Circulation of Knowledge

Circulation of Knowledge

In Circulation of Knowledge, a group of Nordic scholars explore a range of theoretical and methodological approaches to this new and exciting area of historical research.

Author: Johan Östling

Publisher: Nordic Academic Press

ISBN: 9789188661296

Category:

Page: 256

View: 662

Historians have long been interested in knowledge—its nature and origin, and the circumstances under which it was created—but it has only been in recent years that the history of knowledge has emerged as an academic field in its own right. In Circulation of Knowledge, a group of Nordic scholars explore a range of theoretical and methodological approaches to this new and exciting area of historical research. The question of knowledge in motion is central to their investigations, and especially how knowledge is transformed when it circulates between different societal arenas, literary genres, or forms of media. Reflecting on twelve empirical studies, from sixteenth-century cartography to sexology in the 1970s, the authors make a significant contribution to the growing international research on the history of knowledge. newhistoryofknowledge.com
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Cold War Science and the Transatlantic Circulation of Knowledge

Cold War Science and the Transatlantic Circulation of Knowledge

It thus resonates with Jim Secord's insistence that the 'how' and the 'why' of the
circulation of knowledge is one of the central questions of the history of science; it
also responds to Hunter Heyck and David Kaiser's recent call for a global ...

Author: Jeroen van Dongen

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004264229

Category: Science

Page: 304

View: 662

Cold War Science and the Transatlantic Circulation of Knowledge shows how western science was transferred and produced in an international network that was conditioned by global power relations.
Categories: Science

The Circulation of Knowledge Between Britain India and China

The Circulation of Knowledge Between Britain  India and China

1). the publication of these catalogues reveals the divergent production and
circulation of scientific knowledge between the botanic gardens at Calcutta and
Kew in the early nineteenth-century. Collecting plant speci- mens and
documenting ...

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004251410

Category: History

Page: 364

View: 907

In The Circulation of Knowledge Between Britain, India and China, twelve scholars examine how knowledge, things and people moved within, and between, the East and the West from the early modern period to the twentieth century.
Categories: History

Forms Formats and the Circulation of Knowledge

Forms  Formats and the Circulation of Knowledge

4 Conclusion Looking at the circulation of different forms of geographical
knowledge through the lens of copyright disputes sheds new light on the
interactions between individuals, trade practices and social institutions. Copyright
offered new ...

Author: Louisiane Ferlier

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004433670

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 906

Forms, Formats and the Circulation of Knowledge explores the authority of print in all its shapes in the British book trade (1688-1832). The transdisciplinary volume skilfully recovers the innovations and practices of a disorderly market accommodating a widening audience.
Categories: History

The Circulation of European Knowledge Niklas Luhmann in the Hispanic Americas

The Circulation of European Knowledge  Niklas Luhmann in the Hispanic Americas

WiebkeKeim, Ercüment Çelik, VeronikaWöhrer, Christian Ersche, Maren
Eichmeier, and José Gabriel Jiménez havecreated a fantastic environmentto
thinkabout the circulation of social science knowledge.From myparticipation inthe
fellows' ...

Author: Leandro Rodriguez Medina

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137430038

Category: Social Science

Page: 127

View: 434

This book studies the circulation of social knowledge by focusing on the reception of Niklas Luhmann's systems theory in Hispanic America. It shows that theories need active involvement from scholars in the receiving field in order to travel.
Categories: Social Science

Connecting Worlds

Connecting Worlds

This book establishes a dialogue between colonial studies and the history of science, contributing to a renewed analytical framework grounded on a trans-national, trans-cultural and trans-imperial perspective.

Author: Amélia Polónia

Publisher:

ISBN: 1527509125

Category: Science

Page: 301

View: 646

This book establishes a dialogue between colonial studies and the history of science, contributing to a renewed analytical framework grounded on a trans-national, trans-cultural and trans-imperial perspective. It proposes a historiographical revision based on self-organization and cooperation theories, as well as the role of traditionally marginalized agents, including women, in processes that contributed to the building of a First Global Age, from 1400 to 1800. The intermediaries between European and local bearers of knowledge played a central role, together with cultural translation processes involving local practices of knowledge production and the global circulation of persons, commodities, information and knowledge. Colonized worlds in the First Global Age were central to the making of Europe, while Europeans were, undoubtedly, responsible for the emergence of new balances of power and new cultural grounds. Circulation and locality are core concepts of the theoretical frame of this book. Discussing the connection between the local and the global, in terms of production and circulation of knowledge, within the framework of colonialism, the book establishes a dialogue between experts on the history of science and specialists on global and colonial studies.
Categories: Science

Religion Technology and the Great and Little Divergences

Religion  Technology  and the Great and Little Divergences

CHAPTER THREE REligion And THE CiRCulATion of TECHniCAl knowlEdgE in
CHinA And EuRoPE Circulation of knowledge has become a key concept in the
history of technology and the history of science. Circulation is said to take place ...

Author: Karel Davids

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004236950

Category: History

Page: 290

View: 855

In Religion, Technology, and the Great and Little Divergences Karel Davids analyses the influence of religious contexts on technological change in China and Europe between c.700 and 1800.
Categories: History

Theophilus of Edessa s Chronicle and the Circulation of Historical Knowledge in Late Antiquity and Early Islam

Theophilus of Edessa s Chronicle and the Circulation of Historical Knowledge in Late Antiquity and Early Islam

Author: Robert G. Hoyland

Publisher: Liverpool University Press

ISBN: 9781846316975

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 926

Theophilus of Edessa was a Greek astrologer and scholar in the court of the Muslim caliphs in the eighth century. Making use of his fluency in Greek, Syriac, and Arabic, he brought together historical sources from each language to comprise a single chronicle that charted world-changing events in the Near East from 590–750 CE, among them the Arab conquests, the rise to power of a Muslim Arab dynasty, and the last great war of antiquity, between Byzantium and Iran. Though no longer extant, Theophilus's work is known from extensive citations by later historians, and Robert Hoyland has here collected and translated these citations to present the scope of the original text. Included are translations of four chronicles, several of which are being made available here for the first time to the English-language reader.
Categories: History

Ocean Circulation and Climate

Ocean Circulation and Climate

The knowledge of water-mass properties has been used from the earliest days of
ocean science to describe the pathways of oceanic circulation. We now know that
changes in the circulation are closely involved in climate variability.

Author:

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780123918536

Category: Science

Page: 904

View: 489

The book represents all the knowledge we currently have on ocean circulation. It presents an up-to-date summary of the state of the science relating to the role of the oceans in the physical climate system. The book is structured to guide the reader through the wide range of world ocean circulation experiment (WOCE) science in a consistent way. Cross-references between contributors have been added, and the book has a comprehensive index and unified reference list. The book is simple to read, at the undergraduate level. It was written by the best scientists in the world who have collaborated to carry out years of experiments to better understand ocean circulation. Presents in situ and remote observations with worldwide coverage Provides theoretical understanding of processes within the ocean and at its boundaries to other Earth System components Allows for simulating ocean and climate processes in the past, present and future using a hierarchy of physical-biogeochemical models
Categories: Science

Centers and Peripheries in Knowledge Production

Centers and Peripheries in Knowledge Production

Study of the production and circulation of knowledge has been part of the
sociology of knowledge for a long time. The main focus has been on the
production of knowledge in certain places (centres) and its diffusion throughout
the world ...

Author: Leandro Rodriguez Medina

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135021795

Category: Social Science

Page: 238

View: 636

This book examines the circulation of knowledge within globalization, focusing on the differences between centers and peripheries of knowledge production in the social sciences. It explores not only how knowledge is appropriated in peripheral fields but also how foreign ideas shape those fields and the trajectories of scholars, and uses actor-network theory to explain circulation of knowledge as an extension of socio-technical networks that transcend borders.
Categories: Social Science

Magic And Rationality In Ancient Near Eastern And Graeco roman Medicine

Magic And Rationality In Ancient Near Eastern And Graeco roman Medicine

GREEK MEDICINE AND BABYLONIAN WISDOM: CIRCULATION OF
KNOWLEDGE AND CHANNELS OF TRANSMISSION IN THE ARCHAIC AND
CLASSICAL PERIODS R. Thomas Summary This paper considers questions of
transmission ...

Author: Herman F. J. Horstmanshoff

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789004136663

Category: History

Page: 407

View: 400

A study of methods in Ancient Near Eastern and Greek and Roman medicine, based on representative text corpora. Central is the question of what is "rational," or not, in the various systems.
Categories: History

Silent Messengers

Silent Messengers

This book speaks about a world of mute objects ranging from plant bulbs, divining rods, and archeological findings to drawn, painted, or printed images.

Author: Sven Dupré

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 9783825816353

Category: Social Science

Page: 387

View: 688

This book speaks about a world of mute objects ranging from plant bulbs, divining rods, and archeological findings to drawn, painted, or printed images. It describes the functions of these objects as ambiguous and polyvalent carriers of knowledge, and it analyzes the ways in which networks of scholars, craftsmen, mathematicians, anatomy professors, or merchants active in the Low Countries attributed new meanings to them. The book examines a period in which cities like Antwerp and Amsterdam were nodal points in the international exchange of goods, news, and skills. (Series: Low Countries Studies on the Circulation of Natural Knowledge - Vol. 1)
Categories: Social Science

Mobilities Knowledge and Social Justice

Mobilities  Knowledge  and Social Justice

For example, the traditional notion of brain drain (or gain), is just as apt to be
brain or knowledge circulation involving the mobilities and practices of highly
skilled and knowledgeable immigrants. Research by Saxenian (1999, 2002a,
2002b, ...

Author: Suzan Ilcan

Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP

ISBN: 9780773588837

Category: Social Science

Page: 608

View: 850

The mobility of people, objects, information, ideas, services, and capital has reached levels unprecedented in human history. Such forms of mobility are manifested in continued advances in communication and transportation capacities, in the growing use of digital and biometric technologies, in the movements of Indigenous, migrant, and women's groups, and in the expansion of global capitalism into remote parts of the world. Mobilities, Knowledge, and Social Justice demonstrates how knowledge is mobilized and how people shape, and are shaped by, matters of mobility. Richly detailed and illuminating essays reveal the ways in which issues of mobility are at the centre of debates, ranging from practices of belonging to war and border security measures, from gender, race, and class matters to governance and international trade, and from citizenship and immigration policies to human rights. Contributors analyze how particular forms of mobility generate specific types of knowledge and give rise to claims for social justice. This collection reconsiders mobility as a key term in the social sciences and humanities by delineating new ways of understanding how mobility informs and shapes lives as well as social, cultural, and political relations within, across, and beyond states. Contributors include Rob Aitken (Alberta), Tanya Basok (Windsor), Janine Brodie (Alberta), William Coleman (Waterloo), Ronjon Paul Datta (Alberta), Karl Froschauer (Simon Fraser), Daniel Gorman (Waterloo), Amanda Grzyb (Western), Suzan Ilcan (Waterloo), Eleonore Kofman (Middlesex), Anita Lacey (Auckland), Theresa McCarthy (Buffalo), Daniel J. Paré (Ottawa), Nicola Piper (Sydney), Parvati Raghuram (Open), Kim Rygiel (Wilfrid Laurier), Leslie Regan Shade (Toronto), Sandra Smeltzer (Western ), Daiva Stasiulis (Carleton), Myra Tawfik (Windsor), and Lloyd Wong (Calgary).
Categories: Social Science

Innovation Policy in a Knowledge Based Economy

Innovation Policy in a Knowledge Based Economy

6.2.2 The Nature of the Organization The diffusion of military technologies will
only be effective if the organizational forms of the industries conducting the
military projects promote the circulation of knowledge flows . Thus , the internal ...

Author: Patrick Llerena

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540255818

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 362

View: 696

The main underlining conviction, throughout the book, is the importance of dynamical and systemic approaches to innovation policies. The first part of the book provides the theoretical background for the subsequent more empirical contributions. In the second part, a series of three papers analyse each the development or diffusion of a specific technology developed in the frame of a procurement policy. They explain the success of mission-oriented policies (the development of digital switching systems in the telecom sector, the development of high-speed trains in Germany and the diffusion of military technologies). The three papers contained in the third part explore the impact of incentive tools (R&D tax credits, R&D cooperative agreements and university-industry relations) on the innovation potentialities of firms and of economic systems (regions). The chapters in the last part of the book are all based around the question of how is it possible to design an innovation policy, applicable throughout Europe, bearing in mind the diversity of innovation behaviours and strategies.
Categories: Business & Economics

War and the Media

War and the Media

The circulation of non- knowledge is the incessant, conscious exchange of some
narratives, images, and ideas so that ... entertainment media, or programs and
networks in which news and entertainment overlap - circulate non- knowledge
not ...

Author: Daya Kishan Thussu

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761943137

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 266

View: 239

`No book is more timely than this collection, which analyses brilliantly the Western media's relentless absorption into the designs of dominant, rapacious power' - John Pilger This book examines the changing contours of media coverage of war and considers the relationship between mass media and governments in wartime.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Global Knowledge Production in the Social Sciences

Global Knowledge Production in the Social Sciences

An innovative contribution to debates on the internationalization and globalization of the social sciences, this book pays particular attention to their theoretical and epistemological reconfiguration in the light of postcolonial critiques ...

Author: Dr Christian Ersche

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 9781472426192

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 805

An innovative contribution to debates on the internationalization and globalization of the social sciences, this book pays particular attention to their theoretical and epistemological reconfiguration in the light of postcolonial critiques and critiques of Eurocentrism. Bringing together theoretical contributions and empirical case studies from around the world, including India, the Americas, South Africa, Australia and Europe, it engages in debates concerning public sociology and explores South-South research collaborations specific to the social sciences. Contributions transcend established critiques of Eurocentrism to make space for the idea of global social sciences and truly transnational research. Thematically arranged and both international and interdisciplinary in scope, this volume reflects the different theoretical and thematic backgrounds of the contributing authors, who enter into dialogue and debate with one another in the development of a more inclusive, more representative and more theoretically relevant stage for the social sciences. A rigorous critique of the contemporary state of the social sciences as well as an attempt to find another way of doing transnational sociology, Global Knowledge Production in the Social Sciences will appeal to scholars of sociology, political science and social theory with interests in the production of social scientific knowledge, postcolonialism and transnationalism in research.
Categories: Political Science

Faust s Anesthesiology Review E Book

Faust s Anesthesiology Review E Book

Ductus arteriosus Left pulmonary artery Left pulmonary vein Kidney Gut. To better
understand neonatal cardiac physiology, it is necessary to have knowledge of the
fetal circulation, knowledge of the neonatal circulation, and knowledge of the ...

Author: Michael J. Murray

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 9781437703672

Category: Medical

Page: 576

View: 401

Quickly expand your knowledge base and master your residency with Faust's Anesthesiology Review, the world’s best-selling review book in anesthesiology. Combining comprehensive coverage with an easy-to-use format, this newly updated medical reference book is designed to efficiently equip you with the latest advances, procedures, guidelines, and protocols. It’s the perfect refresher on every major aspect of anesthesia. Take advantage of concise coverage of a broad variety of timely topics in anesthesia. Focus your study time on the most important topics, including anesthetic management for cardiopulmonary bypass, off-pump coronary bypass, and automatic internal cardiac defibrillator procedures; arrhythmias; anesthesia for magnetic resonance imaging; occupational transmission of blood-borne pathogens; preoperative evaluation of the patient with cardiac disease; and much more. Search the entire contents online at Expert Consult.com.
Categories: Medical

Architectures of Knowledge

Architectures of Knowledge

Knowledge has become the buzzword in theories of the firm and in explanations
of corporate competitiveness. ... to arrive at a reasonable understanding of the
mechanisms that drive the formation, accumulation, and circulation of knowledge
 ...

Author: Ash Amin

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199253326

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 179

View: 663

Empirically, the impetus comes from the challenge faced by firms to the hierarchically defined architecture that bring together specialized units of (possessed) knowledge and the distributed and always unstable architecture of knowledge that draws on the continuously changing capacity of interpretation among actors. In this book, these questions of the dynamics of innovating/learning through practices of knowing, and the management of the interface between transactional and knowledge imperatives, are approached in a cross-disciplinary and empirically grounded manner. The book is the synthesis of an innovative encounter between a socio-spatial theorist and an economist."
Categories: Business & Economics

Fundable Knowledge

Fundable Knowledge

Knowledge. Cycle. Having explored the architecture of the major systemic
documents in this discourse community, we can climb ... In this model the
circulation of knowledge helps to sustain the concluding phase of one project
cycle and the ...

Author: A.D. Van Nostrand

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136686573

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 264

View: 616

Knowledge is the basic output of the defense technology establishment in the United States; it is what enables the development of weapon systems. From this premise, this volume explores the process of knowledge production in defense technology from the beginnings of the Cold War to the present time. Produced through the process of research and development (R&D), technical knowledge for defense is an economic commodity. It is "fundable" in the sense of having future value. Like other commodities in the futures market, it is purchased before it is produced. But unlike those other commodities, this knowledge is typically produced through the joint efforts of the customer and the vendor. This study highlights two polar aspects of knowledge production: technology development and technology transfer. It centers on the present, shifting concept of defense conversion that is redefining defense technology policy. The book also includes cited documents pertaining to the transactions that engage customers and vendors in the process of knowledge production. The documents constitute a literature of needs and claims, and they reveal two chief properties: problem formulation and tactical positioning. Apart from the substantive yield of these particular documents, the strategy of evidence in this volume has broad implications for further study, suggesting a means of analyzing knowledge production in other large social systems.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines