Boo

Boo

Simons uses the startle reflex as a revealing model for covering how evolved neurophysiology shapes personal experience, patterns of recurrence in actions, and the systems of meaning people collectively create and transmit.

Author: Ronald C. Simons

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195096262

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 684

The startle reflex provides a revealing model for examining the ways in which evolved neurophysiology shapes personal experience and patterns of recurrent social interaction. In the most diverse cultural contexts, in societies widely separated by time and space, the inescapable physiology of the reflex both shapes the experience of startle and biases the social usages to which the reflex is put. This book describes ways in which the startle reflex is experienced, culturally elaborated, and socially used in a wide variety of times and places. It offers explanations both for the patterned commonalities found across cultural settings and for the differences engendered by diverse social environments. Boo! will intrigue readers in fields such as psychological anthropology, medical anthropology, general cultural anthropology, social psychology, cross-cultural psychiatry, evolutionary psychology, and human ethology.
Categories: Science

Boo Culture Experience and the Startle Reflex

Boo  Culture  Experience  and the Startle Reflex

In the most diverse social contexts, in cultures widely separated in time and space, the inescapable physiology of the reflex shapes the experience of startle and therefore biases the social usages to which the reflex is put.

Author: Ronald Simons

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019535723X

Category: Psychology

Page: 288

View: 128

The startle reflex provides a revealing model for examining the ways in which evolved neurophysiology shapes personal experience and patterns of recurrent social interaction. In the most diverse cultural contexts, in societies widely separated by time and space, the inescapable physiology of the reflex both shapes the experience of startle and biases the social usages to which the reflex is put. This book describes ways in which the startle reflex is experienced, culturally elaborated, and socially used in a wide variety of times and places. It offers explanations both for the patterned commonalities found across cultural settings and for the differences engendered by diverse social environments. Boo! will intrigue readers in fields such as psychological anthropology, medical anthropology, general cultural anthropology, social psychology, cross-cultural psychiatry, evolutionary psychology, and human ethology.
Categories: Psychology

Film Art and the Third Culture

Film  Art  and the Third Culture

For more detail, see Ronald C. Simons, Boo! Culture, Experience, and the Startle Reflex (Oxford: OUP, 1996), 9–15; and Michael Davis, 'The Mammalian Startle Response', in Robert C. Eaton (ed.), Neural Mechanisms of Startle Behavior (New ...

Author: Murray Smith

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192507938

Category: Philosophy

Page: 288

View: 952

In the mid-1950s C.P. Snow began his campaign against the 'two cultures' - the debilitating divide, as he saw it, between traditional 'literary intellectual' culture, and the culture of the sciences, urging in its place a 'third culture' which would draw upon and integrate the resources of disciplines spanning the natural and social sciences, the arts and the humanities. Murray Smith argues that, with the ever-increasing influence of evolutionary theory and neuroscience, and the pervasive presence of digital technologies, Snow's challenge is more relevant than ever. Working out how the 'scientific' and everyday images of the world 'hang' together is no simple matter. In Film, Art, and the Third Culture, Smith explores this question in relation to the art, technology, and science of film in particular, and to the world of the arts and aesthetic activity more generally. In the first part of his book, Smith explores the general strategies and principles necessary to build a 'third cultural' or naturalized approach to film and art - one that roots itself in an appreciation of scientific knowledge and method. Smith then goes on to focus on the role of emotion in film and the other arts, as an extended experiment in the 'third cultural' integration of ideas on emotion spanning the arts, humanities and sciences. While acknowledging that not all of the questions we ask are scientific in nature, Smith contends that we cannot disregard the insights wrought by taking a naturalized approach to the aesthetics of film and the other arts.
Categories: Philosophy

A Very Nervous Person s Guide to Horror Movies

A Very Nervous Person s Guide to Horror Movies

... Startle in Humans: Effects of Anticipatory Anxiety on the Acoustic Blink Reflex,” Psychophysiology 28, no. 5 (1991), https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1469-8986.1991.tb01999.x. 6. Ronald C. Simons, Boo! Culture, Experience, and the Startle ...

