Complexity and the Arrow of Time

Complexity and the Arrow of Time

This book brings together a wide range of experts in science, philosophy and theology and unveils their joint effort in exploring this idea.

Author: Charley H. Lineweaver

Publisher:

ISBN: 1107272521

Category: Complexity (Philosophy)

Page:

View: 926

"There is a widespread assumption that the universe in general, and life in particular, is "getting more complex with time". This book brings together a wide range of experts in science, philosophy, and theology and unveils their joint effort in exploring this idea. They confront essential problems behind the theory of complexity and the role of life within it: What is complexity? When does it increase, and why? Is the universe evolving towards states of ever greater complexity and diversity? If so, what is the source of this universal enrichment? This book addresses those difficult questions, and offers a unique cross-disciplinary perspective on some of the most profound issues at the heart of science and philosophy. Readers will gain insights in complexity that reach deep into key areas of physics, biology, complexity science, philosophy and religion"--
Categories: Complexity (Philosophy)

Complexity and the Arrow of Time

Complexity and the Arrow of Time

Written by a wide range of experts, this work presents cosmological, biological and philosophical perspectives on complexity in our universe.

Author: Charles H. Lineweaver

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107027251

Category: Science

Page: 357

View: 947

There is a widespread assumption that the universe in general, and life in particular, is 'getting more complex with time'. This book brings together a wide range of experts in science, philosophy and theology and unveils their joint effort in exploring this idea. They confront essential problems behind the theory of complexity and the role of life within it: what is complexity? When does it increase, and why? Is the universe evolving towards states of ever greater complexity and diversity? If so, what is the source of this universal enrichment? This book addresses those difficult questions, and offers a unique cross-disciplinary perspective on some of the most profound issues at the heart of science and philosophy. Readers will gain insights in complexity that reach deep into key areas of physics, biology, complexity science, philosophy and religion.
Categories: Science

Complexity and the Arrow of Time

Complexity and the Arrow of Time

If there is a complexityarrow of time” to place alongside the thermodynamic and cosmological arrows of time, it has yet to be elucidated precisely. The contributors to this volume tackle the foregoing issues head-on, and grapple with ...

Author: Charles H. Lineweaver

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107276635

Category: Science

Page:

View: 715

There is a widespread assumption that the universe in general, and life in particular, is 'getting more complex with time'. This book brings together a wide range of experts in science, philosophy and theology and unveils their joint effort in exploring this idea. They confront essential problems behind the theory of complexity and the role of life within it: what is complexity? When does it increase, and why? Is the universe evolving towards states of ever greater complexity and diversity? If so, what is the source of this universal enrichment? This book addresses those difficult questions, and offers a unique cross-disciplinary perspective on some of the most profound issues at the heart of science and philosophy. Readers will gain insights in complexity that reach deep into key areas of physics, biology, complexity science, philosophy and religion.
Categories: Science

Origins Time and Complexity

Origins  Time and Complexity

THE EMPEROR'S ARROW OF TIME W. SKOCZNY ( Faculty of Philosophy , Cracow , Poland ) The Emperor's New Mind ' is not only the author's polemic against artificial intelligence , it is also , and may be most importantly an extremely deep ...

Author: European Society for the Study of Science and Theology

Publisher: Labor et Fides

ISBN: 2830907426

Category: Knowledge, Theory of (Religion)

Page: 497

View: 774

Categories: Knowledge, Theory of (Religion)

From Complexity to Life

From Complexity to Life

PHILOSOPHICAL AND RELIGIOUS PERSPECTIVES9. Emergence of Transcendence, Harold J. Morowitz10. Complexity, Emergence, and Divine Creativity, Arthur Peacocke11. From Anthropic Design to Self-Organized Complexity, Niels Henrik GregersenIndex.

Author: Niels Henrik Gregersen

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780195150704

Category: Science

Page: 243

View: 379

Annotation. Contributors1. Introduction: Towards an Emergentist Worldview, Paul DaviesPART I. DEFINING COMPLEXITY2. Randomness and Mathematical Proof, Gregory J. Chaitin3. How to Define Complexity in Physics, and Why, Charles H. BennettPART II. THE CONCEPT OF INFORMATION IN PHYSICS AND BIOLOGY4. The Emergence of Autonomous Agents, Stuart Kauffman5. Complexity and the Arrow of Time, Paul Davies6. Can Evolutionary Algorithms Generate Specified Complexity?, William A. Dembski7. The Second Law of Gravutucs and the Fourth Law of Thermodynamics, Ian Stewart8. Two Arros from a Mighty Bow, Werner R. LoewensteinPART III. PHILOSOPHICAL AND RELIGIOUS PERSPECTIVES9. Emergence of Transcendence, Harold J. Morowitz10. Complexity, Emergence, and Divine Creativity, Arthur Peacocke11. From Anthropic Design to Self-Organized Complexity, Niels Henrik GregersenIndex.
Categories: Science

Arrow of Time and Reality

Arrow of Time and Reality

This book considers the problem within the realm of contemporary physics, and shows that it could be related to that of ultimate entities.

Author: Anne Magnon

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9810230222

Category: Science

Page: 290

View: 849

What is Reality? What is the role of human consciousness in the shaping of such a concept? These questions are as old as mankind and gave rise to the MIND-MATTER dualism which preoccupied so many physicists: Schrödinger, Wigner, etc. This book considers the problem within the realm of contemporary physics, and shows that it could be related to that of ultimate entities. The author develops the viewpoint according to which human thinking activities are fruit of the Cosmos and of its combinatorial activity. Ultimate entities, the bricks out of which our universe is made, could be hidden, as a primordial alphabet, in the foundations of the pyramid of increasing complexity, which seems to unfold as a language and to culminate in the emergence of organized and thinking structures. This is analyzed in the context of cosmological screening and horizons (an expression of our lack of access to totality) where macroscopic and microscopic can mingle, where a unification of interactions and a matching of available arrows of time can take place. This context is also that of quantum evaporation of particle-antiparticle like entities, which triggers entropy increase, and of the overlap between General Relativity and Quantum Mechanics. The problem of an (global) origin of the cruising (and evanescent) “Now” is considered. A creative principle (reminiscent of the biological mitosis) is also presented which is the generator of the “event” through breaking of temporal symmetry. In this perspective, time-flow is an emergent concept: Creation of the World is declined priority on the concept of “coming into existence”. Participant to the origin of the World, all (possibly virtual) processes are able to culminate into the phenomenon of consciousness and Self-Awareness.
Categories: Science

Evolving Complexity

Evolving Complexity

These are reversible explanations for a fundamentally irreversible universe. Reversibility means that there can be no selection of possibilities.

Author: Harrison Crecraft

Publisher:

ISBN: 0998617806

Category:

Page: 206

View: 967

This book reveals a bold new physical explanation for "Why are we here?" Physics currently just offers reversible explanations, such as the universe somehow started off in an exceptionally improbable state, or there are multiple universes but we perceive only this exceptional one. Physics interprets nature as friction-free and reversible. This means there can be no selection of possibilities. The future, as well as the past, is set in stone, and free will is only an illusion. Dr. Crecraft corrects the accident of history that has led physics to interpret nature as reversible and deterministic, despite quantum randomness and our own experience. He extends physics' existing conceptual foundation to accommodate the emergence and evolution of complexity. The book provides clear and specific explanations for: - Why the universe has evolved to the point that we can ponder its origin; - Time's thermodynamic arrow of dissipation; - Time's second arrow of progress; - The origins of cooperation and competition in evolving systems. Understanding the emergence, evolution and behavior of complex systems is critical as we navigate our way through this increasingly complex world. About The Author: Harrison Crecraft holds a PhD in geological sciences. Throughout his career, he has probed beneath the surface to understand the "what" of complex non-equilibrium geological systems. In order to understand the "why" of evolving complexity, he has explored the conceptual foundations of physics and thermodynamics. His investigations have revealed not only why complexity evolves, but also why physics and thermodynamics have failed to shed light on this fundamental drive of nature.
Categories:

What Is a Complex System

What Is a Complex System

Robust space-time intermittency and 1f noise. Physica D: Nonlinear Phenomena, ... A new method for inferring hidden markov models from noisy time sequences. ... In C. H. Lineweaver, editor, Complexity and the Arrow of Time.

Author: James Ladyman

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 9780300251104

Category: Computational complexity

Page: 184

View: 265

A clear, concise introduction to the quickly growing field of complexity science that explains its conceptual and mathematical foundations What is a complex system? Although "complexity science" is used to understand phenomena as diverse as the behavior of honeybees, the economic markets, the human brain, and the climate, there is no agreement about its foundations. In this introduction for students, academics, and general readers, philosopher of science James Ladyman and physicist Karoline Wiesner develop an account of complexity that brings the different concepts and mathematical measures applied to complex systems into a single framework. They introduce the different features of complex systems, discuss different conceptions of complexity, and develop their own account. They explain why complexity science is so important in today's world.
Categories: Computational complexity

Determinism Holism and Complexity

Determinism  Holism  and Complexity

ON THE ARROW OF TIME AND THE NOTION OF INFORMATION Vieri Benci Dipartimento di Matematica Applicata “U. Dini”, Università degli studi di Pisa, Via Bonanno 25/b, 56.121 PISA - ITALY benciCdma.unipi.it Abstract We discuss the relation ...

Author: Claudio Pellegrini

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781475749472

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 402

View: 865

Determinism, holism and complexity: three epistemological attitudes that have easily identifiable historical origins and developments. Galileo believed that it was necessary to "prune the impediments" to extract the mathematical essence of physical phenomena, to identify the math ematical structures representing the underlying laws. This Galilean method was the key element in the development of Physics, with its extraordinary successes. Nevertheless the method was later criticized because it led to a view of nature as essentially "simple and orderly", and thus by choosing not to investigate several charac teristics considered as an "impediment", several essential aspects of the phenomenon under investigation might be left out. The Galilean point of view also contains an acknowledgement of the central role played by the causal nexus among phenomena. The mechanistic-deterministic de scription of reality - for instance, a la Laplace - although acknowledging that it is not possible to predict phenomena exactly owing to unavoid able measurement error, is based on the recognition of the their causal nature, even in an ontological sense. Consequently, deterministic predic tion became the methodological fulcrum of mathematical physics. But although mechanistic determinism has had and, in many cases, still has, considerable success in Physics, in other branches of science this situa tion is much less favourable.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Information Ages

Information Ages

Scientist Peter Coveney and prize - winning science journalist Roger Highfield have combined efforts to author a pair of splendid accounts of complexity and the arrow of time : Frontiers of Complexity : The Search for Order in a Chaotic ...

Author: Michael E. Hobart

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 0801864127

Category: Computers

Page: 301

View: 698

From the writing of the Sumerians to the Scientific Revolution of the Enlightenment to the advent of the computer, a timely, sweeping history of information technology illuminates the interdependence of knowledge and the means of its preservation and transmission. UP.
Categories: Computers

Quantum Shift

Quantum Shift

54 Complexity As was noted in our initial definitions, a complex system is one that contains a large number of parts, and it involves an emergent process of self-organization.55 ... Davies, Complexity and the Arrow of Time, 83–86.

Author: Heidi Ann Russell

Publisher: Liturgical Press

ISBN: 9780814683286

Category: Religion

Page: 234

View: 763

While the field of science has made incredible advances in the past century, and more and more scientists have gone to great lengths to make these developments accessible to the public, we still rarely hear ministers and communities of faith discussing the implications of these developments for the life of faith. Quantum Shift explores recent developments in science from relativity to quantum mechanics to cosmology and then suggests ways in which people of faith might engage these scientific developments to foster their understanding of God and what it means to be part of the world we believe God created. Heidi Ann Russell demonstrates how these scientific developments offer us new and exciting images that spark our theological imaginations and reinvigorate our spiritual lives. Includes Illustrations
Categories: Religion

Complexity and Organizational Reality

Complexity and Organizational Reality

In other words, it is because time has the structure of the living present that we also experience the arrow of time. Complex adaptive systems as a source domain for analogies of human acting: the theory of complex responsive processes ...

Author: Ralph D. Stacey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135188672

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 264

View: 731

Approaches to leadership and management are still dominated by prescriptions – usually claimed as scientific – for top executives to choose the future direction of their organization. The global financial recession and the collapse of investment capitalism (surely not planned by anyone) make it quite clear that top executives are simply not able to choose future directions. Despite this, current management literature mostly continues to avoid the obvious – management’s inability to predict or control what will happen in the future. The key question now must be how we are to think about management if we take the uncertainty of organizational life seriously. Ralph Stacey has turned to the sciences of uncertainty and complexity to develop an understanding of leadership and management as the ordinary politics of daily organizational life. In presenting organizations as a series of complex responsive processes, Stacey’s new book helps us to see organizational reality for what it actually is – human beings engaged in many, many local conversational interactions and power relations in which they negotiate their ideologically based choices. Organizational continuity and change emerge unpredictably, rather than as a result of any overall plan. This is a radically different picture from the one painted by most of the management literature, which explains "organizational continuity and change" as the realization of the global plans and choices of a few powerful executives within an organization. Providing a new foundation for understanding complexity and management, this important book is required reading for managers and leaders wanting to understand the reality of complexity in organizations, including those engaged in postgraduate studies in leadership, organizational behaviour and change management.
Categories: Business & Economics

Complexity and Public Policy

Complexity and Public Policy

Arrow of time and depth As already mentioned in the context of physical complex systems, the flow of time is highly significant when it comes to all complex phenomena including biotic and conscious systems. The arrow of time moves in ...

Author: Robert Geyer

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135153489

Category: Political Science

Page: 224

View: 134

This book provides a clear, concise and readable introduction to complexity thinking, its application to the social sciences and public policy, and the relevance of some of its various tools to those fields of politics, health, the international realm, development, planning and terrorism. The authors argue that the foundation for many of the current crises in these areas can be traced to the attempt by social scientists and policy-makers to treat these systems and processes as fundamentally orderly, predictable and controllable. By providing an overview of complex systems, a practical introduction to basic concepts and tools of these systems, and examples for understanding and managing them in real life policy situations they provide an exciting new perspective for rethinking our basic approaches to the social sciences and for understanding and managing the increasingly interdependent world of public policy. The book is vital reading for students and scholars of the social sciences and public policy, and also policymakers and the policy actor audience.
Categories: Political Science

A Planner s Encounter with Complexity

A Planner s Encounter with Complexity

Using statistical analysis implies the use of 'snapshots of time' applied to a particular system (as represented in the examples provided during the previous point for the evolution of temperature – letter C in Figure 17.1 and the ...

Author: Gert de Roo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317187080

Category: Political Science

Page: 360

View: 268

Spatial planning is about dealing with our 'everyday' environment. In A Planner's Encounter with Complexity we present various understandings of complexity and how the environment is considered accordingly. One of these considerations is the environment as subject to processes of continuous change, being either progressive or destructive, evolving non-linearly and alternating between stable and dynamic periods. If the environment that is subject to change is adaptive, self-organizing, robust and flexible in relation to this change, a process of evolution and co-evolution can be expected. This understanding of an evolving environment is not mainstream to every planner. However, in A Planner's Encounter with Complexity, we argue that environments confronted with discontinuous, non-linear evolving processes might be more real than the idea that an environment is simply a planner's creation. Above all, we argue that recognizing the 'complexity' of our environment offers an entirely new perspective on our world and our environment, on planning theory and practice, and on the raison d'être of the planners that we are. A Planner's Encounter with Complexity is organized into 17 chapters. It begins with the interplay of planning and complexity from the perspective of contemporary planning theory. It continues by critically assessing planning theory and practice in the light of the interdisciplinary debate regarding complexity thinking. As the book progresses, it positions itself ever closer to the perspective of complexity thinking, looking at the planning discipline 'from the outside in', clarifying the facets of complexity and its importance in planning. Finally, conceptual and theoretical developments towards more applied examples are identified in order to see the interplay of planning and complexity in practice. This book emphasizes the importance of complexity in planning, clarifies many of the concepts and theories, presents examples on planning and complexity, and proposes new ideas and methods for planning.
Categories: Political Science

Symmetry and Complexity

Symmetry and Complexity

But there is no contradiction: The thermodynamical arrow of time is a macroscopic feature of complex ensembles (e.g. gas) with elements (e.g. molecules) which still obey laws of interaction with invariance of time on the micro- level ...

Author: Klaus Mainzer

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company Incorporated

ISBN: 9789812561923

Category: Mathematics

Page: 437

View: 474

Cosmic evolution leads from symmetry to complexity by symmetry breaking and phase transitions. The emergence of new order and structure in nature and society is explained by physical, chemical, biological, social and economic self-organization, according to the laws of nonlinear dynamics. All these dynamical systems are considered computational systems processing information and entropy. Are symmetry and complexity only useful models of science or are they universals of reality? Symmetry and Complexity discusses the fascinating insights gained from natural, social and computer sciences, philosophy and the arts. With many diagrams and pictures, this book illustrates the spirit and beauty of nonlinear science. In the complex world of globalization, it strongly argues for unity in diversity.
Categories: Mathematics

From Eternity to Here

From Eternity to Here

In From Eternity to Here, Sean Carroll argues that the arrow of time, pointing resolutely from the past to the future, owes its existence to conditions before the Big Bang itself—a period modern cosmology of which Einstein never dreamed.

Author: Sean Carroll

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781101152157

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 548

A rising star in theoretical physics offers his awesome vision of our universe and beyond, all beginning with a simple question: Why does time move forward? Time moves forward, not backward—everyone knows you can’t unscramble an egg. In the hands of one of today’s hottest young physicists, that simple fact of breakfast becomes a doorway to understanding the Big Bang, the universe, and other universes, too. In From Eternity to Here, Sean Carroll argues that the arrow of time, pointing resolutely from the past to the future, owes its existence to conditions before the Big Bang itself—a period modern cosmology of which Einstein never dreamed. Increasingly, though, physicists are going out into realms that make the theory of relativity seem like child’s play. Carroll’s scenario is not only elegant, it’s laid out in the same easy-to- understand language that has made his group blog, Cosmic Variance, the most popular physics blog on the Net. From Eternity to Here uses ideas at the cutting edge of theoretical physics to explore how properties of spacetime before the Big Bang can explain the flow of time we experience in our everyday lives. Carroll suggests that we live in a baby universe, part of a large family of universes in which many of our siblings experience an arrow of time running in the opposite direction. It’s an ambitious, fascinating picture of the universe on an ultra-large scale, one that will captivate fans of popular physics blockbusters like Elegant Universe and A Brief History of Time. Watch a Video
Categories: Science

Complexity and Group Processes

Complexity and Group Processes

The complex responsive processes perspective, therefore, is based on a particular understanding of time in relation to human action. First, there is the question of the arrow of time. Clearly human experience is experience of the arrow ...

Author: Ralph D. Stacey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781135479527

Category: Psychology

Page: 368

View: 626

The increasing complexity of interdependence between people in modern life makes it more important than ever to understand processes of human relating. In the West we tend to base our understanding of relating on the individual. Complexity and Group Processes suggests an alternative way of understanding human relating. The key questions covered in this book are: · who am I and how have I come to be who I am? · who are we and how have we come to be who we are? · how are we all changing, evolving, and learning? These are fundamental questions in the study of human interaction, and the answers explored in Complexity and Group Processes are highly relevant not only for therapeutic groups but also those who are managing, leading and working in organizations.
Categories: Psychology

Physical Origins of Time Asymmetry

Physical Origins of Time Asymmetry

This has led to a revitalization of interest in the question of the cosmological arrow of time . 2. ... Complexity . Many attempts have been made to capture , in precise mathematical terms , the notion of the complexity of a physical ...

Author: J. J. Halliwell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521568374

Category: Science

Page: 536

View: 191

We say that the processes going on in the world about us are asymmetric in time or display an arrow of time. Yet this manifest fact of our experience is particularly difficult to explain in terms of the fundamental laws of physics. This volume reconciles these profoundly conflicting facts.
Categories: Science

The Labyrinth of Time

The Labyrinth of Time

But a good measure of ordered complexity should surely treat these two cases differently. ... John Polkinghorne, amongst others, speaks of a complexity arrow of time, presenting it as an 'optimistic' arrow to balance the 'pessimistic' ...

Author: Michael Lockwood

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199249954

Category: Science

Page: 405

View: 812

Modern physics has revealed the universe as a much stranger place than we could have imagined. The puzzle at the centre of our knowledge of the universe is time. Lockwood investigates philosophical questions about past, present, and future, our experience of time, and the possibility of time travel. On this fascinating journey, he provides a careful, lively, and up-to-date introduction to the physics of time and the structure of the universe, guiding the reader step by step through relativity theory and quantum physics, introducing and explaining the ground-breaking ideas of Newton and Boltzmann, Einstein and Schroedinger. From entropy and gravity, black holes and wormholes, The Labyrinth of Time explains how it all began and questions where it may all be headed.
Categories: Science

Languages In The World

Languages In The World

Complexity. and. the. Arrow. of. Time. Paleontologist Simon Conway Morris (2011) has said, “Once there were bacteria, now there is New York” as a way to sum up the obvious increase in complexity since the origin of life on this planet.

Author: Julie Tetel Andresen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118531280

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 400

View: 737

This innovative introduction outlines the structure and distribution of the world’s languages, charting their evolution over the past 200,000 years. Balances linguistic analysis with socio-historical and political context, offering a cohesive picture of the relationship between language and society Provides an interdisciplinary introduction to the study of language by drawing not only on the diverse fields of linguistics (structural, linguist anthropology, historical, sociolinguistics), but also on history, biology, genetics, sociology, and more Includes nine detailed language profiles on Kurdish, Arabic, Tibetan, Hawaiian, Vietnamese, Tamil, !Xóõ (Taa), Mongolian, and Quiché A companion website offers a host of supplementary materials including, sound files, further exercises, and detailed introductory information for students new to linguistics
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines