Mind Body Medicine in Children and Adolescents

Mind Body Medicine in Children and Adolescents

change [27], further investigations of the parent's pain-specific self-efficacy might give additional insight into other mechanisms of change. Taking recent systematic reviews into account [21,22,53], evidence for treatment efficacy on ...

Author: Hilary McClafferty

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783038425281

Category: Electronic book

Page: 187

View: 920

This book is a printed edition of the Special Issue "Mind-Body Medicine in Children and Adolescents" that was published in Children
Categories: Electronic book

Children s Reasoning and the Mind

Children s Reasoning and the Mind

The 1992 explanation is designed to show that there is no fundamental change in children's theory of mind with age. Performance changes between three and four years because of the heuristics that the child adopts to reason about beliefs ...

Author: Peter Mitchell

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317715221

Category: Psychology

Page: 432

View: 787

This fresh and dynamic book offers a thorough investigation into the development of the cognitive processes that underpin judgements about mental states (often termed 'theory of mind') and addresses specific issues that have not been adequately dealt with in the past, and which are now being raised by some of the most prominent researchers in the field.
Categories: Psychology

Children Talk About the Mind

Children Talk About the Mind

In our proposal, the change to understanding representational states of mind is viewed as a development within children's theory of mind. Conceiving of the distinctive representational nature of some mental states comes about for ...

Author: Karen Bartsch

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0195344839

Category: Philosophy

Page: 248

View: 604

What, exactly, do children understand about the mind? And when does that understanding first emerge? In this groundbreaking book, Karen Bartsch and Henry Wellman answer these questions and much more by taking a probing look at what children themselves have to tell us about their evolving conceptions of people and their mental lives. By examining more than 200,000 everyday conversations (sampled from ten children between the ages of two and five years), the authors advance a comprehensive "naive theory of mind" that incorporates both early desire and belief-desire theories to trace childhood development through its several stages. Throughout, the book offers a splendidly written account of extensive original findings and critical new insights that will be eagerly read by students and researchers in developmental psychology, cognitive psychology, philosophy, and psycholinguistics.
Categories: Philosophy

Children s Early Understanding of Mind

Children s Early Understanding of Mind

Changing. Minds. and. Changing. Relationships. Judy Dunn Pennsylvania State University; University Park, USA INTRODUCTION Our picture of what children understand of “other minds” has been transformed in the last few years by recent ...

Author: Charlie Lewis

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317775225

Category: Psychology

Page: 510

View: 232

A major feature of human intelligence is that it allows us to contemplate mental life. Such an understanding is vital in enabling us to function effectively in social groups. This book examines the origins of this aspect of human intelligence. The five sections attempt firstly, to place human development within an evolutionary context, focusing on the possibility of innate components of understanding. The second aim of the book is to examine the roles of early perception, pretence and communication as precursor skills in the development of a grasp of mental states. Thirdly, attention is given to the possibility that children know a good deal more about the mind than is apparent from many studies designed to probe their abilities. Taken together, the chapters in this book mark a new focus within a 'theory of mind' movement, examining a group of skills in infancy and early childhood which culminate towards the end of the preschool period in a more mature understanding of one's and others' mental states. Drawing together researchers from diverse theoretical positions, the aim is to work towards a coherent and unified account of this fundamental human abiity. This book will be of central relevance to psychologists and those in related disciplines, particularly education and philosophy.
Categories: Psychology

Contemporary Perspectives on Research in Theory of Mind in Early Childhood Education

Contemporary Perspectives on Research in Theory of Mind in Early Childhood Education

For instance, researchers might investigate children's perceptions of partial learning (in which one is asked about a midway state of learning in ... Knowing you've changed your mind: Children's understanding of representational change.

Author: Olivia Saracho

Publisher: IAP

ISBN: 9781623965136

Category: Education

Page: 439

View: 109

Over the last 35 years, studies focusing in young children’s knowledge about the mental world have developed into an important area. This body of social knowledge is called theory of mind, which refers to the individuals’ ability to interpret and anticipate the other individuals’ thinking, feeling, and behavior based on their interpretation of the situation. Many researchers and theorists believe that a representational theory of mind offers a basis for various critical facets of social-cognitive performance, such as teaching and learning, lying and pretending, making and keeping friends, and social learning more generally. The purpose of this volume is to share a collection of research strands on theory of mind research. It describes its historical roots and suggests improved alternatives. The focus of the volume is to provide a review and critical analysis of the literature on a contemporary domain of knowledge on young children’s Theory of Mind. For several decades scholarly research on theory of mind has been flourishing and a collection of new publication outlets have emerged such as the ones reviewed in the volume, which offers a thorough critical analysis of the research in contemporary perspectives on research in theory of mind in early childhood education. The researchers who conducted the critical analyses of the reseearch focused on understanding the mind in relation to (1) young children, (2) several assessment procedures, (3) metacognitive and neuroscientific processes, (3) emotion and educational representations, (4) interaction of social and cultural elements, and (5) inferences and future research directions. The work of these scholars can help guide those researchers who are interested in pursuing studies in early childhood theory of mind in a specific area of study.
Categories: Education

Children s Discovery of the Active Mind

Children   s Discovery of the Active Mind

raises questions about the development of children's concepts of cognitive activities. ... Developmental processes that may contribute to children's understanding of the mind, such as theory change, introspection, and socio-cultural ...

Author: Bradford H. Pillow

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461422485

Category: Psychology

Page: 99

View: 469

During the past 25 years, a great deal of research and theory has addressed the development of young children’s understanding of mental states such as knowledge, beliefs, desires, intentions, and emotions. Although developments in children’s understanding of the mind subsequent to early childhood has received less attention, in recent years a growing body of research has emerged examining understanding of psychological functioning during middle and late childhood. Combined with the literature on adolescent epistemological development, this research provides a broader picture of age-related changes in children’s understanding of the mind. Guided by the goals of describing developmental changes in children’s concepts of cognitive functioning and identifying sources of information that contribute to learning about cognition, Children’s Discovery of the Active Mind organizes empirical literature concerning the development of children’s knowledge of cognitive activities from early childhood to adolescence and presents a conceptual framework that integrates children’s introspective activities with social influences on development. Bringing together theoretical and empirical work from developmental, cognitive, and social psychology, the author argues that rather than depending upon a single source of information, developmental progress is driven by combinations of children’s conceptual knowledge of mental functioning, children’s phenomenological awareness of their own cognitive activities, and children’s social experience.
Categories: Psychology

Changing the Subject

Changing the Subject

Psychology, Social Regulation and Subjectivity Julian Henriques, Wendy Hollway, Cathy Urwin, Couze Venn, ... s The Mind of the Child (1881), Granville Stanley Hall' s The Contents of Children 's Minds on Entering School (1883) .

Author: Wendy Hollway

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134746446

Category: Psychology

Page: 372

View: 271

Changing the Subject is a classic critique of traditional psychology in which the foundations of critical and feminist psychology are laid down. Pioneering and foundational, it is still the groundbreaking text crucial to furthering the new psychology in both teaching and research. Now reissued with a new foreword describing the changes which have taken place over the last few years, Changing the Subject will continue to have a significant impact on thinking about psychology and social theory.
Categories: Psychology

Children in Mind

Children in Mind

As the world adapts to the changes brought by the pandemic, children also adapt, for better or worse. As they dive ever deeper into their screens and further away from sports fields, nature and other children, childhood seems to lose ...

Author: Jenny Perkel

Publisher: NYU Press

ISBN: 9781776147502

Category: Psychology

Page:

View: 368

A psychologist’s guide for parents, care-givers and health care practitioners to the emotional challenges facing children and their parents today Current research shows that certain childhood mental disorders are diagnosed more frequently today than in previous generations. Many of today’s children and teenagers are more unhappy, anxious and distressed than young people used to be. In this highly informative book, child psychologist Jenny Perkel explores in depth why this might be so, highlighting what modern-day South African children and adolescents are experiencing and the environment in which they are being raised. Children in Mind presents a broad range of up-to-date findings from psychological, neurobiological, genetic, psychiatric, sociological and epidemiological research related to the diagnosis and treatment of children’s mental health problems. Theoretically informed but not theoretically dense, the book cites both local and international studies to increase awareness and understanding of children’s mental health. Perkel discusses a broad spectrum of issues faced by today’s children and adolescents: the Covid-19 pandemic, the influence of electronic media, diverse family structures, stress and trauma, and difficult socio-economic circumstances. While offering no easy answers or formulaic solutions to the problems of troubled children, she shows how to think about children’s mental well-being in today’s South Africa. Children in Mind is an invaluable resource for all those who work with troubled children and adolescents: psychologists, social workers, counsellors, educators and parents. The author’s informed and compassionate approach will help equip professionals and parents to help young people navigate complex issues and make adjustments in their behavior in order to live more balanced and happier lives.
Categories: Psychology

Children s Theories of Mind

Children s Theories of Mind

between 3- and 4-year olds' understanding of others' beliefs, their own beliefs, belief change, and belief formation. This supports Forguson and Gopnik's argument that the crucial change at 4 years of age is a change in the child's ...

Author: Douglas Frye

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781317784708

Category: Psychology

Page: 224

View: 214

This book is a result of a study group that met to discuss the child's theory of mind. A topic whose effects span cognitive, language, and social development, it may bring a unifying influence to developmental psychology. New studies in this area acknowledge children's conceptions of intention and belief, as well as intention and belief themselves, and consider the explanations they provide for children's developing abilities. The contributors to this important volume examine several aspects of the child's theory of mind, and present significant research findings on the theory itself and how it changes and develops for each child. Discussions of the utility of a theory of mind to the child, and to developmental psychologists trying to understand children, are provided. Finally, new explanations are offered for how children acquire a theory of mind in the first place.
Categories: Psychology

Family Therapy in Changing Times

Family Therapy in Changing Times

In relation to violence, held in the mind as an aspect of a 'working model of relationship' the children studied were seen to ... that is lived through or witnessed becomes transformed into represented relationships in children's minds.

Author: Gill Gorell Barnes

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781350317123

Category: Psychology

Page: 248

View: 368

The new edition of this well-known text addresses the plurality of family life today, and considers the way in which the changeable 'theory of family' has influenced the approaches of those working with families. The emphasis in this 2nd edition is on working in a context of cultural diversity and in which life transitions such as marriage, divorce and bereavement, affect the lives of all families, be they multi- or lone-parent, gay or heterosexual. This is an essential text for therapists and counsellors, both in training and in practice, who work with families.
Categories: Psychology