Community Seed Banks

Community Seed Banks

This book is the first to provide a global review of their development and includes a wide range of case studies.

Author: Ronnie Vernooy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134608607

Category: Nature

Page: 270

View: 107

Community seed banks first appeared towards the end of the 1980s, established with the support of international and national non-governmental organizations. This book is the first to provide a global review of their development and includes a wide range of case studies. Countries that pioneered various types of community seed banks include Bangladesh, Brazil, Ethiopia, India, Nepal, Nicaragua, the Philippines and Zimbabwe. In the North, a particular type of community seed bank emerged known as a seed-savers network. Such networks were first established in Australia, Canada, the UK and the USA before spreading to other countries. Over time, the number and diversity of seed banks has grown. In Nepal, for example, there are now more than 100 self-described community seed banks whose functions range from pure conservation to commercial seed production. In Brazil, community seed banks operate in various regions of the country. Surprisingly, despite 25 years of history and the rapid growth in number, organizational diversity and geographical coverage of community seed banks, recognition of their roles and contributions has remained scanty. The book reviews their history, evolution, experiences, successes and failures (and reasons why), challenges and prospects. It fills a significant gap in the literature on agricultural biodiversity and conservation, and their contribution to food sovereignty and security.
Categories: Nature

Community Seed Banks

Community Seed Banks

A recently established community seed bank in Bhutan is putting efforts into
maintaining existing buckwheat varieties and restoring lost ones to enhance
genetic diversity in the area, thereby strengthening farmers' capacity to adapt to
changing ...

Author: Ronnie Vernooy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134608539

Category: Nature

Page: 270

View: 340

Community seed banks first appeared towards the end of the 1980s, established with the support of international and national non-governmental organizations. This book is the first to provide a global review of their development and includes a wide range of case studies. Countries that pioneered various types of community seed banks include Bangladesh, Brazil, Ethiopia, India, Nepal, Nicaragua, the Philippines and Zimbabwe. In the North, a particular type of community seed bank emerged known as a seed-savers network. Such networks were first established in Australia, Canada, the UK and the USA before spreading to other countries. Over time, the number and diversity of seed banks has grown. In Nepal, for example, there are now more than 100 self-described community seed banks whose functions range from pure conservation to commercial seed production. In Brazil, community seed banks operate in various regions of the country. Surprisingly, despite 25 years of history and the rapid growth in number, organizational diversity and geographical coverage of community seed banks, recognition of their roles and contributions has remained scanty. The book reviews their history, evolution, experiences, successes and failures (and reasons why), challenges and prospects. It fills a significant gap in the literature on agricultural biodiversity and conservation, and their contribution to food sovereignty and security.
Categories: Nature

Banking on Seeds Community Seed Bank Network

Banking on Seeds  Community Seed Bank Network

sensitise farming communities on the value of conserving indigenous seeds and
to locate diversity . Held immediately after the ... Seed Banks Community seed
banks are important for the safeguarding of traditional seeds . GF believes that
the ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: CHI:80563115

Category: Agriculture and state

Page: 72

View: 798

Study with reference to Karnataka and Tamil Nadu, states of India.
Categories: Agriculture and state

Ecology of Soil Seed Banks

Ecology of Soil Seed Banks

This book also explores the role of seed banks in vegetation management. This reference material will be a valuable reference material to population and community ecologists and managers.

Author: Mary Allessio Leck

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780323148658

Category: Nature

Page: 484

View: 683

Ecology of Soil Seed Banks examines the factors that influence seed bank dynamics and the variety of patterns found among different species. This book presents seed banks in a community context to explore the ecological implications of different patterns, and thus begin the development of a synthesis by comparing various communities. Organized into five parts, this book first examines the general processes that influence inputs or losses from the seed bank, including predation, dormancy/germination mechanisms, and their evolutionary importance. Then, this text examines seed banks in a community context. Only eight vegetation types are included, but the range in diversity of life form, length of growing season, and dominant environmental conditions allow comparisons of seed bank patterns. This book also explores the role of seed banks in vegetation management. This reference material will be a valuable reference material to population and community ecologists and managers. Evolutionary consequences of seed banks should be of interest to population and theoretical biologists.
Categories: Nature

Community Biodiversity Management

Community Biodiversity Management

This book is the first to set out a clear overview of CBM as a methodology for meeting socio-environmental changes.

Author: Walter Simon de Boef

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781136474866

Category: Nature

Page: 422

View: 357

The conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are issues that have been high on the policy agenda since the first Earth Summit in Rio in 1992. As part of efforts to implement in situ conservation, a methodology referred to as community biodiversity management (CBM) has been developed by those engaged in this arena. CBM contributes to the empowerment of farming communities to manage their biological resources and make informed decisions on the conservation and use of agrobiodiversity. This book is the first to set out a clear overview of CBM as a methodology for meeting socio-environmental changes. CBM is shown to be a key strategy that promotes community resilience, and contributes to the conservation of plant genetic resources. The authors present the underlying concepts and theories of CBM as well as its methodology and practices, and introduce case studies primarily from Brazil, Ethiopia, France, India, and Nepal. Contributors include farmers, leaders of farmers’ organizations, professionals from conservation and development organizations, students and scientists. The book offers inspiration to all those involved in the conservation and use of agrobiodiversity within livelihood development and presents ideas for the implementation of farmers’ rights. The wide collection of experiences illustrates the efforts made by communities throughout the world to cope with change while using diversity and engaging in learning processes. It links these grassroots efforts with debates in policy arenas as a means to respond to the unpredictable changes, such as climate change, that communities face in sustaining their livelihoods.
Categories: Nature

Farmers rights

Farmers  rights

Farmers’ rights refer to rights arising from the past, present and future contributions of farmers in conserving, improving, and making available plant genetic resources.

Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.

ISBN: 9789251099322

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 116

View: 477

Farmers’ rights refer to rights arising from the past, present and future contributions of farmers in conserving, improving, and making available plant genetic resources. This educational module explains the foundation of the concept and outlines the important role played by farmers and local and indigenous communities in the conservation and sustainable management of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture.
Categories: Juvenile Fiction

Farmers Seed Production

Farmers  Seed Production

Box 2.7 Traditional seed banking in Ethiopia In Tigray the idea of establishing
community seed banks originated from discussions after the famine of 1984–85 .
People had noticed that some farmers achieved a better harvest than others in ...

Author: Conny Almekinders

Publisher: New Approaches and Practices

ISBN: WISC:89065111965

Category: Political Science

Page: 291

View: 485

This handbook covers a whole range of issues relating to local seed supply systems, including participatory plant breeding, and both technical and practical information on seed production and variety maintenance. It suggests new approaches and methods to support on-farm seed production by small-scale farmers in developing countries. The first part of the book describes the functioning of local seed systems and discusses their strengths, limitations and possibilities for improvement. The authors discuss in detail issues of genetic diversity and in-situ conservation, farmers' rights and legislation. The cases presented here illustrate the functioning of local seed systems and experiences with improving them. The second part contains technical information on seed production, selection, storage and distribution, and varietal maintenance and improvement of different groups of important food crops, which can be applied and implemented at the level of small-scale farming. The third part contains practical guidelines about how on researchers and agriculturalists might carry out surveys to investigate local seed systems and their limitations, and how they can involve interested farmers in practical experimentation to improve their crop seed. This book will be of great value and interest to people who work directly with farmers, including extension agents, national and international NGOs, and farmers' cooperative workers.
Categories: Political Science

Seeds

Seeds

PERSISTENCE OF COMMUNITIES Seed banks are important in the long - term
survival of individual species , as well as plant communities . However , not all
species in a community are represented in the seed bank ( e.g. , Oosting and ...

Author: Carol C. Baskin

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015047103505

Category: Science

Page: 666

View: 138

Seeds: Ecology, Biogeography, and Evolution of Dormancy and Germination differs from all other books on seed germination. It is an all-encompassing volume that provides a working hypothesis of the ecological and environmental conditions under which various kinds of seed dormancy have developed. It also presents information on the seed germination of more than 3500 species of trees, shrubs, vines and herbaceous species, making this a valuable reference for anyone studying germination. This book delivers information on characteristics of each type of seed dormancy, how each type of dormancy is broken in nature, and what environmental conditions are required for germination after dormancy is broken. It explains how studies should be done to distinguish persistent from transient seed banks, and covers which species should be controlled, propagated, and conserved. Seeds gives the reader insight and guidelines for doing ecologically meaningful studies on the biogeography and evolution of seed dormancy and germination in order to better understand plant reproductive strategies, life history traits, adaptations to habitats, and physiological processes. Key Features * Evolutionary/phylogenetic origins and relationships of various kinds of seed dormancy * A world biogeographical perspective on seed dormancy and germination * Ecophysiology of seeds with each type of dormancy * Critical evaluation of methodology used in soil seed bank studies * Germination ecology of plants with specialized habitat and life cycle types * Genetic and maternal preconditioning effects on seed dormancy and germination * Guidelines for doing ecologically-meaningful germination studies
Categories: Science

Community Seed Banks in Nepal

Community Seed Banks in Nepal

Proceedings of a workshop organised by NAGRC, LI-BIRD and Bioversity International; held in Kathmandu, during 3-5 May 2018.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: LCCN:2019335390

Category:

Page: 234

View: 362

Categories:

Plant Diversity Sustainable Rural Livelihoods and the HIV AIDS Crisis

Plant Diversity  Sustainable Rural Livelihoods and the HIV AIDS Crisis

This network has established numerous community seed banks , containing over
50 rice varieties each , and has engaged farmers in active awareness on the
conservation , use , reporting , experimentation , improvement , seed production ...

Author: Josep A. Garí

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015052698456

Category: AIDS (Disease)

Page: 26

View: 776

Categories: AIDS (Disease)

Ecology of Soil Seed Banks

Ecology of Soil Seed Banks

Community Seed Bank Dynamics The same processes operating at the
population level are important in determining community dynamics . In addition ,
at this level the diversity of successful regeneration syndromes becomes clear .

Author: Mary Allessio Leck

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015018495815

Category: Science

Page: 462

View: 430

This text consists of 17 papers beginning with two introductory papers on general concepts, methodological issues, and the natural history of seed banks. The body of the text is divided into 3 major sections. The first is on seed bank processes of regeneration, dormancy, germination, and evolutionary ecology of seed banks. The next eight papers cover a variety of vegetation types in several climates. Management in arable land, restoration, and conservation are topics in section four. The concluding paper is on the dynamics of the population and community of seed banks. Tables, charts, graphs, maps, nearly 60 pages of bibliography and an index are provided.
Categories: Science

Strategic Plan to Improve Crop Production 2006 2007 2011 2012

Strategic Plan to Improve Crop Production  2006 2007 2011 2012

Author: Malawi. Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security. Department of Crop Production

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105133545256

Category: Agricultural productivity

Page: 159

View: 611

Categories: Agricultural productivity

The Role of Seed Banks in Coastal Plant Community Response to Climate Change

The Role of Seed Banks in Coastal Plant Community Response to Climate Change

Accelerated sea-level rise and increased intensity of tropical storm events have challenged the conventional approaches to conservation and restoration of coastal ecosystems.

Author: Hannah J. Kalk

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:807742746

Category:

Page: 232

View: 584

Accelerated sea-level rise and increased intensity of tropical storm events have challenged the conventional approaches to conservation and restoration of coastal ecosystems. In coastal communities, where survival will depend largely on the ability of species to adapt to rapidly shifting conditions or become established farther inland, historic assemblages may be lost. Seed banks may be an important component of resilience and recovery in response to altered inundation regimes, should they contain species able to adapt or migrate inland. This study assess the ability of seed banks to act as ecological buffers to storm surge disturbances and to instill ecological resilience in degraded and vulnerable coastal ecosystems. Above-ground, seed bank and propagule assemblages were surveyed from historic communities at the Grand Bay National Estuarine Research Reserve. Artificial storm surge experiments revealed that that seed banks were not well distributed throughout the coastal transition communities and that seed bank responses following storm surges are likely to vary among the different plant communities. While some relict species are expected to respond following disturbances, ruderal species are especially dominant in the upland seed bank communities and may, at least in the short term, cause shifts away from the historical assemblages. The apparent absence of seaward species in the upland seed banks may make assisted migration an important tool for the survival of communities unable to keep pace. Community response following translocation of propagule bank application onto highly degraded buyout properties suggested that this technique may be an effective tool in introducing resilience into ecosystems already experiencing the effects of climate change. They resulted in the establishment of diverse and variable communities, containing indicator species from a number of historic communities with varying environmental tolerances. Long-term monitoring of community change and reproductive output of target species may indicate the utility of community translocation in creating resilient and future-adapted communities.
Categories:

Organic Seed Traditional Varieties And Technologies

Organic Seed   Traditional Varieties And Technologies

Keeping the importance of the organic agriculture, the book on "Organic seed" has been compiled which is first of its kind in India. This book consists of four major parts.

Author: K. Vanangamudi

Publisher: Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 9789387307803

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 350

View: 924

The production and supply of organic seed is the need of the hour to facilitate the organic Agriculture, which ensures the production of the organic food products free from the toxic substances for better human health. But, also to conserve the soil and environmental health for well-beings of the human life including the flora and fauna. Keeping the importance of the organic agriculture, the book on "Organic seed" has been compiled which is first of its kind in India. This book consists of four major parts. Part I deals with the documentation of the indigenous varieties in cereals, pulses, oilseeds and vegetables. In Part II, an overview of organic agriculture, requirements and technologies for organic seed production with special reference to rice and cotton, seed quality treatments, certification, marketing and storage of organic seed are discussed. Part III includes the technologies for production, processing and storage of seed. Role of community seed bank, seed fairs and farmers participatory plant breeding are included in the Part IV.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Seedbanks

Seedbanks

Aspects of Applied Biology 69 , 2003 Seedbanks : Determination , Dynamics &
Management Seed traits : essential for understanding seed longevity By RENÉE
M BEKKER , JAN P BAKKER Community and Conservation Ecology Group ...

Author: Renée M. Bekker

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924089460285

Category: Agronomy

Page: 310

View: 938

Categories: Agronomy

Cultivating Knowledge

Cultivating Knowledge

Farmers who lost their seeds during the drought were also exploited by seed
lenders who charged exorbitant rates of interest . As a result Community Seed
Banks were organized to extend the merits of traditional seed selection and to
provide ...

Author: Walter de Boef

Publisher: Intermediate Technology

ISBN: STANFORD:36105006064732

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 206

View: 989

Reflects new approaches and concepts in the field of conservation and the development of local crops. Case studies from Africa, Latin America and Asia address these issues from different angles, examining the significance of local knowledge, and documenting new approaches and methodologies.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Seed Savers

Seed Savers

Local ex situ conservation in community seedbanks is especially appropriate
where rapid modernization , recurrent famine , or widespread political turmoil
exists . A number of indigenous African organizations are planning or initiating ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89095332433

Category: Seed exchanges

Page:

View: 136

Categories: Seed exchanges