Cave Paintings and the Human Spirit

Cave Paintings and the Human Spirit

Describes the connection between shamanism and creativity, myth, and religion through an exploration of cave paintings found in France and Spain.

Author: David S. Whitley

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105132232542

Category: Art

Page: 322

View: 655

Describes the connection between shamanism and creativity, myth, and religion through an exploration of cave paintings found in France and Spain.
Categories: Art

The Power of the Herd

The Power of the Herd

Chapter Twenty-Four. Guiding Principle 12. Enjoy the Ride Page 401, “Chauvet Cave had art that was not simply...”: David S. Whitley, Cave Paintings and the Human Spirit: The Origin of Creativity and Belief (Amherst, ...

Author: Linda Kohanov

Publisher: New World Library

ISBN: 9781608683727

Category: Pets

Page: 464

View: 554

Linda Kohanov is beloved for her groundbreaking articulation of “the way of the horse,” an experiential wisdom known to riders for centuries but little studied or adapted to off-horse use. Now Kohanov takes those horse-inspired insights on the nonverbal elements of exceptional communication and leadership into the realms of our workplaces and relationships. Here we explore the benefits of “nonpredatory power” in developing assertiveness, fostering creativity, dealing with conflict, and heightening mind-body awareness. In “A Brief History of Power,” the first part of this far-reaching book, Kohanov profiles cultural innovators who employed extraordinary nonverbal leadership skills to change history, usually on horseback: Winston Churchill, George Washington, Alexander the Great, and Siddhartha Gautama (the Buddha), among others. She also draws on the behavior of mature horse herds, as well as the herding cultures of Africa and Mongolia, to debunk theories of dominance hierarchies, challenge ingrained notions of “survival of the fittest,” and demonstrate the power of a consensual leadership in which governing roles are fluid. Kohanov then adapts these lessons into twelve powerful guiding principles we can all incorporate into our work and personal lives. Eloquent and provocative, this is horse sense for everyone who seeks to thrive in the herds we all run in — our communities, careers, families, and friendships.
Categories: Pets

Evolving Brains Emerging Gods

Evolving Brains  Emerging Gods

View on the Age of Howieson's Poort Assemblages in South Africa,” in The Emergence of Modern Humans: An Archaeological ... Cave Paintings and the Human Spirit: The Origin of Creativity and Belief (Amherst, NY: Prometheus, 2009), 53; ...

Author: E. Fuller Torrey

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 9780231544863

Category: Science

Page: 291

View: 577

Religions and mythologies from around the world teach that God or gods created humans. Atheist, humanist, and materialist critics, meanwhile, have attempted to turn theology on its head, claiming that religion is a human invention. In this book, E. Fuller Torrey draws on cutting-edge neuroscience research to propose a startling answer to the ultimate question. Evolving Brains, Emerging Gods locates the origin of gods within the human brain, arguing that religious belief is a by-product of evolution. Based on an idea originally proposed by Charles Darwin, Torrey marshals evidence that the emergence of gods was an incidental consequence of several evolutionary factors. Using data ranging from ancient skulls and artifacts to brain imaging, primatology, and child development studies, this book traces how new cognitive abilities gave rise to new behaviors. For instance, autobiographical memory, the ability to project ourselves backward and forward in time, gave Homo sapiens a competitive advantage. However, it also led to comprehension of mortality, spurring belief in an alternative to death. Torrey details the neurobiological sequence that explains why the gods appeared when they did, connecting archaeological findings including clothing, art, farming, and urbanization to cognitive developments. This book does not dismiss belief but rather presents religious belief as an inevitable outcome of brain evolution. Providing clear and accessible explanations of evolutionary neuroscience, Evolving Brains, Emerging Gods will shed new light on the mechanics of our deepest mysteries.
Categories: Science

Machine Dreaming and Consciousness

Machine Dreaming and Consciousness

In S. de Beaune, F. Coolidge, & T. Wynn (Eds.), Cognitive archeology and human evolution (pp. ... Lascaux: Paintings and engravings (E. Armstrong, Trans.). ... Cave paintings and the human spirit: The origin of creativity and belief.

Author: J. F. Pagel

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128037423

Category: Psychology

Page: 230

View: 309

Machine Dreaming and Consciousness is the first book to discuss the questions raised by the advent of machine dreaming. Artificial intelligence (AI) systems meeting criteria of primary and self-reflexive consciousness are often utilized to extend the human interface, creating waking experiences that resemble the human dream. Surprisingly, AI systems also easily meet all human-based operational criteria for dreaming. These “dreams are far different from anthropomorphic dreaming, including such processes as fuzzy logic, liquid illogic, and integration instability, all processes that may be necessary in both biologic and artificial systems to extend creative capacity. Today, multi-linear AI systems are being built to resemble the structural framework of the human central nervous system. The creation of the biologic framework of dreaming (emotions, associative memories, and visual imagery) is well within our technical capacity. AI dreams potentially portend the further development of consciousness in these systems. This focus on AI dreaming raises even larger questions. In many ways, dreaming defines our humanity. What is humanly special about the states of dreaming? And what are we losing when we limit our focus to its technical and biologic structure, and extend the capacity for dreaming into our artificial creations? Machine Dreaming and Consciousness provides thorough discussion of these issues for neuroscientists and other researchers investigating consciousness and cognition. Addresses the function and role of dream-like processing in AI systems Describes the functions of dreaming in the creative process of both humans and machines Presents an alternative approach to the philosophy of machine consciousness Provides thorough discussion of machine dreaming and consciousness for neuroscientists and other researchers investigating consciousness and cognition
Categories: Psychology

Dream Science

Dream Science

NOTES and the Origins of Art. London: Thames and Hudson. Whitley, D. (2009) Cave Paintings and the Human Spirit: The Origin of Creativity and Belief. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books. 6. Department of Archeology and Ancient History. 7.

Author: J. F. Pagel

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780124047105

Category: Medical

Page: 244

View: 713

Dreaming is the cognitive state uniquely experienced by humans and integral to our creativity, the survival characteristic that allows for the rapid change and innovation that defines our species and provides the basis for our art, philosophy, science, and humanity. Yet there is little empiric or scientific evidence supporting the generally accepted dream-based theories of neuroconsciousness. Dream Science examines the cognitive science of dreaming and offers an evidence-based view of the phenomenon. Today, such evidence-based breakthroughs in the field of dream science are altering our understanding of consciousness. Different forms of dreaming consciousness occur throughout sleep, and dreamlike states extend into wake. Each dream state is developed on a framework of memories, emotions, representational images, and electrophysiology, amenable to studies utilizing emerging and evolving technology. Dream Science discusses basic insights into the scientific study of dreaming, including the limits to traditional Freudian-based dream theory and the more modern evidence-based science. It also includes coverage of the processes of memory and parasomnias, the sleep-disturbance diagnoses related to dreaming. This comprehensive book is a scientific exploration of the mind-brain interface and a look into the future of dream science. Provides a more evidence-based approach than any other work on the market Single source of integrated information on all aspects of dream science makes this a critical time-saving reference for researchers and clinicians Authored by one of the leaders in the field of dream research
Categories: Medical

Ritual in Human Evolution and Religion

Ritual in Human Evolution and Religion

Comparing the effects of spiritual mediation, secular meditation, and relaxation on spiritual, psychological, cardiac, and pain outcomes. ... The social origins of language (pp. ... the human spirit: The origin of creativity and belief.

Author: Matt J. Rossano

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000175950

Category: Psychology

Page: 166

View: 115

This book explores the role of ritual in social life, human evolution, and religion. It explains the functions and purpose of varied rituals across the world by arguing they are mechanisms of ‘resource management’, providing a descriptive tool for understanding rituals and generating predictions about ritual survival. By showing how rituals have resulted from the need to cultivate social resources necessary to sustain cooperative groups, Rossano presents a unique examination of the function of rituals and how they cultivate, mobilize, and direct psychological resources. Rossano examines rituals from a diverse range of historical contexts, including the Greco-Romans, Soviet Russians, and those in ‘crisis cults’. The book shows how rituals address societal and community problems by cultivating three psychological resources – commitment to communal values, goodwill (both of humans and supernatural agents) and social support or social capital. Holding communities together in the face of threat, disaster, or apathy is one of ritual’s primary functions, and the author describes how our ancestors used ritual to become the highly social, inter-dependent primate that is Homo sapiens. Including examples from all over the world and providing detailed descriptions of both past and current ritual practices, this is fascinating reading for students and academics in psychology, sociology, religion, anthropology, and sociology.
Categories: Psychology

Painted Caves

Painted Caves

Archaeological Method and Theory, 13, 251—304.. Whitley, D. S. (2009) Cave Paintings and the Human Spirit: The Origin of Creativity and Belief (NeW York: Prometheus). Willcox, A. R. (1956) Rock Paintings of the Drakensherg (London: Max ...

Author: Andrew J. Lawson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199698226

Category: Art

Page: 446

View: 533

Written from an archaeological perspective, Painted Caves is a beautifully illustrated introduction to the oldest art of Western Europe: the very ancient paintings found in caves. Lawson offers an up to date overview of the geographical distribution of the sites and their significance within the varied network of Palaeolithic art.
Categories: Art

The Origins of Religion in the Paleolithic

The Origins of Religion in the Paleolithic

Cave Paintings and the Human Spirit: The Origin of Creativity and Belief. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books. Whitley, David S., and Kelley Hays-Gilpin. 2008. Belief in the Past: Theoretical Approaches to the Archaeology of Religion.

Author: Gregory J. Wightman

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781442242906

Category: Social Science

Page: 306

View: 315

How did religion emerge—and why? What are the links between behavior, environment, and religiosity? Diving millions of years into the past, to a time when human ancestors began grappling with issues of safety, worth, identity, loss, power, and meaning in complex and difficult environments, GregoryJ. Wightman explores the significance of goal-directed action and the rise of material culture for the advent of religiosity and ritual. The book opens by tackling questions of cognitive evolution and group psychology, and how these ideas can integrate with archaeological evidence such as stone tools, shell beads, and graves. In turn, it focuses on how human ancestors engaged with their environments, how those engagements became routine, and how, eventually, certain routines took on a recognizably ritualistic flavor. Wightman also critically examines the very real constraints on drawing inferences about prehistoric belief systems solely from limited material residues. Nevertheless, Wightman argues that symbolic objects are not merely illustrative of religion, but also constitutive of it; in the continual dance between brain and behavior, between internal and external environments, lie the seeds of ritual and religion. Weaving together insights from archaeology; anthropology; cognitive and cultural neuroscience; history and philosophy of religions; and evolutionary, social, and developmental psychology, Wightman provides an intricate, evidence-based understanding of religion’s earliest origins.
Categories: Social Science

Humans and Animals Intersecting Lives and Worlds

Humans and Animals  Intersecting Lives and Worlds

A Celebration of Creative Consciousness. Torrence, CA: Jalmar Press, 1992. Whitley, David S. Cave Paintings and the Human Spirit: The Origin of Creativity and Belief. Amhrust, NY: Prometheus Books, 2009. Arieahn Matamonasa Bennett is a ...

Author: Anja Höing

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9781848884090

Category: Nature

Page: 167

View: 873

Addressing the non-human animal from the standpoint of various social and cultural constructions from a global and multidisciplinary perspective, this volume seeks to draw attention to the complexity of the underlying issues and the manifold dimensions of the animal-human bond.
Categories: Nature

The Five Roles of a Master Herder

The Five Roles of a Master Herder

paintings suggest that humans and animals engaged in a much longer process of mutual observation, ... As David S. Whitley marveled in his 2009 book Cave Paintings and the Human Spirit: The Origin of Creativity and Belief, ...

Author: Linda Kohanov

Publisher: New World Library

ISBN: 9781608685479

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 248

View: 122

Includes Assessment Tool for Analyzing Your Leadership Style and Becoming a Better Leader In The Five Roles of a Master Herder, Linda Kohanov adapts horse-inspired insights into powerful tools for developing collaborative leadership and managing change. Over thousands of years, Kohanov writes, “master herders” of nomadic herding cultures developed a multi-faceted, socially intelligent form of leadership combining the five roles of Dominant, Leader, Sentinel, Nurturer / Companion, and Predator. The fluid interplay of these roles allowed interspecies communities to move across vast landscapes, dealing with predators and changing climates, protecting and nurturing the herd while keeping massive, gregarious, often aggressive animals together — without the benefit of fences and with very little reliance on restraints. She includes an innovative assessment tool to help you determine which roles you currently overemphasize and which roles you may be ignoring — or even actively avoiding. Through this powerful and surprising book, Kohanov will show you how to recognize, cultivate, and utilize all five roles in the modern tribes of your workplace, family, and other social organizations.
Categories: Business & Economics