Cancer as an Environmental Disease

Cancer as an Environmental Disease

This constitutes the first part of the book. In the second part of the book, an examination of the policy implications of accepting that the cancer epidemic may essentially be preventable is presented.

Author: P. Nicolopoulou-Stamati

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402020201

Category: Medical

Page: 215

View: 344

These pages contain a number of chapters from specialists in the field who consider, from a number of different perspectives, the currently available evidence that supports the environmental cancer aetiology hypothesis. This constitutes the first part of the book. In the second part of the book, an examination of the policy implications of accepting that the cancer epidemic may essentially be preventable is presented. This will pose some difficult problems for politicians and decision-makers, who will have to consider adopting policies that may damage the economy in the short term in order to reap health benefits which will only become apparent several decades in the future.
Categories: Medical

Genes and Environment in Cancer

Genes and Environment in Cancer

The major aim of this book is to present an integrated view of environmental, epidemiological, and genetic determinants that contribute to cancer susceptibility and progression.

Author: Manfred Schwab

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642468704

Category: Medical

Page: 368

View: 920

Different cancer types can result from a multiplicity of genetic and environmental factors. In recent years a number of genes have been identified as strong determinants for particular forms of cancer (particularly colon and breast cancer). The incomplete penetrance often evinced by the mutations of these genes has raised the possibility that additional endogenous or exogenous determinants contribute to cancer development or suppression. The major aim of this book is to present an integrated view of the various environmental, epidemiological and genetic determinants that contribute to a disease syndrome collectively known as "cancer".
Categories: Medical

Reducing Environmental Cancer Risk

Reducing Environmental Cancer Risk

Though overall cancer incidence and mortality have continued to decline in recent years, cancer continues to devastate the lives of far too many Americans.

Author: Suzanne H. Reuben

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9781437934212

Category:

Page: 202

View: 184

Though overall cancer incidence and mortality have continued to decline in recent years, cancer continues to devastate the lives of far too many Americans. In 2009 alone, 1.5 million American men, women, and children were diagnosed with cancer, and 562,000 died from the disease. There is a growing body of evidence linking environmental exposures to cancer. The Pres. Cancer Panel dedicated its 2008¿2009 activities to examining the impact of environmental factors on cancer risk. The Panel considered industrial, occupational, and agricultural exposures as well as exposures related to medical practice, military activities, modern lifestyles, and natural sources. This report presents the Panel¿s recommend. to mitigate or eliminate these barriers. Illus.
Categories:

Environmental Factors Genes and the Development of Human Cancers

Environmental Factors  Genes  and the Development of Human Cancers

Thus, this book will contain chapters from the world’s experts focused on the current evidences that support the role of environment in the cancer etiology and in the growth of malignant lesions, and discuss who may be susceptible to ...

Author: Deodutta Roy

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441967524

Category: Medical

Page: 520

View: 441

Cancer is a complex disease. Only 5-10% of human cancers are hereditary in nature. Many of us think of environmental agents when we think of carcinogens. The environment includes all that surrounds us, and environmental influences include not only chemical, physical and biological toxicants, but also diet and lifestyle. In this broadest sense, the environment contributes substantially in the development of human cancer. This book will describe how environment contributes to malignant transformation leading to profound changes in the genetic and signaling networks that control the functioning of the cell. It will critically discuss the understanding of the effects of environment on the development, progression and metastasis of cancer with current knowledge of the signaling networks that support functioning of transformed human cells. Genes and environmental factors that influence the origins of cancer are not necessarily the same as those that contribute to its progression and metastasis. Susceptibility gene variants for each specific cancer are being identified with emerging evidence of gene–environment interaction. Gene-environment interactions will be discussed through each specific cancer-based approach to address the question of how genetic variations can influence susceptibility to the individual type of cancer. It will also highlight and summarize epigenetic changes that increase the risk for susceptibility to a particular type of cancer, particularly in the presence of specific environmental factors. Thus, this book will contain chapters from the world’s experts focused on the current evidences that support the role of environment in the cancer etiology and in the growth of malignant lesions, and discuss who may be susceptible to environmental influences.
Categories: Medical

Environmental Cancer and Heart and Lung Disease

Environmental Cancer and Heart and Lung Disease

Annual Report to Congress Task Force on Environmental Cancer and Heart and
Lung Disease (U.S.). Appendix C LIST OF ... Overviews of Agency research in the
area of environmental disease are presented. Recommendations are related to ...

Author: Task Force on Environmental Cancer and Heart and Lung Disease (U.S.)

Publisher:

ISBN: MINN:30000010545394

Category: Cancer

Page:

View: 342

Categories: Cancer

From Pink to Green

From Pink to Green

Much of the activists' everyday work revolves around describing how the so called "cancer industry" downplays possible environmental links to protect their political and economic interests and they demand that the public play a role in ...

Author: Barbara L. Ley

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813556529

Category: Medical

Page: 265

View: 374

From the early 1980s, the U.S. environmental breast cancer movement has championed the goal of eradicating the disease by emphasizing the importance of reducing—even eliminating exposure to chemicals and toxins. From Pink to Green chronicles the movement's disease prevention philosophy from the beginning. Challenging the broader cultural milieu of pink ribbon symbolism and breast cancer "awareness" campaigns, this movement has grown from a handful of community-based organizations into a national entity, shaping the cultural, political, and public health landscape. Much of the activists' everyday work revolves around describing how the so called "cancer industry" downplays possible environmental links to protect their political and economic interests and they demand that the public play a role in scientific, policy, and public health decision-making to build a new framework of breast cancer prevention. From Pink to Green successfully explores the intersection between breast cancer activism and the environmental health sciences, incorporating public and scientific debates as well as policy implications to public health and environmental agendas.
Categories: Medical

Environmental Factors Genes and the Development of Human Cancers

Environmental Factors  Genes  and the Development of Human Cancers

Thus, this book will contain chapters from the world’s experts focused on the current evidences that support the role of environment in the cancer etiology and in the growth of malignant lesions, and discuss who may be susceptible to ...

Author: Deodutta Roy

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1441967516

Category: Medical

Page: 520

View: 551

Cancer is a complex disease. Only 5-10% of human cancers are hereditary in nature. Many of us think of environmental agents when we think of carcinogens. The environment includes all that surrounds us, and environmental influences include not only chemical, physical and biological toxicants, but also diet and lifestyle. In this broadest sense, the environment contributes substantially in the development of human cancer. This book will describe how environment contributes to malignant transformation leading to profound changes in the genetic and signaling networks that control the functioning of the cell. It will critically discuss the understanding of the effects of environment on the development, progression and metastasis of cancer with current knowledge of the signaling networks that support functioning of transformed human cells. Genes and environmental factors that influence the origins of cancer are not necessarily the same as those that contribute to its progression and metastasis. Susceptibility gene variants for each specific cancer are being identified with emerging evidence of gene–environment interaction. Gene-environment interactions will be discussed through each specific cancer-based approach to address the question of how genetic variations can influence susceptibility to the individual type of cancer. It will also highlight and summarize epigenetic changes that increase the risk for susceptibility to a particular type of cancer, particularly in the presence of specific environmental factors. Thus, this book will contain chapters from the world’s experts focused on the current evidences that support the role of environment in the cancer etiology and in the growth of malignant lesions, and discuss who may be susceptible to environmental influences.
Categories: Medical

Environment and Health

Environment and Health

The issue of environment and health is characterised by multi-causality with different strengths of association.

Author: European Environment Agency

Publisher: Office for Official Publications of the European Communities

ISBN: STANFORD:36105121941764

Category: Medical

Page: 35

View: 737

Public concerns, evidence from research and increasing scientific knowledge are all driving widespread discussions on environment and health problems. The issue of environment and health is characterised by multi-causality with different strengths of association. This means that the links between exposures and their health consequences depend on the environmental pollutants and diseases being considered, but are also influenced by factors such as genetic constitution, age, nutrition and lifestyle, and socioeconomic factors such as poverty and level of education. The report examines the environmental burden of disease, focussing on respiratory disease, asthma and allergies, cancer, neuro-developmental disorders and endocrine disruption. Further sections look at the presence of man-made chemicals in the human body, wildlife as early warning signals for human impacts, and climate change and health.
Categories: Medical

Occupational and Environmental Respiratory Disease

Occupational and Environmental Respiratory Disease

O'Rourke MA and Crawford J : Lung cancer in the elderly , Compr Ther 14 : 47-54
, 1988 . 3. US Department of Health and Human Services : The health
consequences of smoking : cancer and chronic lung disease in the workplace . A
report of ...

Author: Philip Harber

Publisher: Mosby Incorporated

ISBN: UOM:39015034449705

Category: Medical

Page: 1038

View: 591

Respiratory disease is a common although under-diagnosed category of environment-and work-related disorders. OCCUPATIONAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL RESPIRATORY DISEASE is an authoritative reference for the diagnosis, management, and prevention of these diseases. It is comprehensive, addresses all aspects of disease management and follow up: diagnostic methods, specific industries, and causitative agents of concern; modern clinical management of specific disorders, and regulatory, administrative and public health issues. It includes coverage of the increasingly prevalent problem of environmental disorders, specific industries and causative agents, and the hot-button subjects of pulmonary impairment, disability, and compensation.
Categories: Medical

The Pathologist and the Environment

The Pathologist and the Environment

CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE Although not usually thought of as an
environmental disease , cardiovascular disease is clearly related to life - style
factors ... origin of certain cancers and the danger of only considering chemical
factors alone .

Author: Dante G. Scarpelli

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015009549042

Category: Medical

Page: 239

View: 161

Categories: Medical

Environmental Epigenomics in Health and Disease

Environmental Epigenomics in Health and Disease

The overall purpose of this volume and its companion, Environmental Epigenomics in Health and Disease - Epigenetics and Complex Diseases, is to give readers an overview of how environmental exposures during early development can influence ...

Author: Randy L Jirtle

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642233807

Category: Medical

Page: 302

View: 522

There are now compelling human epidemiological and animal experimental data that indicate the risk of developing adult-onset complex diseases and neurological disorders are influenced by persistent epigenetic adaptations in response to prenatal and early postnatal exposures to environmental factors. Epigenetics refers to heritable changes in gene function that occur without a change in the sequence of the DNA. The main components of the epigenetic code are DNA methylation, histone modifications, and non-coding RNAs. The epigenetic programs are established as stem cell differentiate during embryogenesis, and they are normally faithfully reproduced during mitosis. Moreover, they can also be maintained during meiosis, resulting in epigenetic transgenerational disease inheritance, and also potentially introducing phenotypic variation that is selected for in the evolution of new species. The objective of this book is to provide evidence that environmental exposures during early development can alter the risk of developing medical conditions, such as asthma, autism, cancer, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, obesity, and schizophrenia later in life by modifying the epigenome.
Categories: Medical

Principles of Exposure Measurement in Epidemiology

Principles of Exposure Measurement in Epidemiology

This book reviews principles and techniques that can be applied to measuring a wide range of exposures, including demographic, behavioral, medical, genetic, and environmental factors.

Author: Emily White

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191004926

Category: Medical

Page: 440

View: 957

The second edition of this internationally acclaimed title is the ideal handbook for those involved in conducting epidemiological research. The objective of most epidemiological studies is to relate exposure to putative causal agents to the occurrence of a particular disease. The achievement of this objective depends critically on accurate measurement of exposure. This book reviews principles and techniques that can be applied to measuring a wide range of exposures, including demographic, behavioral, medical, genetic, and environmental factors. The book covers questionnaire design, conducting personal interviews, abstracting information from medical records, use of proxy respondents, and measurements from human specimens and in the environment. It gives a comprehensive account of measurement error and the estimation of its effects, and the design, analysis, and interpretation of validity and reliability studies. Emphasis is given to the ways in which the validity of measurements can be increased. Techniques to maximize participation of subjects in epidemiological studies are discussed, and ethical issues relevant to exposure measurement are outlined.
Categories: Medical

Assembling Breast Cancer

Assembling Breast Cancer

Environmental Estrogens, Disease Kinships, and Movements in the Making
Barbara L. Ley. others to both argue for and dispute the theory environmental
toxins cause breast cancer. As I tried to argue in various points throughout the ...

Author: Barbara L. Ley

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:X67831

Category: Breast

Page: 884

View: 127

Categories: Breast

A Family Doctor s Guide to Understanding and Preventing Cancer

A Family Doctor s Guide to Understanding and Preventing Cancer

Environmental Risks and Solutions S. R. Kaura. Preface Cancer is a horrifying
group of almost 200 different diseases , more than 90 percent of which are
related to environmental causes . Cancer threatens a large segment of the
population ...

Author: S. R. Kaura

Publisher: Health Press (NM)

ISBN: 0929173031

Category: Medical

Page: 279

View: 901

Explains how cancer develops, identifies health and environmental risk factors, and offers suggestions concerning diet, pollution, and chemicals in the home
Categories: Medical

Living with the Earth Fourth Edition

Living with the Earth  Fourth Edition

Shelving Guide; Environmental Science This is a groundbreaking and innovative book now in its fourth edition.

Author: Gary S. Moore

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780429629365

Category: Nature

Page: 582

View: 375

Shelving Guide; Environmental Science This is a groundbreaking and innovative book now in its fourth edition. The first edition won the CHOICE award for outstanding Academic Book while editions two and three became bestsellers on their own right. This fourth edition is packed with new updates on current world events associated with environmental issues and related health concerns. The author maintains traditional concepts and merges them with new and controversial issues. The book has been revised to include up-to-date topics with and a revised Web site with updated links. So what Coverage of emergency preparedness for environmental health practitioners Discussion of population dynamics especially with regard to overpopulation and underpopulation around the world and their respective influences on social, economic, and environmental concerns. The mechanisms of environmental disease, emphasizing genetic disease and its role in developmental disorders and cancer. Human behaviors and pollution are presented along with respect to their roles in cancer risk. The ever increasing issues surrounding emerging and re-emerging diseases around the earth and the introduction of an increasing number of emerging diseases. The growing problems of asthma and other health effects associated with air pollution. An exploration of the mechanisms of toxicity with special reference to the immune system and endocrine disruption. The ongoing issues of the creation and disposal of hazardous waste along with the controversies surrounding disposal are presented. The issues and benefits of recycling are explored. The use of HACCP in assuring food quality, food safety issues, and the Food Quality Protection Act are discussed. Numerous technical illustrations, charts, graphs, and photographs are included What on the Web? Test bank and study questions giving a complete review of the concepts covered. Search tools for online journals and databases covering useful, up-to-date information in health and environmental topics Subject specific links by chapter as well as Federal, state, and organization sites with relevant information Downloadable PowerPoint files for each Chapter providing the instructor with ready-made presentation materials that can be modified as needed. Downloadable and printable test questions and answers for each chapter available to instructors
Categories: Nature

Occupational Cancers

Occupational Cancers

This book is a comprehensive guide to occupational factors of malignant diseases.

Author: Sisko Anttila

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781447128250

Category: Medical

Page: 609

View: 918

This book is a comprehensive guide to occupational factors of malignant diseases. It discusses potentially work-related malignancies, in the context of exposure assessment, specific clinical and pathological features of occupational cancer and biomarkers of exposure and disease. Epidemiological data about risk ratios of the cancer in question are reviewed for various occupations and with exposure to specific carcinogens, carcinogenic mechanisms, host susceptibility factors (genetic and other) and other environmental and life-style risk factors. Aspects such as surveillance of workers exposed to carcinogens and strategies for prevention of occupational cancer are also discussed. Occupational Cancers is aimed at oncologists, pathologists, residents in training, clinical researchers, clinicians in occupational health, epidemiologists, pulmonologists, lawyers and public health officials.
Categories: Medical

Environment and Disease

Environment and Disease

A Spatial Analytic Model and Application to Cancer in Pennsylvania Barry Jay
Glick. V. Empirical Study : Cancer in Pennsylvania A. Introduction The
relationship between environment and disease , especially modern chronic
disease , is a ...

Author: Barry Jay Glick

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112123393123

Category: Cancer

Page: 114

View: 430

Categories: Cancer

Healthy Environment Healthy Kids

Healthy Environment  Healthy Kids

A growing body of research points to cancer as being largely an environmental
disease . A study of 45,000 twins in Sweden , Denmark and Finland
demonstrated that the majority of cancers — between 52 percent and 82 percent
depending ...

Author: Doug Farquhar

Publisher: National Conference of State

ISBN: IND:30000109151013

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 55

View: 942

Recent research has found that children are particularly vulnerable to environmental hazards. Air and water pollution, environmental risks in the home, and toxics in food and drink affect children more than adults. This volume examines policies designed to protect children from environmental threats, identifies factors that influence their health, and investigates childhood diseases that are caused or affected by the environment. State and federal legislation also are reviewed.--Publisher's description.
Categories: Family & Relationships

Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Lung Cancer Risk

Environmental Tobacco Smoke and Lung Cancer Risk

Smoking is linked to leading causes of chronic illness and premature death ,
including lung cancer and other malignancies , heart disease and stroke , and
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ( e.g. , bronchitis and emphysema ) . The
Public ...

Author: C. Stephen Redhead

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105061702135

Category: Air pollutants, Environmental

Page: 75

View: 941

Categories: Air pollutants, Environmental

Create the Research Institute of the Environmental Protection and Cancer Prevention and Carry out Cancer Prevention System Engineering

Create the Research Institute of the Environmental Protection and Cancer Prevention and Carry out Cancer Prevention System Engineering

In this book Dr. Xu Ze wrote down how to prevent cancer and try to stop cancer at the source and strive to eliminate security risks of cancer in the bud in detail.

Author: Bin Wu

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN: 9781728314433

Category: Medical

Page: 194

View: 132

In this book Dr. Xu Ze wrote down how to prevent cancer and try to stop cancer at the source and strive to eliminate security risks of cancer in the bud in detail. All of his wisdom comes from his hard work and years practices. Cancer prevention is the same important as the cancer treatment. Cancer prevention and treatment should be conducted at the same time and at the same level. It is very important for us to be aware of the cancer prevention. Once again the tears are full of both of my eyes , it is hard work all of day and night for all of our projects. The journey of getting all of these results is not always smooth and Science is endless. With the science and technology development, cancer is gradually understood in depth. Many research data proved that more than 90% of cancer can be prevented. In this book, Dr. Xu Ze wrote down the plans of how to prevent cancer occurrence before cancer happen and how to prevent cancer from the daily life in detail. In China, there are many of the wisdom words such as: the topmost doctor manages the country; the middle level doctor prevents the disease or treats the diseases before it happens; the lowest doctor treats the diseases. Prevention of cancer is very important. The essence is to implement and carry out the health work policy of “cancer prevention and anti-cancer” and “prevention-oriented”. Our medical predecessors and the world’s medical sages put forward “cancer prevention and anti-cancer” and “prevention-oriented”. This policy is very correct. Let work hard together to conquer cancer and do the good things for our human being.
Categories: Medical