Female Enterprise Behind the Discursive Veil in Nineteenth Century Northern France

Female Enterprise Behind the Discursive Veil in Nineteenth Century Northern France

Burdy, J.-P., M. Dubesset, and M. Zancarini-Fournel (1987) “Rôles, travaux et métiers de femmes dans une ville industrielle, ... Cholvy, G. (2001) Christianisme et société en France au XIXe siècle, 17901914 (Paris: Le Seuil).

Author: Béatrice Craig

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137574138

Category: History

Page: 303

View: 958

This volume explores the role of women in business in nineteenth-century Northern French textile centers. Lille and the surrounding towns were then dominated by big and small family businesses, and many were run by women. Those women did not withdraw into the parlour as the century progressed and the ‘separate ideology’ spread. Neither did they become mere figure heads - most were business persons in their own rights. Yet, they have left almost no traces in the collective memory, and historians assume they ceased to exist. This book therefore seeks to answer three interrelated questions: How common were those women, and what kind of business did they run? What factors facilitated or impeded their activities? And finally, why have they been forgotten, and why has their representations in regional and academic history been so at odd with reality? Indirectly, this study also sheds light on the process of industrialization in this region, and on industrialists’ strategies.
Categories: History

Popular Legitimism and the Monarchy in France

Popular Legitimism and the Monarchy in France

Soft borders and popular nationhood in the Rhineland, 1800–1850', Van Ginderachter and Beyen, eds., Nationhood from below, pp. 162–189. ... Cholvy, Gérard, Christianisme et société en France au XIXe siècle, 17901914.

Author: Bernard Rulof

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030527587

Category: History

Page: 350

View: 691

This book explores mid-nineteenth-century French legitimism and the implications of popular support for a movement that has traditionally been portrayed as an aristocratic force intent on restoring the Old Regime. This type of monarchism has often been understood as a form of elitist patronage politics or, alternatively, identified with ultramontane Catholicism. Although historians have offered a more nuanced view in the last few decades, their work, nevertheless, has predominantly focused on legitimist leaders rather than their followers and their professed feelings of loyalty to monarchy and monarch. This book’s originality therefore is twofold: firstly as an analysis of popular rather than élite monarchism; and secondly, as a study which portrays this form of royalism as a political movement characteristic of a period which saw the emergence of mass politics, while parties were still non-existent. It not only discusses the social and cultural settings of (popular) monarchism, but also contributes to the history of political parties, citizenship and democracy.
Categories: History

Quand la folie parle

Quand la folie parle

Through hysteria and miracles, the psychological cause of somatic illness emerges and with it the epistemological shift that will make ... Christianisme et société en France au XIXe siècle 1790-1914 (Paris : Seuil, 1997), 130.

Author: Gillian Ni Cheallaigh

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443863025

Category: Medical

Page: 235

View: 225

Quand la folie parle presents a timely reinvigoration of the complex subject of madness and its literary manifestations. This stimulating study, authored by a range of young and talented international scholars, is of key importance in defining and refining our ongoing endeavours to theorise and analyse the literary representations of the problematics of mental health. By including discussions of texts that speak of madness as well as those that speak from madness, this volume demonstrates that, in fact, the non-sense of madness achieves a force of expression often more powerful than the usual order of logic. Embracing the scientific, the religious, the medical, the psychoanalytic, the historical, the erotic, and, of course, the properly literary, this wide-ranging, historically-informed collection is particularly significant in its exploration of both the “madwoman” and the “madman,” and exhibits an inclusiveness which extends to the genres and modes of the texts examined. The authors discussed, from Nerval and Houellebecq to NDiaye and Lê, provide a refreshingly “balanced” picture of mental illness, presenting madness or depression as a contestatory, creative stance against often mind-numbing social, racial or consumerist conventions, while refusing to play down the inevitable difficulties accompanying this isolating condition. The “dialectic effect” referenced in the title of the collection extends not only to the dynamics at work within the volume itself, as the different contributions implicitly dialogue with one another, but equally to the reader of these essays, who is engaged throughout in the debates put forward.
Categories: Medical

Tocqueville Democracy and Religion

Tocqueville  Democracy  and Religion

Intellectual History and the Longue Durée,” History of European Ideas, 38, no. 4 (2012). Atanassow, Ewa, and Boyd, Richard, eds., ... Cholvy, Gérard, Christianisme et société en France au XIXe siècle: 17901914 (Paris, 2001).

Author: Alan S. Kahan

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191503146

Category: History

Page: 256

View: 360

The relationship between democracy and religion is as important today as it was in Alexis de Tocqueville's time. Tocqueville, Democracy, and Religion is a ground-breaking study of the views of the greatest theorist of democracy writing about one of today's most crucial problems. Alan S. Kahan, one of today's foremost Tocqueville scholars, shows how Tocqueville's analysis of religion is simultaneously deeply rooted in his thoughts on nineteenth-century France and America and pertinent to us today. Tocqueville thought that the role of religion was to provide checks and balances for democracy in the spiritual realm, just as secular forces should provide them in the political realm. He believed that in the long run secular checks and balances were dependent on the success of spiritual ones. Kahan examines how Tocqueville thought religion had succeeded in checking and balancing democracy in America, and failed in France, as well as observing Tocqueville's less well-known analyses of religion in Ireland and England, and his perspective on Islam and Hinduism. He shows how Tocqueville's 'post-secular' account of religion can help us come to terms with religion today. More than a study of Tocqueville on religion in democratic society, this volume offers us a re-interpretation of Tocqueville as a moralist and a student of human nature in democratic society; a thinker whose new political science was in the service of a new moral science aimed at encouraging democratic people to attain greatness as human beings. Tocqueville, Democracy, and Religion gives us a new Tocqueville for the twenty-first century.
Categories: History

The Gospel According to Renan

The Gospel According to Renan

Reading, Writing, and Religion in Nineteenth-century France Robert Daniel Priest. Carbonell, Charles-Olivier, 'Les Historiens ... Cholvy, Gérard, Christianisme et société en France au XIXe siècle 17901914, 2nd edn. (Paris, 2001).

Author: Robert Daniel Priest

Publisher: Oxford Historical Monographs

ISBN: 9780198728757

Category: History

Page: 289

View: 689

Based on the author's thesis (D. Phil.--University of Oxford, 2011) under the title: The production, reception, and legacy of Ernest Renan's Vie de Jaesus in France, 1845-1904.
Categories: History

Selected Letters of A M A Blanchet

Selected Letters of A  M  A  Blanchet

Bishop of Walla Walla and Nesqualy (1846-1879) Roberta Stringham Brown, Patricia O'Connell Killen ... “A Canadien Bishop in the Ecclesiastical Province of Oregon. ... Christianisme et société en France au XIXe siècle, 17901914.

Author: Roberta Stringham Brown

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN: 9780295804583

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 288

View: 654

In 1846, French Canadian-born A. M. A. Blanchet was named the first Catholic bishop of Walla Walla in the area soon to become Washington Territory. He arrived at Fort Walla Walla in late September 1847, part of the largest movement over the Oregon Trail to date. During the thirty-two years of Blanchet's tenure in the Northwest, the region underwent profound social and political change as the Hudson's Bay Company moved headquarters and many operations north following the Oregon Treaty, U.S. government and institutions were established, and Native American inhabitants dealt with displacement and discrimination. Blanchet chronicled both his own pastoral and administrative life and his observations on the world around him in a voluminous correspondence-almost nine hundred letters-to religious superiors and colleagues in Montreal, Paris, and Rome; funding organizations; other missionaries; and U.S. officials. This selection of Blanchet's letters provides a fascinating view of Washington Territory as seen through the eyes of an intelligent, devout, energetic, perceptive, and occasionally irascible cleric and administrator. Almost all of Blanchet's correspondence was in French. Roberta Stringham Brown and Patricia O'Connell Killen have chosen forty-five of those letters to translate and annotate, creating a history of early Washington that provides new insights into relationships, events, and personalities. A number of the letters provide first-hand glimpses of familiar events, such as the Whitman tragedy, the California gold rush, Indian wars and land displacement, transportation advances, and the domestic material culture of a frontier borderland. Others voice the hardships of historically underrepresented groups, including Native Americans, Metis, and French Canadians, and the experiences of ordinary people in growing population centers such as Seattle, Walla Walla, and Vancouver, Wash-ington. Still others describe the struggle to bring social, medical, and educational institutions to the region, a struggle in which women religious workers played a key role. The letters-and the editors' fascinating annotations-provide an engaging and insightful look at an important period in the history of the Pacific Northwest and southwest Canada.
Categories: Literary Collections

Therese of Lisieux

Therese of Lisieux

Christianisme et société en France au XIXe siècle, 17901914. Paris: Seuil, 2001. An excellent survey, dense with primary references, this book does not quite supersede the older generation of church histories (DanielRops, Dansette; ...

Author: Thomas R. Nevin

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199885671

Category: Social Science

Page: 416

View: 639

Therese of Lisieux (1873-1897), also known as St. Therese of the Child Jesus and the Holy Face, is popularly named the Little Flower. A Carmelite nun, doctor of the church, and patron of a score of causes, she was famously acclaimed by Pope Pius X as the greatest saint of modern times. Th?r?se is not only one of the most beloved saints of the Catholic Church but perhaps the most revered woman of the modern age. Pope John Paul II described her as a living icon of God. Her autobiography Story of a Soul has been translated into sixty languages. Having long transcended national and linguistic boundaries, she has crossed even religious ones. As daughter of Allah, she is venerated widely in Islamic cultures. Therese has been the subject of innumerable biographies and treatises, ranging from hagiographies to attacks on her intelligence and mental health. Thomas R. Nevin has gained access to many untapped archival materials and previously unpublished photographs. As a consequence he is able to offer a much fuller and more accurate portrait of the saints life and thought than his predecessors. He explores the dynamics of her family life and the early development of her spirituality. He draws extensively on the correspondence of her mother and documents her influence on Th?r?ses autobiography and spirituality. He charts the development of Therese's career as a writer. He gives close attention to her poetry and plays usually dismissed as undistinguished and argues that they have great value as texts by which she addressed and informed her Carmelite community. He delves into the French medical literature of the time, in an effort to understand how the tuberculosis of which she died at the age of 24 was treated and lamentably mistreated. Finally, he offers a new understanding of Th?r?se as a theologian for whom love, rather than doctrines and creeds, was the paramount value. Adding substantially to our knowledge and appreciation of this immensely popular and attractive figure, this book should appeal to many general readers as well as to scholars and students of modern Catholic history.
Categories: Social Science

L on Harmel

L  on Harmel

In Christianisme et monde ouvrier, edited by François Bédarida and Jean Maitron, 79–115. ... Byrnes, Robert F. Antisemitism in Modern France: The Prelude to the Dreyfus Affair. ... Être chrétien en France au XIXe siècle, 17901914.

Author: Joan L. Coffey

Publisher: University of Notre Dame Pess

ISBN: 9780268159207

Category: History

Page: 360

View: 645

"Coffey does a masterful job of situating Léon Harmel-his life, his work, his ideology-in the context of French political and social turmoil in the last third of the nineteenth century. More than a Catholic paternalist, Harmel created a model 'earthly paradise' for his workers, drawing on principles of utopian socialism to give labor control over the factory environment. Harmel's effort to lay the groundwork for class conciliation drew praise even from leading Socialists, and his legacy continues in the contemporary world. Coffey's extraordinary synthesis of scholarly works on social, gender, and labor history is as impressive as her original archival research, making this book an important resource for any historian of France or of social issues. Beautifully written, it is also a great pleasure to read." -Elinor Accampo, University of Southern California
Categories: History

Rise of French La cit

Rise of French La  cit

Être chrétien en France au XIXe siècle: 17901914. Paris: Éditions du Seuil, 1997. Clavreul, Gilles. Laïcité: Valeurs de la République et exigences minimales de la vie en société: Des principes à ...

Author: Stephen M. Davis

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 9781725264113

Category: History

Page: 250

View: 356

Americans are often baffled by France's general indifference to religion and laws forbidding religious symbols in public schools, full-face veils in public places, and even the interdiction of burkinis on French beaches. An understanding of laicite provides insight in beginning to understand France and its people. Laicite has been described as the complete secularization of institutions as a necessity to prevent a return to the Ancien Regime characterized by the union of church and state. To understand the concept of laicite, one must begin in the sixteenth century with the Protestant Reformation and freedom of conscience recognized by the Edict of Nantes in 1598. This has been called the period of incipient laicite in the toleration of Protestantism. The Revocation of the Edict of Nantes in 1685 reestablished the union of the throne and altar, which resulted in persecution of the Huguenots who fought for the principle of the freedom of conscience. French laicite presents a specificity in origin, definition, and evolution which led to the official separation of church and state in 1905. The question in the early twentieth century concerned the Roman Catholic Church's compatibility with democracy. That same question is being asked of Islam in the twenty-first century.
Categories: History

Religion Society and Politics in France since 1789

Religion  Society and Politics in France since 1789

1814–25,23 and his popularity was to remain undimmed for the rest of the century. ... 25 See G. Cholvy, Religion et société au XIXe siècle: le diocèse de Montpellier (Service de reproduction des theses, Université de Lille III, 1973), ...

Author: Frank Tallett

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781441106193

Category: History

Page: 242

View: 770

This book has been carefully planned to give a coherent account of the impact of religion in France over the last two hundred years. Most books in English dealing with the subject are now dated, and in any case concentrate on institutional questions of church-state relations rather than on the wider influence of religion throughout France. These essays summarise recent French research and provide a concise up-to-date introduction to the history of modern French Catholicism.
Categories: History