Associations and the Chinese State Contested Spaces

Associations and the Chinese State  Contested Spaces

In this book leading China specialists examine an interesting range of associations, from business associations to trade unions, to urban homeowners associations, women's groups against domestic violence, and rural NGOs that develop anti ...

Author: Jonathan Unger

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317476320

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 262

View: 687

What role do Chinese popular associations play in the expansion of civil society and democratization? Under Mao few associations were permitted to exist, while today over 200,000 associations are officially recognized. Are they important foundations of civil society, or vehicles for state corporatism and control? In this book leading China specialists examine an interesting range of associations, from business associations to trade unions, to urban homeowners associations, women's groups against domestic violence, and rural NGOs that develop anti-poverty programs. The contributors find different important trends underway in different parts of China's economy and society. Their findings are nuanced, insightful - and often not what might be expected.
Categories: Business & Economics

China in an Era of Transition

China in an Era of Transition

Given the dominance of the Chinese state in so many aspects of society, this collection considers factors such as urbanization, the marginalization of social groups, the emergence of the business elites and the dissent of internet users, to ...

Author: R. Hasmath

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780230620155

Category: Political Science

Page: 234

View: 993

Given the dominance of the Chinese state in so many aspects of society, this collection considers factors such as urbanization, the marginalization of social groups, the emergence of the business elites and the dissent of internet users, to resituate understanding of the social challenges facing China.
Categories: Political Science

China s Opening Society

China s Opening Society

This book examines the development of the non-state sector and NGOs in China since the onset of reform in the late 1970s.

Author: Zheng Yongnian

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134056873

Category: Political Science

Page: 256

View: 424

Despite its recent rapid economic growth, China’s political system has remained resolutely authoritarian. However, an increasingly open economy is creating the infrastructure for an open society, with the rise of a non-state sector in which a private economy, non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and different forms of social forces are playing an increasingly powerful role in facilitating political change and promoting good governance. This book examines the development of the non-state sector and NGOs in China since the onset of reform in the late 1970s. It explores the major issues facing the non-state sector in China today, assesses the institutional barriers that are faced by its developing civil society, and compares China’s example with wider international experience. It shows how the ‘get-rich-quick’ ethos of the Deng Xiaoping and Jiang Zemin years, that prioritised rapid GDP growth above all else, has given way under the Jiantao Hu regime to a renewed concern with social reforms, in areas such as welfare, medical care, education, and public transportation. It demonstrates how this change has led to encouragement by the Hu government of the development of the non-state sector as a means to perform regulatory functions and to achieve effective provision of public and social services. It explores the tension between the government’s desire to keep the NGOs as "helping hands’ rather than as autonomous, independent organizations, and their ability to perform these roles successfully.
Categories: Political Science

Chinese Professionals and the Republican State

Chinese Professionals and the Republican State

Xiaoqun Xu makes a compelling and original contribution to the study of China's modernization with this book on the rise of professional associations in Republican China in their birthplace of Shanghai, and of their political and socio ...

Author: Xiaoqun Xu

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139431842

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 438

Xiaoqun Xu makes a compelling and original contribution to the study of China's modernization with this book on the rise of professional associations in Republican China in their birthplace of Shanghai, and of their political and socio-cultural milieu. This 2001 book is rich in detail about the key professional and political figures and organizations in Shanghai, filling an important gap in its social history. The professional associations were, as the author writes, 'unambiguously urban and modern in their origins and functions ... representing a new breed of educated Chinese' and they pioneered a new type of relationship with the state. Xu addresses a central issue in China studies, the relationship between state and society, and proposes an alternative to the Western-derived concept of civil society. This book illuminates the complexity of modernization and nationalism in twentieth-century China, and provides a concrete case for comparative studies of professionalization and class formation across cultures.
Categories: History

State And Society In China

State And Society In China

This book portrays the subtle, irreversible changes in China and revealing the leadership's major failure to create a set of rational, workable political institutions.

Author: Arthur Rosenbaum

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000313000

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 300

This book portrays the subtle, irreversible changes in China and revealing the leadership's major failure to create a set of rational, workable political institutions. It considers the changing role of social classes and their relationship to the state.
Categories: Political Science

Chinese State Owned Enterprises in West Africa

Chinese State Owned Enterprises in West Africa

and they are rarely involved in Chinese-financed projects. When a management staff member of one of these telecommunications enterprises was asked about the role of the Chinese associations for them, he answered, “Associations of ...

Author: Katy Ngan Ting Lam

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317265597

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 781

This book investigates the globalization process of Chinese state-owned enterprises (SOEs) in West Africa, primarily in Benin and Ghana, based on ethnographical studies. It challenges the dominant vision of "a powerful China in Africa", and argues that the so-called "Chinese business advantages" – monolithic Chinese state and Chinese low cost advantages, are non-viable for sustaining Chinese business development in the continent. Considering the Chinese SOEs globalization process in a relational approach, this book examines how the triple embeddedness (Chinese, African and managerial) shapes the Chinese SOEs globalization process over time and space, in diverse dimensions and among different entities – the Chinese state, Chinese SOEs, Chinese expatriates, the African government, African business partners, African staff, and the African society. It illustrates that the Chinese central state has "retreated" deliberately from its SOE globalization in Africa. The Chinese SOEs and Chinese expats are the major actors in initiating and inventing globalization strategies, facing limited Chinese state support and the African neopatrimonial governance and social contexts. Besides, the personal trajectories (from expatriation to social promotion) of Chinese SOE expats interweave with the globalization-turn-localization of their SOEs in Africa. Rejecting the linear, static and binary vision of "powerful China in powerless Africa", the present study thus emphasizes power dynamics in Chinese SOEs’ globalization process are organic and pluralistic though in certain extent hierarchical –"second-class". Time and local relations are key elements constituting the real Chinese advantages for Chinese SOEs vis-a-vis their ultimate competitors – not Western companies, but other Chinese companies.
Categories: Social Science

State and Civil Society

State and Civil Society

Intends to present a discussion on state and civil society, contextualized in the Chinese perspectives.

Author: Zhenglai Deng

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789814313575

Category: Social Science

Page: 453

View: 894

Intends to present a discussion on state and civil society, contextualized in the Chinese perspectives. This title poses important questions, within the context of Chinese national conditions, particularities and histories, to the validity, applicability and viability of the state and civil society paradigm in the Western academia.
Categories: Social Science

Reconstructing Twentieth century China

Reconstructing Twentieth century China

This text argues that the underlying theme of China's development trajectory in the 20th century is reconstruction. Contributors examine how movements and transitions have affected China at regular periods during this century.

Author: Associate Professor Department of Asian Studies Kjeld Erik Brodsgaard

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198293119

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 370

View: 459

This text argues that the underlying theme of China's development trajectory in the 20th century is reconstruction. Contributors examine how movements and transitions have affected China at regular periods during this century.
Categories: Business & Economics

Civil Society in China

Civil Society in China

This book asks whether this concept is useful for analyzing China.

Author: Timothy Brook

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317474388

Category: Law

Page: 288

View: 907

The concept of civil society was borrowed from 18th-century Europe to provide a framework for understanding the transition to post-authoritarian regimes in Latin America and post-communist regimes elsewhere. This book asks whether this concept is useful for analyzing China.
Categories: Law