Author: Mathias Clasen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780197535899

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 208

View: 135

In this guide to horror movies for the very nervous, author Mathias Clasen delves into the psychological science of horror movies to bust some of the worst myths about the genre and its supposed harms as he shows that horror movies can, in fact, have beneficial effects on their viewers.
Categories: Performing Arts

Buddhist Thought and Applied Psychological Research

Buddhist Thought and Applied Psychological Research

For an interesting cross-cultural study of the startle reflex, see Simons, R.C. (1996) Boo! Culture, Experience and the Startle Reflex, New York: Oxford University Press. For instance, a much-touted study of meditation used SPECT, ...

Author: D.K. Nauriyal

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134189885

Category: Social Science

Page: 576

View: 836

Written by leading scholars and including a foreword by the Dalai Lama, this book explores the interface between Buddhist studies and the uses of Buddhist principles and practices in psychotherapy and consciousness studies. The contributors present a compelling collection of articles that illustrate the potential of Buddhist informed social sciences in contemporary society, including new insights into the nature of human consciousness. The book examines the origins and expressions of Buddhist thought and how it is now being utilized by psychologists and social scientists, and also discusses the basic tenets of Buddhism and contemporary Buddhist-based empirical research in the psychological sciences. Further emphasis is placed on current trends in the areas of clinical and cognitive psychology, and on the Mahayana Buddhist understanding of consciousness with reference to certain developments in consciousness studies and physics. A welcome addition to the current literature, the works in this remarkable volume ably demonstrate how Buddhist principles can be used to develop a deeper understanding of the human condition and behaviours that lead to a balanced and fulfilling life.
Categories: Social Science

Destructive Emotions

Destructive Emotions

See Ronald C. Simons, Boo! Culture, Experience, and the Startle Reflex (New York: Oxford University Press, 1996). 4. Still, neuroscientists do not know with certainty what accounts for this change—whether ...

Author: Daniel Goleman

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781408858813

Category: Philosophy

Page: 432

View: 365

Can the worlds of science and philosophy work together to recognise our destructive emotions such as hatred, craving, and delusion? Bringing together ancient Buddhist wisdom and recent breakthroughs in a variety of fields from neuroscience to child development, Daniel Goleman's extraordinary book offers fresh insights into how we can recognise and transform our destructive emotions. Out of a week-long discussion between the Dalai Lama and small group of eminent psychologists, neuroscientists, and philosophers, Goleman weaves together a compelling narrative account. Where do these destructive emotions (craving, anger and delusion, known in Buddhism as the three poisons) come from? And how can we transform them to prevent them from threatening humanity's collective safety and its future?
Categories: Philosophy

Cognitive Media Theory

Cognitive Media Theory

Simons, Boo! Culture,Experience, and the Startle Reflex,Series inAffective Science(New York: OxfordUniversity Press, 1996), 9–15; and Michael Davis, “The Mammalian Startle Response,” in Neural Mechanisms of Startle Behavior, ed.

Author: Ted Nannicelli

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136226090

Category: Social Science

Page: 346

View: 141

Across the academy, scholars are debating the question of what bearing scientific inquiry has upon the humanities. The latest addition to the AFI Film Readers series, Cognitive Media Theory takes up this question in the context of film and media studies. This collection of essays by internationally recognized researchers in film and media studies, psychology, and philosophy offers film and media scholars and advanced students an introduction to contemporary cognitive media theory—an approach to the study of diverse media forms and content that draws upon both the methods and explanations of the sciences and the humanities. Exploring topics that range from color perception to the moral appraisal of characters to our interactive engagement with videogames, Cognitive Media Theory showcases the richness and diversity of cognitivist research. This volume will be of interest not only to students and scholars of film and media, but to anyone interested in the possibility of a productive relationship between the sciences and humanities.
Categories: Social Science

What the Face Reveals

What the Face Reveals

Transcultural Psychiatric Research Review, 29, 250–256. Simons, R. C. (1994). ... Boo! Culture, experience, and the startle reflex. New York: Oxford University Press. Simons, R. C., & Hughes, C. C. (Eds.) (1985).

Author: Paul Ekman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199792720

Category: Psychology

Page: 672

View: 532

While we have known for centuries that facial expressions can reveal what people are thinking and feeling, it is only recently that the face has been studied scientifically for what it can tell us about internal states, social behavior, and psychopathology. Today's widely available, sophisticated measuring systems have allowed us to conduct a wealth of new research on facial behavior that has contributed enormously to our understanding of the relationship between facial expression and human psychology. The chapters in this volume present the state-of-the-art in this research. They address key topics and questions, such as the dynamic and morphological differences between voluntary and involuntary expressions, the relationship between what people show on their faces and what they say they feel, whether it is possible to use facial behavior to draw distinctions among psychiatric populations, and how far research on automating facial measurement has progressed. The book also includes follow-up commentary on all of the original research presented and a concluding integration and critique of all the contributions made by Paul Ekman. As an essential reference for all those working in the area of facial analysis and expression, this volume will be indispensable for a wide range of professionals and students in the fields of psychology, psychiatry, and behavioral medicine.
Categories: Psychology

Choreomania

Choreomania

Imitation in this sense was experienced as pathological and entertaining, science and art. But mosthumorous was individual ... ronald C. Simons, Boo! Culture, Experience, and the Startle Reflex (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1996).

Author: Kélina Gotman

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780190840419

Category: Music

Page: 384

View: 384

When political protest is read as epidemic madness, religious ecstasy as nervous disease, and angular dance moves as dark and uncouth, the 'disorder' being described is choreomania. At once a catchall term to denote spontaneous gestures and the unruly movements of crowds, 'choreomania' emerged in the nineteenth century at a time of heightened class conflict, nationalist policy, and colonial rule. In this book, author K�lina Gotman examines these choreographies of unrest, rethinking the modern formation of the choreomania concept as it moved across scientific and social scientific disciplines. Reading archives describing dramatic misformations-of bodies and body politics-she shows how prejudices against expressivity unravel, in turn revealing widespread anxieties about demonstrative agitation. This history of the fitful body complements stories of nineteenth-century discipline and regimentation. As she notes, constraints on movement imply constraints on political power and agency. In each chapter, Gotman confronts the many ways choreomania works as an extension of discourses shaping colonialist orientalism, which alternately depict riotous bodies as dangerously infected others, and as curious bacchanalian remains. Through her research, Gotman also shows how beneath the radar of this colonial discourse, men and women gathered together to repossess on their terms the gestures of social revolt.
Categories: Music

Seduction in Popular Culture Psychology and Philosophy

Seduction in Popular Culture  Psychology  and Philosophy

Startle. The Journal of Philosophy, 92(2), 53–74. doi:10.2307/2940940 Simons, R. C. (1996). Boo! Culture, experience and the startle reflex. New York: Oxford University Press. Stephan, A. (2012). Emotions, Existential Feelings ...

Author: Martins, Constantino

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522505266

Category: Psychology

Page: 332

View: 178

Seduction is a complicated concept that is a part of the general human experience. Despite the prevalence of seduction in our personal lives as well as within popular culture, the concept has not been widely discussed and researched as an academic field. Seduction in Popular Culture, Psychology, and Philosophy explores the concept of seduction and the many ways it can be understood, either as a social and individual practice, a psychological trait, or a schema for manipulation. Taking a cross-disciplinary approach, this publication features research-based chapters relevant to sociologists, media professionals, psychologists, philosophers, advertising professionals, researchers, and graduate level students studying in related areas.
Categories: Psychology