Industrial Power and the Soviet State

Industrial Power and the Soviet State

This book analyses the relationship between economic power and political authority in the Soviet system. In it, Stephen Whitefield takes issue with those who think that communist politicians successfully dominated the economy and society.

Author: Lecturer in Russian and East European Politics School of Slavonic and East European Studies Stephen Whitefield

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198278810

Category: Political Science

Page: 279

View: 194

This book analyses the relationship between economic power and political authority in the Soviet system. In it, Stephen Whitefield takes issue with those who think that communist politicians successfully dominated the economy and society. He argues, on the contrary, that politicians' effortsto build authority in the industrial sector were a key source of political instability, and that perestroika was the last in a series of failed attempts by Soviet leaders to gain control of the behaviour of the institutions they themselves had created. In an administered economy, industrial organization is vitally important in structuring the interests and behaviour of social groups. The dilemma for Soviet politicians was that their attempts to build authority over industrial actors destabilized society and ultimately resulted in the collapse ofthe Soviet state itself. But industrial power has outlived the Soviet Union, and this book concludes by showing how industry continues to exert a crucial influence on Russian government and society.
Categories: Political Science

Soviet Politics

Soviet Politics

8. Taubman, Governing Soviet Cities, p. 113. 9 The Action Programme of the Czechoslovak Communist Party (Nottingham, Spokesman Pamphlet No. 8, 1968), p. 12. T. H. Rigby et al. (eds), Authority, Power and Policy in the USSR (London, ...

Author: Richard Sakwa

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134909964

Category: Political Science

Page: 376

View: 220

Soviet Politics in Perspective is a new edition of Richard Sakwas successful textbook Soviet Politics: an introduction. Thoroughly revised and updated it builds on the previous editions comprehensive and accessible exploration of the Soviet system, from its rise in 1919 to its collapse in 1991. The book is divided into five parts, which focus on key aspects of Soviet politics. They are: * historical perspectives, beginning with the Tsarist regime on the eve of Revolution, the rise and development of Stalinism, through to the decline of the regime under Brezhnev and his successors and Gorbachev's attempts to revive the system * institutions of Government, such as the Communist Party, security apparatus, the military, the justice system, local government and participation * theoretical approaches to Soviet politics, including class and gender politics, the role of ideology and the shift from dissent to pluralism * key policy areas: the command economy and reform; nationality politics; and foreign and defence policy * an evaluation of Soviet rule, and reasons for its collapse. Providing key texts and bibliographies, this book offers the complete history and politics of the Soviet period in a single volume. It will be indispensable to students of Soviet and post-Soviet politics as well as the interested general reader.
Categories: Political Science

Khrushchev s Double Bind

Khrushchev s Double Bind

International Pressures and Domestic Coalition Politics James G. Richter, Professor James G Richter ... In T . H . Rigby , Archie Brown , and Peter Reddaway , eds . , Authority , Power , and Policy in the USSR : Essays Dedicated to ...

Author: James G. Richter

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015032607619

Category: Political Science

Page: 263

View: 823

How do world leaders manage the competing priorities of maintaining support at home and credibility in the international arena? In Khrushchev's Double Bind James Richter explores this conflict by examining the case of Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev. Richter argues that in order to hold power and pursue his political agenda at home, Khrushchev needed to maintain his standing as an effective world leader. His successes--especially in winning concessions from the United States--contributed to his power base and ability to grant favors and effect change in the Soviet Union. Likewise, the more support he gained from Soviet colleagues, the better he could influence international affairs and increase the U.S.S.R.'s prestige. Richter explores ways in which certain images of the international environment became entrenched in the U.S.S.R.'s domestic institutions, furnished the backdrop for international actions meant to gain domestic support, and provided the standards by which the success or failure of competing strategies would be judged. The first book to make use of recent disclosures in the Russian archives, Khrushchev's Double Bind offers new perspectives on the interaction of international events and domestic bargaining in Soviet foreign policymaking during the 1950s and early 1960s. "Richter presents a very important reinterpretation of Khrushchev's 1958 Berlin ultimatum. Khrushchev's purpose was to show Politburo conservatives that the correlation of forces' had shifted sufficiently in the favor of socialism to allow international successes simultaneously with unilateral defense cuts. Richter marshalls impressive evidence in support of this interpretation. The work is systematic, persuasive, and larded with new information from archives, memoirs and other new sources."--Jack Snyder, Columbia University
Categories: Political Science

Soviet Politics In The 1980s

Soviet Politics In The 1980s

See in particular Amy W. Knight, "The Powers of the Soviet KGB," Survey 25 (Summer 1980): 138- 55. George Breslauer, Khrushchev and Brezhnev as Leaders? Building Authority in Soviet Politics (London: Allen and Unwin, 1982): "Building ...

Author: Helmut Sonnenfeldt

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000312669

Category: History

Page: 247

View: 299

The Soviet Union, in the aftermath of the Brezhnev era, may well stand at a crossroads in its history. According to the authors of this volume, the Chernenko administration and the new generation of political leaders now on the threshold of power must steer through a difficult period in the USSR's international relations, especially where the U.S. is concerned, continuing to assert what they regard as the legitimate Soviet role as a world superpower while coping with an inflexible and aging political system, a stagnant economy, and growing social problems. The contributors provide a careful consideration of the choices confronting the USSR as this new era begins and analyze the paths its leaders may take as they grapple with the challenges of the 1980s.
Categories: History

The Soviet Union As An Asian pacific Power

The Soviet Union As An Asian pacific Power

authority-building programme that Gorbachev has been constructing, and because it gave added impetus to the foreign policy aspects of that programme. The emphasis upon stability and a lowering of tensions in the region and the positive ...

Author: Ramesh Thakur

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000305876

Category: History

Page: 236

View: 643

This volume provides a useful analysis of the domestic dimension of Soviet foreign policy in Asia/Pacific. It considers the implications of Gorbachev's 1986 Vladivostok Initiative on Northeast Asia, Southeast Asia, South Asia, and the South Pacific.
Categories: History

Patronage and Politics in the USSR

Patronage and Politics in the USSR

In Patronage and Politics in the USSR, first published in 1991, Professor John Willerton offers major insights into the patronage networks that have dominated elite mobility, regime formation, and governance in the Soviet Union during the ...

Author: John P. Willerton

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521392884

Category: Political Science

Page: 305

View: 453

How do Soviet politicians rise to power? How are national and regional regimes formed? How are conflicting political interests brought together as policies are developed in the Soviet Union? In Patronage and Politics in the USSR, first published in 1991, Professor John Willerton offers major insights into the patronage networks that have dominated elite mobility, regime formation, and governance in the Soviet Union during the past twenty-five years. Using the biographical and career details of over two thousand national leaders and regional officials in Azerbaijan and Lithuania, John Willerton traces the patron-client relations underlying recruitment, mobility, and policymaking. He explores the strategies of power consolidation and coalition building used by Soviet chief executives since 1964 as well as the institutional links and policy outcomes that have resulted from network politics. The author also assesses the manner and extent to which leaders in politically stable and less stable settings, spanning different national cultural contexts, have relied upon patronage networks to consolidate power and to govern. Finally, Professor Willerton explores how, in a period of dramatic change, patron-client networks may have given way to institutionalised interest groups and political parties.
Categories: Political Science