This book explores the CTL and Coal and Biomass to Liquids (CBTL) technologies, which as part of the U.S. energy portfolio, offer a balanced solution to the nation's transportation fuel dilemma, providing affordable fuels from domestic ...
Author: Marcus A. Pelt
Publisher: Nova Science Pub Incorporated
Category: Business & Economics
The U.S. is currently faced with competing strategic objectives related to energy: energy supply security, economic sustainability and concerns over global climate change. Coal to Liquids (CTL) is a commercial process which converts coal into diesel fuel, producing a concentrated stream of CO2 as a by-product. Coupling the process with carbon sequestration is relatively inexpensive and results in a fuel with appreciably less life cycle GHG emissions that the average U.S. petroleum-derived diesel. This book explores the CTL and Coal and Biomass to Liquids (CBTL) technologies, which as part of the U.S. energy portfolio, offer a balanced solution to the nation's transportation fuel dilemma, providing affordable fuels from domestic feedstocks, and enabling significant reduction in GHG emission.
Strategies for implementation of low-carbon technologies must be creative to achieve energy security and a stable climate by 2050. This planetary energy transformation must include a mix of clean technologies such as decarbonized coal, ...
The book will inspire others to take up the struggle to build the energy democracy movement.
Author: Ashura Lewis
Publisher: Island Press
The near-unanimous consensus among climate scientists is that the massive burning of gas, oil, and coal is having cataclysmic impacts on our atmosphere and climate. These climate and environmental impacts are particularly magnified and debilitating for low-income communities and communities of color. Energy democracy tenders a response and joins the environmental and climate movement with broader movements for social and economic change in this country and around the world. Energy Democracy brings together racial, cultural, and generational perspectives to show what an alternative, democratized energy future can look like. The book will inspire others to take up the struggle to build the energy democracy movement.
This innovative book examines one of the most important topics of our time: clean, responsible, and renewable energy solutions for all.
Author: Adam Furgang
Publisher: 'The Rosen Publishing Group, Inc'
Category: Young Adult Nonfiction
Since the start of the Industrial Revolution, human use of fossil fuels for energy has released tremendous amounts of pollutants and carbon dioxide into Earth's atmosphere. This has altered the environment in increasingly negative ways. All around the world, lawmakers, activists, and young innovators are taking steps and seeking energy solutions. This innovative book examines one of the most important topics of our time: clean, responsible, and renewable energy solutions for all. From solar power technology to the dream of nuclear fusion, people are stepping up to explore or put many different energy sources into practical use. Empower your readers to form and make the right decisions.
This book emerges from the recognition that energy, environment and ecosystems are dynamically and inextricably connected.
Author: N.D. Kaushika
Category: Business & Economics
This book emerges from the recognition that energy, environment and ecosystems are dynamically and inextricably connected. The energy environment system must be addressed in its totality, so that we can devise sustainable solutions that incorporate both economic growth and environmental conservation. No single clean energy source will sustain long-term energy security, and fossil fuels will remain prominent in the mix of energy sources for several decades to come. Energy solutions, therefore, must employ a broad and diverse range of approaches, including cleaner fossil fuel technologies, and an affordable transition to greener power generation employing waste, water and renewable resources. Moreover, adapting to this changing global energy picture will require a transformational shift in the ways we use and deliver energy services. The authors begin with a broad introductory chapter on sustainable energy and the environment, classifying energy resources, cataloging environmental degradations, and outlining the concepts and practices of sustainability. In Chapters Two and Three, they summarize the basic constituents of the environment, the biosphere and its natural cycles, and offer a model of Earth’s planetary temperatures and the greenhouse effect. Chapters Four and Five outline conventional energy and power systems, and related environmental degradations. The next several chapters cover clean coal technologies for power generation, and discuss sustainable energy and power technologies based on both thermal and photovoltaic solar energy, along with biomass and wind. The final chapters examine in depth the management of waste and water, pollution control and energy conservation. The book introduces a unique approach to sustainability and energy conservation which emphasizes the relationships between underlying scientific principles and practical applications employed in engineering solutions. All this is offered in a form that matches the requirements of college-level environmental science and engineering courses.
These non-profit banks can borrow the money to build the new platform, give the money to the utilities and investor-owned businesses that would do the work, and then get paid back over the years as customers pay for the cleaner, cheaper ...
Author: Reed Hundt
Publisher: Odyssey Editions
Category: Political Science
Modern life rests on two electromagnetic wave platforms: knowledge and power. The power platform is where the knowledge platform was in 1993. Emanating from the United States, digital mobile and Internet networks wrapped around the world, changing societies and economies in just a few years. The hundreds of millions of dollars invested in the American move to the new knowledge platform meant for the Clinton Administration that everything supposed to go up (labor force participation, income, productivity), went up. Everything supposed to go down (unemployment, cost of capital), went down. Now the power platform begs to be rebuilt quickly, producing cheap, clean, abundant energy instead of expensive, polluting, and inefficiently consumed power. As was the case for the knowledge platform in the 1990s, if America moves to the new power platform, all can revel in full employment and take satisfaction in reduced inequality in wealth and income. The mass purchasing power of consumers will cast the deciding vote for the new power platform, if and when consumers can buy energy solutions that are both cleaner and cheaper than what is otherwise available. Each American should be able to order and get (1) a cheaper bill for household or business consumption of cleaner energy, (2) no up-front payments for any of the steps necessary to get cheaper, cleaner energy solutions, and (3) convenient access to charging stations for electric cars. These three rights – buy cheaper and cleaner energy solutions, finance up-front costs, and rely on others to provide charging station networks – will make consumers leaders of the move to the new power platform. To give Americans these rights, state governments should charter green banks. These non-profit banks can borrow the money to build the new platform, give the money to the utilities and investor-owned businesses that would do the work, and then get paid back over the years as customers pay for the cleaner, cheaper electricity. As everyone who has bought a house knows, the lower the interest rate on a loan, the less the consumer has to pay on the loan and the more house the consumer can buy. Similarly, the lower the cost of capital for clean energy, the lower the price of the clean energy that the consumer has to pay, and the more clean energy projects people will pay for. After November 2010, when the Republican take-over of Congress killed the already dim prospects for a federal green bank, the governors of Connecticut and later New York decided to create their own state green banks. If Connecticut, New York and others move forward in persuading utilities to lower the energy bills paid by consumers even while selling them clean electricity, other states will follow. In summary: 1. Knowledge is Power. The shift to the new knowledge platform, manifested in digital mobile and the Internet, foreshadows the move to the new power platform. 2. Power of Price. People should pay less for cleaner energy solutions than they would otherwise pay for electricity. 3. Lemonade Tastes Better than Lemons. Political leaders should adopt tax breaks and low cost financing through green banks to produce cheaper, cleaner solutions to the common problems of heating, lighting, air-conditioning, industrial processes and transportation. Customers should be better off moving to the new platform. 4. Borrow Long, Spend Now, Get Paid Back Over Time. Governments should capitalize green banks by borrowing at low rates, with long terms; green banks should provide long term, low interest financing support to clean energy and efficiency suppliers; customers should pay over long time periods either on electricity bill or on mortgage. No consumer should have to pay up front for solar on roof or insulation under roof or any other clean energy solution. Everyone should get a deal they just cannot turn down. 5. Money Talks, Nobody Walks Away from a Deal. Consumers are voters. If everyone can order cleaner energy, either through clean generation like solar panels on a roof or energy efficiency measures that reduce consumption and displace carbon-emitting generation purchased by utilities, then consumers/voters will drive the move to the new power platform. Praise from Al Gore, Former Vice President and Winner of the Nobel Peace Prize “We are on the verge of a clean energy revolution -- one that will move us away from our reliance on dirty fossil fuels and towards a more sustainable future. As FCC chairman during the 1990s, Reed Hundt played a critical role in a similar transformational period for information technology. Drawing from this experience, Reed has outlined and detailed in his new book, Zero Hour: Time to Build the Clean Power Platform, an eloquent guide for the future of our energy infrastructure. A must read.”
This book analyses the implications of the global shift to cleaner energy for a country whose economy has centred on hydrocarbon exports.
Author: Yelena Kalyuzhnova
Category: Social Science
Kazakhstan is rich in natural resources including coal, oil, natural gas and uranium and has significant renewable potential from wind, solar, hydro and biomass. In spite of this, the country is currently dependent upon fossil fuels with coal-fired plants accounting for 75% of total power generation leading to concerns over greenhouse gas emissions and impacts on human health and the environment. This book analyses the implications of the global shift to cleaner energy for a country whose economy has centred on hydrocarbon exports. The challenge is urgent for Kazakhstan, whose recent economic growth has driven increased demand for energy services, making the construction of additional generating capacity increasingly necessary for enabling sustained growth. In this context, renewable energy resources are becoming an increasingly attractive option to help bridge the demand-supply gap. Chapters written by experts in the field provide a comprehensive review of the current energy situation in Kazakhstan including fossil energy and renewable resources and analyses policy drivers for the energy sector. Emphasising that clean energy covers a variety of renewables, as well as cleaner use of hydrocarbons, this book argues that future technological change will affect the relative attractiveness of the various choices. Recognising technical, geographical and domestic and international political constraints on policymakers’ options, this book will be of interest to an interdisciplinary audience in the fields of resource management and clean energy, development economics and Central Asian Studies.
This book which be of vital importance to lawyers, policy-makers, economists, and the general reader.
Author: Donald Zillman
Publisher: Oxford University Press
There are few existential challenges more serious in the twenty first century than energy transition. As current trends in energy production prove unsustainable for the environment, energy security, and economic development, innovation becomes imperative. Yet, with technological challenges, come legal challenges. Zillman, Godden, Paddock, and Roggenkamp assemble a team of experts in their field to debate how the law may have to adapt to changes in the area. What regulatory approach should be used? How do we deal with longer-term investment horizons and so called 'stranded assets' such as coal-fired power stations? And can a form of energy justice be achieved which encompasses human rights, sustainable development goals, and the eradication of energy poverty? With a concept as unwieldy as energy innovation, it is high time for a text tackling changes which are dynamic and diverse across different communities, and which provides a thorough examination of the legal ramifications of the most recent technological changes. This book which be of vital importance to lawyers, policy-makers, economists, and the general reader.
Combined Heat and Power (CHP) solutions represent a proven and effective near-term energy option to help the United States enhance energy efficiency, ensure environmental quality, promote economic growth, and foster a robust energy ...