Cleft and Pseudo Cleft Constructions in English

Cleft and Pseudo Cleft Constructions in English

First published in 1991, this book examines the communicative properties of ‘cleft’ and ‘pseudo-cleft’ constructions in contemporary English.

Author: Peter C. Collins

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317421368

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 242

View: 947

First published in 1991, this book examines the communicative properties of ‘cleft’ and ‘pseudo-cleft’ constructions in contemporary English. The book argues that these properties cannot be ignored in any attempt to provide an adequate grammatical description of the constructions. Furthermore, they provide a source of explanations for the patterns of stylistic variation displayed by clefts and pseudo-clefts. The book reports findings from a corpus-based study of clefts and pseudo-clefts in modern British English.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Pseudo Cleft Construction in English

The Pseudo Cleft Construction in English

This essay aims to provide an overall picture of the construction, and show why another treatment of it is necessary. This book will be of interest to those pursuing the topic of copular sentences.

Author: F. R. Higgins

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317436812

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 404

View: 223

This work, first published in 1979, was a doctoral dissertation submitted to the Department of Foreign Literatures and Linguistics of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology on June 22nd 1973. The ostensible central topic of this essay is a construction which is generally known as the "pseudo-cleft" construction. This essay aims to provide an overall picture of the construction, and show why another treatment of it is necessary. This book will be of interest to those pursuing the topic of copular sentences.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Introduction to the Grammar of English

Introduction to the Grammar of English

6 The cleft and pseudo - cleft constructions These constructions are illustrated in (
2211 ) and ( iii ) respectively , thematic variants of the non - cleft clause ( i ) : ( 22 )
i A faulty switch caused the trouble ii It was a faulty switch that caused the ...

Author: Rodney Huddleston

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521297044

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 483

View: 357

This textbook provides a thorough and precise account of all the major areas of English grammar. For practical reasons the author concentrates on Standard English and only selected aspects of its regional variation. The book is written for students who may have no previous knowledge of linguistics and little familiarity with 'traditional' grammar. All grammatical terms, whether traditional or more recent, are therefore carefully explained, and in the first three chapters the students is introduced to the theoretical concepts and methodological principles needed to follow the later descriptive chapters. Nevertheless, the book is more than a straightforward 'grammar of English'. Rodney Huddleston does not espouse any formalised contemporary model of syntax and morphology, but he adopts the framework of modern 'structural' linguistics, in a very broad understanding of that term. The grammatical categories postulated derive from a study of the combinational and contrastive relationships the words and other forms enter into, and Dr Huddleston pays particular attention to the problem of choosing between alternative analyses and justifying the analysis he proposes. In this sense his book is addressed to the student of linguistics, who will find Introduction to the Grammar of English a much needed foundation for more advanced work in theoretical linguistics.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Main Processes of Thematization and Postponement in English

Main Processes of Thematization and Postponement in English

The purpose of this book is to describe the main formal and functional characteristics of all the syntactic processes of thematization and postponement in English.

Author: Maria Martinez Lirola

Publisher: Peter Lang

ISBN: 3039118072

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 282

View: 667

The purpose of this book is to describe the main formal and functional characteristics of all the syntactic processes of thematization and postponement in English. It describes in detail the main aspects of cleft sentences, reversed-pseudo cleft sentences, topicalization, inversion, left-dislocation, passive, extraposition, existential sentences, pseudo-cleft sentences, postposition and right-dislocation. The main aspects of use will be illustrated with examples from three novels written by the South African writer Alan Paton. The book is divided into three main chapters: the first one is a general introduction which explains some general concepts related to word order, to the corpus of examples and to Alan Paton, the author of the novels chosen as a corpus of examples; the second chapter is devoted to the syntactic processes of thematization in English and the third one to the syntactic processes of postponement.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Frequency Forms and Functions of Cleft Constructions in Romance and Germanic

Frequency  Forms and Functions of Cleft Constructions in Romance and Germanic

Cleft constructions form a class of syntactic structures that include at least three
distinct subclasses known as Cleft sentences (or it-clefts), Pseudo-cleft sentences
(or wh-clefts) and Reverse pseudo-cleft sentences (or Reverse wh-cleft). The
examples given below, taken from Lambrecht (2001:246), illustrate these
constructions in English, but the same three types of clefts exist in a wide array of
languages ...

Author: Anna-Maria De Cesare

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 9783110361872

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 426

View: 175

The volume describes the frequency, the forms and the functions of different cleft construction types across two language families: the Romance languages (with discussion of Italian, French and Spanish data) and the Germanic languages (with focus on English, German, Swiss German and Danish).
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Studies on Copular Sentences Clefts and Pseudo Clefts

Studies on Copular Sentences  Clefts and Pseudo Clefts

PREFACE This is a book on oopular sentences in which ample attention is
devoted to so-called cleit and pseudo-cleft ... to exist in English, viz.
specificational sentences, predicational ones, what I will call 'dcscriptionally-
identifying sentences', ...

Author: Renaat Declerck

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110869330

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 270

View: 708

Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

A Bibliovect Guide to the Literature in English and Theoretical Syntax

A Bibliovect Guide to the Literature in English and Theoretical Syntax

U 2 . . . TUIRTH , J••1974 . DERIVATION OF CLEFT SENTENCES A . PAPER
PRESENTED AT THE LSA ANNUAL MEETING : AKKAJIAN , A + . 1970 . ON
DERIVING CLEFT SENTENCES FROM PSEUDO - CLEFT SENTENCES A
LINGUISTIC ...

Author: Lawrence R. Smith

Publisher: St. John's, Nfld. Canada ; New Canaan, Conn. : Information Reduction Research

ISBN: STANFORD:36105026025820

Category: English language

Page: 263

View: 598

Categories: English language

Extending the Scope of Corpus based Research

Extending the Scope of Corpus based Research

On the basis of material from the Swedish component of the International Corpus
of Learner English (ICLE) and comparable native speaker ... discusses some
differences between Swedish advanced learners' and native speakers' use of it-
clefts and pseudo-clefts in argumentative writing. Even though cleft constructions
exist in Swedish too, it is possible that learners are not fully aware of their
thematic ...

Author: Sylviane Granger-Legrand

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 904201136X

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 261

View: 966

This collection of articles highlights some of the challenges facing English Corpus Linguistics at the beginning of the 21st century and shows how these challenges are being addressed by researchers.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Comparison Between It clefts and WH Clefts Similarities and Differences

Comparison Between It clefts and WH Clefts  Similarities and Differences

Seminar paper from the year 2005 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,7, Technical University of Braunschweig (Englisches Seminar), course: Introduction to Information Structure, language: English, ...

Author: Gabriela Bara

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783640554256

Category:

Page: 40

View: 988

Seminar paper from the year 2005 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,7, Technical University of Braunschweig (Englisches Seminar), course: Introduction to Information Structure, language: English, abstract: From language to language, there are different alternatives in which a speaker can structure information. Information structure deals with the highlighting of pieces of information in sentences. Even though there are a variety of ways in which the same basic informational content can be conveyed, the preference for a particular way reveals how the speaker's semantic representation is transposed into syntactical data. Moreover, the speaker's choice for structuring information into a particular linguistic form shows the coherent way in which utterances are connected in sequences, revealing thus the importance of discourse. There are several syntactic devices that are able to encode the pragmatic information of a preferred alternative. One type of such devices used to mark information structure is cleft constructions. There are two major types of clefts: it-clefts and WH-clefts, also called pseudo-clefts. There has been claimed in the literature for a long time that cleft constructions are interchangeable. Clefts present a series of syntactic similarities, but they behave differently in discourse. The purpose of this paper is to prove that it-clefts and WH-clefts are not interchangeable. In doing so, data will be analyzed by comparing clefts as far as form, structure, and discourse functions are concerned, and eventually, in the light of given and known information, I will show the essential differences between them. Although the grammatical forms are in direct relation and determine to some degree the information structure in a cleft, apart from the syntactical level, of significant importance is the analysis of cleft constructions as integrated components of a discourse. One should take into account the natural flow of la
Categories:

SA Journal of Linguistics

SA Journal of Linguistics

English. P.C. Collins Routledge 1991. 230 pp. Jespersen (1927), whose work
foreshadows many syntactic accounts, gave cleft and pseudo-cleft sentences
their respective names which look like attributive constructions but differ from
these ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105012068495

Category: Afrikaans language

Page:

View: 894

Categories: Afrikaans language

Hammer s German Grammar and Usage

Hammer s German Grammar and Usage

This new edition includes: -concise descriptions of the main grammatical phenomena of German and their use -examples of grammar taken from contemporary German, helping you to understand the underlying grammatical principles more quickly ...

Author: Martin Durrell

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781444120165

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 553

View: 121

Long trusted as the most comprehensive, up-to-date and user-friendly grammar available, HAMMER'S GERMAN GRAMMAR AND USAGEprovides you with a complete guide to German as it is written and spoken today. This new edition includes: -concise descriptions of the main grammatical phenomena of German and their use -examples of grammar taken from contemporary German, helping you to understand the underlying grammatical principles more quickly -invaluable guidance on pronunciation and the German accent -discussion of new words from English roots such as 'zertweeten' ('to tweet'), helping you to communicate in German as used by Germans today -clarification on the spelling reform and current spellings of German, thus increasing your confidence while writing and reading in German. Praised for its clear layout and lucid explanations, this new edition distinguishes the most common forms of usage, both formal and informal, and offers you a combination of reference grammar and manual of current usage that you will find invaluable, whether a student or a teacher, at intermediate or advanced level.
Categories: Foreign Language Study

The Syntax and Semantics of Cleft Constructions

The Syntax and Semantics of Cleft Constructions

On the Deep Question of Pseudo - clefts " , English Linguistics Grice , H. P. 1975 .
" Logic and Conversation " , in D. Davidson and G. Harman , eds . , The Logic of
Grammar . Dickenson , Encino , Calif . 64-75 . Halliday , M. K. 1967 . " Notes on ...

