Auditory Neuroscience

Auditory Neuroscience

Hearing is an "everyday miracle" that, despite its staggering complexity, seems effortless. This book offers an integrated account of hearing in terms of the neural processes that take place in different parts of the auditory system.

Author: Jan Schnupp

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262518024

Category: Medical

Page: 366

View: 304

An integrated overview of hearing and the interplay of physical, biological, and psychological processes underlying it. Every time we listen—to speech, to music, to footsteps approaching or retreating—our auditory perception is the result of a long chain of diverse and intricate processes that unfold within the source of the sound itself, in the air, in our ears, and, most of all, in our brains. Hearing is an "everyday miracle" that, despite its staggering complexity, seems effortless. This book offers an integrated account of hearing in terms of the neural processes that take place in different parts of the auditory system. Because hearing results from the interplay of so many physical, biological, and psychological processes, the book pulls together the different aspects of hearing—including acoustics, the mathematics of signal processing, the physiology of the ear and central auditory pathways, psychoacoustics, speech, and music—into a coherent whole.
Categories: Medical

Auditory Neuroscience

Auditory Neuroscience

“Frequency tuning plasticity in rat primary auditory cortex” Authors: Pandya, P.K., J.Vazquez, D.Rathbun, N.D.Engineer, R.Moucha, and M.P. Kilgard Cortical Plasticity Laboratory, Cognition and Neuroscience Program, University of Texas ...

Author: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309074223

Category: Audiology

Page: 176

View: 161

Categories: Audiology

Translational Perspectives in Auditory Neuroscience

Translational Perspectives in Auditory Neuroscience

Nature Neuroscience, 12,718–724. Rauschecker, J. P., & Tian, B. (2000). Mechanisms and streams from processing what and where in auditory cortex. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 97,11800–11806.

Author: Kelly L. Tremblay

Publisher: Plural Publishing

ISBN: 9781597566865

Category: Medical

Page: 488

View: 949

Categories: Medical

Signal Processing in Auditory Neuroscience

Signal Processing in Auditory Neuroscience

The auditory stimuli were binaurally delivered through plastic tubes and earpieces inserted into ear canals with normal hearing (nine subjects). Auditory evoked fields (AEFs) were recorded for combinations of a reference stimulus (IACC ...

Author: Yoichi Ando

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128159392

Category: Medical

Page: 120

View: 570

Signal Processing in Auditory Neuroscience: Temporal and Spatial Features of Sound and Speech discusses how the physical attributes of different sounds manifest in neural signals and how to tease-apart their different influences. It includes EEG/MEG as additional variables to be considered when studying neural mechanisms of auditory processing in general, specifically in speech. Focuses on signal processing in human auditory-neuroscience Contains information that will be useful to researchers using a MEG/EEG recording of brain activity to study neural mechanisms of auditory processing and speech Gives an important overview and methodological background for techniques that are useful in human auditory-neuroscience
Categories: Medical

Fundamentals of Cognitive Neuroscience

Fundamentals of Cognitive Neuroscience

How does the auditory system decode the individual auditory "objects" such as a friend's voice, a door shutting, and a cell phone ringing? To accomplish this, the auditory system must keep track of the many aspects of the complex ...

Author: Nicole M. Gage

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128038390

Category: Medical

Page: 564

View: 905

Fundamentals of Cognitive Neuroscience: A Beginner's Guide, Second Edition, is a comprehensive, yet accessible, beginner’s guide on cognitive neuroscience. This text takes a distinctive, commonsense approach to help newcomers easily learn the basics of how the brain functions when we learn, act, feel, speak and socialize. This updated edition includes contents and features that are both academically rigorous and engaging, including a step-by-step introduction to the visible brain, colorful brain illustrations, and new chapters on emerging topics in cognition research, including emotion, sleep and disorders of consciousness, and discussions of novel findings that highlight cognitive neuroscience’s practical applications. Written by two leading experts in the field and thoroughly updated, this book remains an indispensable introduction to the study of cognition. Presents an easy-to-read introduction to mind-brain science based on a simple functional diagram linked to specific brain functions Provides new, up-to-date, colorful brain images directly from research labs Contains "In the News" boxes that describe the newest research and augment foundational content Includes both a student and instructor website with basic terms and definitions, chapter guides, study questions, drawing exercises, downloadable lecture slides, test bank, flashcards, sample syllabi and links to multimedia resources
Categories: Medical

Neuroscience

Neuroscience

Primary auditory afferents terminate in the cochlear nuclei in the pons. Ventral cochlear axons go to the superior olivary complex on both sides. This structure projects to the nuclei of the lateral lemniscus, and is primarily concerned ...

Author: Alan Longstaff

Publisher: Garland Science

ISBN: 9781859960820

Category: Science

Page: 436

View: 606

Provides coverage of neuroscience at an undergraduate level, providing access to the core information in the field. The book covers the important areas of neuroscience.
Categories: Science

The Oxford Handbook of the Auditory Brainstem

The Oxford Handbook of the Auditory Brainstem

Neuroscience, 199, 438–451. Warren, E. H. 3rd, & Liberman, M. C. (1989a). Effects of contralateral sound on auditory-nerve responses. I. Contributions of cochlear efferents. Hearing Research, 37(2), 89–104.

Author: Karl Kandler PhD

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190849085

Category: Science

Page: 512

View: 269

The Oxford Handbook of The Auditory Brainstem provides an introduction as well as an in-depth reference to the organization and function of ascending and descending auditory pathways in the mammalian brainstem. Individual chapters are organized along the auditory pathway beginning with the cochlea and ending with the auditory midbrain. Each chapter provides an introduction to the respective area, and summarizes our current knowledge before discussing disputes and challenges the field currently faces. A major emphasis throughout this book is on the numerous forms of plasticity that are increasingly observed in many areas of the auditory brainstem. Several chapters focus on neuronal modulation of function and synaptic, neuronal, and circuit plasticity, especially under circumstances when they occur most prominently: during development, aging, and following peripheral hearing loss. In addition, the book addresses the role of trauma-induced maladaptive plasticity with respect to its contribution in generating central hearing dysfunction such as hyperacusis and tinnitus. The book is intended for students and postdocs starting in the auditory field, and researchers of related fields who wish to get an authoritative and up-to-date summary of the current state of auditory brainstem research. For clinical practitioners in audiology, otolaryngology, and neurology, the book is a valuable resource of information about the neuronal mechanisms that are major candidates for the generation of central hearing dysfunction.
Categories: Science

Network Neuroscience

Network Neuroscience

Such verbal auditory hallucinations are defined as vocal perceptions in the absence of the corresponding, appropriate external stimulus. Their underlying neuropathology is only partially understood. Originally, imaging studies focused ...

Author: Flavio Fröhlich

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128015865

Category: Medical

Page: 482

View: 799

Studying brain networks has become a truly interdisciplinary endeavor, attracting students and seasoned researchers alike from a wide variety of academic backgrounds. What has been lacking is an introductory textbook that brings together the different fields and provides a gentle introduction to the major concepts and findings in the emerging field of network neuroscience. Network Neuroscience is a one-stop-shop that is of equal use to the neurobiologist, who is interested in understanding the quantitative methods employed in network neuroscience, and to the physicist or engineer, who is interested in neuroscience applications of mathematical and engineering tools. The book spans 27 chapters that cover everything from individual cells all the way to complex network disorders such as depression and autism spectrum disorders. An additional 12 toolboxes provide the necessary background for making network neuroscience accessible independent of the reader’s background. Dr. Flavio Frohlich (www.networkneuroscientist.org) wrote this book based on his experience of mentoring dozens of trainees in the Frohlich Lab, from undergraduate students to senior researchers. The Frohlich lab (www.frohlichlab.org) pursues a unique and integrated vision that combines computer simulations, animal model studies, human studies, and clinical trials with the goal of developing novel brain stimulation treatments for psychiatric disorders. The book is based on a course he teaches at UNC that has attracted trainees from many different departments, including neuroscience, biomedical engineering, psychology, cell biology, physiology, neurology, and psychiatry. Dr. Frohlich has consistently received rave reviews for his teaching. With this book he hopes to make his integrated view of neuroscience available to trainees and researchers on a global scale. His goal is to make the book the training manual for the next generation of (network) neuroscientists, who will be fusing biology, engineering, and medicine to unravel the big questions about the brain and to revolutionize psychiatry and neurology. Easy-to-read, comprehensive introduction to the emerging field of network neuroscience Includes 27 chapters packed with information on topics from single neurons to complex network disorders such as depression and autism Features 12 toolboxes serve as primers to provide essential background knowledge in the fields of biology, mathematics, engineering, and physics
Categories: Medical

The effect of hearing loss on neural processing

The effect of hearing loss on neural processing

Samira Anderson1,2†, Travis White-Schwoch1,2, Hee Jae Choi1,2 and Nina Kraus1,2,3,4,5* 1 Auditory Neuroscience ... Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA 4 Department of Neurobiology and Physiology, Northwestern University, ...

Author: Jonathan E. Peelle

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889195404

Category:

Page:

View: 303

Efficient auditory processing requires the rapid integration of transient sensory inputs. This is exemplified in human speech perception, in which long stretches of a complex acoustic signal are typically processed accurately and essentially in real-time. Spoken language thus presents listeners’ auditory systems with a considerable challenge even when acoustic input is clear. However, auditory processing ability is frequently compromised due to congenital or acquired hearing loss, or altered through background noise or assistive devices such as cochlear implants. How does loss of sensory fidelity impact neural processing, efficiency, and health? How does this ultimately influence behavior? This Research Topic explores the neural consequences of hearing loss, including basic processing carried out in the auditory periphery, computations in subcortical nuclei and primary auditory cortex, and higher-level cognitive processes such as those involved in human speech perception. By pulling together data from a variety of disciplines and perspectives, we gain a more complete picture of the acute and chronic consequences of hearing loss for neural functioning.
Categories:

The Behavioral Neuroscience of Tinnitus

The Behavioral Neuroscience of Tinnitus

Neuroscience 407:213–228. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.neuroscience.2019.01.027 Seitz PF, Rakerd B (1997) Auditory stimulus intensity and reaction time in listeners with longstanding sensorineural hearing loss.

Author: Grant D. Searchfield

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030855031

Category: Medical

Page: 487

View: 457

The origins of tinnitus and the development of effective treatments to treat tinnitus have puzzled scientists and clinicians for centuries. Now ground breaking research is beginning to unlock its secrets. The Behavioral Neuroscience of Tinnitus provides critical and comprehensive discussions of the most recent developments in behavioral neuroscience research of tinnitus. Each chapter represents the most important contemporary account of the subject, with an emphasis on preclinical and clinical trials for the development of new diagnostics and therapeutics. New and emerging innovative approaches are covered whenever possible. Six topics are discussed in detail in this volume, which provide new insights in the etiology and mechanisms of tinnitus, new biomarkers towards objective and reliable diagnosis of tinnitus, pharmacological approaches towards curing tinnitus, bioengineering advances towards developing effective medical devices, as well as the latest in psychotherapy methods. The reviews in the volume expose researchers and clinicians, both new and experienced, to exciting advancements and state-of-the-art developments from preeminent researchers in the field of tinnitus.
Categories: Medical