Applied Linguistics Communities of Practice

Applied Linguistics   Communities of Practice

For the applied linguist, the new challenges include the learning of new ways of acting and seeing. Scaffolding is a core component of a given community of practice. Across professional sites, apprenticeship moves from the periphery to ...

Author: Srikant Sarangi

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781847141743

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 228

View: 647

The papers in this volume demonstrate the strides applied linguists have taken, in 'pure' or 'impure' form, since the classic volume of Corder's Introducing Applied Linguistics speculated about the discipline's possible frontiers. With a judicious combination of empirical, theoretical and policy-oriented studies, the volume takes a close, hard look at the present and future challenges.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Applied Linguistics Communities of Practice

Applied Linguistics   Communities of Practice

The papers in this volume demonstrate the strides applied linguists have taken, in 'pure' or 'impure' form, since the classic volume of Corder's Introducing Applied Linguistics speculated about the discipline's possible frontiers.

Author: Srikant Sarangi

Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic

ISBN: 082647280X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 228

View: 119

The papers in this volume demonstrate the strides applied linguists have taken, in 'pure' or 'impure' form, since the classic volume of Corder's Introducing Applied Linguistics speculated about the discipline's possible frontiers. With a judicious combination of empirical, theoretical and policy-oriented studies, the volume takes a close, hard look at the present and future challenges.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Handbook of Applied Linguistics

The Handbook of Applied Linguistics

While it is only later that Eckert (with McConnell-Ginet) introduces the notion of “communities of practice” into the area of language and gender, the seeds of such an innovation are apparent in her 1989 article as she highlights the ...

Author: Alan Davies

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470756751

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 888

View: 190

The Handbook of Applied Linguistics is a collection of newly commissioned articles that provide a comprehensive and up-to-date picture of the field of Applied Linguistics. Provides a comprehensive and current picture of the field of Applied Linguistics. Contains 32 newly commissioned articles that examine both the applications of linguistics to language data and the use of real world language to ameliorate social problems. Valuable resource for students and researchers in applied linguistics, language teaching, and second language acquisition. Presents applied linguistics as an independent discipline that unifies practical experience and theoretical understanding of language development and language in use.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Applied Linguistics and Language Teacher Education

Applied Linguistics and Language Teacher Education

Courses on applied linguistics play a major and integral role in teacher education programs around the world and applied ... community on language teachers during teacher education which are not helpful for the practice of language ...

Author: Nat Bartels

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402029547

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 430

View: 939

Applied Linguistics and Language Teacher Education is aimed at applied linguists who are interested in understanding more about the learning of novice teachers in their classes. The 21 studies in this volume provide information on the complexity of novice teachers learning and use of knowledge in a variety of applied linguistics classes such as SLA, Syntax, Pragmatics, Sociolinguistics, Phonetics and Phonology, L2 Reading and Writing, Testing, and Content Based Instruction. These studies were conducted in a variety of contexts, from North and South America to Europe, Asia and Australia, and look at the preparation of teachers of English, Spanish and Chinese. The book also includes a state-of-the-art summary of research on knowledge acquisition and use which provides applied linguists with a solid basis for developing their ideas about their students learning and use of the knowledge presented in their classes.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Handbook of Second Language Assessment

Handbook of Second Language Assessment

Thus, as Sarangi and van Leeuwen (2003) point out, applied linguists have to become part of the respective “community of practice”. If, however, applied linguists have to regard themselves as part of a community of practice, ...

Author: Dina Tsagari

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9781614513827

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 460

View: 148

Second language assessment is ubiquitous. It has found its way from education into questions about access to professions and migration. This volume focuses on the main debates and research advances in second language assessment in the last fifty years or so, showing the influence of linguistics, politics, philosophy, psychology, sociology, and psychometrics. There are four parts which, when taken together, address the principles and practices of second language assessment while considering its impact on society. Read separately, each part addresses a different aspect of the field. Part I deals with the conceptual foundations of second language assessment with chapters on the purposes of assessment, and standards and frameworks, as well as matters of scoring, quality assurance, and test validation. Part II addresses the theory and practice of assessing different second language skills including aspects like intercultural competence and fluency. Part III examines the challenges and opportunities of second language assessment in a range of contexts. In addition to chapters on second language assessment on a national scale, there are chapters on learning-oriented assessment, as well as the uses of second language assessment in the workplace and for migration. Part IV examines a selection of important issues in the field that deserve attention. These include the alignment of language examinations to external frameworks, the increasing use of technology to both deliver and score second language tests, the responsibilities associated with assessing test takers with special needs, the concept of 'voice' in second language assessment, and assessment literacy for teachers and other test and score users.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Transferring Linguistic Know how into Institutional Practice

Transferring Linguistic Know how into Institutional Practice

And in the ideal case the applied linguist remains a member of the respective community of practice until he or she has audited the practical relevance of the solutions suggested. Thus an applied linguist not only is an expert, ...

Author: Kristin Bührig

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027271167

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 151

View: 346

This volume is dedicated to applied linguistic research on multilingualism. The term “applied linguistics” is used in a broad sense and describes several examples of the cooperation between linguists and public service institutions or commercial companies. Furthermore, renowned scholars in the field discuss how applied linguistics may enhance communication in the workplace, in schools and in public service institutions. The areas of application presented in this volume include intercultural communication, language acquisition, language contact, and sociolinguistic variation. The aim is to highlight the importance of applied linguistic research concerning the deployment of multilingualism, and, furthermore, to stimulate the debate about it. With multilingualism in different social settings being its focus, this volume will appeal to scholars in the fields of Applied Linguistics, Sociolinguistics, Second Language Acquisition, and Pragmatics.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Handbook of Foreign Language Communication and Learning

Handbook of Foreign Language Communication and Learning

Thus, as Sarangi and van Leeuwen (2003) point out, applied linguists have to become part of the respective “community of practice”. If, however, applied linguists have to regard themselves as part of a community of practice, ...

Author: Karlfried Knapp

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110188332

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 730

View: 616

This volume focuses on how far the policies, principles and practices of foreign language teaching and learning are, or can be, informed by theoretical considerations and empirical findings from the linguistic disciplines. Part I deals with the nature of foreign language learning in general, while Part II explores issues arising from linguistic, socio-political, cultural and cognitive perspectives. Part III and IV then consider the different factors that have to be taken into account in designing the foreign language subject and the various approaches to pedagogy that have been proposed. Part V finally addresses questions concerning assessment of learner proficiency and the evaluation of courses designed to promote it. Key features: provides a state-of-the-art description of different areas in the context of foreign language communication and learning presents a critical appraisal of the relevance of the field offers solutionsto everyday language-related problems with contributions from renowned experts
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Understanding English as a Lingua Franca Oxford Applied Linguistics

Understanding English as a Lingua Franca   Oxford Applied Linguistics

By associating the conceptsof 'community' and 'practice', Wenger (1998) points out that it is possibleto characterize both ... we areable todetach descriptionsof language variation andchange from geographically defined locations.

Author: Barbara Seidlhofer

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780194426206

Category: Study Aids

Page: 240

View: 871

A complete introduction to the theoretical nature and practical implications of English used as a lingua franca. Explore the theories and principles of English as a Lingua Franca with leading expert Barbara Seidlhofer
Categories: Study Aids

Handbook of Communication in the Public Sphere

Handbook of Communication in the Public Sphere

Thus, as Sarangi and van Leeuwen (2003) point out, applied linguists have to become part of the respective “community of practice”. If, however, applied linguists have to regard themselves as part of a community of practice, ...

Author: Ruth Wodak

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110198980

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 482

View: 441

As you are reading this, you are finding yourself in the ubiquitous public sphere that is the Web. Ubiquitous, and yet not universally accessible. This volume addresses this dilemma of the public sphere, which is by definition open to everyone but in practice often excludes particular groups of people in particular societies at particular points in time. The guiding questions for this collection of articles are therefore: Who has access to the public sphere? How is this access enabled or disabled? Under what conditions is it granted or withheld, and by whom? We regard the public sphere as the nodal point for the discourses of business, politics and media, and this basic assumption is also s reflected in the structure of the volume. Each of these three macro-topics comprises chapters by international scholars from a variety of disciplines and research traditions who each combine up-to-date overviews of the relevant literature with their own cutting-edge research into aspects of different public spheres such as corporate promotional communication, political rhetoric or genre features of electronic mass media. The broad scope of the volume is perhaps best reflected in a comprehensive discussion of communication technologies ranging from conventional spoken and written formats such as company brochures, political speeches and TV shows to emerging ones like customer chat forums, political blogs and text messaging. Due to the books' wide scope, its interdisciplinary approach and its clear structure, we are sure that whether you work in communication and media studies, linguistics, political science, sociology or marketing, you will find this handbook an invaluable guide offering state-of-the -art literature reviews and exciting new research in your field and adjacent areas.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Handbook of Communication Competence