Author: Per-Kristian Halvorsen

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822006644579

Category: English language

Page: 99

View: 316

Categories: English language

From Will to Well

From Will to Well

Information-packaging constructions in British English in the 1960s and 1990s*
The figures in Table 1 paint a picture of ... Arguably it is only the reversed pseudo
-cleft, the only construction to have enjoyed a rise in speech, that can look with ...

Author: Stefaan Slembrouck

Publisher: Academia Press

ISBN: 9789038214962

Category: Linguistics

Page: 492

View: 467

Categories: Linguistics

Intonation

Intonation

*HE can do it too The principal grammatical means of focussing in English
involve the use of passive, cleft, and pseudo-cleft constructions and it is of course
also no accident that the items brought into focus by the use of these
constructions ...

Author: Alan Cruttenden

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521598257

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 201

View: 912

This updated edition remains the basic reference book for all these concerned with speech in any way.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Grammar of Focus

The Grammar of Focus

Focus and Arabic Clefts Jamal Ouhalla Queen Mary , London University Abstract
Arabic makes use of a formula for ... focus constructions and simple equatives
suggests that Heycok and Kroch's ( 1996 ) analysis of English pseudo - clefts as ...

Author: Georges Rebuschi

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027227454

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 366

View: 964

The grammar of focus has been studied in generative grammar from its inception. It has been the subject of intense, detailed cross-linguistic investigation for over 20 years, particularly within the Principles and Parameters framework. It is appropriate at this point, therefore, to take stock. Appraisal at this particular point is all the more legitimate because it comes at a time of general evaluation of the results of the profound activity that has characterized the Principles and Parameters framework. This general assessment has produced a radical new direction within that framework. The volume starts off with an introductory chapter that aims to provide an outline for the assessment, to be followed by an overview of the evolution of the study of focus in generative grammar, and a recapitulation of the principal issues associated with focus. These issues are taken up in the remaining chapters of the book, where various grammatical means of marking focus (as well as grammaticalization of focus marking) are analyzed in a wide variety of languages.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Oxford Handbook of the History of English

The Oxford Handbook of the History of English

A main focus of scholarly inquiry has been the relationship of these newer
reduplicative copulas to pseudocleft constructions (e.g. what it is is), which have
licensed a reduplicative copula since the nineteenth century and which also help
 ...

Author: Terttu Nevalainen

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199996384

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 984

View: 309

The availability of large electronic corpora has caused major shifts in linguistic research, including the ability to analyze much more data than ever before, and to perform micro-analyses of linguistic structures across languages. This has historical linguists to rethink many standard assumptions about language history, and methods and approaches that are relevant to the study of it. The field is now interested in, and attracts, specialists whose fields range from statistical modeling to acoustic phonetics. These changes have even transformed linguists' perceptions of the very processes of language change, particularly in English, the most studied language in historical linguistics due to the size of available data and its status as a global language. The Oxford Handbook of the History of English takes stock of recent advances in the study of the history of English, broadening and deepening the understanding of the field. It seeks to suggest ways to rethink the relationship of English's past with its present, and make transparent the variety of conditions and processes that have been instrumental in shaping that history. Setting a new standard of cross-theoretical collaboration, it covers the field in an innovative way, providing diachronic accounts of major influences such as language contact, and typological processes that have shaped English and its varieties, as well as highlighting recent and ongoing developments of Englishes--celebrating the vitality of language change over the centuries and the many contexts and processes through which language change occurs.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Corpora and Language Teaching

Corpora and Language Teaching

Finally, the NNS use it-clefts and pseudo-clefts (both basic and reversed) more
frequently than NS. In particular, they use these cleft constructions to thematize
new information. ... be due to the low information content of the cleft clause and
that constructions Themes in Swedish advanced learners' writing in English 113
4.

Author: Karin Aijmer

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9789027223074

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 232

View: 757

Articles in this volume discuss the role and effectiveness of corpora and corpus-linguistic techniques for language teaching but also deal with broader issues such as the relationship between corpora and second language teaching and how the different perspectives of foreign language teachers and applied linguists can be reconciled.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines