Battleships of the World

Battleships of the World

The battleships of the world's navies in the 1820s were descended directly in line from the Revenge of 1577: they were wooden-built, sail-powered and mounted guns on the broadside, firing solid shot.

Author: John Fidler

Publisher: Pen & Sword Books

ISBN: 1473871468

Category:

Page: 128

View: 417

The battleships of the world's navies in the 1820s were descended directly in line from the Revenge of 1577: they were wooden-built, sail-powered and mounted guns on the broadside, firing solid shot.In the next half century, steel, steam and shells had wrought a transformation and by 1906, Dreadnought had ushered in a revolution in naval architecture. The naval race between Britain and Germany that followed, led to the clash of the navies at Jutland in 1916. Though this was indecisive, the German navy never again challenged the Grand Fleet of Britain during the war, and eventually the crews refused to put to sea again.Disarmament on a massive scale followed, but the battleship was still regarded as the arbiter of sea-power in the years between the wars. However, the advocates of air power were looking to the future, and when in 1940 biplane Swordfish torpedo bombers of the Fleet Air Arm sank three Italian battleships at their moorings in Taranto, the Japanese sensed their opportunity. Their attack on the American Pacific fleet base at Pearl Harbor sank eight battleships - but the American carriers were at sea, and escaped destruction. Given the distances involved, the Pacific war was necessarily a carrier war, and in the major actions of the Coral Sea, Midway, Leyte Gulf and the Philippine Sea, all the fighting was done by aircraft, with battleships reduced to a supporting role.Soon after the war ended, most were sent for scrap, and a naval tradition had come to an end.
Categories:

Battleships of the World

Battleships of the World

Struggle for Naval Supremacy, 18201945 John Fidler. The early research for this book was carried out while I held a Schoolmaster Fellowship at St Martin's College, Lancaster (now the University of Cumbria).

Author: John Fidler

Publisher: Pen and Sword

ISBN: 9781473871489

Category: History

Page: 160

View: 124

The battleships of the worlds navies in the 1820s were descended directly in line from the Revenge of 1577: they were wooden-built, sail-powered and mounted guns on the broadside, firing solid shot.In the next half century, steel, steam and shells had wrought a transformation and by 1906, Dreadnought had ushered in a revolution in naval architecture. The naval race between Britain and Germany that followed, led to the clash of the navies at Jutland in 1916. Though this was indecisive, the German navy never again challenged the Grand Fleet of Britain during the war, and eventually the crews refused to put to sea again.Disarmament on a massive scale followed, but the battleship was still regarded as the arbiter of sea-power in the years between the wars. However, the advocates of air power were looking to the future, and when in 1940 biplane Swordfish torpedo bombers of the Fleet Air Arm sank three Italian battleships at their moorings in Taranto, the Japanese sensed their opportunity. Their attack on the American Pacific fleet base at Pearl Harbor sank eight battleships but the American carriers were at sea, and escaped destruction. Given the distances involved, the Pacific war was necessarily a carrier war, and in the major actions of the Coral Sea, Midway, Leyte Gulf and the Philippine Sea, all the fighting was done by aircraft, with battleships reduced to a supporting role.Soon after the war ended, most were sent for scrap, and a naval tradition had come to an end.
Categories: History

King George V Class Battleships

King George V Class Battleships

Churchill, W. S., The Second World War Volume III: The Grand Alliance (London: The Folio Society, 2003) Churchill, ... J., Battleships of the World: Struggle for Naval Supremacy, 18201945 (Barnsley: Pen and Sword, 2016) Field, A., ...

Author: Daniel Knowles

Publisher: Fonthill Media

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 400

View: 196

Following the First World War the major naval powers entered into an agreement restricting the construction of capital ships and limiting the numbers that signatories were allowed to maintain, so numerous ships were scrapped or disposed of and the majority of planned vessel were either cancelled whilst being built or never laid down. By the late 1920s the Royal Navy’s battle force comprised of the two Nelson-class ships, the battlecruisers ‘Hood’, ‘Renown’ and ‘Repulse’, and ‘Revenge’ and Queen Elizabeth-class ships, all designed before the First World War. In 1928 the Royal Navy began planning a new class of battleships which was put on hold with the signing of the Treaty of London. In 1935, realising its battle fleet was becoming dated as other nations laid down new classes of battleships, the Royal Navy recommenced planning capital ships within treaty limitations. The result was the King George V-class battleships. Regarded by some as the worst new-generation battleships in the Second World War the King George V-class were Britain’s most modern battleships during the conflict and saw action in some of the most famous engagements from the sinking of the ‘Bismarck’ in 1941 to the surrender of Japan in 1945. This book charts the story of the King George V-class from its conception and design through to the operational history of the ships in the class.
Categories: History

Handbook of 19th Century Naval Warfare

Handbook of 19th Century Naval Warfare

The 19th century was a crucial period in naval history when great technological advances were made in almost every area of maritime military activity.

Author: Spencer Tucker

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105025086377

Category: Naval art and science

Page: 296

View: 113

The 19th century was a crucial period in naval history when great technological advances were made in almost every area of maritime military activity. This illustrated account of the period follows a summary of technology, tactics and strategy with accounts of warfare in the Napoleonic era and the factors that led to British naval supremacy. With the background to change now established, he proceeds to describe the revolutions that followed in naval ordnance, propulsion, iron hulls and underwater warfare, and how these were used in practice mid-century in the Crimean and American Civil Wars. He reviews the naval situation before World War I, examining naval thought and international attitudes towards battleship size, and speed versus armour, and shows how these important changes were put into practice in the Sino-Japanese, Russo-Japanese and Spanish-American wars. He concludes with an overview of the world naval balance on the eve of World War I.
Categories: Naval art and science

Convoys

Convoys

Glete, Jan, Navies and Nations: Warships, Navies and State Building in Europe and America, 1500–1860, 2 vols (Stockholm: ... 63–74 —, The Emergence of Britain's Global Naval Supremacy: The War of 1739–1748 (Woodbridge: Boydell Press, ...

Author: Roger Knight

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300268751

Category: History

Page: 285

View: 134

The first account of Britain’s convoys during the Napoleonic Wars—showing how the protection of trade played a decisive role in victory During the Napoleonic Wars thousands of merchant ships crisscrossed narrow seas and wide oceans, protected by Britain’s warships. These were wars of attrition and raw materials had to reach their shores continuously: timber and hemp from the Baltic, sulfur from Sicily, and saltpeter from Bengal. Britain’s fate rested on the strength of its economy—and convoys played a vital role in securing victory. Leading naval historian Roger Knight examines how convoys ensured the protection of trade and transport of troops, allowing Britain to take the upper hand. Detailing the many hardships these ships faced, from the shortage of seaman to the vicissitudes of the weather, Knight sheds light on the innovation and seamanship skills that made convoys such an invaluable tool in Britain’s arsenal. The convoy system laid the foundation for Britain’s narrow victory over Napoleon and his allies in 1815 and, in doing so, established its naval and mercantile power at sea for a hundred years.
Categories: History

American Combat Planes

American Combat Planes

No Allied capital ship was ever lost to the guns of a Japanese battleship , but in the very first week of the war ... Navy , virtually ended the era of the battleship , and established a naval superiority over the rest of the world ...

Author: Ray Wagner

Publisher: Doubleday Books

ISBN: UOM:39015002101080

Category: Aeronautics Miltary

Page: 454

View: 525

Categories: Aeronautics Miltary

The German Fleet at War 1939 1945

The German Fleet at War  1939 1945

The battleship's greatest contribution was made by her spotter aircraft; she was fortunate none of the torpedo ... and sea superiority patrol without specific intelligence One of the most unusual surface engagements of World War II ...

Author: Vincent O'Hara

Publisher: Naval Institute Press

ISBN: 9781612513973

Category: History

Page: 244

View: 871

The German Fleet at War relates the little-known history of the Kriegsmarine's surface fleet with a focus on the sixty-nine surface naval battles fought by Germany's major warships against the large warships of the British, French, American, Polish, Soviet, Norwegian and Greek navies. It emphasizes operational details but also paints a broad overview of the naval war. The book addresses the lack of information about the specifics of naval engagements in World War II and provides a database of naval engagements for comparison and analysis, but unlike most reference works, it has a continuous narrative and a theme. The result is a unique overview of the German and Allied navies at war that provides new appreciation of their activities and accomplishments.
Categories: History

Congressional Record

Congressional Record

She entered her armor was 18 inches . hits , one only 15 yards from her port quarthe Norfolk Naval Shipyard for ... Her Commander Battleships , U.S. Pacific Fleet . day of 6 September , a Japanese submarine name was struck from the Navy ...

Author: United States. Congress

Publisher:

ISBN: MSU:31293011645466

Category: Law

Page: 1448

View: 146

The Congressional Record is the official record of the proceedings and debates of the United States Congress. It is published daily when Congress is in session. The Congressional Record began publication in 1873. Debates for sessions prior to 1873 are recorded in The Debates and Proceedings in the Congress of the United States (1789-1824), the Register of Debates in Congress (1824-1837), and the Congressional Globe (1833-1873)
Categories: Law

All the Factors of Victory

All the Factors of Victory

"Admiral Reeves," Thomas Wildenberg writes, "did more to shape the future role of U.S. carrier aviation than any other flag officer before World War II." Indeed, until the carrier commanders of World War II proved their mettle, his ...

Author: Thomas Wildenberg

Publisher: Potomac Books Incorporated

ISBN: 1574883755

Category: History

Page: 326

View: 816

Astute politically, Reeves fashioned an offensive role for carriers without threatening the supremacy of the battleship, so that the Navy's carrier arm continued to receive valuable resources during the lean years of the Depression. "Admiral Reeves," Thomas Wildenberg writes, "did more to shape the future role of U.S. carrier aviation than any other flag officer before World War II." Indeed, until the carrier commanders of World War II proved their mettle, his expertise in the use of the aircraft carrier in naval tactics was unequalled anywhere in the world.".
Categories: History