This book examines data gathered on specific distracting activities to support the development of safety countermeasures and to conduct improved data analysis.
Author: Sidney C. Houghton
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Category: Health & Fitness
Distracted driving is a behavior dangerous to drivers, passengers, and non-occupants alike. Distraction is a specific type of inattention that occurs when drivers divert their attention from the driving task to focus on some other activity instead. Of those people killed in distraction-affected crashes, 408 occurred in crashes in which at least one of the drivers was using a cell phone (13% of fatalities in distraction-affected crashes) at the time of the crash. Use of a cell phone includes talking/listening to a cell phone, dialing/texting a cell phone, or other cell-phone-related activities. In keeping with the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's distraction plan (Overview of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration's Driver Distraction Program, April 2010, DOT HS 811 299), the agency continues to refine collection of information about the role of distracted driving in police-reported crashes. This book examines data gathered on specific distracting activities to support the development of safety countermeasures and to conduct improved data analysis.
Summary of restrictions on cell phone use The nations of the world have taken
notice and have taken action. The lethal combination of cell phones and driving
has led many countries to new laws restricting cell phone use for motorists.
UP FOR DEBATE SHOULD DRIVERS BE BANNED FROM USING CELL PHONES WHILE OPERATING A VEHICLE? ... While the private benefit of buying
and using a cell phone while driving may bring an individual maximum
Author: Patrick J. Welch
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Business & Economics
The ninth edition introduces business professionals to basic economic concepts, institutions, relationships, and terminology. It has been updated with the most current qualitative data. Over 20 new applications have been added that help them connect economics to real-world experiences. They’ll gain insight into green economics and how business and the environment are related. Critical Thinking Cases are presented at the end of the chapter to show how concepts are applied. Up for Debate sections also examine the different sides of current economic issues. These updates prepare business professionals to apply their economic knowledge in the field.
For example, Glassbrenner5 conducted a national U.S. survey to determine the
proportion of drivers using cell phones ... Cell phone usage rates vary based on
the region; for example, Eby and Vivoda11 found that about 3.7% of all drivers in
Author: Kristie Young
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
A Practical Resource for Understanding, Preventing, and Managing Driver Distraction It is estimated that up to 23 percent of crashes and near-crashes are caused by driver distraction, and these figures will likely increase as more and more distractions, both inside and outside the vehicle, compete for driver attention. Driver Distraction: Theory, Effects, and Mitigation gives a comprehensive overview of this issue, outlining the underlying theory of distraction, its effects on driving performance and safety, strategies for mitigating its effects, and directions for future research. It also brings together the wide array of literature on the topic into one, all-inclusive volume. Includes Recommendations for Managing Distractions in the Technological Age This comprehensive volume reviews the full range of distracting activities that occur while driving, and available ergonomic methods, guidelines, and checklists for the measurement and mitigation of driver distraction. It also recommends ways to manage distraction through enhanced data collection and analysis, driver education and training, driver licensing, legislation and enforcement, vehicle design, road design, company policies, and future research. Beneficial for a broad audience, including: Vehicle manufacturers Road transport authorities and safety agencies Traffic and transport engineers Automotive equipment manufacturers and suppliers Company safety managers Standards organizations Transport safety research agencies This work comes at a critical time when road safety authorities are just beginning to recognize the importance of driver distraction as a road safety issue. With balanced and practical guidance, it aims to prevent driver distraction from escalating into an even more significant problem.
For the handsfree cellphone condition, the Ex-Gaussian parameters were 742,
58, and 96 for μ, σ, and τ, respectively. ... Taken together, the data demonstrate
that conversing on a cell phone impaired driving performance and that the ...
Author: Donald L. Fisher
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
Effective use of driving simulators requires considerable technical and methodological skill along with considerable background knowledge. Acquiring the requisite knowledge and skills can be extraordinarily time consuming, yet there has been no single convenient and comprehensive source of information on the driving simulation research being conducted around the world. A how-to-do-it resource for researchers and professionals, Handbook of Driving Simulation for Engineering, Medicine, and Psychology brings together discussions of technical issues in driving simulation with broad areas in which driving simulation is now playing a role. The chapters explore technical considerations, methodological issues, special and impaired populations, evaluation of in-vehicle and nomadic devices, and infrastructure evaluations. It examines hardware and software selection, visual database and scenario development, independent subject variables and dependent vehicle, environmental, and psychological variables, statistical and biostatistical analysis, different types of drivers, existing and future key-in vehicle devises, and validation of research. A compilation of the research from more than 100 of the world's top thinkers and practitioners, the book covers basic and advanced technical topics and provides a comprehensive review of the issues related to driving simulation. It describes literally hundreds of different simulation scenarios, provides color photographs of those scenarios, and makes available select videos of the scenarios on an accompanying web site, all of which should prove essential for seasoned researchers and for individuals new to driving simulation.
McKnight, 1991; Goodman et al. 1997; and the Stewart Report, 2000 for
comprehensive reviews of the research literature). The danger of phone use
while driving is that it distracts the driver by taking their attention away from the
task of driving.
Author: Daniel M. Sturnquist
Publisher: Nova Publishers
In the United States, as well as worldwide, there has been substantial growth in the use of mobile wireless telecommunication services (mobile telephones). The use of mobile telephones by the drivers of motor vehicles has been the subject of certain state and local restrictions that were written because of concerns for driver safety. At the present time, eighteen states and the District of Columbia have enacted legislation concerning the use of mobile telephones by drivers of motor vehicles. The existing state laws vary greatly and are summarised in this book. Fifty-three pieces of legislation have been introduced in 2004 in twenty-six states and the District of Columbia concerning the use of mobile telephones by drivers of motor vehicles. The current status of state legislation is summarised state by-state in this book. The book includes a bibliography of other books regarding this issue, as well.
A Comparison of the Cell-phone Driver and the Drunk Driver, the authors report
their research performed on a high-fidelity Patrol-Sim driving simulator
manufactured by GE I-Sim. The researchers measured a number of real-time
Author: Lawrence Taylor
Publisher: Aspen Publishers Online
For even the most seasoned DUI lawyers, defending drunk driving cases has always presented special challenges. Today, mounting a successful drunk driving defense is more difficult than ever. That's why DWI attorneys rely on Drunk Driving Defense . Written by Lawrence Taylor and Steven Oberman, Drunk Driving Defense is generally considered to be the standard-bearing reference in the field. Clear explanations of key scientific and technological issues for DUI lawyers Drunk Driving Defense ensures that you Understand The chemical, biological and technological concepts and issues underlying drunk driving defense and prosecution. Rely on expert DUI lawyers Taylor and Oberman to bring you up to speed in key areas including: The key defects inherent in blood and breath analysis and testing. The correlation between blood alcohol concentration and actual impairment. The effects of stress and cold weather on alcohol absorption. How fermentation of the blood sample may raise blood alcohol levels. The effect of acetone in breath tests taken by diabetics and dieters. Possible errors in breath analysis due to RFI (radio frequency interference). The effect of trauma from an automobile accident on alcohol elimination Dozens of Practical DWI attorney tools to streamline and simplify drunk driving defense preparation Drunk Driving Defense, Sixth Edition contains dozens of practical tools to streamline and simplify the complex DUI defense process. And now, they are all included on a free bonus DWI Lawyer Resources CD-ROM so you can locate, review, and print them out in a matter of seconds, including: Dozens of quick-reference checklists to help DUI lawyers avoid critical missteps. Sample drunk driving defense motions including those to help DU I lawyers to facilitate discovery, appoint chemical experts, and suppress blood alcohol evidence. More than 150 pages of verbatim direct and DWI attorney cross testimony and statements. Sample arrest reports, instrument instructions and other forms use by police agencies. Comprehensive DWI attorney-client interview questionnaires for DUI lawyers. Detailed operator's manuals For The most current blood alcohol testing equipment: including the Intoxilyzer 8000. Try Drunk Driving Defense Risk-Free for 30 days. Your satisfaction is 100% guaranteed. If for any reason you are not completely satisfied, simply return it to us. FREE SHIPPING! Domestic Ground Shipping is Free when you pay by credit card
Author: Insurance Information InstitutePublish On: 1984
According to the Insurance Research Council (IRC), the estimated percentage of
uninsured drivers in the United States increased ... Cellphone/Driver Distraction
Laws A 2006 study by the Virginia Tech Transportation Institute and the National
A . 1 , 3 B . 2 , 4 C . 1 , 2 , 3 D . All of the above E . None of the above 96 ) While driving and dialing his cell phone , the driver hits another car . The driver of the
first car suffers bilateral femur fractures . The driver of the second car has facial ...
Author: Denise Fattorusso
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
This is the most comprehensive print and electronic combination study guide case management certification! It contains the most up-to-date information, assures a uniform base knowledge for the successful case manager, and provides: study questions and practice exams to help you assess your skills and needs.
I'm not ashamed to admit, likewise, that I'm not very good at talking on my cell phone while driving. Driving while using the phone is illegal in lots of places, and
it would be fine with me if it were illegal everywhere. Study after study, including ...
Author: John M. Henshaw
Publisher: JHU Press
Ever wonder why some people have difficulty recognizing faces or why food found delicious in one culture is reviled in another? John M. Henshaw ponders these and other surprising facts in this fascinating and fast-paced tour of the senses. From when stimuli first excite our senses to the near-miraculous sense organs themselves to the mystery of how our brain interprets senses, Henshaw explains the complex phenomena of how we see, feel, taste, touch, and smell. He takes us through the rich history of sensory perception, dating back to Aristotle’s classification of the five main senses, and helps us understand the science and technology behind sensory research today. A Tour of the Senses travels beyond our human senses. Henshaw describes artificial sensing technologies and instruments, unusual sensory abilities of the animal kingdom, and techniques for improving, rehabilitating, and even replacing sense organs. This entertaining introduction to sensory science is a clever mix of research findings and real-world stories that helps us understand the complex processes that turn sensory stimuli into sophisticated brain responses.
Based on a driver survey, NHTSA (2010) identified the most common forms of
distraction to be talking to passengers, radios/music, eating and drinking, and
using a cell phone (in that order). Klauer et al. (2010) analyzed naturalistic driving ...
Publisher: Transportation Research Board
Category: Bus driving
" TRB's Commercial Truck and Bus Safety Synthesis Program (CTBSSP) Synthesis 24: Distracted Driving Countermeasures for Commercial Vehicles examines driving distractions, as well as any protective (safety-enhancing) effects of particular devices. Distracted driving for commercial drivers is defined as attending to tasks not directly related to operating the vehicle. " -- publisher's description.
Multitasking KRAMER: Plus cell phones and driving, if you think hands-free is
safer, guess again. And how ... KRAMER: In 1997 The New England Journal of
Medicine did prominent display to a study linking cell phone use and auto
Hands-free phones are supposedly safer for drivers because the microphone
and earpiece allow you to drive with both ... But when Australian researchers
looked at cell-phone-owning drivers who were hospitalized after a car crash, they
Author: David J. Tenenbaum
Science magazine meets The Onion, Mental Floss, and Mad magazine in this ingenious guide to the science behind the news For more than a decade , the intrepid folks at whyfiles.org-the #1 science destination on the web-have been exploring the science behind newsworthy events. Now condensed into a book written with the site's characteristic wit, The Why Files features scores of articles organized into sections that mirror any city's daily newspaper: World News, Metro, Business Life, Sports, Arts & Leisure, Travel, Style, Opinion Page, and more. Who knew that science can explain why extremists say "God Told Us to Kill," how poker can make you sick, why great racehorses have big butts, and if electrocution is the best way to zap a bug? For those who love accurate science served up with humor in a one-of-a-kind newscast, this decidedly non-geeky guide is a must.
Hands-free devices do not shift the line of vision from the road to a cell phone
and limit the person driving. So, the use of hands-free devices while driving is
permitted by law. However, it is conceivable that even the interaction with
Author: Tareq Ahram
Publisher: AHFE Conference
The discipline of human factors and ergonomics (HF/E) is concerned with the design of products, process, services, and work systems to assure their productive, safe and satisfying use by people. Physical ergonomics involves the design of working environments to fit human physical abilities. By understanding the constraints and capabilities of the human body and mind, we can design products, services and environments that are effective, reliable, safe and comfortable for everyday use. This book focuses on the advances in the physical HF/E, which are a critical aspect in the design of any human-centered technological system. The ideas and practical solutions described in the book are the outcome of dedicated research by academics and practitioners aiming to advance theory and practice in this dynamic and all-encompassing discipline. A thorough understanding of the physical characteristics of a wide range of people is essential in the development of consumer products and systems. Human performance data serve as valuable information to designers and help ensure that the final products will fit the targeted population of end users. Mastering physical ergonomics and safety engineering concepts is fundamental to the creation of products and systems that people are able to use, avoidance of stresses, and minimization of the risk for accidents.
in front of the driver , the information could be fed back to the cell phone . ...
decelerate the vehicle for the driver , but the warning would also temporarily
interrupt the conversation on the cell - phone until the driving situation is under
What I want to focus on here isn't just to do with using a cell phone, but rather
using a cell phone while doing something else. Particularly, how much attention
does it take up to use a cell phone and should you use one while driving a car?
Author: E. Paul Zehr
Publisher: JHU Press
Category: Comics & Graphic Novels
Tony Stark has been battling bad guys and protecting innocent civilians since he first donned his mechanized armor in the 1963 debut of Iron Man in Marvel Comics. Over the years, Stark’s suit has allowed him to smash through walls, fly through the air like a human jet, control a bewildering array of weaponry by thought alone, and perform an uncountable number of other fantastic feats. The man who showed us all what it would take to become Batman probes whether scienceâ€”and humankindâ€”is up to the task of inventing a real-life Iron Man. E. Paul Zehr physically deconstructs Iron Man to find out how we could use modern-day technology to create a suit of armor similar to the one Stark made. Applying scientific principles and an incredibly creative mind to the question, Zehr looks at how Iron Man’s suit allows Stark to become a superhero. He discusses the mind-boggling and body-straining feats Iron Man performed to defeat villains like Crimson Dynamo, Iron Monger, and Whiplash and how such acts would play out in the real world. Zehr finds that science is nearing the point where a suit like Iron Man’s could be made. But superherodom is not just about technology. Zehr also discusses our own physical limitations and asks whether an extremely well-conditioned person could use Iron Man’s armor and do what he does. A scientifically sound look at brain-machine interfaces and the outer limits where neuroscience and neural plasticity meet, Inventing Iron Man is a fun comparison between comic book science fiction and modern science. If you’ve ever wondered whether you have what it takes to be the ultimate human-machine hero, then this book is for you.
But cell phones have quickly morphed into smart phones/mobile devices with
multiple uses, and what were once known as personal ... And of course, the
common practice of using a cell phone while driving brings up safety issues, as
Author: Norman J. Medoff
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Electronic Media connects the traditional world of broadcasting with the contemporary universe of digital electronic media. It provides a synopsis of the beginnings of electronic media in broadcasting, and the subsequent advancements into digital media. Underlying the structure of the book is a "See It Then, See It Now, See It Later approach that focuses on how past innovations lay the groundwork for changing trends in technology, providing the opportunity and demand for change in both broadcasting and digital media. FYI and Zoom-In boxes point to further information, tying together the immediate and long-ranging issues surrounding electronic media. Career Tracks feature the experiences of industry experts and share tips in how to approach this challenging industry. Check out the companion website at http://www.routledge.com/cw/medoff-9780240812564/ for materials for both students and instructors.
Texting and driving don't Mix To her great credit, Oprah Winfrey asked viewers of
her show to take a pledge to turn their cars into “no cell zones.” Oprah said that
texting behind the wheel was the equivalent of having “four drinks and driving.
Author: Vicky Oliver
Publisher: Skyhorse Publishing Inc.
Category: Business & Economics
Presents a guide to professional etiquette in business situations, covering such topics as meetings, email, social networking, travel, dress, and restaurants in a question and answer format.
driving, including the dangers inherent in texting while driving. In addition, your
organization could be found liable if employee A were to text employee B during
a time when employee A knows that employee B is likely to be driving.20 You ...
Author: Nancy Flynn
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Business & Economics
The Social Media Handbook is a comprehensive risk and compliancemanagement toolkit that walks employers step-by-step through theprocess of developing and implementing effective social mediapolicy and compliance management programs that are designed tominimize—and in some cases prevent—social networkingand web 2.0 risks and other electronic disasters. Throughout this important resource Nancy Flynn (aninternationally recognized expert on workplace social media) offersa guide to best practices for creating safe, effective, andcompliant electronic business communications. The book contains athorough review of the risks inherent in employees' social mediause and content and explores how organizations can help managebehavior, mitigate risks, and maximize compliance through theimplementation of strategic social media compliance managementprograms. These programs combine written policies, supported bycomprehensive employee education and are enforced byproven-effective technology tools. Once these policies and programsare in place employers can safely take advantage of the marketingand communications benefits offered by social media. Covering a wealth of material, the book includes vitalinformation on topics such as social media and the law; managingrecords and e-discovery compliantly; regulatory compliance; privacyand security; blog risks and compliance rules; mobile devices drivesocial media risks; a seven-step plan for social media policy andcompliance management; conducting a social media audit; creatingsocial media policies; content rules and compliance; policycompliance and education; reputation management; and more. In addition to addressing pertinent topics on risk management,the book contains cautionary, real-life social networking disasterstories that show how organizations can lose revenue andreputations, reveals how employees can lose jobs, and explains howindividuals can face public humiliation. The Social Media Handbook is a hands-on guide written for humanresource professionals, information technology managers, legalprofessionals, compliance officers, records managers, and otherswho need to manage today's technology tools with up-to-dateemployment rules.