Climate Change and the Microbiome

Climate Change and the Microbiome

This book highlights the impact of climate change on the soil microbiome and its subsequent effects on plant health, soil-plant dynamics, and the ecosphere.

Author: D. K. Choudhary

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030768638

Category: Agriculture

Page: 737

View: 653

This book highlights the impact of climate change on the soil microbiome and its subsequent effects on plant health, soil-plant dynamics, and the ecosphere. It also discusses emerging ideas to counteract these effects, e.g., through agricultural applications of functional microbes, to ensure a sustainable ecosystem. Climate change is altering the soil microbiome distributions and thus the interactions in microbiome and plant-soil microorganism. Improvement of our understanding of microbe-microbe and plant-microbe interaction under changing climatic conditions is essential, because the overall impact of these interactions under varying adverse environmental conditions is lacking. This book has been designed to understand the impact of climate change, i.e., mainly salt and drought stress, on the soil microbiome and its impact on plant, yield, and the ecosphere. The book is organized into four parts: The first part reviews the impact of climate change on the diversity and richness of the soil microbiome. The second part addresses effects of climate change on plant health. The third part discusses effects on soil-plant dynamics and functionality, e.g., soil productivity. The final part deals with the effects of climate change on ecosystem functioning and also discusses potential solutions. The book will appeal to students and researchers working in the area of soil science, agriculture, molecular biology, plant physiology, and biotechnology.
Categories: Agriculture

Microbiomes and the Global Climate Change

Microbiomes and the Global Climate Change

6.5 Environmental Factors Affecting the Marine Microbiome Environmental pollution and climate change have significant hazards to the corals, sponges, and other marine organisms, which in turn, may introduce risks to human health and ...

Author: Showkat Ahmad Lone

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789813345089

Category: Science

Page: 374

View: 678

This book covers the contemporary environmental issues faced by life on the planet and the role planetary microbiomes play in such issues. Providing insights on the net favorable and adverse effect of microbial processes, this volume covers both the spontaneous and anthropocentric events that impact climate change and life on the planet. The book describes the ecological significance of microbiomes associated with the kingdoms Plantae and Animalia with respect to climate change, natural and anthropogenic causes of climate change, microbial interactions in nature, planetary microbiomes and food security, climate change in relation to disease epidemiology and human health and engineering microorganisms to mitigate the consequences of climate change. The individual chapters in the intended book provide both theoretical and practical exposure to the current issues and future challenges of climate change in relation to the microbiomes. This collection should serve as ready reference to the researchers working in the area to reshape their future research in addressing the challenges of global climate change.
Categories: Science

Microbiome Under Changing Climate

Microbiome Under Changing Climate

evidence from climate change research depends on the assessment of changes in the respiration of soil. To develop soil carbonÀclimate feedback models, it is, therefore important to assess how large soil carbon resources are evolving ...

Author: Ajay Kumar

Publisher: Woodhead Publishing

ISBN: 9780323906975

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 574

View: 775

Microbiome Under Changing Climate: Implications and Solutions presents the latest biotechnological interventions for the judicious use of microbes to ensure optimal agricultural yield. Summarizing aspects of vulnerability, adaptation and amelioration of climate impact, this book provides an important resource for understanding microbes, plants and soil in pursuit of sustainable agriculture and improved food security. It emphasizes the interaction between climate and soil microbes and their potential role in promoting advanced sustainable agricultural solutions, focusing on current research designed to use beneficial microbes such as plant growth promoting microorganisms, fungi, endophytic microbes, and more. Changes in climatic conditions influence all factors of the agricultural ecosystem, including adversely impacting yield both in terms of quantity and nutritional quality. In order to develop resilience against climatic changes, it is increasingly important to understand the effect on the native micro-flora, including the distribution of methanogens and methanotrophs, nutrient content and microbial biomass, among others. Demonstrates the impact of climate change on secondary metabolites of plants and potential responses Incorporates insights on microflora of inhabitant soil Explores mitigation processes and their modulation by sustainable methods Highlights the role of microbial technologies in agricultural sustainability
Categories: Business & Economics

Sustainable Crop Productivity and Quality under Climate Change

Sustainable Crop Productivity and Quality under Climate Change

Responses of Crop Plants to Climate Change Fulai Liu, Xiangnan Li, Petra Hogy, Dong Jiang, Marian Brestic, Bing Liu. of crops, and discuss the interaction of rhizosphere microbiome and crop under climate change scenarios.

Author: Fulai Liu

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780323854504

Category: Science

Page: 406

View: 439

Sustainable Crop Productivity and Quality under Climate Change: Responses of Crop Plants to Climate Change explores the physiological, biochemical and molecular bases of the responses of major crop plants to a range of climate change scenarios, including the development of climate resilience crop varieties that lead to enhanced crop productivity and quality under stressful conditions. The book presents a much-needed mechanistic understanding on the interactions between multiple stress responses of plants needed to identify and take advantage of acclimation traits in major crop species as a prerequisite for securing robust yields and good quality. This is an excellent reference book for plant scientists, advanced level students and frontline researchers working on plant/crop ecophysiology/stress physiology, as well as those sustaining crop production under climate change. Includes physiological, biochemical and molecular response of major crop plants to climate change related stresses Informs breeding for developing climate resilient crop varieties Represents the latest developments and advances from leading researchers
Categories: Science

The Future of Coral Reefs Subject to Rapid Climate Change Lessons from Natural Extreme Environments

The Future of Coral Reefs Subject to Rapid Climate Change  Lessons from Natural Extreme Environments

Taken together, microbiome differences correspond at least partly with the distinct environment and provide putative ... The microbiome is thought to adjust and support the coral holobiont under changing environmental conditions (Reshef ...

Author: Emma F. Camp

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889457175

Category:

Page:

View: 467

Examination of corals and reef-associated organisms which endure in extreme coral reef environments is challenging our understanding of the conditions that organisms can survive under. By studying individuals naturally adapted to unfavorable conditions, we begin to better understand the important traits required to survive rapid environmental and climate change. This Research Topic, comprising reviews, and original research articles, demonstrates the current state of knowledge regarding the diversity of extreme coral habitats, the species that have been studied, and the knowledge to-date on the mechanisms, traits and trade-offs that have facilitated survival.
Categories:

Climate Change and Microbes

Climate Change and Microbes

This book provides an enlightening picture of the role of microbes for sustaining life systems and how climatic factors will change the course of the processes.

Author: Javid A. Parray

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781000410037

Category: Nature

Page: 320

View: 968

This book provides an enlightening picture of the role of microbes for sustaining life systems and how climatic factors will change the course of the processes. Climate Change and Microbes: Impacts and Vulnerability explores the little-addressed issue of the effects of climate change on microbial ecosystems and the influence of climate change on microbiome diversity across various habitats and regions. Recent years have seen the evidence that microbial communities are neither immune to disruption nor do they have the capacity to recover completely after a stressful climate event. This volume documents the important role of microorganisms as climate engineers and considers mitigation and adaptation strategies as well. It goes on to present the research that addresses a diverse array of topics on the impact of climate change on plant-microbe interactions and microbial aquatic life and change-induced aggravations in microbial populations and processes. The book also addresses microbial foodborne diseases resulting from challenging climates. Other topics include algae as indicators of climate change and strategies for facilitating sustainable agro-ecosystems. This book will be immensely helpful in the study of plant microbiology, agricultural sciences, biotechnology, climate science, and environmental microbiology. It will also be applicable to the field of microbial biotechnology, agricultural, and other life and environmental sciences.
Categories: Nature

Plant Nutrition and Food Security in the Era of Climate Change

Plant Nutrition and Food Security in the Era of Climate Change

microbiome engineering for agriculture application was carried out by a commercial organization, “Indigo Ag.” Wheat, cotton, and corn seed coated with microbiome have shown improvement of crop yield by 12.7%, 14%, and 40%, ...

Author: Vinay Kumar

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128230930

Category: Science

Page: 574

View: 989

Plant nutrients are the vital elements essential for plant growth and survival, with key roles in adapting to challenging environments. Each nutrient, whether required in relatively large (macronutrients) or minute concentrations (micronutrients) plays a unique role in plant life cycle. Both the insufficient and surplus concentrations of these nutrients may render negative impacts on plant growth and development and therefore their homeostasis is considered critical for optimal plant growth and yield. Plant Nutrition and Food Security in the Era of Climate Change comprehensively reviews all critical plant nutrients. Chapters include topics such as: biological roles, uptake and transport of vital nutrients in plants; an in-depth review of the roles of potassium, calcium, magnesium and trace element; molecular breeding approaches for enhanced plant nutrients; and exploring the rhizosphere microbiome for enhance nutrient availability. Written by leading experts in the field of plant biology, this is an essential read for researchers and scientists interested in plant science, agronomy, food security and environmental science. A comprehensive review of all the important plant nutrients Discusses plant homeostasis under natural and changing environments Introduces novel approaches and state-of-the-art tool for enhancing the levels of targeted nutrients within plant tissues
Categories: Science

The Marine Microbiome

The Marine Microbiome

At the microbiome level, climate change can directly and indirectly alter hostassociated microbial communities which may negatively impact host health through the breakdown of symbiotic relationships or the loss of important microbial ...

Author: Lucas J. Stal

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030903831

Category: Biochemical engineering

Page: 768

View: 573

This updated and expanded second edition reviews numerous aspects of the marine microbiome and its possible industrial applications. The marine microbiome is the total of microorganisms and viruses in the ocean and seas and in any connected environment, including the seafloor and marine animals and plants. In the first part of the book, diversity, origin and evolution of the marine microorganisms and viruses are discussed. The microbes presented originate from all three domains of life: Bacteria, Archaea, and Eukarya. The second part sheds some light on the different communities: it describes marine habitats and how their inhabitants control biogeochemical cycles. The third part finally examines the microbial ocean as a global system and evaluates methods of utilizing marine microbial resources. Adopting a translational approach, the book connects academic research with industrial applications, making it a fascinating read and valuable resource for microbiologists from both domains.
Categories: Biochemical engineering

Metagenomic Systems Biology

Metagenomic Systems Biology

The massive diversity and varied responses of microorganisms to environmental change also make it challenging to accurately determine the impact of climate change on global microbiome. Likewise, it is also difficult to experimentally ...

Author: Shailza Singh

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811585623

Category: Science

Page: 205

View: 633

The book serves as an amalgamation of knowledge and principles used in the area of systems and synthetic biology, and targets inter-disciplinary research groups. The readers from diversified areas would be benefited by the valuable resources and information available in one book. Microbiome projects with efficient data handling can fuel progress in the area of microbial synthetic biology by providing a ready to use plug and play chassis. Advances in gene editing technology such as the use of tailor made synthetic transcription factors will further enhance the availability of synthetic devices to be applied in the fields of environment, agriculture and health. The different chapters of the book reviews a broad range of topics, including food microbiome in ecology, use of microbiome in personalized medicine, machine learning in biomedicine. The book also describes ways to harness and exploit the incredible amounts of genomic data. The book is not only limited to medicine but also caters to the needs of environmentalists, biochemical engineers etc. It will be of interest to advanced students and researchers in life sciences, computational biology, microbiology and other inter-disciplinary areas.
Categories: Science