limits to the inclusion of explanatory factors within the “wide“ rational choice model. It is true that, in principle, any number of factors may enter into ...
Author: Andreas Diekmann
Category: Social Science
In der Soziologie finden Rational-Choice (RC)-Erklärungen zunehmende Verbreitung. Sie sollen einerseits zu einer Lösung allgemeiner theoretischer Kernprobleme (Erklärung von sozialer Ordnung, Kooperation und sozialen Normen) beitragen. Darüber hinaus dominiert die RC-Theorie mittlerweile zahlreiche Felder der empirischen Forschung. In diesem Band beschreiben namhafte Autoren die umfangreichen theoretischen und empirischen Anwendungsmöglichkeiten. Ein Schwerpunkt der theoretischen Arbeiten sind Analysen sozialer Normen. Die empirischen Beiträge und Anwendungen behandeln ein breites Spektrum von Themen, u.a. aus der Soziologie des abweichenden Verhaltens, der politischen Soziologie und der Analyse des Terrorismus. Abgerundet werden die Aufsätze durch methodologische Überlegungen. Der Band liefert Studierenden und Forschern eine umfassende Orientierung über wichtige Entwicklungslinien dieses Forschungsprogramms.
A CONCLUSION—WHAT CHOICE? We started our journey together with a comparison between the onset of Modernity and our Digital Modern era.
Author: Christopher Peterka
Publisher: Murmann Publishers GmbH
Category: Political Science
Ein humanistischer, ökologischer und technologischer Weckruf - konzipiert als zweisprachiges E-Book in Deutsch und Englisch. // A humanist, ecological, and technological call to action - designed as a bilingual e-book in German and English. Der Wandel ist heute so schnell wie noch nie. Wir drohen an Überforderung durch neue Technologien und maßlose Informationsvielfalt kollektiv zu ersticken und mit uns das, was wir einmal Gesellschaft nannten. Jene, die den Wandel vorantreiben, haben vor allem zweierlei im Sinn: Profit und Macht. Sie missbrauchen uns als Klickvieh und Datenlieferant, reduzieren uns auf ein Dasein als Human Ressource und Konsument. Dadurch gefährden sie unsere Demokratie, Vielfalt und heute schon die Menschheit als solche. So muss es nicht weitergehen, sagt Humanist und Unternehmer Christopher Peterka. Statt unser Streben nur noch auf seine Wirtschaftlichkeit abzustellen, plädiert er für einen radikal offenen Dialog über das Menschsein: Wer wollen wir sein? Wie wollen wir miteinander als Gesellschaft leben? Welchen Sinn soll unser Streben haben? Wir müssen diese fundamentalen Fragen neu verhandeln sonst tun es andere. Dafür müssen wir jedoch kurzsichtige Lösungen hinter uns lassen, in den Widerstand gegen das gegenwärtige System gehen und uns von den Ketten, die uns derzeit noch halten, lösen. Deine Wahl soll uns ermutigen, den Status quo in Frage zu stellen und als progressiver Optimist das System nachhaltig zu verändern. English Change today is happening faster than ever before. We are overwhelmed by new technologies and an excess of information, and we feel that we and what we used to think of as society are being suffocated. Those who drive this change pursue primarily two goals: profit and power. They lure us with clickbait and abuse us as a data pool, reducing our existence to one of human resource and consumer. In doing so they threaten our democracy, our diversity, even our humanity itself. It doesn t have to be like this, thinks humanist and entrepreneur Christopher Peterka. Instead of basing our ambition on purely economic yield, he pleads for a radical new dialogue about being human: Who do we want to be? How do we want to live together as a society? What meaning is our ambition meant to have? We have to consider these questions afresh, because if we don t do so, others will. But this means leaving behind short term solutions, and taking a stance against the current system to throw off the shackles that tie us down. Your Choice is a call to action that encourages us to challenge the status quo and to bring lasting change as progressive optimists. To carry its global appeal across geographical boundaries, this book is designed as a bilingual e-book in German and English.
The victims can employ political and legal responses, and this would remain true under choice. In any event such practices will be discouraged by the ...
Author: John E. Coons
Features Education For Choice, a charity based in London, England, that provides education and training resources on abortion from a pro-choice perspective. Notes that the charity provides trained speakers for school visits and debates. Contains a FAQ.
