This book examines data gathered on specific distracting activities to support the development of safety countermeasures and to conduct improved data analysis.
Author: Sidney C. Houghton
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Category: Health & Fitness
Distracted driving is a behavior dangerous to drivers, passengers, and non-occupants alike. Distraction is a specific type of inattention that occurs when drivers divert their attention from the driving task to focus on some other activity instead. Of those people killed in distraction-affected crashes, 408 occurred in crashes in which at least one of the drivers was using a cell phone (13% of fatalities in distraction-affected crashes) at the time of the crash. Use of a cell phone includes talking/listening to a cell phone, dialing/texting a cell phone, or other cell-phone-related activities. In keeping with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's distraction plan (Overview of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Driver Distraction Program, April 2010, DOT HS 811 299), the agency continues to refine collection of information about the role of distracted driving in police-reported crashes. This book examines data gathered on specific distracting activities to support the development of safety countermeasures and to conduct improved data analysis.
Summary of restrictions on cell phone use The nations of the world have taken
notice and have taken action. The lethal combination of cell phones and driving
has led many countries to new laws restricting cell phone use for motorists.
UP FOR DEBATE SHOULD DRIVERS BE BANNED FROM USING CELL PHONES WHILE OPERATING A VEHICLE? ... While the private benefit of buying
and using a cell phone while driving may bring an individual maximum
Author: Patrick J. Welch
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Business & Economics
The ninth edition introduces business professionals to basic economic concepts, institutions, relationships, and terminology. It has been updated with the most current qualitative data. Over 20 new applications have been added that help them connect economics to real-world experiences. They’ll gain insight into green economics and how business and the environment are related. Critical Thinking Cases are presented at the end of the chapter to show how concepts are applied. Up for Debate sections also examine the different sides of current economic issues. These updates prepare business professionals to apply their economic knowledge in the field.
For example, Glassbrenner5 conducted a national U.S. survey to determine the
proportion of drivers using cell phones ... Cell phone usage rates vary based on
the region; for example, Eby and Vivoda11 found that about 3.7% of all drivers in
Author: Kristie Young
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
A Practical Resource for Understanding, Preventing, and Managing Driver Distraction It is estimated that up to 23 percent of crashes and near-crashes are caused by driver distraction, and these figures will likely increase as more and more distractions, both inside and outside the vehicle, compete for driver attention. Driver Distraction: Theory, Effects, and Mitigation gives a comprehensive overview of this issue, outlining the underlying theory of distraction, its effects on driving performance and safety, strategies for mitigating its effects, and directions for future research. It also brings together the wide array of literature on the topic into one, all-inclusive volume. Includes Recommendations for Managing Distractions in the Technological Age This comprehensive volume reviews the full range of distracting activities that occur while driving, and available ergonomic methods, guidelines, and checklists for the measurement and mitigation of driver distraction. It also recommends ways to manage distraction through enhanced data collection and analysis, driver education and training, driver licensing, legislation and enforcement, vehicle design, road design, company policies, and future research. Beneficial for a broad audience, including: Vehicle manufacturers Road transport authorities and safety agencies Traffic and transport engineers Automotive equipment manufacturers and suppliers Company safety managers Standards organizations Transport safety research agencies This work comes at a critical time when road safety authorities are just beginning to recognize the importance of driver distraction as a road safety issue. With balanced and practical guidance, it aims to prevent driver distraction from escalating into an even more significant problem.
Driving Distractions No one can seriously argue that dialing a cell phone or text
messaging while driving isn't dangerous. ... Six states prohibit all drivers from
talking on handheld cell phones while driving, forcing drivers to use hands-free
Author: Kenneth Baldauf
Publisher: Cengage Learning
Prepare your students for success in their careers and personal lives through the use of technology! SUCCEEDING WITH TECHNOLOGY FOURTH EDITION teaches students how to apply technology to practical situations that they'll encounter in their academic and professional lives. Focusing on current trends that impact the way we live, Succeeding with Technology provides just the right amount of foundational concepts to provide a thorough understanding. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
For the handsfree cellphone condition, the Ex-Gaussian parameters were 742,
58, and 96 for μ, σ, and τ, respectively. ... Taken together, the data demonstrate
that conversing on a cell phone impaired driving performance and that the ...
Author: Donald L. Fisher
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
Effective use of driving simulators requires considerable technical and methodological skill along with considerable background knowledge. Acquiring the requisite knowledge and skills can be extraordinarily time consuming, yet there has been no single convenient and comprehensive source of information on the driving simulation research being conducted around the world. A how-to-do-it resource for researchers and professionals, Handbook of Driving Simulation for Engineering, Medicine, and Psychology brings together discussions of technical issues in driving simulation with broad areas in which driving simulation is now playing a role. The chapters explore technical considerations, methodological issues, special and impaired populations, evaluation of in-vehicle and nomadic devices, and infrastructure evaluations. It examines hardware and software selection, visual database and scenario development, independent subject variables and dependent vehicle, environmental, and psychological variables, statistical and biostatistical analysis, different types of drivers, existing and future key-in vehicle devises, and validation of research. A compilation of the research from more than 100 of the world's top thinkers and practitioners, the book covers basic and advanced technical topics and provides a comprehensive review of the issues related to driving simulation. It describes literally hundreds of different simulation scenarios, provides color photographs of those scenarios, and makes available select videos of the scenarios on an accompanying web site, all of which should prove essential for seasoned researchers and for individuals new to driving simulation.
McKnight, 1991; Goodman et al. 1997; and the Stewart Report, 2000 for
comprehensive reviews of the research literature). The danger of phone use
while driving is that it distracts the driver by taking their attention away from the
task of driving.
Author: Daniel M. Sturnquist
Publisher: Nova Publishers
In the United States, as well as worldwide, there has been substantial growth in the use of mobile wireless telecommunication services (mobile telephones). The use of mobile telephones by the drivers of motor vehicles has been the subject of certain state and local restrictions that were written because of concerns for driver safety. At the present time, eighteen states and the District of Columbia have enacted legislation concerning the use of mobile telephones by drivers of motor vehicles. The existing state laws vary greatly and are summarised in this book. Fifty-three pieces of legislation have been introduced in 2004 in twenty-six states and the District of Columbia concerning the use of mobile telephones by drivers of motor vehicles. The current status of state legislation is summarised state by-state in this book. The book includes a bibliography of other books regarding this issue, as well.
Author: Insurance Information InstitutePublish On: 1984
According to the Insurance Research Council (IRC), the estimated percentage of
uninsured drivers in the United States increased ... Cellphone/Driver Distraction
Laws A 2006 study by the Virginia Tech Transportation Institute and the National
A . 1 , 3 B . 2 , 4 C . 1 , 2 , 3 D . All of the above E . None of the above 96 ) While driving and dialing his cell phone , the driver hits another car . The driver of the
first car suffers bilateral femur fractures . The driver of the second car has facial ...
Author: Denise Fattorusso
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
This is the most comprehensive print and electronic combination study guide case management certification! It contains the most up-to-date information, assures a uniform base knowledge for the successful case manager, and provides: study questions and practice exams to help you assess your skills and needs.
Based on a driver survey, NHTSA (2010) identified the most common forms of
distraction to be talking to passengers, radios/music, eating and drinking, and
using a cell phone (in that order). Klauer et al. (2010) analyzed naturalistic driving ...
Publisher: Transportation Research Board
Category: Bus driving
" TRB's Commercial Truck and Bus Safety Synthesis Program (CTBSSP) Synthesis 24: Distracted Driving Countermeasures for Commercial Vehicles examines driving distractions, as well as any protective (safety-enhancing) effects of particular devices. Distracted driving for commercial drivers is defined as attending to tasks not directly related to operating the vehicle. " -- publisher's description.
I'm not ashamed to admit, likewise, that I'm not very good at talking on my cell phone while driving. Driving while using the phone is illegal in lots of places, and
it would be fine with me if it were illegal everywhere. Study after study, including ...
Author: John M. Henshaw
Publisher: JHU Press
Ever wonder why some people have difficulty recognizing faces or why food found delicious in one culture is reviled in another? John M. Henshaw ponders these and other surprising facts in this fascinating and fast-paced tour of the senses. From when stimuli first excite our senses to the near-miraculous sense organs themselves to the mystery of how our brain interprets senses, Henshaw explains the complex phenomena of how we see, feel, taste, touch, and smell. He takes us through the rich history of sensory perception, dating back to Aristotle’s classification of the five main senses, and helps us understand the science and technology behind sensory research today. A Tour of the Senses travels beyond our human senses. Henshaw describes artificial sensing technologies and instruments, unusual sensory abilities of the animal kingdom, and techniques for improving, rehabilitating, and even replacing sense organs. This entertaining introduction to sensory science is a clever mix of research findings and real-world stories that helps us understand the complex processes that turn sensory stimuli into sophisticated brain responses.
Multitasking KRAMER: Plus cell phones and driving, if you think hands-free is
safer, guess again. And how ... KRAMER: In 1997 The New England Journal of
Medicine did prominent display to a study linking cell phone use and auto
Hands-free phones are supposedly safer for drivers because the microphone
and earpiece allow you to drive with both ... But when Australian researchers
looked at cell-phone-owning drivers who were hospitalized after a car crash, they
Author: David J. Tenenbaum
Science magazine meets The Onion, Mental Floss, and Mad magazine in this ingenious guide to the science behind the news For more than a decade , the intrepid folks at whyfiles.org-the #1 science destination on the web-have been exploring the science behind newsworthy events. Now condensed into a book written with the site's characteristic wit, The Why Files features scores of articles organized into sections that mirror any city's daily newspaper: World News, Metro, Business Life, Sports, Arts & Leisure, Travel, Style, Opinion Page, and more. Who knew that science can explain why extremists say "God Told Us to Kill," how poker can make you sick, why great racehorses have big butts, and if electrocution is the best way to zap a bug? For those who love accurate science served up with humor in a one-of-a-kind newscast, this decidedly non-geeky guide is a must.
Hands-free devices do not shift the line of vision from the road to a cell phone
and limit the person driving. So, the use of hands-free devices while driving is
permitted by law. However, it is conceivable that even the interaction with
Author: Tareq Ahram
Publisher: AHFE Conference
The discipline of human factors and ergonomics (HF/E) is concerned with the design of products, process, services, and work systems to assure their productive, safe and satisfying use by people. Physical ergonomics involves the design of working environments to fit human physical abilities. By understanding the constraints and capabilities of the human body and mind, we can design products, services and environments that are effective, reliable, safe and comfortable for everyday use. This book focuses on the advances in the physical HF/E, which are a critical aspect in the design of any human-centered technological system. The ideas and practical solutions described in the book are the outcome of dedicated research by academics and practitioners aiming to advance theory and practice in this dynamic and all-encompassing discipline. A thorough understanding of the physical characteristics of a wide range of people is essential in the development of consumer products and systems. Human performance data serve as valuable information to designers and help ensure that the final products will fit the targeted population of end users. Mastering physical ergonomics and safety engineering concepts is fundamental to the creation of products and systems that people are able to use, avoidance of stresses, and minimization of the risk for accidents.
What I want to focus on here isn't just to do with using a cell phone, but rather
using a cell phone while doing something else. Particularly, how much attention
does it take up to use a cell phone and should you use one while driving a car?
Author: E. Paul Zehr
Publisher: JHU Press
Category: Comics & Graphic Novels
Tony Stark has been battling bad guys and protecting innocent civilians since he first donned his mechanized armor in the 1963 debut of Iron Man in Marvel Comics. Over the years, Stark’s suit has allowed him to smash through walls, fly through the air like a human jet, control a bewildering array of weaponry by thought alone, and perform an uncountable number of other fantastic feats. The man who showed us all what it would take to become Batman probes whether scienceâ€”and humankindâ€”is up to the task of inventing a real-life Iron Man. E. Paul Zehr physically deconstructs Iron Man to find out how we could use modern-day technology to create a suit of armor similar to the one Stark made. Applying scientific principles and an incredibly creative mind to the question, Zehr looks at how Iron Man’s suit allows Stark to become a superhero. He discusses the mind-boggling and body-straining feats Iron Man performed to defeat villains like Crimson Dynamo, Iron Monger, and Whiplash and how such acts would play out in the real world. Zehr finds that science is nearing the point where a suit like Iron Man’s could be made. But superherodom is not just about technology. Zehr also discusses our own physical limitations and asks whether an extremely well-conditioned person could use Iron Man’s armor and do what he does. A scientifically sound look at brain-machine interfaces and the outer limits where neuroscience and neural plasticity meet, Inventing Iron Man is a fun comparison between comic book science fiction and modern science. If you’ve ever wondered whether you have what it takes to be the ultimate human-machine hero, then this book is for you.
and other mobile devices, we are free to communicate with people we know and
people we don't know—we are unchained from ... And of course, the common
practice of using a cell phone while driving brings up safety issues, as well.
Author: Norman J. Medoff
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Electronic Media connects the traditional world of broadcasting with the contemporary universe of digital electronic media. It provides a synopsis of the beginnings of electronic media in broadcasting, and the subsequent advancements into digital media. Underlying the structure of the book is a "See It Then, See It Now, See It Later approach that focuses on how past innovations lay the groundwork for changing trends in technology, providing the opportunity and demand for change in both broadcasting and digital media. FYI and Zoom-In boxes point to further information, tying together the immediate and long-ranging issues surrounding electronic media. Career Tracks feature the experiences of industry experts and share tips in how to approach this challenging industry. Check out the companion website at http://www.routledge.com/cw/medoff-9780240812564/ for materials for both students and instructors.
driving, including the dangers inherent in texting while driving. In addition, your
organization could be found liable if employee A were to text employee B during
a time when employee A knows that employee B is likely to be driving.20 You ...
Author: Nancy Flynn
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Business & Economics
The Social Media Handbook is a comprehensive risk and compliancemanagement toolkit that walks employers step-by-step through theprocess of developing and implementing effective social mediapolicy and compliance management programs that are designed tominimize—and in some cases prevent—social networkingand web 2.0 risks and other electronic disasters. Throughout this important resource Nancy Flynn (aninternationally recognized expert on workplace social media) offersa guide to best practices for creating safe, effective, andcompliant electronic business communications. The book contains athorough review of the risks inherent in employees' social mediause and content and explores how organizations can help managebehavior, mitigate risks, and maximize compliance through theimplementation of strategic social media compliance managementprograms. These programs combine written policies, supported bycomprehensive employee education and are enforced byproven-effective technology tools. Once these policies and programsare in place employers can safely take advantage of the marketingand communications benefits offered by social media. Covering a wealth of material, the book includes vitalinformation on topics such as social media and the law; managingrecords and e-discovery compliantly; regulatory compliance; privacyand security; blog risks and compliance rules; mobile devices drivesocial media risks; a seven-step plan for social media policy andcompliance management; conducting a social media audit; creatingsocial media policies; content rules and compliance; policycompliance and education; reputation management; and more. In addition to addressing pertinent topics on risk management,the book contains cautionary, real-life social networking disasterstories that show how organizations can lose revenue andreputations, reveals how employees can lose jobs, and explains howindividuals can face public humiliation. The Social Media Handbook is a hands-on guide written for humanresource professionals, information technology managers, legalprofessionals, compliance officers, records managers, and otherswho need to manage today's technology tools with up-to-dateemployment rules.
Texting while driving is particularly dangerous. A few states have laws that
require drivers to use hands-free cell phones. Cell phones are not the only
distraction for drivers on the roads. Distracted driving of any kind should be
Author: Norman Klein
Publisher: Author House
Senior Drivers! Your future is in jeopardy. A disturbing situation is developing in the United States. Since people are living longer, the number of drivers over 65 is escalating three times as rapidly as the general driving population. Older people have difficulty concentration, shorter attention spans and failing vision among other ailments. Unfortunately this results in frequent driving mishaps, sometimes with catastrophic results. Taking away their driving privileges would deprive them of their self esteem and independence. This could happen if they continued to have accidents caused by their propensity to get distracted easily and lose concentration. Some states have already enacted laws requiring re-exams for seniors. No doubt many more will follow. Driving slower in traffic is not the answer. This could cause accidents. Driving too fast would be worse since a person’s attention span and reaction time deteriorate with age. It does not matter how skillful he or she once were, aging diminishes skill in almost all areas including the operation of a motor vehicle. Driving today has become more complex as many more cars are on the road. When seniors started to drive, turnpikes and expressways were non existent. After observing the avoidable accidents seniors were having, and realizing how their ranks were exploding, I decided to write “The Senior Driver’s Survival Guide” – subtitled What You Must Know to Protect Your Driving Privileges. Its contents can enable older drivers to drive with a more acute awareness and help them to be better drivers in their “Golden” years. It is an important book which has the power to change and save lives.