A common reaction in the visual inspection of movement data is to intuit that individuals are moving differently at different times. ... We return to redistribution kernels for animal movement in Chapters 4 through 6.
Author: Mevin B. Hooten
Publisher: CRC Press
The study of animal movement has always been a key element in ecological science, because it is inherently linked to critical processes that scale from individuals to populations and communities to ecosystems. Rapid improvements in biotelemetry data collection and processing technology have given rise to a variety of statistical methods for characterizing animal movement. The book serves as a comprehensive reference for the types of statistical models used to study individual-based animal movement. Animal Movement is an essential reference for wildlife biologists, quantitative ecologists, and statisticians who seek a deeper understanding of modern animal movement models. A wide variety of modeling approaches are reconciled in the book using a consistent notation. Models are organized into groups based on how they treat the underlying spatio-temporal process of movement. Connections among approaches are highlighted to allow the reader to form a broader view of animal movement analysis and its associations with traditional spatial and temporal statistical modeling. After an initial overview examining the role that animal movement plays in ecology, a primer on spatial and temporal statistics provides a solid foundation for the remainder of the book. Each subsequent chapter outlines a fundamental type of statistical model utilized in the contemporary analysis of telemetry data for animal movement inference. Descriptions begin with basic traditional forms and sequentially build up to general classes of models in each category. Important background and technical details for each class of model are provided, including spatial point process models, discrete-time dynamic models, and continuous-time stochastic process models. The book also covers the essential elements for how to accommodate multiple sources of uncertainty, such as location error and latent behavior states. In addition to thorough descriptions of animal movement models, differences and connections are also emphasized to provide a broader perspective of approaches.
s chapter (Chapter 8), we discuss the often neglected aspect that the moving animal may bring pathogens from one place to ... From the viewpoint of the pathogenic microorganism hitchhiking on larger animals, this movement constitutes an ...
Author: Lars-Anders Hansson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
Movement, dispersal, and migration on land, in the air, and in water, are pervading features of animal life. They are performed by a huge variety of organisms, from the smallest protozoans to the largest whales, and can extend over widely different distance scales, from the microscopic to global. Integrating the study of movement, dispersal, and migration is crucial for a detailed understanding of the spatial scale of adaptation, and for analysing the consequences of landscape and climate change as well as of invasive species. This novel book adopts a broad, cross-taxonomic approach to animal movement across both temporal and spatial scales, addressing how and why animals move, and in what ways they differ in their locomotion and navigation performance. Written by an integrated team of leading researchers, the book synthesizes our current knowledge of the genetics of movement, including gene flow and local adaptations, whilst providing a future perspective on how patterns of animal migration may change over time together with their potential evolutionary consequences. Novel technologies for tracking the movement of organisms across scales are also discussed, ranging from satellite devices for tracking global migrations to nanotechnology that can follow animals only a millimetre in size. Animal Movement Across Scales is particularly suitable for graduate level students taking courses in spatial animal ecology, animal migration, and 'movement ecology', as well as providing a source of fresh ideas and opinions for those already active within the field. It will also be of interest and use to a broader audience of professional biologists interested in animal movements and migrations.
excellent use of studying the role of emotions in strengthening social movements such as the animal movement. Animal activism, protesting against the exploitation of animals, has so far been studied mainly in the UK and the USA.
Author: Gonzalo Villanueva
This book offers the first transnational historical study of the creation, contention and consequences of the Australian animal movement. Largely inspired by Peter Singer and his 1975 book Animal Liberation, a new wave of animal activism emerged in Australia and across the world. In an effort to draw public and media attention to the plight of animals, such as the rearing of pigs and poultry in factory farms and the export of live animals to the Middle East and South East Asia, Australian activists were often innovative and provocative in how they made their claims. Through lobbying, disruptive methods, and vegan activism, the animal movement consistently contested the politics and culture of how animals were used and exploited. Australians not only observed and learnt from people and events overseas, but also played significant international roles. This book examines the complex and conflicting consequences of the animal movement for Australian politics, as well as its influence on broader social change.
1 Reindeer on the Move: An Introduction to the Archaeology of Animal Movement ... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Anna-Kaisa Salmi and Sirpa Niinimäki . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 2 Scaling with Size in ...
Author: Anna-Kaisa Salmi
Publisher: Springer Nature
Category: Animal remains (Archaeology)
This book presents the state-of-the art in the analysis of animal movements in the past and its implications for human societies. It also addresses the importance of animal activity and mobility for understanding past human societies and past human-animal relationships through cases studies from different periods and areas. It is the first book to focus on the archaeology of animal movement on different scales from fine-tuned muscle movements of working animals to feeding behavior and to long-distance movements across landscapes and regions. With the recent development of fine-tuned methodologies such as stable isotope analysis and physical activity assessment, the potential to understand how animals moved about in the past has increased substantially. While the chapters in the volume utilize a wide range of archaeological methods, they are all united by an emphasis on understanding animal activity and mobility patterns as something that has a major impact on human societies and human-animal relationships. Chapters in this volume show that animal activity patterns provide information on multiple aspects of human-animal relationships, including analysis of animal management practices, transhumance, global and regional trade networks, and animal domestication. This volume is of interest to scholars working in zooarchaeology and early human societies.
Author: R. McNeill AlexanderPublish On: 2006-03-19
(1977a) Mechanics and scaling of terrestrial locomotion. In T. S. Pedley (editor) Scale Effects in Animal Locomotion. Academic Press, London. Alexander, R. McN. (1977b) Swimming. In R. McN. Alexander and G. Goldspink (editor) Mechanics ...
Author: R. McNeill Alexander
Publisher: Princeton University Press
How can geckoes walk on the ceiling and basilisk lizards run over water? What are the aerodynamic effects that enable small insects to fly? What are the relative merits of squids' jet-propelled swimming and fishes' tail-powered swimming? Why do horses change gait as they increase speed? What determines our own vertical leap? Recent technical advances have greatly increased researchers' ability to answer these questions with certainty and in detail. This text provides an up-to-date overview of how animals run, walk, jump, crawl, swim, soar, hover, and fly. Excluding only the tiny creatures that use cilia, it covers all animals that power their movements with muscle--from roundworms to whales, clams to elephants, and gnats to albatrosses. The introduction sets out the general rules governing all modes of animal locomotion and considers the performance criteria--such as speed, endurance, and economy--that have shaped their selection. It introduces energetics and optimality as basic principles. The text then tackles each of the major modes by which animals move on land, in water, and through air. It explains the mechanisms involved and the physical and biological forces shaping those mechanisms, paying particular attention to energy costs. Focusing on general principles but extensively discussing a wide variety of individual cases, this is a superb synthesis of current knowledge about animal locomotion. It will be enormously useful to advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and a range of professional biologists, physicists, and engineers.
1 The Machinery of Animal Movement ONE thing which obviously distinguishes animals in general from other forms of life is a power they have of moving themselves from place to place . Different animals move in different ways - some creep ...
Author: Jack Harvey Prince
Publisher: CUP Archive
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
Explains the basic principles of movement of vertebrates and insects: swimming, running and walking, flying and gliding, and undulating or wriggling.
ther secured by a pendulum movement in the arms as well as in the legs , the right arm swinging before the body when the right ... As the momentum acquired by animals in walking , swimming , and flying forms an important factor in those ...
th or secured by a pendulum movement in the arms as well as in the legs , the right arm swinging before the body when the ... As the momentum acquired by animals in walking , swimming , and flying forms an important factor in those ...
You can also identify the verb that is presented with each animal name . Ask your students to demonstrate the animal actions . Where do the animals go ? How do they move around ? The answers are , in some instances , prepositional ...
Author: Carol Simpson
Publisher: Good Year Books
Category: Juvenile Nonfiction
The purpose of this book is to provide teachers with a variety of poems (enough for one each week) that can be used to teach language and other skills. -- p. 1.
In response to a recent surge of interest in the question of the animal across the arts, humanities and the sciences, Animal Life and the Moving Image examines the crucial role that moving images play in both the recognition of and our ...
Author: Michael Lawrence
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Category: Social Science
From the proto-cinematic sequencing of animal motion in the nineteenth century to the ubiquity of animal videos online, the histories of animal life and the moving image are enigmatically interlocked. Animal Life and the Moving Image is the first collection of essays to offer a sustained focus on the relations between screen cultures and non-human animals. The volume brings together some of the most important and influential writers working on the non-human animal's significance for cultures and theories of the moving image. It offers innovative analyses of the representation of animals across a wide range of documentary, fiction, mainstream and avant-garde practices, from early cinema to contemporary user-generated media. Individual chapters consider King Kong, The Birds, The Misfits, The Cove, Grizzly Man and Microcosmos, the work of Sergei Eisenstein, Robert Bresson, Malcolm Le Grice, Peter Greenaway, Carolee Schneemann and Isabella Rossellini, and YouTube stars Christian the lion and Maru the cat.