A Rational Choice Theoretic Approach Kotaro Suzumura. TR (C, β) AR (C, GC) R QTR (C, S, GC) C PI (C, S) BQT BA BTA Figure 5.1. Logical Implications ...
Author: Kotaro Suzumura
Publisher: Harvard University Press
Category: Business & Economics
Social choice theory critically assesses and rationally designs economic mechanisms for improving human well-being. Kotaro Suzumura—one of the world’s foremost thinkers in social choice theory and welfare economics—fuses abstract ideas with real-world economies to examine foundational issues of normative economics and collective decision making.
The quality of the belief change actually shifts members' value structure—either temporarily or permanently.22 When such a shift occurs, individual choice ...
Author: Janja A. Lalich
Publisher: University of California Press
Heaven's Gate, a secretive group of celibate "monks" awaiting pickup by a UFO, captured intense public attention in 1997 when its members committed collective suicide. As a way of understanding such perplexing events, many have seen those who join cults as needy, lost souls, unable to think for themselves. This book, a compelling look at the cult phenomenon written for a wide audience, dispels such simple formulations by explaining how normal, intelligent people can give up years of their lives—and sometimes their very lives—to groups and beliefs that appear bizarre and irrational. Looking closely at Heaven's Gate and at the Democratic Workers Party, a radical political group of the 1970s and 1980s, Janja Lalich gives us a rare insider's look at these two cults and advances a new theoretical framework that will reshape our understanding of those who join such groups. Lalich's fascinating discussion includes her in-depth interviews with cult devotees as well as reflections gained from her own experience as a high-ranking member of the Democratic Workers Party. Incorporating classical sociological concepts such as "charisma" and "commitment" with more recent work on the social psychology of influence and control, she develops a new approach for understanding how charismatic cult leaders are able to dominate their devotees. She shows how members are led into a state of "bounded choice," in which they make seemingly irrational decisions within a context that makes perfect sense to them and is, in fact, consistent with their highest aspirations. In addition to illuminating the cult phenomenon in the United States and around the world, this important book also addresses our pressing need to know more about the mentality of those true believers who take extreme or violent measures in the name of a cause.
Is it his personality, or his choices? ... She looked right at Lydia as she asked, “Is not making a choice really a choice at all?
Author: Ian Mitchell-Gill
Category: Young Adult Fiction
Not yet out of their teens, the Felonious Five – Lydia, Jack, Madeline, Anthony, and Mikaylah – have each committed crimes in their past that would normally land them in prison. Instead, they found themselves forming a team at an elite private school with their own chef, a to-die-for training gym, and a mysterious teacher with a deadly talent. When the Director of the CIA comes calling with almost no warning, the kids know something big is up. They suddenly find themselves whisked away to Montana with a cabal of CIA handlers, where they infiltrate the compound of a reclusive and heavily-armed organization. Using skill sets that would make the Marines proud, anti-authoritarian and sometimes caustic Lydia structures a brilliant but complex strategy. If successful, it could lead to the most successful law enforcement sting in history. As the plot twists and turns, each member of the team is called on to go beyond their best and dig deep to push past the many obstacles and surprising turns they must overcome. With a roller coaster ending that will keep you up till it’s done, Merrett’s Choice is a grab you by the throat read.
about the significance of choice for substantive responsibility. Another question I will set aside is whether accounts that make a person's responsibilities ...
Author: Emmanuel Voyiakis
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Some say that private law ought to correct wrongs or to protect rights. Others say that private law ought to maximise social welfare or to minimise social cost. In this book, Emmanuel Voyiakis claims that private law ought to make our responsibilities to others depend on the opportunities we have to affect how things will go for us. Drawing on the work of HLA Hart and TM Scanlon, he argues that private law principles that require us to bear certain practical burdens in our relations with others are justified as long as those principles provide us with certain opportunities to choose what will happen to us, and having those opportunities is something we have reason to value. The book contrasts this 'value-of-choice' account with its wrong- and social cost-based rivals, and applies it to familiar problems of contract and tort law, including whether liability should be negligence-based or stricter; whether insurance should matter in the allocation of the burden of repair; how far private law should make allowance for persons of limited capacities; when a contract term counts as 'unconscionable' or 'unfair'; and when tort law should hold a person vicariously liable for another's mistakes.
choice provides the same network of roads for everyone. In this case, nobody will get exactly what he or she wants. Individuals will find their tax dollars ...
Author: Randall G. Holcombe
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Category: Business & Economics
Using public choice economic methods, this Advanced Introduction presents a focused narrative about political decision-making based on the work that has defined the discipline. Each chapter ends with a Notes section to discuss the research on which the chapter is based, with an emphasis on the pioneering work that has shaped the development of public choice. Randall G. Holcombe emphasizes the theoretical foundations of public choice, with the idea that it offers a context within which empirical research can be understood. This book successfully explores the political decision-making process for readers and ensures that they understand how preferences of citizens are aggregated to produce public policies.
... frame - work of a fairer state ; The builder's trowel and the settler's ax Are
seldom wielded by the self same hand ; Ours is the harder task , yet not the less
Shall we receive the blessing for our toil From the choice spirits of the after - time .
Vulnerability by Choice, but Whose Choice? The Philippines is labelled 'one of the most disaster-prone countries in the world'. Poverty, armed conflicts ...
Author: Ilan Kelman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
An earthquake shatters Haiti and a hurricane slices through Texas. We hear that nature runs rampant, seeking to destroy us through these 'natural disasters'. Science recounts a different story, however: disasters are not the consequence of natural causes; they are the consequence of human choices and decisions. we put ourselves in harm's way; we fail to take measures which we know would prevent disasters, no matter what the environment does. This can be both hard to accept, and hard to unravel. A complex of factors shape disasters. They arise from the political processes dictating where and what we build, and from social circumstances which create and perpetuate poverty and discrimination. They develop from the social preference to blame nature for the damage wrought, when in fact events such as earthquakes and storms are entirely commonplace environmental processes We feel the need to fight natural forces, to reclaim what we assume is ours, and to protect ourselves from what we perceive to be wrath from outside our communities. This attitude distracts us from the real causes of disasters: humanity's decisions, as societies and as individuals. It stops us accepting the real solutions to disasters: making better decisions. This book explores stories of some of our worst disasters to show how we can and should act to stop people dying when nature unleashes its energies. The disaster is not the tornado, the volcanic eruption, or climate change, but the deaths and injuries, the loss of irreplaceable property, and the lack and even denial of support to affected people, so that a short-term interruption becomes a long-term recovery nightmare. But we can combat this, as Kelman shows, describing inspiring examples of effective human action that limits damage, such as managing flooding in Toronto and villages in Bangladesh, or wildfire in Colorado. Throughout, his message is clear: there is no such thing as a natural disaster. The disaster lies in our inability to deal with the environment and with ourselves.
Author: Mrs. Alex. McVeigh MillerPublish On: 2019-12-23
"That would depend upon whether she were one's own choice or somebody else's. I can not imagine old Lady Lancaster selecting an ideal wife for me.
Author: Mrs. Alex. McVeigh Miller
Publisher: Good Press
"Lancaster's Choice" by Mrs. Alex. McVeigh Miller. Published by Good Press. Good Press publishes a wide range of titles that encompasses every genre. From well-known classics & literary fiction and non-fiction to forgotten−or yet undiscovered gems−of world literature, we issue the books that need to be read. Each Good Press edition has been meticulously edited and formatted to boost readability for all e-readers and devices. Our goal is to produce eBooks that are user-friendly and accessible to everyone in a high-quality digital format.
What must it be like to have such faith that it shapes every choice you make, whether favored by all or none? On more than one occasion, I'd noticed her ...
Author: Patti Giebink, MD
Publisher: Focus on the Family
How does a pro-choice doctor who once performed abortions for Planned Parenthood wind up on the opposite side of this embattled issue? Dr. Patricia Giebink was overpowered by God’s perspective at a healing conference, becoming a pro-life advocate who repented before millions for doing abortions. As the author tells her emotional story, you will come away with a new understanding of the complexity of life, the risks of abortion, the power of prayer, and the greatness of God’s love and forgiveness—which is big enough to cover the pain of all affected by this controversial procedure. Unexpected Choice is told from the perspective of a doctor who actually performed abortions through Planned Parenthood. The book chronicles her journey from being a pro-choice physician to someone speaking on behalf of the pro-life movement.