COMPOUND FORMATION IN PHENOL C

COMPOUND FORMATION IN PHENOL C

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it.

Author: Jacob Julius 1893 Beaver

Publisher: Wentworth Press

ISBN: 1361103302

Category: History

Page: 28

View: 200

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.
Categories: History

Compound Formation in Phenol Cresol Mixtures

Compound Formation in Phenol Cresol Mixtures

About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work.

Author: Jacob J. Beaver

Publisher: Forgotten Books

ISBN: 0656072164

Category: Science

Page: 30

View: 265

Excerpt from Compound Formation in Phenol-Cresol Mixtures: Dissertation Submitted in Partial Fulfilment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy in the Faculty of Pure Science in Columbia University In a series of communications in the past few years1 addition compound formation in a large number of binary systems has been investigated, particular attention being paid to variations in the extent of compound formation as the constituent radicals of the components were varied. In all more than 100 new compounds have been isolated and simple and definite rules regarding the rela tive stability of addition compounds in solutions have been derived. It has been shown that the extent of addition compound formation in binary mixtures is controlled primarily by the chemical con trast, with the stability of complexes increasing uniformly with the differences in character the positive or negative nature of the constituent groups) of the two compounds. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
Categories: Science

Compound Formation in Phenol cresol Mixtures

Compound Formation in Phenol cresol Mixtures

COMPOUND FORMATION IN PHENOL - CRESOL MIXTURES 1. What was attempted ? ( 1 ) The attempt was made to harmonize the results for phenolcresol mixtures with ...

Author: Jacob Julius Beaver

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015080063160

Category: Cresol

Page: 24

View: 507

Categories: Cresol

Doctorates Conferred in the Sciences by American Universities

Doctorates Conferred in the Sciences by American Universities

Jacob Julius Beaver , “ Compound formation in phenol - cresol mixtures . " Mary Letitia Caldwell , “ Experi . mental study of certain diamino acids .

Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Research Information Service

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B3764534

Category:

Page:

View: 995

Categories:

Chemical Age

Chemical Age

With m- and p - cresol a compound is formed containing two molecules of m ... a ) Phenol and o - cresol : If the mixture contains phenol or o - cresol ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015022411493

Category: Chemical industry

Page:

View: 471

Categories: Chemical industry

Journal of the Chemical Society

Journal of the Chemical Society

Aniline , p - toluidine , and m - cresol all give mixtures which are liquid ... was that the substances should exhibit compound formation with phenol .

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:$B620013

Category: Chemistry

Page:

View: 854

Categories: Chemistry

Synthetic and Natural Phenols

Synthetic and Natural Phenols

Fractionation gave O-Cresol (2-methylphenol), b.p. 191°C, and a mixture of ... for the m-sp-mixture has been based on the formation of an addition compound ...

Author: J.H.P. Tyman

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080542190

Category: Science

Page: 699

View: 559

The chemistry of phenols tends to be ignored in organic chemical textbooks and to be lost amongst the many classes of functional derivatives. This volume is not intended to provide a textbook approach but rather to give an account of developments in phenol chemistry in the last two decades. Features of this book: • Numerous phenolic systems have been covered in detail, e.g. phenolic propanoids. • The emphasis throughout has been on synthesis, on what can be achieved by the use of phenolic intermediates and in the construction of phenolic end products. • Many chapters enable the reader to refer to the original literature wherever possible. • Various chapters provide a fund of tutorial material and problems for undergraduate studies and further, which will encourage perusal of the literature. Some 2000 references to applied and academic papers are given. Phenols are ubiquitous substances and now it is more widely accepted that there are pros and cons connected with their usage. The pros for compounds are well-known and are illustrated by perennial panaceas such as aspirin, paracetamol, codeine, etc. The cons are less obvious because they are also materials deeply entrenched in our standard of living and in most cases inherent hazards have only recently come to light. The book will be of interest to postgraduate students in academic and industrial work.
Categories: Science

Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemical Analysis

Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemical Analysis

Phenol , wt % = ( A – B ) ( N ) ( MW ) ( 100 ) ( w ) ( 1000 ) where A ... of o - cresol in mixtures was based on its formation of an addition compound ...

Author: Foster Dee Snell

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015007277067

Category: Chemistry, Analytic

Page: 656

View: 872

Categories: Chemistry, Analytic

Boron Fluoride and Its Compounds as Catalysts in Organic Chemistry

Boron Fluoride and Its Compounds as Catalysts in Organic Chemistry

The ethereal compounds are p-cresol sec.-butyl ether and o-sec. ... O(C2H5)2 leads to the formation of a mixture of ethereal and phenolic compounds [165].

Author: A. V. Topchiev

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483184364

Category: Science

Page: 326

View: 723

Boron Fluoride and Its Compounds as Catalysts in Organic Chemistry deals with the concerns associated with the utilization of boron fluoride as a catalyst. The title provides a comprehensive account of boron fluoride, such as its properties, compounds, and related methodologies. The coverage of the text includes the preparation and recovery of boron fluoride, along with the physical and chemical properties. The selection also covers various boron fluoride compounds and their respective reaction to various processes, such as alkylation, polymerization, and nitration. The book will be of great interest to students, researchers, and practitioners of organic chemistry.
Categories: Science

Plastics Materials

Plastics Materials

In these conditions the formation of the phenol alcohols is quite rapid and the ... compounds and phenol-cresol mixtures in cheaper compositions.