Handbook of Communication Competence

Thus , as Sarangi and van Leeuwen ( 2003 ) point out , applied linguists have to become part of the respective “ community of practice ” . If , however , applied linguists have to regard themselves as part of a community of practice ...

Author: Gert Rickheit

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110188295

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 538

View: 241

The Handbooks of Applied Linguistics provide a state-of-the-art description of established and emerging areas of Applied Linguistics. Each volume gives an overview of the field, explains the most important traditions and their findings, identifies the gaps in current research, and gives perspectives for future directions.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Handbook of Intercultural Communication

Handbook of Intercultural Communication

Thus, as Sarangi and van Leeuwen (2003) point out, applied linguists have to become part of the respective “community of practice”. If, however, applied linguists have to regard themselves as part of a community of practice, ...

Author: Helga Kotthoff

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110198584

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 582

View: 825

In today’s globalized world of international contact and multicultural interaction, effective intercultural communication is increasingly seen as a pre-requisite for social harmony and organisational success. This handbook takes a ?problem-solving? approach to the various issues that arise in real-life intercultural interaction. The editors have brought together experts from a range of disciplines, including linguistics, psychology and anthropology, to provide a multidisciplinary perspective on the field, whilst simultaneously anchoring it in Applied Linguistics. Key features: provides a state-of-the-art description of different areas in the context of intercultural communication presents a critical appraisal of the relevance of the field offers solutions of everyday language-related problems international handbook with contributions from renown experts in the field
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Handbook of Communication in Organisations and Professions

Handbook of Communication in Organisations and Professions

Thus, as Sarangi and van Leeuwen (2003) point out, applied linguists have to become part of the respective “community of practice”. If, however, applied linguists have to regard themselves as part of a community of practice, ...

Author: Christopher N. Candlin

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110214222

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 645

View: 174

This volume presents mayor contributions of Applied Linguistics to the understanding of communications in the professions. The first two parts of this book deal with the theoretical and methodological orientations of professional communication studies, the history and development of professional communication studies, highlighting the discursive turn of Applied Linguistic research that goes far beyond the established paradigm of Language for Specific Purposes. The third part - the core of this book - presents research into professional practices from various domains (e.g. law, healthcare, business and management, organizations), sites of engagement (as e.g. lawyer-client-conference, doctor-patient interaction) and with respect to different themes that are generalizable across domains and sites (as e.g. communicative aspects of action and practice, of assessment and appraisal). In the final part, professionals from various domains evaluate the contribution to their work so far made by Applied Linguistics.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Handbook of Interpersonal Communication

Handbook of Interpersonal Communication

Thus, as Sarangi and van Leeuwen (2003) point out, applied linguists have to become part of the respective “community of practice”. If, however, applied linguists have to regard themselves as part of a community of practice, ...

Author: Gerd Antos

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110211399

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 658

View: 225

Interpersonal communication (IC) is a continuous game between the interacting interactants. It is a give and take - a continuous, dynamic flow that is linguistically realized as discourse as an on-going sequence of interactants' moves. Interpersonal communication is produced and interpreted by acting linguistically, and this makes it a fascinating research area. The handbook, Interpersonal Communication , examines how interactants manage to exchange facts, ideas, views, opinions, beliefs, emotion, etc. by using the linguistic systems and the resources they offer. In interpersonal communication, the fine-tuning of individuals' use of the linguistic resources is continuously probed. The language used in interpersonal communication enhances social relations between interactants and keeps the interaction on the normal track. When interaction gets off the track, linguistic miscommunication may also destroy social relationships. This volume is essentially concerned with this fine-tuning in discourse, and how it is achieved among various interactant groups. The volume departs from the following fundamental questions: How do interpersonal relations manifest themselves in language? What is the role of language in developing and maintaining relationships in interpersonal communication? What types of problems occur in interpersonal communication and what kind of strategies and means are used to solve them? How does linguistically realized interpersonal communication interact with other semiotic modes? Interpersonal communication is seen and researched from the perspective of what is being said or written, and how it is realized in various generic forms. The current research also gives attention to other semiotic modes which interact with the linguistic modes. It is not just the social roles of interactants in groups, the possible media available, the non-verbal behaviors, the varying contextual frames for communication, but primarily the actual linguistic manifestations that we need to focus upon when we want to have a full picture of what is going on in human interpersonal communication. It is this linguistic perspective that the volume aims to present to all researchers interested in IC. The volume offers an overview of the theories, methods, tools, and resources of linguistically-oriented approaches, e.g. from the fields of linguistics, social psychology, sociology, and semiotics, for the purpose of integration and further development of the interests in IC., Topics e.g.: Orientation to interaction as primarily linguistically realized processes Expertise on theorizing and analyzing cultural and situational contexts where linguistic processes are realized Expertise on handling language corpora Expertise on theorizing and analyzing interaction types as genres Orientation to an integrated view of linguistic and non-linguistic participant activities and of how interactants generate meanings and interact with space Expertise on researching the management of the linguistic flow in interaction and its successfulness.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Handbook of Multilingualism and Multilingual Communication

Handbook of Multilingualism and Multilingual Communication

Thus, as Sarangi and van Leeuwen (2003) point out, applied linguists have to become part of the respective “community of practice”. If, however, applied linguists have to regard themselves as part of a community of practice, ...

Author: Peter Auer

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110198553

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 606

View: 165

This volume is an up-to-date, concise introduction to bilingualism and multilingualism in schools, in the workplace, and in international institutions in a globalized world. The authors use a problem-solving approach and ask broad questions about bilingualism and multilingualism in society, including the question of language acquisition versus maintenance of bilingualism. Key features: provides a state-of-the-art description of different areas in the context of multilingualism and multilingual communication presents a critical appraisal of the relevance of the field, offers solutions of everyday language-related problems international handbook with contributions from renown experts in the field
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Handbook of Technical Communication

Handbook of Technical Communication

Thus, as Sarangi and van Leeuwen (2003) point out, applied linguists have to become part of the respective “community of practice”. If, however, applied linguists have to regard themselves as part of a community of practice, ...

Author: Alexander Mehler

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110224948

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 858

View: 622

The Handbook of Technical Communication brings together a variety of topics which range from the role of technical media in human communication to the linguistic, multimodal enhancement of present-day technologies. It covers the area of computer-mediated text, voice and multimedia communication as well as of technical documentation. In doing so, the handbook takes professional and private communication into account. Special emphasis is put on technical communication by means of web 2.0 technologies and its standardization in system development. In summary, the handbook deals with theoretical issues of technical communication and its practical impact on the development and usage of text and speech technologies.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Principle and Practice in Applied Linguistics

Principle and Practice in Applied Linguistics

As long as researchers and teachers talk only to members of their own discourse community , breakdowns in communication are minimized . But more often than not , they have to mediate between multiple audiences . Applied linguists have ...

Author: H. G. Widdowson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0194421481

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 431

View: 862

Studies in honour of H G Widdowson. Principle and Practice in Applied Linguistics provides a comprehensive overview of the many and diverse areas in applied linguistics today. The papers range from second language acquisition to discourse analysis, corpus lingustics, and classroom practice; together they emphasize the reciprocal relationship of principle and practice, and the interdisciplinary nature of applied lingustics.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

Communities of Practice

Communities of Practice

The establishment of the SLATE specialization within an existing MA in applied linguistics program was one of our major accomplishments during the first year of the grant. While the list of proposed courses was based on existing applied ...

