Bridges between Science Society and Policy

Bridges between Science  Society and Policy

Since TA has been regarded from the beginning as an answer to the growing need for comprehensive scientific information for policy making as well as to the ongoing debates on the impact of science on society , TA has always been ...

Author: Michael Decker

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540212833

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 665

The Europaische Akademie zur Erforschung von Folgen wissenschaftlich-techni scher Entwicklungen Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler GmbH (european academy) is con cerned with the scientific study of the consequences of scientific and technological advance for the individual and social life and for the natural environment. The main focus is to examine foreseeable mid-and long-term processes that are especially influenced by natural-and engineering sciences and the medical disciplines. The academy fulfills this task by organizing interdisciplinary expert discussions. Another important issue of the work of the Europaische Akademie concerns the methodology of Technology Assessment as a general issue. This is the main reason that the european academy organized during the past two years a project funded by the European Commission on Technology Assessment. Methods and Impact (TAMI). Together with partners from all over Europe a common understanding of what Tech nology Assessment (TA) is supposed to do was developed. Most importantly it was acknowledged that the core of any TA activity has to be a sound scientific under standing of the relevant phenomena. Communication then is of cordial importance to reach the relevant decision makers as well as the general public. It is true that this phase of the TA process has been treated with too little attention for many years. The communication processes between scientific advisers and policy makers have hence to be further scrutinized.
Categories: Social Science

Science Culture and Society

Science  Culture and Society

In this easily accessible text, Mark Erickson explains what science is and how it is carried out, the nature of the relationship between science and society, the representation of science in contemporary culture, and how scientific ...

Author: Mark Erickson

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 9780745629759

Category: Science

Page: 241

View: 733

In this easily accessible text, Mark Erickson explains what science is and how it is carried out, the nature of the relationship between science and society, the representation of science in contemporary culture, and how scientific institutions are structured.
Categories: Science

A History of Science in Society From the scientific revolution to the present

A History of Science in Society  From the scientific revolution to the present

Rocket development in the Soviet Union brings to the fore the whole issue of the relationship between science and the state.Just as tsars of an earlier era had hoped to catapult Russia into the industrial age by luring selected ...

Author: Andrew Ede

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9781442604520

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 760

A History of Science in Society is a concise overview that introduces complex ideas in a non-technical fashion. Volume II begins with the work of Sir Isaac Newton and ends with a new section on climate change.
Categories: History

A History of Science in Society

A History of Science in Society

Rocket development in the Soviet Union brings to the fore the whole issue of the relationship between science and the state. Just as tsars of an earlier era had hoped to catapult Russia into the industrial age by luring selected ...

Author: Lesley Cormack

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 9781442604483

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 913

A History of Science in Society is a concise overview that introduces complex ideas in a non-technical fashion. Andrew Ede and Lesley B. Cormack trace the history of science through its continually changing place in society and explore the link between the pursuit of knowledge and the desire to make that knowledge useful. In this edition, the authors examine the robust intellectual exchange between East and West and provide new discussions of two women in science: Maria Merian and Maria Winkelmann. A chapter on the relationship between science and war has been added as well as a section on climate change. The further readings section has been updated to reflect recent contributions to the field. Other new features include timelines at the end of each chapter, 70 upgraded illustrations, and new maps of Renaissance Europe, Captain James Cook's voyages, the 2nd voyage of the Beagle, and the main war front during World War I.
Categories: History

Journalism Science and Society

Journalism  Science and Society

Analyzing the role of journalists in science communication, this book presents a perspective on how this is going to evolve in the twenty-first century. The book takes three distinct perspectives on this interesting subject.

Author: Martin W. Bauer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134187294

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 884

Analyzing the role of journalists in science communication, this book presents a perspective on how this is going to evolve in the twenty-first century. The book takes three distinct perspectives on this interesting subject. Firstly, science journalists reflect on their ‘operating rules’ (science news values and news making routines). Secondly, a brief history of science journalism puts things into context, characterising the changing output of science writing in newspapers over time. Finally, the book invites several international journalists or communication scholars to comment on these observations thereby opening the global perspective. This unique project will interest a range of readers including science communication students, media studies scholars, professionals working in science communication and journalists.
Categories: Social Science

Imagined Futures in Science Technology and Society

Imagined Futures in Science  Technology and Society

... various tensions between the desire to establish an alternative collective imagination of producing and circulating knowledge and more traditional demarcations between science and society became palpable, for example, in the idea of ...

Author: Gert Verschraegen

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781315440835

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 155

Imagining, forecasting and predicting the future is an inextricable and increasingly important part of the present. States, organizations and individuals almost continuously have to make decisions about future actions, financial investments or technological innovation, without much knowledge of what will exactly happen in the future. Science and technology play a crucial role in this collective attempt to make sense of the future. Technological developments such as nanotechnology, robotics or solar energy largely shape how we dream and think about the future, while economic forecasts, gene tests or climate change projections help us to make images of what may possibly occur in the future. This book provides one of the first interdisciplinary assessments of how scientific and technological imaginations matter in the formation of human, ecological and societal futures. Rooted in different disciplines such as sociology, philosophy, and science and technology studies, it explores how various actors such as scientists, companies or states imagine the future to be and act upon that imagination. Bringing together case studies from different regions around the globe, including the electrification of German car infrastructure, or genetically modified crops in India, Imagined Futures in Science, Technology and Society shows how science and technology create novel forms of imagination, thereby opening horizons toward alternative futures. By developing central aspects of the current debate on how scientific imagination and future-making interact, this timely volume provides a fresh look at the complex interrelationships between science, technology and society. This book will be of interest to postgraduate students interested in Science and Technology Studies, History and Philosophy of Science, Sociology, Cultural Studies, Anthropology, Political Sciences, Future Studies and Literary Sciences.
Categories: Social Science

Comparative Perspectives on Inquiry Based Science Education

Comparative Perspectives on Inquiry Based Science Education

For example the working paper Science, society and the citizen in Europe produced in November 2000, ... with the aim of fostering public engagement and creating a sustained two-way dialogue between science and civil society.

Author: Bevins, Stuart

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522554400

Category: Education

Page: 298

View: 101

The core practice of professional scientists is inquiry, often referred to as research. If educators are to prepare students for a role in the professional scientific and technological community, exposing them to inquiry-based learning is essential. Despite this, inquiry-based teaching and learning (IBTL) remains relatively rare, possibly due to barriers that teachers face in deploying it or to a lack of belief in the teaching community that inquiry-based learning is effective. Comparative Perspectives on Inquiry-Based Science Education examines stories and experiences from members of an international science education project that delivered learning resources based around guided inquiry for students to a wide range of schools in 12 different countries in order to identify key themes that can provide useful insights for student learning, teacher support, and policy formulation at the continental level. The book provides case studies across these 12 different settings that enable readers to compare and contrast both practice and policy issues with their own contexts while accessing a cutting-edge model of professional development. It is designed for educators, instructional designers, administrators, principals, researchers, policymakers, practitioners, and students seeking current and relevant research on international education and education strategies for science courses.
Categories: Education

Communicating Science in Social Contexts

Communicating Science in Social Contexts

How can we now mention 'sciences' without bringing in 'society' (as in the deficit model) and not reify the idea of a distinction between 'science' and 'society' as if they are radically dissociated from each other.

Author: Donghong Cheng

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402085987

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 320

View: 807

Science communication, as a multidisciplinary field, has developed remarkably in recent years. It is now a distinct and exceedingly dynamic science that melds theoretical approaches with practical experience. Formerly well-established theoretical models now seem out of step with the social reality of the sciences, and the previously clear-cut delineations and interacting domains between cultural fields have blurred. Communicating Science in Social Contexts examines that shift, which itself depicts a profound recomposition of knowledge fields, activities and dissemination practices, and the value accorded to science and technology. Communicating Science in Social Contexts is the product of long-term effort that would not have been possible without the research and expertise of the Public Communication of Science and Technology (PCST) Network and the editors. For nearly 20 years, this informal, international network has been organizing events and forums for discussion of the public communication of science.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Decision Science for Future Earth

Decision Science for Future Earth

It is difficult to make an assertive conclusion to the question “how can we achieve the “co-design/co-produce/co-delivery” between science and (local) society toward a sustainable local community?” shown at the beginning of this chapter ...

Author: Tetsukazu Yahara

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811586323

Category: Nature

Page: 251

View: 858

This open access book provides a theoretical framework and case studies on decision science for regional sustainability by integrating the natural and social sciences. The cases discussed include solution-oriented transdisciplinary studies on the environment, disasters, health, governance and human cooperation. Based on these case studies and comprehensive reviews of relevant works, including lessons learned from past failures for predictable surprises and successes in adaptive co-management, the book provides the reader with new perspectives on how we can co-design collaborative projects with various conflicts of interest and how we can transform our society for a sustainable future. The book makes a valuable contribution to the global research initiative Future Earth, promoting transdisciplinary studies to bridge the gap between science and society in knowledge generation processes and supporting efforts to achieve the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Compared to other publications on transdisciplinary studies, this book is unique in that evolutionary biology is used as an integrator for various areas related to human decision-making, and approaches social changes as processes of adaptive learning and evolution. Given its scope, the book is highly recommended to all readers seeking an integrated overview of human decision-making in the context of social transformation.
Categories: Nature

Science Society and Sustainability

Science  Society and Sustainability

science and its public is the basic metaphor; hence, it depicts communication as a two-way flow between science and its public. In this model it is not assumed that the public is already trusting, implying also a very active public.

Author: Donald Gray

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135843731

Category: Education

Page: 246

View: 239

Recent work in science and technological studies has provided a clearer understanding of the way in which science functions in society and the interconnectedness among different strands of science, policy, economy and environment. It is well acknowledged that a different way of thinking is required in order to address problems facing the global community, particularly in relation to issues of risk and uncertainty, which affect humanity as a whole. However, approaches to education in science tend to perpetuate an outmoded way of thinking that is incommensurable with preparing individuals for participation and decision-making in an uncertain, complex world. Drawing on experiences of interdisciplinary dialogue and practice in a higher education context, this book illustrates how reformulating the agenda in science and technology can have a revolutionary impact on learning and teaching in the classroom at all levels. This exceptional study will interest scholars in Education, Science, Technology, and Society, and those looking to further deliberative democracy and civic participation in their students.
Categories: Education