Author: J. A. Brydson

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: UOM:39015003714030

Category: Plastics

Page: 800

View: 406

The seventh edition of this classic reference work once more provides a comprehensive overview of commercially available plastics materials. Bridging the gap between theory and practice, it enables scientists to understand the commercial implications of their work as well as providing technologists with a theoretical background. Since the previous edition, several new materials have been announced. Many of these materials result from metallocene catalyst technology. In addition, developments also continue with condensation polymers with several new polyester type materials of interest for bottle-blowing and/or degradable plastics. New phenolic-type resins have also been announced. As with previous editions, an explanation of the properties of these new materials in terms of their structure and morphology involving the principles laid down in the earlier chapters is presented.
Categories: Plastics

Journal of the Society of Chemical Industry

Journal of the Society of Chemical Industry

are not definite compounds , but mixtures of phenols phenol may be in ... as for the production of one ton of pure sodium and will displace cresol from its ...

Author: Society of Chemical Industry (Great Britain)

Publisher:

ISBN: PRNC:32101078264619

Category: Chemical industry

Page:

View: 721

Includes list of members, 1882-1902 and proceedings of the annual meetings and various supplements.
Categories: Chemical industry

Bulletin

Bulletin

The Synthesis of 1,4 - Dithiadiene and 1,4 - Dithiadiene Disulfone . ... KENDALL , J. , AND BEAVER , J. J. Compound Formation in Phenol : Cresol Mixture .

Author: United States. Bureau of Mines

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105019657720

Category:

Page:

View: 609

Categories:

The Australian Journal of Dairy Technology

The Australian Journal of Dairy Technology

A more complete mixture of compounds prepared to simulate the levels present in butter ( 1 ppm ... or they may be formed by the physicochemical reactions of ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924055053528

Category: Dairying

Page:

View: 633

Categories: Dairying

The Chemical Age

The Chemical Age

There is clear evidence of compound formation . The for mixtures of phenol and m - cresol shows clearly the formation of a compound containing 1 molecule of ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B2866121

Category: Chemical industry

Page:

View: 125

The International chemical news weekly.
Categories: Chemical industry

Journal of the Chemical Society

Journal of the Chemical Society

It is almost exclusively formed when the condensation between o - cresol ... from a mixture of phenolic substances forming a mixture of hydroxymethyl- ...

Author: Chemical Society (Great Britain)

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015038712884

Category: Chemistry

Page:

View: 973

Categories: Chemistry

Near critical and Supercritical Water and Their Applications for Biorefineries

Near critical and Supercritical Water and Their Applications for Biorefineries

[77] examined mixtures of water and p-cresol for selectively producing ... recovery of a phenolic compound 2-(hydroxy-benzyl)-4-methyl-phenol (BMP), ...

Author: Zhen Fang

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789401789233

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 474

View: 172

The book provides fundamental chemistry and properties of near-critical water (NCW) and supercritical water (SCW), criteria and challenges/solutions in reactor design for NCW and SCW processes, and up-to-date reviews and practice of a wide range of their applications in bio refineries including: production of hydrochars from biomass, SCW oxidation (SCWO) for waste treatment, SCW gasification (SCWG) of biomass and waste for hydrogen and methane production, hydrothermal liquefaction of biomass, production of chemicals and SCWO of biofuels for energy. It also presents techno-economic analysis of hydrogen production via SCWG of biomass. The book will be highly essential for both academic researchers and industrial practitioners for developing novel bio refinery technologies and processes employing NCW or SCW for treatment of various organic waste streams and production of bio-energy and bio-based chemicals from bio-renewable resources. Prof. Dr. Zhen Fang is leader and founder of biomass group, Xishuangbanna Tropical Botanical Garden, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China. Dr. Chunbao (Charles) Xu is currently an Associate Professor of Chemical Engineering and NSERC/FP Innovations Industrial Research Chair in Forest Bio refinery at Western University, Canada.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Nitration of Hydrocarbons and Other Organic Compounds

Nitration of Hydrocarbons and Other Organic Compounds

Nitrophenols can also be synthesized by treating phenols with a mixture of nitric and acetic acids. m-Cresol, for instance, can be nitrated as follows: a ...

Author: A. V. Topchiev

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9781483184388

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 200

Nitration of Hydrocarbons and Other Organic Compounds tackles various concerns in the process of substituting hydrogen atoms in the aromatic or heterocyclic nucleus, or in saturated hydrocarbon, by nitro groups. The title first covers the nitration of aromatic and heterocyclic compounds with nitric acid and nitrating mixture, and then proceeds to discussing the mechanism of the nitration of aromatic compounds with nitric acid and nitrating mixture. Next, the selection deals with the nitration of saturated, aromatic-aliphatic and unsaturated hydrocarbons with nitric acid. The text also talks about the nitration with nitrogen oxides, along with the nitration of amines. The last chapter details the nitration of organic compounds with organic and inorganic nitrates and nitroxyl. The book will be of great interest to students, researchers, and practitioners of organic chemistry.
Categories: Science

Engineering Biopolymers Homopolymers Blends and Composites

Engineering Biopolymers  Homopolymers  Blends  and Composites

... mixture also a monohydroxy compound (ethanol, n-butanol, phenol, cresol). ... hydroxycellulose or mixture of these can be used as non-film-forming tri-, ...

Author: Stoyko Fakirov

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 9783446442504

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 865

View: 685

This unique volume covers the results of the world-wide efforts to implement natural polymers as engineering plastics and the use of their inherent properties. The processing opportunities and the applications of the natural materials as reinforcement of polymer composites are discussed, including the structural, morphological and thermal characterization as well as the mechanical behavior of the obtained materials. Also covered is the preparation of biodegradable homopolymers, blends and composites, which involves chemical reactions, regardless of the type of the starting material.
Categories: Technology & Engineering