Biodiversity of Fungi

Biodiversity of Fungi

The chapters are arranged ecologically and by sampling method for ease of use. This beautifully illustrated work is intended for anyone studying fungi in nature: mycologists, naturalists, land managers, ecologists, and amateur scientists.

Author: Greg M. Mueller

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780125095518

Category: Nature

Page: 798

View: 530

Papers from a workshop held from October 15-19, at the Systematic Mycology Laboratory of the U.S. Dept. of Agriculture in Beltsville, Maryland.
Categories: Nature

Ecology and Conservation of Neotropical Montane Oak Forests

Ecology and Conservation of Neotropical Montane Oak Forests

Hawksworth DL (2001) The magnitude of fungal diversity: the 1.5 million species estimate revisited. Mycol Res 105:1422–1432 ... In: Mueller GM, Bills GF, Foster MS (eds) Biodiversity of fungi: inventory and monitoring methods.

Author: Maarten Kappelle

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540289098

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 486

View: 950

Covers the range of natural and managed oak forests in the highlands of tropical America. Providing an understanding of ecological patterns and processes that determine the structure and functioning of these forests, this volume aims to serve as a basis for sustainable forest management and biodiversity conservation.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

The Fungal Community

The Fungal Community

Macrofungi on woody substrata. In Biodiversity of Fungi: Inventory and Monitoring Methods, Mueller, G.M., Bills, G.F., Foster, M.S., Eds. New York, Academic Press, pp. 123–168. Hywel-Jones, N.L. (1997). The biological diversity of ...

Author: John Dighton

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781466536913

Category: Science

Page: 926

View: 530

The Fungal Community: Its Organization and Role in the Ecosystem, Third Edition addresses many of the questions related to the observations, characterizations, and functional attributes of fungal assemblages and their interaction with the environment and other organisms. This edition promotes awareness of the functional methods of classification over taxonomic methods, and approaches the concept of fungal communities from an ecological perspective, rather than from a fungicentric view. It has expanded to examine issues of global and local biodiversity, the problems associated with exotic species, and the debate concerning diversity and function. The third edition also focuses on current ecological discussions - diversity and function, scaling issues, disturbance, and invasive species - from a fungal perspective. In order to address these concepts, the book examines the appropriate techniques to identify fungi, calculate their abundance, determine their associations among themselves and other organisms, and measure their individual and community function. This book explains attempts to scale these measures from the microscopic cell level through local, landscape, and ecosystem levels. The totality of the ideas, methods, and results presented by the contributing authors points to the future direction of mycology.
Categories: Science

Biodiversity of Fungi

Biodiversity of Fungi

Inventory and Monitoring Methods Mercedes S. Foster, Gerald F. Bills. The 10 species now assigned to the genus Saccharomycopsis based on the analysis of rDNA sequences, for example, formerly were distributed among six genera (Kurtzman ...

Author: Mercedes S. Foster

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080470269

Category: Science

Page: 777

View: 188

Biodiversity of Fungi is essential for anyone collecting and/or monitoring any fungi. Fascinating and beautiful, fungi are vital components of nearly all ecosystems and impact human health and our economy in a myriad of ways. Standardized methods for documenting diversity and distribution have been lacking. A wealth of information, especially regrading sampling protocols, compiled by an international team of fungal biologists, make Biodiversity of Fungi an incredible and fundamental resource for the study of organismal biodiversity. Chapters cover everything from what is a fungus, to maintaining and organizing a permanent study collection with associated databases; from protocols for sampling slime molds to insect associated fungi; from fungi growing on and in animals and plants to mushrooms and truffles. The chapters are arranged both ecologically and by sampling method rather than by taxonomic group for ease of use. The information presented here is intended for everyone interested in fungi, anyone who needs tools to study them in nature including naturalists, land managers, ecologists, mycologists, and even citizen scientists and sophiscated amateurs. Covers all groups of fungi - from molds to mushrooms, even slime molds Describes sampling protocols for many groups of fungi Arranged by sampling method and ecology to coincide with users needs Beautifully illustrated to document the range of fungi treated and techniques discussed Natural history data are provided for each group of fungi to enable users to modify suggested protocols to meet their needs
Categories: Science

Broadening Participation in Biological Monitoring

Broadening Participation in Biological Monitoring

Biodiversity of fungi : inventory and monitoring methods . New York : Elsevier Academic Press . 777 p . Fungi constitute a large branch on the tree of life and are of immense importance to humans and ecosystems , but they are often ...

Author: David Pilz

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:31951D029770786

Category: Biodiversity

Page: 144

View: 188

Participatory (collaborative, multiparty, citizen, volunteer) monitoring is a process that has been increasing in popularity and use in both developing and industrialized societies over the last several decades. It reflects the understanding that natural resource decisions are more effective and less controversial when stakeholders who have an interest in the results are involved in the process. An adequate number of such projects have now been organized, tried, and evaluated such that sufficient information exists to recommend a comprehensive approach to implementing such processes. This handbook was written for managers and scientists in the United States who are contemplating a participatory approach to monitoring biological resources, especially biodiversity. It is designed as a how-to manual with discussions of relevant topics, checklists of important considerations to address, and resources for further information. Worksheets for developing, implementing, and evaluating a monitoring plan are posted on a companion Web site. The subject matter is divided into 3 stages of a monitoring project encompassing a total of 22 topical modules. These modules can be used in any sequence on an ongoing basis. Stages and modules include (1) planning documentation, goals, indicators, collaboration, decisions, context, organization, participants, communication, incentives, design, and resources; (2) implementationtraining, safety, fieldwork, sampling, data, and quality; and (3) followthroughanalysis, reporting, evaluation, and celebrations. Collaboration always involves colearning, so documenting choices, plans, and activities with the Web site worksheets is integral to the manuals effectiveness.
Categories: Biodiversity

Wetland Techniques

Wetland Techniques

A second method of culturing involves attaching a series of “organic baits” (either pieces of woody debris or small-mesh nylon bags ... In: Mueller GM, Bills GF, Foster MS (eds) Biodiversity of fungi: inventory and monitoring methods.

Author: James T. Anderson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400769311

Category: Science

Page: 332

View: 586

Wetlands serve many important functions and provide numerous ecological services such as clean water, wildlife habitat, nutrient reduction, and flood control. Wetland science is a relatively young discipline but is a rapidly growing field due to an enhanced understanding of the importance of wetlands and the numerous laws and policies that have been developed to protect these areas. This growth is demonstrated by the creation and growth of the Society of Wetland Scientists which was formed in 1980 and now has a membership of 3,500 people. It is also illustrated by the existence of 2 journals (Wetlands and Wetlands Ecology and Management) devoted entirely to wetlands. To date there has been no practical, comprehensive techniques book centered on wetlands, and written for wetland researchers, students, and managers. This techniques book aims to fill that gap. It is designed to provide an overview of the various methods that have been used or developed by researchers and practitioners to study, monitor, manage, or create wetlands. Including many methods usually found only in the peer-reviewed or gray literature, this 3-volume set fills a major niche for all professionals dealing with wetlands.
Categories: Science

Laboratory Protocols in Fungal Biology

Laboratory Protocols in Fungal Biology

Mol Phylogenet Evol 46:635–644 Blackwell M, Spatafora JW (2004) Fungi and their allies. In: Bills GF, Mueller GM, Foster MS (eds) Biodiversity of fungi: inventory and monitoring methods. Elsevier Academic Press, Amsterdam, ...

Author: Vijai Kumar Gupta

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461423560

Category: Science

Page: 604

View: 592

Laboratory Protocols in Fungal Biology presents the latest techniques in fungal biology. This book analyzes information derived through real experiments, and focuses on cutting edge techniques in the field. The book comprises 57 chapters contributed from internationally recognised scientists and researchers. Experts in the field have provided up-to-date protocols covering a range of frequently used methods in fungal biology. Almost all important methods available in the area of fungal biology viz. taxonomic keys in fungi; histopathological and microscopy techniques; proteomics methods; genomics methods; industrial applications and related techniques; and bioinformatics tools in fungi are covered and complied in one book. Chapters include introductions to their respective topics, list of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and notes on troubleshooting. Each chapter is self-contained and written in a style that enables the reader to progress from elementary concepts to advanced research techniques. Laboratory Protocols in Fungal Biology is a valuable tool for both beginner research workers and experienced professionals. Coming Soon in the Fungal Biology series: Goyal, Manoharachary / Future Challenges in Crop Protection Against Fungal Pathogens Martín, García-Estrada, Zeilinger / Biosynthesis and Molecular Genetics of Fungal Secondary Metabolites Zeilinger, Martín, García-Estrada / Biosynthesis and Molecular Genetics of Fungal Secondary Metabolites, Volume 2 van den Berg, Maruthachalam / Genetic Transformation Systems in Fungi Schmoll, Dattenbock / Gene Expression Systems in Fungi Dahms / Advanced Microscopy in Mycology
Categories: Science

General Technical Report PNW GTR

General Technical Report PNW GTR

Biodiversity of fungi : inventory and monitoring methods . New York : Elsevier Academic Press . 777 p . Fungi constitute a large branch on the tree of life and are of immense importance to humans and ecosystems , but they are often ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924101453334

Category: Forests and forestry

Page: 620

View: 669

Categories: Forests and forestry

Fungal Diseases

Fungal Diseases

Biodiversity of fungi: Inventory and monitoring methods, 395–433. Elsevier Academic Press, San Diego, California, USA. Berbee, M. L., and J. W. Taylor. 2010. Dating the molecular clock in fungi—How close are we?

Author: Institute of Medicine

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309212267

Category: Medical

Page: 488

View: 196

Fungal diseases have contributed to death and disability in humans, triggered global wildlife extinctions and population declines, devastated agricultural crops, and altered forest ecosystem dynamics. Despite the extensive influence of fungi on health and economic well-being, the threats posed by emerging fungal pathogens to life on Earth are often underappreciated and poorly understood. On December 14 and 15, 2010, the IOM's Forum on Microbial Threats hosted a public workshop to explore the scientific and policy dimensions associated with the causes and consequences of emerging fungal diseases.
Categories: Medical

Marine Fungi

Marine Fungi

Mycoscience 1994;35:265–270. Kohlmeyer J, Volkmann-Kohlmeyer B, Newell SY. Marine and estuarine mycelia Eumycota and Oomycota. In: Müeller GM, Bills GF, Foster MS, eds. Biodiversity of fungi: Inventory and monitoring methods.

Author: E. B. Gareth Jones

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110264067

Category: Science

Page: 543

View: 893

Understanding how higher fungi with their spectrum of cellulolytic and ligninolytic enzymes degrade wood tissue, while labyrinthuloids and thraustochytrids further contribute to the dissolved organic matter entering the open ocean is essential to marine ecology. This work provides an overview of marine fungi including morphology and ultrastructure, phylogeny and biogeography. Biotechnology is also turning to these organisms to develop new bioactive compounds and to address problems such as decomposition of materials in the ocean and bioremediation of oil spills.
Categories: Science