and neuro-inflammatory diseases, and zoonotic infections. Each chapter within this novel cross-species approach is contributed by a leader, or leaders, in their field of research. Using clinical trials to learn how pets with real diseases respond to therapy can lead to breakthroughs in human medicine, as well as benefiting pets suffering from otherwise debilitating illness. Despite similarities of diseases across species, there are very few spontaneous models of disease used in research compared with models where disease is induced in healthy laboratory animals. Many medical researchers and veterinarians have a multitude of questions regarding how to use naturally occurring diseases in pets for the discovery of treatments and diagnostics: this book will demonstrate how to safely make this happen. This book encourages veterinarians to build on and disseminate existing findings for the wider benefit of pets and humans. Many pets suffering from incurable illnesses may benefit from clinical trials; the book includes a section on the imperative communication styles necessary within the research environment and with clients, a compelling discussion on the ethics of using pets in veterinary clinical research, comprehensive tables of diseases that spontaneously occur in animals and humans, the regulatory requirements necessary to move therapy from benchside research to patient bedside, as well as intricate details on how to design a robust clinical study.
Categories: Medical

Mr Humble and Dr Butcher

Mr  Humble and Dr  Butcher

Anderson, Kim, 243 Andromeda Strain, The (Crichton), 153 anesthetic, 9 Animal Ethos (Sharp), 112n Animal Liberation (Singer), 163 Animal Liberation Front (ALF), 164, 177, 178 animal rights, 5, 14, 112, 129, 148–50, 170–71 RJW-Roberts ...

Author: Brandy Schillace

Publisher: Simon & Schuster

ISBN: 9781982113773

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 320

View: 769

The mesmerizing biography of a brilliant and eccentric surgeon and his quest to transplant the human soul. In the early days of the Cold War, a spirit of desperate scientific rivalry birthed a different kind of space race: not the race to outer space that we all know, but a race to master the inner space of the human body. While surgeons on either side of the Iron Curtain competed to become the first to transplant organs like the kidney and heart, a young American neurosurgeon had an even more ambitious thought: Why not transplant the brain? Dr. Robert White was a friend to two popes and a founder of the Vatican’s Commission on Bioethics. He developed lifesaving neurosurgical techniques still used in hospitals today and was nominated for the Nobel Prize. But like Dr. Jekyll before him, Dr. White had another identity. In his lab, he was waging a battle against the limits of science, and against mortality itself—working to perfect a surgery that would allow the soul to live on after the human body had died. Mr. Humble and Dr. Butcher follows his decades-long quest into tangled matters of science, global politics, and faith, revealing the complex (and often murky) ethics of experimentation and remarkable innovations that today save patients from certain death. It’s an enthralling tale that offers a window into our greatest fears and our greatest hopes—and the long, strange journey from science fiction to science fact.
Categories: Biography & Autobiography

Exploring Animal Encounters

Exploring Animal Encounters

... how might we make sense of the task of rethinking animal encounters in specifically postanthropocentric terms (an endeavor which, ... in the asymmetrically 11 SOMETHOUGHTS ON (ANIMAL) ENCOUNTER A Postanthropocentric Ethos of Encounter?

Author: Dominik Ohrem

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319925042

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 283

View: 365

This collection of essays offers multifaceted explorations of animal encounters in a range of philosophical, cultural, literary, and historical contexts. Exploring Animal Encounters encourages us to think about the richness and complexity of animal lives and human-animal relations, foregrounding the intricate roles nonhuman creatures play in the always already more-than-human sphere of ethics and politics. In this way, the essays in this volume can be understood as a contribution to alternative imaginings of interspecies coexistence in a time in which the issue of human relations with earth and earth others has come to the fore with unprecedented force and severity.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Animal Worlds

Animal Worlds

animal communication'.44 While Bestiaire displays no physical violence as such, through scenes such as those of ... in ways that echo through the film: belying the zoo's conservationist ethos, animals become 'subject to biopower, ...

Author: Laura McMahon

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9781474446402

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 232

View: 774

Focusing on a recent wave of international art cinema, Animal Worlds offers the first sustained analysis of the relations between cinematic time and animal life. Through an aesthetic of extended duration, films such as Bestiaire (2010), The Turin Horse (2011) and A Cow's Life (2012) attend to animal worlds of sentience and perception, while registering the governing of life through biopolitical regimes. Bringing together Gilles Deleuze's writings on cinema and on animals - while drawing on Jacques Derrida, Jean-Christophe Bailly, Nicole Shukin and others - the book argues that these films question the biopolitical reduction of animal life to forms of capital, opening up realms of virtuality, becoming and alternative political futures.
Categories: Performing Arts

Poetic Animals and Animal Souls

Poetic Animals and Animal Souls

I believe it is possible and desirable to achieve, universally, the ethos of parity that Mesoamericans embrace. Poetic animals offer a valuable signpost pointing toward this ethos and a reformative response to the underhanded existence ...

Author: R. Malamud

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137063496

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 200

View: 119

This book offers a new paradigm for reading and appreciating animals in literature and addresses how human culture views animals in poetry. Part one sets up a theoretical overview and posits some aesthetic and ethical ideals for transposing animals into art, while part two presents a more focused practical application of these ideals in one strain of animal poetry (as seen in the works of Marianne Moore, José Emilio Pacheco, Gary Snyder, Pattiann Rogers and others). The poetry analyzed in the book is respectfully and non-invasively insightful into animals; it is tinged with a distancing, and a kind of spiritual awe, regarding their existence.
Categories: Literary Criticism

The Nature of Customary Law

The Nature of Customary Law

In apassage describing the scala naturae quoted above, hesays that some animals are influenced by ethos, while man alone has reason (Politics 1332b 4). As we shall see, Aristotle closely links reason with nomos; he never says that ...

Author: Amanda Perreau-Saussine

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139463218

Category: Law

Page:

View: 596

Some legal rules are not laid down by a legislator but grow instead from informal social practices. In contract law, for example, the customs of merchants are used by courts to interpret the provisions of business contracts; in tort law, customs of best practice are used by courts to define professional responsibility. Nowhere are customary rules of law more prominent than in international law. The customs defining the obligations of each State to other States and, to some extent, to its own citizens, are often treated as legally binding. However, unlike natural law and positive law, customary law has received very little scholarly analysis. To remedy this neglect, a distinguished group of philosophers, historians and lawyers has been assembled to assess the nature and significance of customary law. The book offers fresh insights on this neglected and misunderstood form of law.
Categories: Law

Animal Studies

Animal Studies

QlFSEIOIlS about what real animals are like are in part addressed by the field called ethology, often defined as studying other animals in their environment. The Greek root of the word, ethos, is translated with different English words ...

Author: Paul Waldau

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199968404

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 401

Animal studies is a growing interdisciplinary field that incorporates scholarship from public policy, sociology, religion, philosophy, and many other areas. In essence, it seeks to understand how humans study and conceive of other-than-human animals, and how these conceptions have changed over time, across cultures, and across different ways of thinking. This interdisciplinary introduction to the field boldly and creatively foregrounds the realities of nonhuman animals, as well as the imaginative and ethical faculties that humans must engage to consider our intersection with living beings outside of our species. It also compellingly demonstrates that the breadth and depth of thinking and humility needed to grasp the human-nonhuman intersection has the potential to expand the dualism that currently divides the sciences and humanities. As the first holistic survey of the field, Animal Studies is essential reading for any student of human-animal relationships and for all people who care about the role nonhuman animals play in our society.
Categories: Political Science

The Question of Ethics

The Question of Ethics

The word éthea in Homer was used to name the places where animals belong . The animal's éthos is the place to which it returns , its dwelling place . If the animal cannot return to its éthos , a violation of its particular order occurs ...

Author: Charles E. Scott

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:49015001391706

Category: Philosophy

Page: 225

View: 436

..". stimulating and insightful... a thoroughly researched and timely contribution to the secondary literature of ethics... " -- Library Journal "His important new work establishes Scott... as one of the foremost interpreters of the Continental philosophical tradition of the US.... Necessary for anyone working in ethics or the Continental tradition." -- Choice ..". a provocative discourse on the consequences of the ethical in the thought of Nietzsche, Foucault, and Heidegger." -- The Journal of Religion Charles E. Scott's challenging book advances the broad claim that ethics as a way of judging and thinking has come into question as philosophers have confronted suffering and conflicts that arise from our traditional systems of value.
Categories: Philosophy

Animals on the Agenda

Animals on the Agenda

Questions about Animals for Theology and Ethics Andrew Linzey, Dorothy Yamamoto ... An ethos for a new context : Bernardin's consistent ethic of life According to Bernardin , the consistent ethic of life is fundamentally an ethos and an ...

Author: Andrew Linzey

Publisher: University of Illinois Press

ISBN: 0252067614

Category: Nature

Page: 297

View: 818

This encyclopaedic volume is the most comprehensive collection of original studies on animals and theology every published. With contributors from both sides of the Atlantic, it tackles many apparently simple issues which raise fundamental questions about theology and how it is done.
Categories: Nature

Ecofeminism Feminist Intersections with Other Animals and the Earth

Ecofeminism  Feminist Intersections with Other Animals and the Earth

adequate effort to wrestle with that diversity of desires, preferring to focus on rights that are most important to animals like us (e.g. legal liberty). An ethos of care rooted in eros would mandate a much more thorough reckoning of ...

Author: Carol J. Adams

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 9781628926224

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 272

View: 568

Leading feminist scholars and activists as well as new voices introduce and explore themes central to contemporary ecofeminism. Ecofeminism: Feminist Intersections with Other Animals and the Earth first offers an historical, grounding overview that situates ecofeminist theory and activism and provides a timeline for important publications and events. This is followed by contributions from leading theorists and activists on how our emotions and embodiment can and must inform our relationships with the more than human world. In the final section, the contributors explore the complexities of appreciating difference and the possibilities of living less violently. Throughout the book, the authors engage with intersections of gender and gender non-conformity, race, sexuality, disability, and species. The result is a new up-to-date resource for students and teachers of animal studies, environmental studies, feminist/gender studies, and practical ethics.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Animal Welfare

Animal Welfare

Human beings have a duty to avoid inflicting suffering on animals as far as possible. ... With this in mind, the Protestant Churches are working for a rediscovery of the biblical ethos in the treatment of animals.

Author:

Publisher: Council of Europe

ISBN: 9789287160164

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 276

View: 990

Introduction: Concepts of animal protection and welfare including obligations and rights -- Do animals have rights? -- Farming and rearing -- International transport and animal slaughter -- Animal experimentation -- Product safety: related aspects of animal testing -- Animal biotechnology and animal welfare -- Pet animals: housing, breeding and welfare -- Buddhism -- Catholicism -- Islam -- Judaism -- Orthodox Church -- Protestantism -- From animal suffering to animal welfare: the progressive attainment of animal rights in Europe -- The Swedish approach -- The example of Slovenia -- Spain: a non-protectionist country -- France and animal rights issues -- The Council of Europe and animal welfare -- Conclusion: Animal welfare and the ideal of Europe.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Animal Theory

Animal Theory

In order to meet the challenges of more carefully and rigorously exploring the relationship between human and nonhuman animals, animal studies has developed a fundamentally interdisciplinary ethos and scope. This is vibrantly on display ...

Author: Derek Ryan

Publisher: Edinburgh University Press

ISBN: 9780748682218

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 168

View: 339

From caged orangutans to roasted pig, from dog training to horse phobias, from communicating bees to ruminating cows, over the course of an introduction and four thematically organised chapters Derek Ryan explores how animals are encountered in theoretical discourse.
Categories: Literary Criticism

Animal Acts

Animal Acts

What matters above all is thinking rather than dissolving the distinction between the ethos of the human and the animal . The “ Nazi Germany " that has brought the Kantians to the threshold of extinction is all the evidence that one ...

Author: Jennifer Ham

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415916097

Category: History

Page: 258

View: 144

Animal Acts records the history of the fluctuating boundary between animals and humans as expressed in literary, philosophical and scientific texts, as well as visual arts and historical practices such as dissection, circus acts, the hunt and zoos. The essays document a persistent return of animality, a becoming animal that has always existed within and at the margins of Western Culture from the Middle Ages to the present.
Categories: History

Animal Experimentation

Animal Experimentation

This has important implications for debate about animal experimentation, where agreement would be invaluable. ... Ethic is derived from the Greek ethos meaning custom, people or system: ethos refers to the predominant community spirit.

Author: Vaughan Monamy

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521878791

Category: Medical

Page: 116

View: 762

Retaining its clarity of style, this new edition now includes discussion of genetically modified organism, welfare and ethical issues surrounding breeding and environmental enrichment for caged animals. Monamy highlights the future responsibilities of all those involved in the conduct, teaching, learning, regulation, support or critique of animal-based research.
Categories: Medical

Animal Labour

Animal Labour

And when we look at domesticated animals with this broader lens of the ethics of citizenship, we can see that many of them are ... The idea of the post-work society de-centres the work ethic, and brings to the fore an alternate ethos of ...

Author: Charlotte E. Blattner

Publisher:

ISBN: 9780198846192

Category: Animal welfare

Page: 256

View: 827

Is animal labour inherently oppressive, or can work be a source of meaning, solidarity, and social membership for animals? This challenging question drives this thought-provoking collection which explores the possibilities and complexities of animal labour as a site for interspecies justice.The book assembles an international and interdisciplinary group of scholars who carefully grapple with the many facets, implications, and entanglements of animal labour, and who, crucially, place animals at the heart of their analyses. Can animals engage in good work and have humane jobs? What kindsof labour rights are appropriate for animal workers? Can animals consent to work? Would recognizing animals as workers improve their legal and political status, or simply reinforce the perception that they are beasts of burden? Can a focus on labour help to create or deepen bonds between animaladvocates and other social justice movements? While the authors present a range of views on these questions, their contributions make clear that labour must be taken seriously by everyone interested in more just and ethical multispecies futures.
Categories: Animal welfare