Balancing Greenhouse Gas Budgets

Balancing Greenhouse Gas Budgets

Balancing Greenhouse Gas Budgets: Accounting for Natural and Anthropogenic Flows of CO2 and other Trace Gases provides a synthesis of greenhouse gas budgeting activities across the world.

Author: Benjamin Poulter

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128149539

Category: Science

Page: 530

View: 354

Balancing Greenhouse Gas Budgets: Accounting for Natural and Anthropogenic Flows of CO2 and other Trace Gases provides a synthesis of greenhouse gas budgeting activities across the world. Organized in four sections, including background, methods, case studies and opportunities, it is an interdisciplinary book covering both science and policy. All environments are covered, from terrestrial to ocean, along with atmospheric processes using models, inventories and observations to give a complete overview of greenhouse gas accounting. Perspectives presented give readers the tools necessary to understand budget activities, think critically, and use the framework to carry out initiatives. Written by a combination of experts across career stages, presenting an integrated perspective for graduate students and professionals alike Includes sections authored by those involved in both early and later IPCC assessments Provides an interdisciplinary resource that spans many topics and methodologies in oceanic, land and atmospheric processes
Categories: Science

Balancing Greenhouse Gas Budgets

Balancing Greenhouse Gas Budgets

regional GHG inventories exclude unmanaged land from the estimation (Bickel, Richards, K ̈ohl, Rodrigues, & Stahl, 2006; ... Top-down methodologies use a time series of greenhouse gas concentration data from flask and tower networks, ...

Author: Benjamin Poulter

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780128149522

Category: Science

Page: 530

View: 180

Balancing Greenhouse Gas Budgets: Accounting for Natural and Anthropogenic Flows of CO2 and other Trace Gases provides a synthesis of greenhouse gas budgeting activities across the world. Organized in four sections, including background, methods, case studies and opportunities, it is an interdisciplinary book covering both science and policy. All environments are covered, from terrestrial to ocean, along with atmospheric processes using models, inventories and observations to give a complete overview of greenhouse gas accounting. Perspectives presented give readers the tools necessary to understand budget activities, think critically, and use the framework to carry out initiatives. Written by a combination of experts across career stages, presenting an integrated perspective for graduate students and professionals alike Includes sections authored by those involved in both early and later IPCC assessments Provides an interdisciplinary resource that spans many topics and methodologies in oceanic, land and atmospheric processes
Categories: Science

The Continental Scale Greenhouse Gas Balance of Europe

The Continental Scale Greenhouse Gas Balance of Europe

The increases in greenhouse gases in the atmosphere are anthropogenically driven but are small compared to the large ... of providing such regional and national budgets of greenhouse gas sources and sinks and of ecosystem response to ...

Author: Han Dolman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387765709

Category: Science

Page: 390

View: 650

This book assesses the current greenhouse gas (GHG) monitoring capabilities of Europe, identifies and quantifies the uncertainties involved, and outlines the direction to a continental scale GHG monitoring network. The book uniquely addresses both the methodology of carbon cycle science and the science itself, providing a synthesis of carbon cycle science. The methods included provide the first comprehensive coverage of a full GHG accounting and monitoring system.
Categories: Science

Budget of the United States Government

Budget of the United States Government

Office of Management and Budget ... –2,491 –3,157 –3,016 23.98 Unobligated balance expiring or withdrawn . ... to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, EPA will apply a variety of approaches and appropriate tools.

Author: United States

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89119222370

Category: Budget

Page:

View: 947

Categories: Budget

Using Micrometeorological Methods and Modeling to Determine Greenhouse Gas Budgets Over Agricultural Systems in the Inland Pacific Northwest

Using Micrometeorological Methods and Modeling to Determine Greenhouse Gas Budgets Over Agricultural Systems in the Inland Pacific Northwest

This is a case where open-access to publications and data sets would expedite the formulation of good policy.

Author: Sarah Rachel Waldo

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:961107792

Category:

Page: 198

View: 635

Cropping systems can be net sources or net sinks of greenhouse gases (GHGs) depending on climate and management. Agriculture can be a sink for carbon dioxide (CO2) if climate and management conditions are conducive for the build-up of soil organic matter. At the same time, agricultural soils are the main anthropogenic source of nitrous oxide (N2O), which is both a GHG and an ozone depleting substance. The work presented in this dissertation investigates the dynamics of CO2 and N2O fluxes over terrestrial systems in the Pacific Northwest (PNW) using measurements and modeling. The first study used the eddy covariance micrometeorological method to monitor fluxes of CO2 for two years at two agricultural sites representing the low- and high-end of the regional precipitation gradient. Combining the measured net ecosystem exchange of CO2 with information on carbon (C) export during harvest, we found that both sites were net carbon sinks. The high-rainfall site had a two-year C balance of 202 +/- 60 g C m-2, and the low-rainfall site had a C balance of 444 +/- 34 g C m-2. The second study used the flux gradient micrometeorological technique and automated static chambers to measure N 2O emissions over one year at two agricultural sites, one under no-tillage management (CAF-NT) and one that had conventional tillage (CAF-CT). The chamber results indicated total annual emissions of 2.7 +/- 1.6 kg N2O-N ha-1 and 4.4 +/- 3.2 kg N2O-N a-1 from CAF-NT and CAF-CT, respectively, while the flux gradient results indicated that CAF-NT and CAF-CT had total annual emissions of 2.1 +/- 0.4 and 1.7 +/- 0.3 kg N2O-N a-1, respectively. The third study investigates coupling the GHG processes in the Community Land Model (CLM) with a PNW regional air quality model. Results from two exploratory model runs are presented, which indicate that using CLM can strengthen monitoring and improve emission inventories in the PNW. The policy chapter is a review of California's plan to reduce elevated drinking-water nitrate levels, which are due to agricultural fertilizer use. This is a case where open-access to publications and data sets would expedite the formulation of good policy.
Categories:

The Greenhouse Gas Balance of Italy

The Greenhouse Gas Balance of Italy

In terms of methods this book describes the role of flux networks and data-driven models, airborne regional measurements of fluxes and specific sectoral approaches related to important components of the human and natural landscapes.

Author: Riccardo Valentini

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783642324246

Category: Science

Page: 211

View: 247

The book addresses in a comprehensive way the full greenhouse gases budget of the Italian landscape, focusing on land use and terrestrial ecosystems. In recent years there has been a growing interest in the role of terrestrial ecosystems with regard to the carbon cycle and only recently a regional approach has been considered for its specificity in terms of new methodologies for observations and models and its relevance for national policies on mitigation and adaptation to climate changes. In terms of methods this book describes the role of flux networks and data-driven models, airborne regional measurements of fluxes and specific sectoral approaches related to important components of the human and natural landscapes. There is also a growing need on the part of institutions, agencies and policy stakeholders for new data and analyses enabling them to improve their national inventories of greenhouse gases and their compliance with the UNFCCC process. In this respect the data presented is a basis for a full carbon accounting and available to relevant stakeholders for improvements and/or verification of national inventories. The wealth of research information is the result of a national project, CARBOITALY, which involved 15 Italian institutions and several researchers to provide new data and analyses in the framework of climate policies.
Categories: Science

Atmospheric Greenhouse Gases The Hungarian Perspective

Atmospheric Greenhouse Gases  The Hungarian Perspective

Topics discussed in the book range from the monitoring of the concentrations and fluxes of atmospheric greenhouse gases, through the modeling of atmosphere-biosphere interaction and greenhouse gas exchange processes, to the review of the ...

Author: László Haszpra

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789048199501

Category: Science

Page: 393

View: 861

Human induced global climate change is the biggest challenge humankind faces today. Increasing amount of atmospheric greenhouse gases play a crucial role in the evolution of the climate. Without the understanding of the contributing processes, feedbacks and interactions we cannot predict the future changes and develop effective mitigation strategies. To decrease the uncertainty of the global studies detailed regional studies are needed surveying the regional characteristics of the atmospheric greenhouse gas budget and the influencing factors. Atmospheric Greenhouse Gases: The Hungarian Perspective covers a coherent subset of the Hungarian climate change oriented research that is directly related to greenhouse gases. Topics discussed in the book range from the monitoring of the concentrations and fluxes of atmospheric greenhouse gases, through the modeling of atmosphere-biosphere interaction and greenhouse gas exchange processes, to the review of the anthropogenic contribution of Hungary to the greenhouse gas budget of the atmosphere. The studies call the attention to the regional properties which may modulate the European scale or global picture on the variation of atmospheric greenhouse gases.
Categories: Science

The Budget of the United States Government

The Budget of the United States Government

2,591 2,739 2,853 1000 1021 170 31 211 35 241 35 1050 Budgetary Resources : Unobligated balance : Unobligated balance brought ... To protect and improve air quality and reduce carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gas ( GHG ) emissions ...

Author: United States. Office of Management and Budget

Publisher:

ISBN: UCR:31210023917295

Category: Budget

Page:

View: 693

Categories: Budget

Land Use Systems in Grassland Dominated Regions

Land Use Systems in Grassland Dominated Regions

Theme 2.1 : Grassland and global change Greenhouse gas budget of intensively and extensively managed grassland Ammann ... The intensively managed field shows a nearly balanced budget ( within the range of uncertainty ) , whereas for the ...

Author: A. Lüscher

Publisher: vdf Hochschulverlag AG

ISBN: 3728129410

Category: Meadows

Page: 241

View: 284

Categories: Meadows