Author: Patrick E. Marlow

Publisher: University of Arizona Press

ISBN: 9780816599868

Category: Education

Page: 160

View: 583

Educators, scholars, and community activists recognize that immersion education is a key means to restoring Indigenous and other heritage languages. But language maintenance and revitalization involve many complex issues, foremost may be the lack of local professional development opportunities for potential language teachers. In Alaska, the Second Language Acquisition Teacher Education (SLATE) project was designed to enable Indigenous communities and schools to improve the quality of native-language and English-language instruction and assessment by focusing on the elimination of barriers that have historically hindered degree completion for Indigenous and rural teachers. The Guided Research Collaborative (GRC) model, was employed to support the development of communities of practice through near-peer mentoring and mutual scaffolding. Through this important new model, teachers of both the heritage language, in this case Central Yup’ik, and English were able to situate their professional development into a larger global context based on current notions of multilingualism. In Communities of Practice contributors show how the SLATE program was developed and implemented, providing an important model for improving second-language instruction and assessment. Through an in-depth analysis of the program, contributors show how this project can be successfully adapted in other communities via its commitment to local control in language programming and a model based on community-driven research. Communities of Practice demonstrates how an initial cohort of Yup’ik- and English-language teachers collaborated to negotiate and ultimately completed the SLATE program. In so doing, these educators enhanced the program and their own effectiveness as teachers through a greater understanding of language learning. It is these understandings that will ultimately allow heritage- and English-language teachers to work together to foster their students’ success in any language.
Categories: Education

Communities of Practice and English as a Lingua Franca

Communities of Practice and English as a Lingua Franca

It shows that the linguistic practices of a local ELF-resourced community of practice may well be interwoven with the ... in applied linguistics, and contributes to what Block (2003) calls the “social turn” in applied linguistics.

Author: Karolina Kalocsai

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110295511

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 262

View: 595

This is a timely book on one of the most widely debated issues in applied linguistics: what is the social and cultural significance of English as a lingua franca for the internationally mobile students of the 21st century in Central Europe? Through an in-depth analysis of social practices, the book develops an exciting, innovative multilingual approach to out-of-class language use and language learning that engages students in the co-construction of identities. Apart from scholars, the book will appeal to policy makers and educators who are concerned with the internationalization of universities in Central Europe.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

Handbook of Writing and Text Production

Handbook of Writing and Text Production

How applied linguistics is the same as any other science. International Journal of Applied Linguistics 7(1): 86–94. ... Applied linguistics and communities of practice: Gaining communality or losing disciplinary autonomy?

Author: Eva-Maria Jakobs

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110220674

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 435

View: 667

Writing matters, and so does research into real-life writing. The shift from an industrial to an information society has increased the importance of writing and text production in education, in everyday life and in more and more professions in the fields of economics and politics, science and technology, culture and media. Through writing, we build up organizations and social networks, develop projects, inform colleagues and customers, and generate the basis for decisions. The quality of writing is decisive for social resonance and professional success. This ubiquitous real-life writing is what the present handbook is about. The de Gruyter Handbook of Writing and Text Production brings together and systematizes state-of-the-art research. The volume contains five sections, focussing on (I) the theory and methodology of writing and text production research, as well as on problem-oriented and problem-solving approaches related to (II) authors, (III) modes and media, (IV) genres, and (V) domains of writing and text production. Throughout the 21 chapters, exemplary research projects illustrate the theoretical perspectives from globally relevant research spaces and traditions. Both established and future scholars can benefit from the handbook’s fresh approach to writing in the context of multimodal, multi-semiotic text production.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Handbook of Second and Foreign Language Writing

Handbook of Second and Foreign Language Writing

If, however, applied linguists have to regard themselves as part of a community of practice, it is obvious that it is the entire community which determines what the respective subject matter is that the applied linguist deals with and ...

Author: Rosa M. Manchón

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9781501500282

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 669

View: 292

The Handbook of Second and Foreign Language Writing is an authoritative reference compendium of the theory and research on second and foreign language writing that can be of value to researchers, professionals, and graduate students. It is intended both as a retrospective critical reflection that can situate research on L2 writing in its historical context and provide a state of the art view of past achievements, and as a prospective critical analysis of what lies ahead in terms of theory, research, and applications. Accordingly, the Handbook aims to provide (i) foundational information on the emergence and subsequent evolution of the field, (ii) state-of-the-art surveys of available theoretical and research (basic and applied) insights, (iii) overviews of research methods in L2 writing research, (iv) critical reflections on future developments, and (iv) explorations of existing and emerging disciplinary interfaces with other fields of inquiry.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines