state of the planet atmosphere, various sections of classic optics, radiation transfer theory, atomic and molecular spectroscopy, and electrodynamics. If main attention in the initial stages of development of atmospheric optics was paid ...
Author: Yu. M. Timofeyev
Publisher: Cambridge Int Science Publishing
The authors of this book present the theoretical fundamentals of atmospheric optics as a science of the propagation, transformation and generation in the atmosphere of electromagnetic radiation from the ultraviolet to microwave range of the spectrum. The main characteristics of the planets of the solar system and atmospheres are described. Special attention is given to the equation of transfer of radiation in different spectrum ranges; the absorption of radiation by atmospheric gases and aerosol, molecular, aerosol and different types of non-resonant scattering; atmospheric diffraction; reflection of radiation from the surface; and glow of the atmosphere. They present the method of calculating radiation for the solar and thermal ranges of the spectrum. The monograph will be of interest to experts working in the areas of the physics and optics of the atmosphere and also suitable for students and postgraduates studying the physics of atmosphere, meteorology, physical ecology and monitoring of the environment.
D. G. Stamov, "On the possibility of polarimetric determination of turbidity in different directions," in: Actinometry and Atmospheric Optics [in Russian], Leningrad (1961), pp. 115-124. D. G. Stamov, "The meteorological aspect of ...
Author: Nikolai B. Divari
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Some Statistical Determinations of the Instability of Television Images of Stars.- Images of the Lunar Limb and Heterogeneity Layers in the Troposphere.- Measuring Limb Vibrations of Solar Images.- Vibration of Star Images in Telescopes as a Function of Zenith Distance.- Distribution of Wave-Front Distortions That Cause Star-Image Vibration.- The Probability of Obtaining Good Star Images with Short-Exposure Photography.- Electronic Systems for Short-Exposure Photography of Celestial Objects.- Eliminating Multiple Scattering and Reflection of Light from the Underlying Surface from the Scatterin.
The problem of constructing adequate (statistically justified) models of the Earth's atmosphere is one of the most fundamental problems in atmospheric optics. Such a model must be based on numerous and various qualitative and ...
Author: G.I. Marchuk
This monograph is devoted to urgent questions of the theory and applications of the Monte Carlo method for solving problems of atmospheric optics and hydrooptics. The importance of these problems has grown because of the increas ing need to interpret optical observations, and to estimate radiative balance precisely for weather forecasting. Inhomogeneity and sphericity of the atmos phere, absorption in atmospheric layers, multiple scattering and polarization of light, all create difficulties in solving these problems by traditional methods of computational mathematics. Particular difficulty arises when one must solve nonstationary problems of the theory of transfer of narrow beams that are connected with the estimation of spatial location and time characteristics of the radiation field. The most universal method for solving those problems is the Monte Carlo method, which is a numerical simulation of the radiative-transfer process. This process can be regarded as a Markov chain of photon collisions in a medium, which result in scattering or absorption. The Monte Carlo tech nique consists in computational simulation of that chain and in constructing statistical estimates of the desired functionals. The authors of this book have contributed to the development of mathemati cal methods of simulation and to the interpretation of optical observations. A series of general method using Monte Carlo techniques has been developed. The present book includes theories and algorithms of simulation. Numerical results corroborate the possibilities and give an impressive prospect of the applications of Monte Carlo methods.
REPORT TITLE ATMOSPHERIC OPTICS MEASUREMENTS WITH A BALLOON - BORNE NEPHELOMETER 4. DESCRIPTIVE NOTES ( Type of report and inclusive dates ) Scientific . Interim , 5. AUTHOR ( S ) ( First name , middle initial , last name ) Frank W.
Author: Frank W. Gibson
A large modified polar nephelometer was constructed for the purpose of making high altitude atmospheric optics measurements. The instrument is balloon-borne and measures the angular volume scattering function from ground to better than 26 km in absolute quantities. The results of the initial flight with the unit are presented and they depict the variability in this parameter over the altitude profile for three scattering angles and four wavelengths. In addition, the polarization and the forward-to-backscatter ratio of the scattered light are shown to be sensitive indicators of the atmosphere's vertical aerosol structure. The import of these preliminary results is, however, in pointing out the capabilities of this instrument, which can provide quantitative information on fundamental optical parameters of the atmosphere without the constraints inherent in other techniques.
192 12 Transmission of Information Data in Optical Channels: Atmospheric and Fiber Optics 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Kopeika, N.S. (1998). A System Engineering Approach to Imaging. Bellingham, WA: SPIE Optical ...
Author: Nathan Blaunstein
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
A GUIDE TO THE FUNDAMENTAL THEORY AND PRACTICE OF OPTICAL COMMUNICATION Fiber Optic and Atmospheric Optical Communication offers a much needed guide to characterizing and overcoming the drawbacks associated with optical communication links that suffer from various types of fading when optical signals with information traverse these wireless (atmospheric) or wired (fiber optic) channels. The authors—noted experts on the topic—present material that aids in predicting the capacity, data rate, spectral efficiency, and bit-error-rate associated with a channel that experiences fading. They review modulation techniques and methods of coding and decoding that are useful when implementing communications systems. The book also discusses how to model the channels, including treating distortion due to the various fading phenomena. Light waves and their similarity to radio waves are explored, and the way light propagates through the atmosphere, through materials, and through the boundary between two materials is explained. This important book: Characterizes principal optical sources and detectors, including descriptions of their advantages and disadvantages, to show how to design systems from start to finish Provides a new method of predicting and dealing with the dispersive properties of fiber optic cables and other optical guiding structures in order to increase data stream capacity Highlights effects of material and multimode (multi-ray) dispersion during propagation of optical signals with data through fiber optic channels Presents modulation techniques and methods of coding and decoding that are useful when implementing communications systems Written for professionals dealing with optical and electro-optical communications, Fiber Optic and Atmospheric Optical Communication explores the theory and practice of optical communication both when the optical signal is propagating through the atmosphere and when it is propagating through an optical fiber.
ON QUALITATIVE CHANGES IN SIMPLE CLIMATIC MODELS PRODUCED BY PARAMETERIZATION O.B. Rodimova Institute of Atmospheric Optics, Siberian Branch of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Tomsk Received November 5, 1991 For the simplest ...
6, Nonlinear Atmospheric Optics. Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat, 1989, 256 p. 8. Zuev, V. E., and Zuev, V.V., Modern Problems of Atmospheric Optics. Vol. 8, Remote Optical Sensing of the Atmosphere. St. Petersburg: Gidrometeoizdat, 1992, ...
Author: Nathan Blaunstein
Publisher: CRC Press
The book introduces optical wave propagation in the irregular turbulent atmosphere and the relations to laser beam and LIDAR applications for both optical communication and imaging. It examines atmosphere fundamentals, structure, and content. It explains specific situations occurring in the irregular atmosphere and for specific natural phenomena that affect optical ray and laser beam propagation. It emphasizes how to use LIDAR to investigate atmospheric phenomena and predict primary parameters of the irregular turbulent atmosphere and suggests what kinds of optical devices to operate in different atmospheric situations to minimize the deleterious effects of natural atmospheric phenomena.
State Press, University Park 2001) C.F. Bohren (Ed.): Selected papers on Scattering in the Atmosphere, SPIE Milestone Series #7 (SPIE, Bellingham 1989) OSA (Ed.): Proceedings of 1st conference on atmospheric optics, J. Opt. Soc.
Author: Frank Träger
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This new edition features numerous updates and additions. Especially 4 new chapters on Fiber Optics, Integrated Optics, Frequency Combs and Interferometry reflect the changes since the first edition. In addition, major complete updates for the chapters: Optical Materials and Their Properties, Optical Detectors, Nanooptics, and Optics far Beyond the Diffraction Limit. Features Contains over 1000 two-color illustrations. Includes over 120 comprehensive tables with properties of optical materials and light sources. Emphasizes physical concepts over extensive mathematical derivations. Chapters with summaries, detailed index Delivers a wealth of up-to-date references.
Proceedings of the Sixth Interdepartmental Symposium on Actinometry and Atmospheric Optics, June 1966, Tartu V. Poldmaa. 2. Ashcheulov , S.V.- In : " Problemy fiziki atmosfery , " No.4 . Izdatel'stvo LGU . 1966 .
Author: V. Poldmaa
Publisher: Israel Program of Scientific Translations
Author: U.S. Atomic Energy CommissionPublish On: 1972-05
Atmospheric Optics , Transactions of the Conference on the Atmospheric Optics of the Working Group , on the Optical Instability of the Earth's Atmosphere of the Astronomical Council of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR , Uzhgorod ...