Aspects of Metaphor

Aspects of Metaphor

A metaphor introduces a new substance whose phases are the entities referred to by the tenor and vehicle of the metaphor. Since such a new substance may trivially be said to exist for any two entities, all metaphors are trivially true.

Author: Jaakko Hintikka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401583152

Category: Philosophy

Page: 264

View: 223

Metaphor is one of the most frequently evoked but at the same time most poorly understood concepts in philosophy and literary theory. In recent years, several interesting approaches to metaphor have been presented or outlined. In this volume, authors of some of the most important new approaches re-present their views or illustrate them by means of applications, thus allowing the reader to survey some of the prominent ongoing developments in this field. These authors include Robert Fogelin, Susan Haack, Jaakko Hintikka (with Gabriel Sandu), Bipin Indurkhya and Eva Kittay (with Eric Steinhart). Their stance is in the main constructive rather than critical; but frequent comparisons of different views further facilitate the reader's overview. In the other contributions, metaphor is related to the problems of visual representation (Noël Carroll), to the open class test (Avishai Margalit and Naomi Goldblum) as well as to Wittgenstein's idea of 'a way of life' (E.M. Zemach).
Categories: Philosophy

Aspects of Metaphor in Physics

Aspects of Metaphor in Physics

From this, we proceed to a brief summarising definition of metaphor pointing out the distinction and the relationships between its linguistic and conceptual aspects, preliminary to characterising in more detail and subcatcgorising the ...

Author: Hanna Pulaczewska

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110915938

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 309

View: 969

For decades there has been awareness of the fact that the natural sciences and the language they use are not metaphor-free domains. This study draws together statements on this phenomenon made in a discourse context hitherto dominated by theoreticians and philosophers of science and points up new perspectives of an interdisciplinary nature discussed here primarily from the viewpoint of cognitive semantics. How do metaphors enter into a discourse with physics? To what extent are the methods used and the issues addressed in physics influenced by metaphors? How do the ubiquitous metaphors of everyday language help us to impose a structure on physics knowledge and express abstract ideas in concrete images? These and other related issues are discussed with reference to copious examples.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Some Psychological Aspects of Metaphor

Some Psychological Aspects of Metaphor

11 From the notions that ( 1 ) connotative meaning defines a primary psychological aspect of metaphor , and ( 2 ) metaphor is best analyzed in terms of its constituents , it follows that any conceptual models developed from these ...

Author: Thomas Stanley Frentz

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89105671986

Category: Meaning (Psychology)

Page: 182

View: 567

Categories: Meaning (Psychology)

Where Metaphors Come From

Where Metaphors Come From

In sum, metaphorical linguistic expressions may vary widely crossculturally but many conceptual metaphors appear to ... In this view, nonuniversal aspects of metaphor are accounted for by the various ways in which primary metaphors are ...

Author: Zoltán Kövecses

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190266394

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 232

View: 126

In Where Metaphors Come From, Zoltán Kövecses proposes a metaphorical grounding that augments and refines conceptual metaphor theory according to which conceptual metaphors are based on our bodily experience. While this is certainly true in many cases of metaphor, the role of the body in metaphor creation can and should be reinterpreted, and, consequently, the body can be seen as just one of the several contexts from which metaphors can emerge (including the situational, discourse, and conceptual-cognitive contexts) - although perhaps the dominant or crucial one. Kövecses is a leader in CMT, and his argument in this book is more in line with what has been discovered about the nature of human cognition in recent years; namely, that human cognition is grounded in experience in multiple ways - embodiment, in a strict sense, being just one of them (see Barsalou, 2008; Gibbs, 2006; Pecher and Zwaan, 2005). In light of the present work, this is because cognition, including metaphorical cognition, is grounded in not only the body, but also in the situations in which people act and lead their lives, the discourses in which they are engaged at any time in communicating and interacting with each other, and the conceptual knowledge they have accumulated about the world in the course of their experience of it.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Metaphorical Use of Language in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature

The Metaphorical Use of Language in Deuterocanonical and Cognate Literature

As a result, I have decided to limit my discussion to several – in fact only three to four – Hellenistic Greek domains and uses of metaphor, all sharing the following characteristics: each is fairly well separated from the others; ...

Author: Markus Witte

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110373998

Category: Religion

Page: 565

View: 691

Metaphors are a vital linguistic component of religious speech and serve as a cultural indicator of how groups understand themselves and the world. The essays compiled in this volume analyze the use, function, and structure of metaphors in Jewish writings from the Hellenistic-Roman period (including the works of Philo and the texts of Qumran), as well as in apocryphal early Christian texts and inscriptions.
Categories: Religion

Embodied Metaphors in Film Television and Video Games

Embodied Metaphors in Film  Television  and Video Games

Via image schemata, film metaphor research can feed into film-ori ented cognitive science (e.g., see Grodal 2009; ... In Metaphor and Thought, edited by A. Ortony, 19–43. ... In Aspects of Metaphor, edited by J. Hintikka, 189–218.

Author: Kathrin Fahlenbrach

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317531210

Category: Social Science

Page: 214

View: 806

In cognitive research, metaphors have been shown to help us imagine complex, abstract, or invisible ideas, concepts, or emotions. Contributors to this book argue that metaphors occur not only in language, but in audio visual media well. This is all the more evident in entertainment media, which strategically "sell" their products by addressing their viewers’ immediate, reflexive understanding through pictures, sounds, and language. This volume applies cognitive metaphor theory (CMT) to film, television, and video games in order to analyze the embodied aesthetics and meanings of those moving images.
Categories: Social Science

Metaphors in Grass Die Blechtrommel

Metaphors in Grass  Die Blechtrommel

... 26 Interpretation Theory : Discourse and the Surplus of Meaning , 3 on intertwining of metaphors , 73 on the metaphoric process , 3 , 18 , 22 pictorial aspects of metaphor , 25 The Rule of Metaphor : MultiDisciplinary Studies of the ...

Author: Antoinette T. Delaney

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: UCSC:32106017308443

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 183

View: 514

The key to understanding the complex works of Germany's leading writer, Günther Grass, is found in his creative use of language. This book is the first comprehensive, scientific analysis based on a cognitive theory of metaphor of Grass' statements in Die Blechtrommel. Moreover, the resulting data gleaned from the metaphoric meanings - depicted in graphs - offer an important insight into Grass' way of thinking, thereby linking the vast number of interpretations contained in Grass research. This book presents metaphoric analysis as a novel approach to text interpretation and language study.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Ubiquity of Metaphor

The Ubiquity of Metaphor

This volume brings together a number of articles representative of the present outlook on the importance of metaphors, and of the work done on metaphors in several domains of (psycho)linguistics.

Author: Wolf Paprotté

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027286376

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 628

View: 959

This volume brings together a number of articles representative of the present outlook on the importance of metaphors, and of the work done on metaphors in several domains of (psycho)linguistics. The first part of the volume deals with metaphor and the system of language. The second part offers papers on metaphor and language use. In the third part psychological and psycholinguistic aspects of metaphor are discussed.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Cognitive Processing in Second Language Acquisition

Cognitive Processing in Second Language Acquisition

New names from old words: Related aspects of children's metaphors and word compounds. ... Inhibition of the literal: Filtering metaphor— irrelevant information during metaphor comprehension. Metaphor and Symbol 16 (3 8: 4), 277—293.

Author: Martin Pütz

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027288325

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 373

View: 652

This edited volume represents state of the field research linking cognition and second language acquisition, reflecting the experience of the learner when engaged in noticing, input/output processing, retrieval, and even attrition of target forms. Contributions are both theoretical and practical, describing a variety of L1, L2 and L3 combinations from around the world as observed in spoken, written, and computer-mediated contexts. The book relates conditions of language, task, medium or environment to how learners make decisions about language, with discussions about the application or efficacy of these conditions on linguistic success and development, and pedagogical implications.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines