Causes of War

Causes of War

Appendix: Hypotheses on Power and the Causes of War H1. War is more likely
when states fall prey to false optimism about its outcome. H1. War is more likely
when the advantage lies with the first side to mobilize or attack. Haiti. A first-move
 ...

Author: Stephen Van Evera

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 9780801467189

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 296

What causes war? How can military conflicts best be prevented? A prominent political scientist here addresses these questions, offering ideas that will be widely debated. Stephen Van Evera frames five conditions that increase the risk of interstate war: false optimism about the likely outcome of a war, a first-strike advantage, fluctuation in the relative power of states, circumstances that allow nations to parlay one conquest into another, and circumstances that make conquest easy. According to Van Evera, all but one of these conditions—false optimism—rarely occur today, but policymakers often erroneously believe in their existence. He argues that these misperceptions are responsible for many modern wars, and explores both World Wars, the Korean War, and the 1967 Mideast War as test cases. Finally, he assesses the possibility of nuclear war by applying all five hypotheses to its potential onset. Van Evera's book demonstrates that ideas from the Realist paradigm can offer strong explanations for international conflict and valuable prescriptions for its control.
Categories: Political Science

An Introduction to the Causes of War

An Introduction to the Causes of War

For those of us who are interested in international politics, the most crucial issue
has been and will continue to be war — an institution that appears to be as old as
civilization. And since the seventeenth century, when the nation-state became ...

Author: Greg Cashman

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 0742555100

Category: Political Science

Page: 423

View: 219

ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES USING EXCEL® FOR SUCCESS, 2E, International Edition leads students to accounting mastery while increasing Excel® proficiency. Written with the modern business world in mind, this adaptation of the principles text--PRINCIPLES OF ACCOUNTING, 24E--offers an innovative four-step system for students: (1) read the accounting concept and illustration, (2) follow the same concept using the Excel® Success Example, (3) practice using the "Try It" Tutorial, and (4) apply knowledge by completing the Excel® Success Problem.This text reinforces key accounting concepts through six basic Excel® formulas. Students build an Excel® portfolio to demonstrate basic competencies in accounting and Excel®. Each new copy of the book comes packaged with an access code that allows students to use the online Excel® "Try It" Tutorials. These tutorials guide students through the hands-on process of entering formulas and understanding how to Excel® for accounting. Excel® Success Special Activities at the end of the chapter require students to manipulate spreadsheets and save the files to demonstrate Excel® competency.
Categories: Political Science

Causes of War 3rd Ed

Causes of War  3rd Ed

Preface to the Third Edition In the decade and a half since this book was
published it seems to have become one of the more widely quoted books on the
causes of war and peace. I have learnt much from the discussion. I especially
accept the ...

Author: Geoffrey Blainey

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9780029035917

Category: History

Page: 325

View: 751

Categories: History

Causes of War

Causes of War

We have now completed our review of some of the leading theories of war and
peace. Causes of War makes no attempt to be exhaustive and incorporate all
theories of war. That would be a near-impossible task, given the voluminous ...

Author: Jack S. Levy

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444357097

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 926

Written by leading scholars in the field, Causes of War provides the first comprehensive analysis of the leading theories relating to the origins of both interstate and civil wars. Utilizes historical examples to illustrate individual theories throughout Includes an analysis of theories of civil wars as well as interstate wars -- one of the only texts to do both Written by two former International Studies Association Presidents
Categories: Political Science

Causes of War

Causes of War

Although structural causes such as socio-economic disparities and security
dilemmas are among the causes of war, not all tensions result in armed conflict (
Baldwin 1971; Lebow 1996; Evans 2006). There have been many crises in which
the ...

Author: Thomas Lindemann

Publisher: ECPR Press

ISBN: 9781907301018

Category: Political Science

Page: 176

View: 595

Theories on the origins of war are often based on the premise that the rational actor is in pursuit of material satisfaction, such as the quest for power or for wealth. These perspectives disregard the need for homo symbolicus – meaning the preservation of a positive self-image for both emotional and instrumental reasons. A good reputation ensures authority and material resources. Non-recognition can be as much as an explanation of war as that of other explicative 'variables'. Two empirical studies examining the role of non-recognition in great power conflicts and in international crises will demonstrate the value of this symbolic approach.
Categories: Political Science

The Causes of War and the Spread of Peace

The Causes of War and the Spread of Peace

PRE FACE I. Geoffrey Blainey, The Causes of War, New York: The Free Press,
1973, and Stephen van Evera, Causes of War. Power and the Roots of Conflict,
Ithaca, NY: Cornell UP 1999, are concerned with various conditions that affect the
 ...

Author: Azar Gat

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780192514226

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 305

Azar Gat sets out to resolve one of the age-old questions of human existence: why people fight and can they stop. Spanning warfare from prehistory to the 21st century, the book shows that, neither an irresistible drive nor a cultural invention, deadly violence and warfare have figured prominently in our behavioural toolkit since the dawn of our species. People have always alternated between cooperation, peaceful competition, and violence to attain evolution-shaped human desires. A marked shift in the balance between these options has occurred since the onset of the industrial age. Rather than modern war becoming more costly (it hasn't), it is peace that has become more rewarding. Scrutinizing existing theories concerning the decline of war - such as the 'democratic peace' and 'capitalist peace' - Gat shows that they in fact partake of a broader Modernization Peace that has been growing since 1815. By now, war has disappeared within the world's most developed areas. Finally, Gat explains why the Modernization Peace has been disrupted in the past, as during the two World Wars, and how challenges to it may still arise. They include claimants to alternative modernity - such as China and Russia - anti-modernists, and failed modernizers that may spawn terrorism, potentially unconventional. While the world has become more peaceful than ever before, there is still much to worry about in terms of security and no place for complacency.
Categories: History

The Causes of War

The Causes of War

The real cause [of the Peloponnesian War] I consider to be the one which was
formally most kept out of sight. The growth of power of Athens, and the alarm
which this inspired in Lacedaemon [Sparta], made war inevitable. Thucydides,
The ...

Author: David Sobek

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780745655468

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 831

Wars often spring out of nowhere with little warning. One need only look at the recent troubles at the Lebanon-Israeli border for evidence of this claim. At other points in history, such as the run-up to the Second World War, wars seem all but foretold. How does one understand a phenomenon that, at times, seems so random, while at others so predictable? Is there an underlying "cause" of war and, if so, what is it? In this book, David Sobek argues that there is no single explanation for war: factors leading to war in one case may well lead to peace in another. Understanding the onset of war, he contends, requires a movement away from single theories towards one that embraces the multi-faceted causes of war. The characteristics of individual states, the strategic interaction of multiple states, and the broad structure of the international system all affect the risk of war. Throughout the book Sobek draws on a wide range of examples – from the rise of Japan in the 19th century to the emergence of Hamas in the 21st century – to show how both domestic and international politics push states to, or pull them from, the brink of armed conflict. While civil war and terrorism are often viewed as a from of violence distinct from interstate war, Sobek examines them as simply an extreme form of asymmetric warfare. From this perspective terrorism emerges as just another tactic used by actors engaged in armed conflict. The Causes of War will be essential reading for students of security and strategic studies as well as anyone seeking to understand the rise of violent conflict in the contemporary world.
Categories: Political Science

What Causes War

What Causes War

Chapter One Empirical Theory and the Causes of War What is called wisdom is
concerned with primary causes. iAristotle This is a book about the causes of war.
More specifically, it is a book about the causes of interstate war—large-scale ...

Author: Greg Cashman

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 9780742566521

Category: Political Science

Page: 620

View: 613

Now in a thoroughly revised and updated edition, this classic text presents a comprehensive survey of the many alternative theories that attempt to explain the causes of interstate war. For each theory, Greg Cashman examines the arguments and counterarguments, considers the empirical evidence and counterevidence generated by social-science research, looks at historical applications of the theory, and discusses the theory’s implications for restraining international violence. Among the questions he explores are: Are humans aggressive by nature? Do individual differences among leaders matter? How might poor decision making procedures lead to war? Why do leaders engage in seemingly risky and irrational policies that end in war? Why do states with internal conflicts seem to become entangled in wars with their neighbors? What roles do nationalism and ethnicity play in international conflict? What kinds of countries are most likely to become involved in war? Why have certain pairs of countries been particularly war-prone over the centuries? Can strong states deter war? Can we find any patterns in the way that war breaks out? How do balances of power or changes in balances of power make war more likely? Do social scientists currently have an answer to the question of what causes war? Cashman examines theories of war at the individual, substate, nation-state, dyadic, and international systems level of analysis. Written in a clear and accessible style, this interdisciplinary text will be essential reading for all students of international relations.
Categories: Political Science

War its Causes and Correlates

War  its Causes and Correlates

Theories of War Causation: A Matrix for Analysis BERENICE A. CARROLL,
CLINTON F. FINK Napoleon commanded an ... Recent decades have witnessed
a growing body of scholarly research and theory on the causes of war,
increasingly ...

Author: Martin A. Nettleship

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110810523

Category: Social Science

Page: 832

View: 250

Categories: Social Science

The Politics of Warfare

The Politics of Warfare

On account of this, historians have argued ever since the end of World War I
about its causes. Beyond dispute is the rising tide of nationalism which heads of
state and warlords exploited for military purposes. At the turn of the century, this ...

Author: Stephen J. Cimbala

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 0271042079

Category: Political Science

Page:

View: 726

Categories: Political Science

The Handbook on the Political Economy of War

The Handbook on the Political Economy of War

The question of what causes war has engaged scholars, journalists, public
intellectuals and others for thousands of years. We have a variety of theories but
no consensus as to what the causes of war are or how best to study them. There
are ...

Author: Christopher J. Coyne

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 9781849808323

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 648

View: 391

The Handbook on the Political Economy of War highlights and explores important research questions and discusses the core elements of the political economy of war.
Categories: Business & Economics

The Causes and Effects of War

The Causes and Effects of War

... is brought to defolation . Such , my brethren , are the causes of war . Such , in
brief , are the reasons why the Lord is visiting us with the ... Consider what there
is distressing and lamentaa ble in the effects of a bloody warfare . War is dreadful
 ...

Author: Brown Emerson

Publisher:

ISBN: BL:A0018783242

Category: Bible

Page: 16

View: 454

Categories: Bible

The Causes of Wars and Other Essays

The Causes of Wars and Other Essays

Never have we been more in need of information and perspective, for if we wish to avoid war we must understand it. Michael Howard offers an analysis of our present predicament by discussing those issues that cause war and make peace.

Author: Michael Howard

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 067410417X

Category: Political Science

Page: 286

View: 139

Public consciousness of the threat of nuclear war is rising steadily. Responses to the nuclear dilemma are conflicting and often confusing. Never have we been more in need of information and perspective, for if we wish to avoid war we must understand it. Michael Howard offers an analysis of our present predicament by discussing those issues that cause war and make peace. His book includes an examination of nuclear strategy today, views of the past about the conduct of international relations, ethics, modes of defense, and studies of military thinkers and leaders. The Causes of Wars illuminates the interrelationship between men and ideas, between war and other social forces, and between our present situation and its roots in the past.
Categories: Political Science

The Causes of the Civil War

The Causes of the Civil War

"Egocentric Sectionalism" Though blaming both sections to some extent, Frank L.
Owsley, in an article entitled "The Fundamental Cause of the Civil War:
Egocentric Sectionalism, " in the Journal of Southern History, VII (1941), pp. 3-18,
clearly ...

Author: Kenneth Stampp

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 9780671751555

Category: History

Page: 255

View: 684

Gathers original sources, including newspaper editorials, speeches, and documents, and shares comments by historians on the period
Categories: History

Causes and Consequences of the Second World War

Causes and Consequences of the Second World War

THE COLD WAR Cold War propaganda — a Soviet poster shows how the
Russians feared American aggression , with US troops firing nerve gas .
Although both sides lost no opportunity to criticize each other , fear of an atomic
holocaust ...

Author: Stewart Ross

Publisher: Evans Brothers

ISBN: 0237525690

Category: World War, 1939-1945

Page: 78

View: 511

Introducing and explaining the causes and consequences of World War II, this book is one of a series which explain the contributory factors leading up to some of the most significant events of the 20th century and the effects of those events on the world.
Categories: World War, 1939-1945

Crisis and War

Crisis and War

War. and. its. Causes. Concern for man himself and his fate must always form the
chief interest of all technical endeavors, concern for the great unsolved problems
of the organization of labor and the distribution of goods — in order that the ...

Author: Patrick James

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 0773505741

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 527

Using an analysis of patterns of international crisis and war from 1948 to 1975, Patrick James suggests why some international crises result in war while others do not. Over one hundred cases are used to assess the three most prominent explanations for crisis escalation to war: (1) war is the result of rational choice by leaders who expect to gain from it; (2) war is the product of the outward projection of political unrest within states; and (3) war is the result of classical balance of power politics. James concludes that the best explanations for war include elements from all three categories.
Categories: Political Science

A View of the Causes and Consequences of the Present War with France

A View of the Causes and Consequences of the Present War with France

Your view of the causes of the war with France might , three years ago , have
done the Convention fome service in America ; but now it comes too late . We
have not only had time to contemplate the deplorable fate of all those , who were
weak ...

Author: Thomas Erskine Baron Erskine

Publisher:

ISBN: OXFORD:N11738397

Category:

Page: 97

View: 967

Categories:

The Origin and Prevention of Major Wars

The Origin and Prevention of Major Wars

Robert Jervis War and Misperception War has so many causes—in part because
there are so many kinds of wars—and misperception has so many effects—again
in part because there are so many kinds of misperceptions—that it is not ...

Author: Acade Oc Voce-President for Arts Sciences and Technology Robert I Rotberg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521379555

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 706

Since the development of the modern state system in Europe four centuries ago, there have been ten general wars involving a majority of the major powers and a high level of casualties. Another major war is difficult to conceive of, since it would presumably be the last such conflict, and yet it is not an impossibility. In this volume a distinguished group of political scientists and historians examine the origins of major wars and discuss the problems in preventing a nuclear war.
Categories: History

French Aggression Proved from Erskine s View of the Causes of the War With Reflections on the Original Character of the French Revolution and on the Supposed Durability of the French Republic

French Aggression  Proved from Erskine s  View of the Causes of the War  With Reflections on the Original Character of the French Revolution  and on the Supposed Durability of the French Republic

... or to make the suspension of official communication a ground of quarrel ; for
even among established governments such suspension is not considered as a
cause for war , though it is generally a symptom of such serious differences , as
lead ...

Author: John Bowles

Publisher:

ISBN: ONB:+Z196903305

Category:

Page:

View: 125

Categories: