Associations and the Chinese State Contested Spaces

Associations and the Chinese State  Contested Spaces

more generally, state and Party leaders have conceived of business associations as organizations that can usefully ... into a mantra that is repeated by officials and others involved with associations at all levels of the Chinese state.

Author: Jonathan Unger

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317476337

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 288

View: 403

What role do Chinese popular associations play in the expansion of civil society and democratization? Under Mao few associations were permitted to exist, while today over 200,000 associations are officially recognized. Are they important foundations of civil society, or vehicles for state corporatism and control? In this book leading China specialists examine an interesting range of associations, from business associations to trade unions, to urban homeowners associations, women's groups against domestic violence, and rural NGOs that develop anti-poverty programs. The contributors find different important trends underway in different parts of China's economy and society. Their findings are nuanced, insightful - and often not what might be expected.
Categories: Business & Economics

Chinese State Owned Enterprises in West Africa

Chinese State Owned Enterprises in West Africa

and they are rarely involved in Chinese-financed projects. When a management staff member of one of these telecommunications enterprises was asked about the role of the Chinese associations for them, he answered, “Associations of ...

Author: Katy Ngan Ting Lam

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317265597

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 916

This book investigates the globalization process of Chinese state-owned enterprises (SOEs) in West Africa, primarily in Benin and Ghana, based on ethnographical studies. It challenges the dominant vision of "a powerful China in Africa", and argues that the so-called "Chinese business advantages" – monolithic Chinese state and Chinese low cost advantages, are non-viable for sustaining Chinese business development in the continent. Considering the Chinese SOEs globalization process in a relational approach, this book examines how the triple embeddedness (Chinese, African and managerial) shapes the Chinese SOEs globalization process over time and space, in diverse dimensions and among different entities – the Chinese state, Chinese SOEs, Chinese expatriates, the African government, African business partners, African staff, and the African society. It illustrates that the Chinese central state has "retreated" deliberately from its SOE globalization in Africa. The Chinese SOEs and Chinese expats are the major actors in initiating and inventing globalization strategies, facing limited Chinese state support and the African neopatrimonial governance and social contexts. Besides, the personal trajectories (from expatriation to social promotion) of Chinese SOE expats interweave with the globalization-turn-localization of their SOEs in Africa. Rejecting the linear, static and binary vision of "powerful China in powerless Africa", the present study thus emphasizes power dynamics in Chinese SOEs’ globalization process are organic and pluralistic though in certain extent hierarchical –"second-class". Time and local relations are key elements constituting the real Chinese advantages for Chinese SOEs vis-a-vis their ultimate competitors – not Western companies, but other Chinese companies.
Categories: Social Science

Chinese Professionals and the Republican State

Chinese Professionals and the Republican State

Xiaoqun Xu makes a compelling and original contribution to the study of China's modernization with this book on the rise of professional associations in Republican China in their birthplace of Shanghai, and of their political and socio ...

Author: Xiaoqun Xu

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139431842

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 963

Xiaoqun Xu makes a compelling and original contribution to the study of China's modernization with this book on the rise of professional associations in Republican China in their birthplace of Shanghai, and of their political and socio-cultural milieu. This 2001 book is rich in detail about the key professional and political figures and organizations in Shanghai, filling an important gap in its social history. The professional associations were, as the author writes, 'unambiguously urban and modern in their origins and functions ... representing a new breed of educated Chinese' and they pioneered a new type of relationship with the state. Xu addresses a central issue in China studies, the relationship between state and society, and proposes an alternative to the Western-derived concept of civil society. This book illuminates the complexity of modernization and nationalism in twentieth-century China, and provides a concrete case for comparative studies of professionalization and class formation across cultures.
Categories: History

Social Organizations and the Authoritarian State in China

Social Organizations and the Authoritarian State in China

“Institutional Constraints on Environmental Management in Urban China: Environmental Impact Assessments in Guangzhou and Shanghai. ... “Chinese Associations, Civil Society, and State Corporatism: Disputed Terrain.

Author: Timothy Hildebrandt

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139627573

Category: Political Science

Page:

View: 587

Received wisdom suggests that social organizations (such as non-government organizations, NGOs) have the power to upend the political status quo. However, in many authoritarian contexts, such as China, NGO emergence has not resulted in this expected regime change. In this book, Timothy Hildebrandt shows how NGOs adapt to the changing interests of central and local governments, working in service of the state to address social problems. In doing so, the nature of NGO emergence in China effectively strengthens the state, rather than weakens it. This book offers a groundbreaking comparative analysis of Chinese social organizations across the country in three different issue areas: environmental protection, HIV/AIDS prevention, and gay and lesbian rights. It suggests a new way of thinking about state-society relations in authoritarian countries, one that is distinctly co-dependent in nature: governments require the assistance of NGOs to govern while NGOs need governments to extend political, economic and personal opportunities to exist.
Categories: Political Science

The Chinese Corporatist State

The Chinese Corporatist State

The majority of survey participants, however, have not reported themselves as members of either association with the ... what is clear is that the relationship between the Chinese state and business associations has been experiencing ...

Author: Jennifer Hsu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780415640725

Category: Political Science

Page: 150

View: 381

The modern Chinese state has traditionally affected every major aspect of domestic society. With the growing liberalization of the economy, coupled with increasingly complex social issues, there is a belief that the state is retreating from an array of social problems from health to the environment. Yet, a survey of China's contemporary political landscape today reveals not only a central state which plays an active role in managing social problems, but also new state actors at the local level which are increasingly seeking to partner with various non-governmental organizations or social associations. This book looks at how NGOs, social organizations, business associations, trade unions, and religious associations interact with the state, and explores how social actors have negotiated the influence of the state at both national and local levels. It further examines how a corporatist understanding of state-society relations can be reformulated, as old and new social stakeholders play a greater role in managing contemporary social issues. The book goes on to chart the differences in how the state behaves locally and centrally, and finally discusses the future direction of the corporatist state. Drawing on a range of sources from recent fieldwork and the latest data, this timely collection will appeal to students and scholars working in the fields of Chinese politics, Chinese economics and Chinese society.
Categories: Political Science

The Chinese Economy

The Chinese Economy

civil society and democratization in China? FAssociations and the Chinese State Contested Spaces o ASSOCATIONS Edited by Jonathan Unger o AND THE - KENNETH. W. Under Mao few associations . CHINESE STATE were permitted to exist, ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: NWU:35556038941092

Category: China

Page:

View: 479

Categories: China

Civil Society Networks in China and Vietnam

Civil Society Networks in China and Vietnam

Unger J (2008) 'Introduction: Chinese associations, civil society and state corporatism: Disputed terrain', in Unger J, ed. Associations and the Chinese State. Armonk NY: ME Sharpe, 3–13. Unger J and Chan A (2008) 'Associations in a ...

Author: A. Wells-Dang

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230380219

Category: Social Science

Page: 234

View: 585

This book brings a fresh, original approach to understand social action in China and Vietnam through the conceptual lens of informal environmental and health networks. It shows how citizens in non-democratic states actively create informal pathways for advocacy and the development of functioning civil societies.
Categories: Social Science

The Role of American NGOs in China s Modernization

The Role of American NGOs in China s Modernization

Unger, Jonathan and Chan, Anita, 'Associations in a bind: the emergence of political corporatism,' in Jonathan Unger (ed.), Associations and the Chinese State: Contested Spaces (Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe, 2008), pp. 48–68.

Author: Norton Wheeler

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136229343

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 538

In the waning years of the Cold War, the United States and China began to cautiously engage in cultural, educational, and policy exchanges, which in turn strengthened new security and economic ties. These links have helped shape the most important bilateral relationship in the late-twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. This book explores the dynamics of cultural exchange through an in-depth historical investigation of three organizations at the forefront of U.S.-China non-governmental relations: the Hopkins-Nanjing Center for Chinese and American Studies, the National Committee on United States-China Relations, and The 1990 Institute. Norton Wheeler reveals the impact of American non-governmental organizations (NGOs) on education, environment, fiscal policy, and civil society in contemporary China. In turn, this book illuminates the important role that NGOs play in complementing formal diplomacy and presents a model of society-to-society relations that moves beyond old debates over cultural imperialism. Finally, the book highlights the increasingly significant role of Chinese Americans as bridges between the two societies. Based on extensive archival research and interviews with leading American and Chinese figures, this book will be of interest to students and scholars of Chinese politics and history, international relations and transnational NGOs.
Categories: Political Science

Roots of the State

Roots of the State

Revenge of the forbidden city: The suppression of the Falungong in China, 1999–2005. ... Political reform in China's cities: Introducing community elections. ... Associations and the Chinese state: Contested spaces.

Author: Benjamin Read

Publisher: Stanford University Press

ISBN: 9780804782036

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 179

Most social science studies of local organizations tend to focus on "civil society" associations, voluntary associations independent from state control, whereas government-sponsored organizations tend to be theorized in totalitarian terms as "mass organizations" or manifestations of state corporatism. Roots of the State examines neighborhood associations in Beijing and Taipei that occupy a unique space that exists between these concepts. Benjamin L. Read views the work of the neighborhood associations he studies as a form of "administrative grassroots engagement." States sponsor networks of organizations at the most local of levels, and the networks facilitate governance and policing by building personal relationships with members of society. Association leaders serve as the state's designated liaisons within the neighborhood and perform administrative duties covering a wide range of government programs, from welfare to political surveillance. These partly state-controlled entities also provide a range of services to their constituents. Neighborhood associations, as institutions initially created to control societies, may underpin a repressive regime such as China's, but they also can evolve to empower societies, as in Taiwan. This book engages broad and much-discussed questions about governance and political participation in both authoritarian and democratic regimes.
Categories: Political Science

The Citizen and the Chinese State

The Citizen and the Chinese State

29 This trend of separation can be clearly seen in many aspects: more chairs of lawyers« associations are held by professional lawyers instead of BoJ officials as used to be the case; more lawyers« associations have become physically ...

Author: Perry Keller

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351892728

Category: Law

Page: 548

View: 434

This volume addresses several core questions regarding the nature of law in China and its future development. In particular, these articles shed light on whether the rule of law ideal is commensurable with government based on the Chinese Communist Party. Beginning virtually from scratch, China has established a comprehensive legal system that boasts a constitution, primary and secondary legislation and plentiful regulations covering most areas of public and private life. Yet, as these articles discuss, its courts are enmeshed in Party and state hierarchies and are not empowered to directly apply constitutional principles or rights, ensuring that the law is subordinate to national public policy goals. Legal and extra-legal methods for punishing wrongdoing and resolving disputes also raise questions of due process of law. Ultimately, the question is therefore whether China's legal system, if eschewing formalised human rights, is developing a capacity to protect fundamental human dignity.
Categories: Law