Behavioral Adaptation to Intertidal Life

Behavioral Adaptation to Intertidal Life

Proceedings of a NATO Advanced Research Workshop on Behavioral Adaptation to Intertidal Life, held May 19–24, 1987, in Castiglioncello, Italy ISBN 978-1-4899–3739–1 ISBN 978-1-4899-3737-7 (eBook) DOI 10.1007/978-1–4899–3737-7 Library of ...

Author: Guido Chelazzi

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781489937377

Category: Science

Page: 524

View: 177

The NATO Advanced Research Workshop on "Behavioural Adaptation to Intertidal Life" held in Castiglioncello, Italy (May, 1987) was attended by 50 participants, most of whom presented requested lectures. It was perhaps the first time that specialists of various animal groups, from cnidarians to birds, were able to meet and discuss the importance of behavioural adaptation to this peculiar, sometimes very harsh environment. But the taxonomic barrier is not the only one which the meeting attemped to over come. Lately, the research on intertidal biology has spread from pure taxonomy and static analysis of community structure to such dynamic aspects as intra- and interspecific relationships, and physiological mechanisms aimed at avoiding stress and exploitation of limited-resources. This increasing interest stems not only from an inclination for this particular ecological system and some of its typical inhabitants, but also from the realization that rocky and sandy shore communities are suitable models for testing and improving some global theories of evolutionary biology, behavioural ecology and sociobiology. The number of eco-physiological and eco-ethological problems emerging from the study of intertidal animals is fascinatingly large and a complete understanding of this environment cannot be reached using a strictly "reductionistic" or a pure "holistic" approach.
Categories: Science

Behavioural Adaptation and Road Safety

Behavioural Adaptation and Road Safety

Thermal stress in a high shore intertidal environment: Morphological and behavioural adaptations of the gastropod Littorina africana. In: G. Chelazzi and M. Vannini (eds.) Behavioral Adaptation to Intertidal Life.

Author: Christina Rudin-Brown

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439856673

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 467

View: 877

Despite being an accepted construct in traffic and transport psychology, the precise nature of behavioural adaptation, including its causes and consequences, has not yet been established within the road safety community. A comprehensive collection of recent literature, Behavioural Adaptation and Road Safety: Theory, Evidence, and Action explores behavioural adaptation in road users. It examines behavioural adaptation within the context of historical and theoretical perspectives, and puts forth tangible—and practical—solutions that can effectively address adverse behavioural adaptation to road safety interventions before it occurs. Edited by Christina Rudin-Brown and Samantha Jamson, with chapters authored by leading road safety experts in driver psychology and behaviour, the book introduces the concept of behavioural adaptation and details its more relevant issues. It reviews the definition of behavioural adaptation that was put forward by the OECD in 1990 and then puts this definition through its paces, identifying where it may be lacking and how it might be improved. This sets the context for the remaining chapters which take the OECD definition as their starting points. The book discusses the various theories and models of behavioural adaptation and more general theories of driver behaviour developed during the last half century. It provides examples of the "evidence" for behavioural adaptation—instances in which behavioural adaptation arose as a consequence of the introduction of safety countermeasures. The book then focuses on the internal, "human" element and considers countermeasures that might be used to limit the development of behavioural adaptation in various road user groups. The book concludes with practical tools and methodologies to address behavioural adaptation in research and design, and to limit the potential negative effects before they happen. Supplying easy-to-understand, accessible solutions that can be implemented early on in a road safety intervention’s design or conception phase, the chapters represent the most extensive compilation of literature relating to behavioural adaptation and its consequences since the 1990 OECD report. The book brings together earlier theories of behavioural adaptation with more recent theories in the area and combines them with practical advice, methods, and tangible solutions that can minimise the potential negative impact of behavioural adaptation on road user safety and address it before it occurs. It is an essential component of any road safety library, and should be of particular relevance to researchers, practitioners, designers, and policymakers who are interested in maximizing safety while at the same time encouraging innovation and excellence in road transport-related design.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Intertidal Fishes

Intertidal Fishes

Life in Two Worlds Michael H. Horn, Karen L.M Martin, Michael A. Chotkowski ... 1948) resident species are small, cryptic forms that show numerous morphological, physiological, and behavioral adaptations to intertidal life.

Author: Michael H. Horn

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080534937

Category: Science

Page: 399

View: 662

Intertidal Fishes describes the fishes inhabiting the narrow strip of habitat between the high and low tide marks along the rocky coastlines of the world. It analyzes the specialized traits of these fishes that have adapted to living in the dynamic and challenging space where they are alternately exposed to the air and submerged in water with the ebb and flow of the tides. This book provides a comprehensive account of fishes largely overlooked in many previous studies of intertidal organisms and emphasizes how they differ from fishes living in other deeper-water habitats. Coverage includes air breathing, movements and homing, sensory systems, spawning and parental care, feeding habits, community structure, systematic relationships, distribution patterns, and the fossil record in the intertidal zone. Written by an international team of 21 experts on intertidal fish biology Worldwide coverage of intertidal fishes Comprehensive phylogenetic listing of all fish families with intertidal members Global biogeographic analysis involving over 700 species from 86 sites Outlines field and laboratory methods pertinent to studying intertidal fishes Thorough ecological coverage with chapters on vertical distribution, movements and homing, reproduction, feeding, and community structure Covers the physiology of aerial and aquatic respiration, osmoregulation, and sensory systems
Categories: Science

Ecology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae

Ecology of Marine Invertebrate Larvae

Morgan , S. G. , Behavioral and morphological antipredatory adaptations of decapod zoeae , Oecologia , 73 , 393-400 ... to distinct spring tide situations in the intertidal insect Clunio , in Behavioral Adaptation to Intertidal Life ...

Author: Larry McEdward

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780429610547

Category: Science

Page: 480

View: 248

This is the first book to provide a detailed treatment of the field of larval ecology. The 13 chapters use state-of-the-art reviews and critiques of nearly all of the major topics in this diverse and rapidly growing field. Topics include: patterns of larval diversity, reproductive energetics, spawning ecology, life history theory, larval feeding and nutrition, larval mortality, behavior and locomotion, larval transport, dispersal, population genetics, recruitment dynamics and larval evolution. Written by the leading new scientists in the field, chapters define the current state of larval ecology and outline the important questions for future research.
Categories: Science

Cellular Automata and Cooperative Systems

Cellular Automata and Cooperative Systems

... J.-L.: 1990, 'A model for trail following in ants: Individual and collective behavior”, Biological Motion, ... in intertidal chitons and gastropods', Behavioral Adaptation to Intertidal Life, G. Chelazzi and M. Vannini (eds.) ...

Author: N. Boccara

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401116916

Category: Mathematics

Page: 546

View: 774

This book contains the lectures given at the NATO Advanced Study Institute on `Cellular Automata and Cooperative Systems', held at Les Houches, France, from June 22 to July 2, 1992. The book contains contributions by mathematical and theoretical physicists and mathematicians working in the field of local interacting systems, cellular probabilistic automata, statistical physics, and complexity theory, as well as the applications of these fields.
Categories: Mathematics

Animal Homing

Animal Homing

Chelazzi, G., Focardi, S. and Deneubourg, J.L. (1988a) Analysis of movement patterns and orientation mechanisms in intertidal chitons and gastropods, in Behavioral Adaptation to Intertidal Life (eds G. Chelazzi and M. Vannini), ...

Author: F. Papi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401115889

Category: Science

Page: 390

View: 824

Homing phenomena must be considered an important aspect of animal behaviour on account of their frequent occurrence, their survival value, and the variety of the mechanisms involved. Many species regularly rely on their ability to home or reach other familiar sites, but how they manage to do this is often uncertain. In many cases the goal is attained in the absence of any sensory contact, by mechanisms of indirect orientation whose complexity and sophistication have for a long time challenged the skill and patience of many researchers. A series of problems of increasing difficulty have to be overcome; researchers have to discover the nature of orienting cues, the sensory windows involved, the role of inherited and acquired information, and, eventually, how the central mechanisms process information and control motory responses. Naturally, this book emphasizes targets achieved rather than areas unexplored and mysteries unsolved. Even so, the reader will quickly realize that our knowledge of phenomena and mechanisms has progressed to different degrees in different animal groups, ranging from the mere description of homing behaviour to a satisfactory insight into some underlying mechanisms. In the last few dacades there have been promising developments in the study of animal homing, since new approaches have been tried out, and new species and groups have been investigated. Despite this, homing phenomena have not recently been the object of exhaustive reviews and there is a tendency for them to be neglected in general treatises on animal behaviour.
Categories: Science

The Ecology of Seashores

The Ecology of Seashores

... which are Distinct Circadian Rhythm Circadian Rhythm Periodgram Statistic Source: From Naylor, E., in NATO Advanced Workshop on Behavioral Adaptation to Intertidal Life, Chelazzi, G. and Vannini, M., Eds., Plenum Press, New York, ...

Author: George A. Knox

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420042634

Category: Nature

Page: 576

View: 675

The Ecology of Seashores explores the complex shore environment. It covers the ways in which representative species have adapted to life in a constantly changing environment in terms of their interactions, the control of community structure, and how energy and materials are cycled in different ecosystems. Written by an eminent marine biologist,
Categories: Nature

Ecological Mechanics

Ecological Mechanics

Thermal stress in a high shore intertidal environment: Morphological and behavioural adaptations of the gastropod Littorina africana. In G. Chelazzi and M. Vannini, eds. Behavioral Adaptation to Intertidal Life, pp.

Author: Mark Denny

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691163154

Category: Science

Page: 536

View: 457

Plants and animals interact with each other and their surroundings, and these interactions—with all their complexity and contingency—control where species can survive and reproduce. In this comprehensive and groundbreaking introduction to the emerging field of ecological mechanics, Mark Denny explains how the principles of physics and engineering can be used to understand the intricacies of these remarkable relationships. Denny opens with a brief review of basic physics before introducing the fundamentals of diffusion, fluid mechanics, solid mechanics, and heat transfer, taking care to explain each in the context of living organisms. Why are corals of different shapes on different parts of a reef? How can geckos climb sheer walls? Why can birds and fish migrate farther than mammals? How do desert plants stay cool? The answers to these and a host of similar questions illustrate the principles of heat, mass, and momentum transport and set the stage for the book's central topic—the application of these principles in ecology. Denny shows how variations in the environment—in both space and time—affect the performance of plants and animals. He introduces spectral analysis, a mathematical tool for quantifying the patterns in which environments vary, and uses it to analyze such subjects as the spread of invasive species. Synthesizing the book’s materials, the final chapters use ecological mechanics to predict the occurrence and consequences of extreme ecological events, explain the emergence of patterns in the distribution and abundance of organisms, and empower readers to explore further. Ecological Mechanics offers new insights into the physical workings of organisms and their environment.
Categories: Science

Behavioural Mechanisms of Food Selection

Behavioural Mechanisms of Food Selection

nitrogen content, herbivory, and chemical versus morphological defenses. ... In (eds) Chelazzi G, Vannini M. Behavioral Adaptation to Intertidal Life, Plenum Press Jangoux M, Lawrence JM (eds) (1982) Echinoderm Nutrition, ...

Author: Roger N. Hughes

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642751189

Category: Science

Page: 886

View: 464

Behavioural Mechanisms of Food Selection examines animals belonging to diverse trophic groups, from carnivores, herbivores, micro-algal grazers, to filter-feeders and detritus-feeders. In the past Optimal Foraging Theory has been applied to all these groups, but in different ways and in disci plines that rarely overlap. Here concepts and developments hitherto scattered in the literature are drawn together. This uniquely broad synthesis captures the state of the art in the study of diet selection and prescribes new objectives in theoretical development and research.
Categories: Science