Consciousness and Self consciousness

Consciousness and Self consciousness

One kind of self - ascription is a conscious one . But , of course , this could not be
required for self - ascription in general or for the property theory . When one self -
ascribes a property one need not do so consciously . 64 I now have a belief that ...

Author: Rocco J. Gennaro

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027251266

Category: Psychology

Page: 220

View: 270

This interdisciplinary work contains the most sustained attempt at developing and defending one of the few genuine theories of consciousness. Following the lead of David Rosenthal, the author argues for the so-called 'higher-order thought theory of consciousness'. This theory holds that what makes a mental state conscious is the presence of a suitable higher-order thought directed at the mental state. In addition, the somewhat controversial claim that “consciousness entails self-consciousness” is vigorously defended. The approach is mostly 'analytic' in style and draws on important recent work in cognitive science, perception, artificial intelligence, neuropsychology and psychopathology. However, the book also makes extensive use of numerous Kantian insights in arguing for its main theses and, in turn, sheds historical light on Kant's theory of mind. A detailed analysis of the relationships between (self-)consciousness, behavior, memory, intentionality, and de se attitudes are examples of the central topics to be found in this work. (Series A)
Categories: Psychology

The Self Conscious Emotions

The Self Conscious Emotions

he “self-consciousness” of self-conscious emotions has important existential and
psychological significance. Based on terror management theory, we posit that the
human ability to reflect on the self as an object of attention makes evident the ...

Author: Jessica L. Tracy

Publisher: Guilford Publications

ISBN: 9781462515189

Category: Psychology

Page: 493

View: 649

Timely and authoritative, this volume reviews the breadth of current knowledge on the self-conscious emotions and their role in psychological and social functioning. Leading investigators approach the subject from multiple levels of analysis, ranging from basic brain mechanisms to complex social processes. Chapters present compelling advances in research on the most fundamental self-conscious emotions: embarrassment, guilt, humiliation, pride, and shame. Addressed are neural and evolutionary mechanisms, developmental processes, cultural differences and similarities, and influences on a wide array of social behaviors and personality processes. A unique chapter on assessment describes and evaluates the full range of available measures.
Categories: Psychology

Agency and Self awareness

Agency and Self awareness

Such a concept of agency requires consciousness . There is little question that in
adults , such conscious processes exist . The question is , from a developmental
perspective when do they arise ? In our work on the development of self ...

Author: Johannes Roessler

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199245622

Category: Philosophy

Page: 415

View: 677

There has been much psychological and neurological work purporting to show that consciousness and self-awareness play no role in causing actions. The essays in this volume subject the assumptions that motivate such claims to sustained interdisciplinary scrutiny.
Categories: Philosophy

Self reference and Self awareness

Self reference and Self awareness

CHAPTER 4 ' He A study in the logic of self - consciousness * Hector - Neri
Castañeda University of Indiana Introduction The word ' he ' is a device for talking
about persons , beings who enjoy , even indulge in , self - awareness . The word '
he ...

Author: Andrew Brook

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027251509

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 277

View: 297

Rich in precursors (Kant and Frege) and stimulated by Castañeda's study in the logic of self-consciousness and Shoemaker's seminal paper 'Self-reference and self-awareness', the work of the past thirty-five years on self-reference and self-awareness has generated a wealth of deep, sophisticated philosophy. This volume explores the historical anticipations in Kant and Frege, brings four classic contributions together in one place, and offers five new studies. (Series A)
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Phenomenal Consciousness

Phenomenal Consciousness

Creature - consciousness 3 - self - consciousness There is one further notion ( or
rather , as we shall see , pair of notions ) to ... In the weak sense , for a creature to
be self - conscious is just for it to be capable of awareness of itself as an object ...

Author: Peter Carruthers

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521543991

Category: Philosophy

Page: 368

View: 114

This study of consciousness develops and defends a novel account in terms of higher-order thought.
Categories: Philosophy

The Reflexive Nature of Consciousness

The Reflexive Nature of Consciousness

CHAPTER 4 Consciousness and self - awareness 4 . 1 Preamble The arguments
of the previous chapters were designed to converge on the thesis that a creature
occupies a conscious state at a particular time in virtue of instantiating a certain ...

Author: Greg Janzen

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027252084

Category: Philosophy

Page: 186

View: 189

Combining phenomenological insights from Brentano and Sartre, but also drawing on recent work on consciousness by analytic philosophers, this book defends the view that conscious states are reflexive, and necessarily so, i.e., that they have a built-in, “implicit” awareness of their own occurrence, such that the subject of a conscious state has an immediate, non-objectual acquaintance with it. As part of this investigation, the book also explores the relationship between reflexivity and the phenomenal, or “what-it-is-like,” dimension of conscious experience, defending the innovative thesis that phenomenal character is constituted by the implicit self-awareness built into every conscious state. This account stands in marked contrast to most influential extant theories of phenomenal character, including qualia theories, according to which phenomenal character is a matter of having phenomenal sensations, and representationalism, according to which phenomenal character is constituted by representational content. (Series A)
Categories: Philosophy

The Paradox of Self consciousness

The Paradox of Self consciousness

9.1 The Symmetry Thesis: An Unsuccessful Defence An initial question that
arises in thinking about psychological self- awareness is the relation between
psychological self-awareness and awareness of other minds. As a way of
broaching the ...

Author: José Luis Bermúdez

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262522772

Category: Psychology

Page: 338

View: 293

In this book, Jos� Luis Berm�dez addesses two fundamental problems in the philosophy and psychology of self-consciousness: (1) Can we provide a noncircular account of fully fledged self-conscious thought and language in terms of more fundamental capacities? (2) Can we explain how fully fledged self-conscious thought and language can arise in the normal course of human development? Berm�dez argues that a paradox (the paradox of self-consciousness) arises from the apparent strict interdependence between self-conscious thought and linguistic self-reference. The paradox renders circular all theories that define self-consciousness in terms of linguistic mastery of the first-person pronoun. It seems to follow from the paradox of self-consciousness that no such account or explanation can be given. Drawing on recent work in empirical psychology and philosophy, the author argues that any explanation of fully fledged self-consciousness that answers these two questions requires attention to primitive forms of self-consciousness that are prelinguistic and preconceptual. Such primitive forms of self-consciousness are to be found in somatic proprioception, the structure of exteroceptive perception, and prelinguistic forms of social interaction. The author uses these primitive forms of self-consciousness to dissolve the paradox of self-consciousness and to show how the two questions can be given an affirmative answer.
Categories: Psychology

The Structure and Development of Self consciousness

The Structure and Development of Self consciousness

CHAPTER 1 The emergence of self - awareness as co - awareness in early child
development Philippe Rochat Emory University This chapter presents some
recent observations supporting two general ideas . The first idea is that , contrary
to ...

Author: Dan Zahavi

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 1588115712

Category: Psychology

Page: 160

View: 925

Annotation "This volume presents essays on self-consciousness by prominent psychologists, cognitive neurologists, and philosophers. The different contributions in the volume amply demonstrate that self-consciousness is a complex multifaceted phenomenon that calls for an integration of different complementary interdisciplinary perspectives."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
Categories: Psychology

Self awareness and Alterity

Self awareness and Alterity

5 The Temporality of Self - Awareness L et me turn first to Husserl's analysis of
inner time - consciousness , and thereby to a nest of problems which has often
and rightly been characterized as being among the most important and difficult
ones ...

Author: Dan Zahavi

Publisher: Northwestern University Press

ISBN: 0810117010

Category: Philosophy

Page: 291

View: 271

Winner of the 2000 The Edward Goodwin Ballard Prize in Phenomenology In the rigorous and highly original Self-Awareness and Alterity, Dan Zahavi provides a sustained argument that phenomenology, especially in its Husserlian version, can contribute something decisive to the analysis of self-awareness. Taking on recent discussions within both analytical philosophy (Shoemaker, Castaneda, Nagel) and contemporary German philosophy (Henrich, Frank, Tugendhat), Zahavi argues that the phenomenological tradition has much more to offer when it comes to the problem of self-awareness than is normally assumed. As a contribution to the current philosophical debate concerning self-awareness, the book presents a comprehensive reconstruction of Husserl's theory of pre-reflective self-awareness, thereby criticizing a number of prevalent interpretations and a systematic discussion of a number of phenomenological insights related to this issue, including analyses of the temporal, intentional, reflexive, bodily, and social nature of the self.
Categories: Philosophy

Self Disclosure

Self Disclosure

This trait , private self - consciousness , refers to the dispositional tendency to
engage in a particular kind of psychological state termed private self - awareness
. Private self - awareness is a psychological state in which one is attentive to the ...

Author: Valerian J. Derlaga

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0306426358

Category: Psychology

Page: 358

View: 765

Decisions about self-disclosure-whether to reveal one's thoughts, feel ings, or past experiences to another person, or the level of intimacy of such disclosure-are part of the everyday life of most persons. The nature of the decisions that a person makes will have an impact on his or her life. They will determine the kinds of relationships the person has with others; how others perceive him or her; and the degree of self knowledge and awareness that the person possesses. The study of self-disclosure has interested specialists from many disciplines, including personality and social psychologists, clinical and counseling psychologists, and communications researchers. Our book brings together the work of experts from these various disciplines with the hope that knowledge about work being done on self-disclosure in related disciplines will be increased. A strong emphasis in each of the chapters is theory development and the integration of ideas about self-disclosure. The book's chapters explore three major areas, including the interrelationship of self-disclosure and personality as well as the role of self-disclosure in the development, maintenance, and deterioration of personal relationships, and the con tribution of self-disclosure to psychotherapy, marital therapy, and counseling.
Categories: Psychology

The Form of Practical Knowledge

The Form of Practical Knowledge

of contrast between self-consciousness and such other forms of self- awareness (
which, as forms of rc/f-awareness, all presuppose it) is that what self-
consciousness is an awareness of is not anything that can exist prior to, or
independently of, ...

Author: Stephen P. Engstrom

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 067403287X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 260

View: 876

Immanuel Kant's claim that the categorical imperative of morality is based in practical reason has long been a source of puzzlement and doubt, even for sympathetic interpreters. In The Form of Practical Knowledge, Stephen Engstrom provides an illuminating new interpretation of the categorical imperative, arguing that we have exaggerated and misconceived Kant's break with tradition. By developing an account of practical knowledge that situates Kant's ethics within his broader epistemology, Engstrom’s work deepens and reshapes our understanding of Kantian ethics.
Categories: Philosophy

The Decline and Fall of Practically Everyone

The Decline and Fall of Practically Everyone

Also, whatever use was made of the decapitated skulls, in no way was self-
awareness experienced as being in the head. During this stage in our
development, if people were conscious, that sense would be diffused equally
throughout the ...

Author: Victor G. Novander Jr.

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781462806669

Category: History

Page: 319

View: 448

The Decline and Fall of Practically Everyone is a concise history of humanity. It is written from the point of view of someone whose outlook on life has been transformed by primal therapy and who has become a lifelong primal person. No other history has been written from this unique perspective. The Decline and Fall of Practically Everyone offers to each one who is ready for it a fresh glimpse into his own history and into a sound understanding of the course all human history has taken toward the devolution of original human consciousness into unconscious self-awareness. In Part I, the author defines consciousness, unconscious self-awareness, primal pain, primaling and what living a primal life involves. He pictures the primal life as putting ones feet on the path toward greater consciousness. The authors stated purpose is to wake us up to our condition of unconscious self-awareness. He feels that, unless we are awakened, humanity will continue to careen toward destroying itself and the life-sustaining nurture of Earth. The authors approach to the necessary awakening is historical. If one can see history through primal eyes, one will not only see the devolution of consciousness into unconscious self-awareness down through the millennia, one will sense it in ones own life and do something about it. Then in Part II, he explores various attributes of unconscious self-awareness that are relevant to a primal understanding of history. These subjects include the basic split, the point at which unconscious self-awareness completely suppresses consciousness; the location and upward movement of unconscious self-awareness in the body; the experience of time and space; the changing nature of the supreme deity and the four motifs of religion. In Part III, the author begins to explore the historical devolution of original consciousness into unconscious self-awareness. Subjects revealing the devolution include beliefs regarding the origin of the cosmos and of humanity; the destiny of the dead; shamanism; the several millennia-long invasions by Warrior God societies of Mother Goddess cultures and the revolutionary religions of Buddhism and Christianity. In the authors view, everything that has happened since the 1st millennium B.C.E. is but a footnote to it, and he therefore skips to the Americas in the 15th century. In Part IV, the author concentrates on greed and lust for power as the chief characteristics of unconscious self-awareness in the modern period. He begins with Columbus and the euphemistically named Age of Exploration to illustrate how greed and the lust for power dominated the Western European Colonial powers. Next, he shows how the Age of Enlightenment and its major philosophers and economists provided the basis for our Founding Fathers to craft a constitution that enshrined themselves as a rich and powerful, elite ruling class. To illustrate the greed and lust for power of unconscious self-awareness in the rest of U.S. history, he discusses economics, individualism, class and class struggle, differences among people and between men and women in the degree of unconscious self-awareness, family parenting models, unilateralism as the national expression of individualism and the U.S. as a nation dominated by greed, by a lust for power, by a quest for world domination and by the willingness to use violence and terror to achieve these ends. In the final chapter, the author reiterates his purpose of awakening his readers from the state of unconscious self-awareness. In contrast to a strictly psychological approach to fulfill his purpose, the author has adopted, in addition, a perspective that encompasses the whole sweep of human history. He ends by offering a cautious optimism for the future.
Categories: History

Conscious and Unconscious Programs in the Brain

Conscious and Unconscious Programs in the Brain

Within the context of this integrated cortical complex, self-awareness functions
are somewhat stronger on the right ... The full consciousness of normal alert
awareness is experienced only when this entire system is fully activated by the ...

Author: Benjamin Kissin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461321873

Category: Medical

Page: 406

View: 99

For almost a century now, since Freud described the basic motivations and Pavlov the basic mechanisms of human behavior, we have had a reasonable concept of the forces that drive us. Only recently have we gained any real insight into how the brain really works to produce such behavior. The new developments in cognitive psychology and neuroscience have taught us things about the function of the brain that would have been inconceivable even ten years ago. Yet, there still remains a tremendous gap between the two studies-human behavior and brain function-a gap which often seems irrec oncilable in view of the basic differences in the methodologies and approaches of the two fields. Students of behavior are frequently disinterested in the underlying neu rophysiology while neurophysiologists tend to consider the concepts of psychiatrists and clinical psychologists too vague and theoretical to be applicable to their own more limited schemata. Several valiant attempts have been made by experimentalists to develop a theoretical context in which behavior is described, not separately from brain function but rather as its direct outgrowth. This present work is still another attempt to develop a theoretical system which, given the limitations of our present knowledge, as completely as possible, the underlying brain mechanisms that influ will describe ence and determine human behavior. The main emphasis of this work, however, will be not on normal behavior but rather on more neurotic manifestations.
Categories: Medical

Free Will Consciousness and Self

Free Will  Consciousness and Self

Chapter 3 The Distinguishing Traits of Human Beings Seen From the Perspective
of Natural and Cultural History -QHow did the modern state of human
consciousness - including free will and the capacity for self-awareness - come
into being?

Author: Preben Bertelsen

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1845453131

Category: Social Science

Page: 254

View: 690

What is it to be human? How do we relate to the world, to each other and to our self in a human - in everyday life and when faced with life's big questions? In this book, the author develops a general theoretical model that might be able to offer a better understanding of the human condition and of the underlying principles of human behavior. The author shows that general psychology, bridging the natural sciences and the social sciences, can make a significant contribution to a general anthropology.
Categories: Social Science

The Self Aware Universe

The Self Aware Universe

Third, there is a subject of consciousness, the experiencer and/or witness. (The
dictionary definitions are really about the subject of consciousness or the
conscious self with which we identify.) Fourth, in idealist philosophy, we speak of
 ...

Author: Amit Goswami

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1440674272

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 462

Consciousness, not matter, is the ground of all existence, declares University of Oregon physicist Goswami, echoing the mystic sages of his native India. He holds that the universe is self-aware, and that consciousness creates the physical world.
Categories: Science

States of Consciousness

States of Consciousness

consciousness cannot be defined: we may be ourselves fully aware what
consciousness is, but we cannot without ... need for recognition of my own
psychic state (i.e., without self-consciousness, as defined below) or Jaspers's self
-reflection.

Author: Andrzej Kokoszka

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780387327587

Category: Psychology

Page: 261

View: 802

States of Consciousness expands on the pioneering work of J.H. Jackson, offering contemporary models for studying consciousness in both pathology and normal altered states, including relaxation, sleep, meditation, and hypnosis. The author clarifies distinctions between the neuroscientific and psychiatric components of consciousness; at the same time, his theories are rooted firmly in the biopsychosocial approach. The book’s scope and the author’s attention to detail make it a work of great versatility.
Categories: Psychology

Consciousness and the World

Consciousness and the World

In short , I attempted to dismantle the phenomenon of consciousness ,
understood as embracing both the unselfconscious and self - conscious varieties
. This chapter is concerned with elucidating the latter ' higher ' more developed
form of ...

Author: Brian O'Shaughnessy

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199256721

Category: Philosophy

Page: 705

View: 793

Brian O'Shaughnessy presents a theory of consciousness, one of the most fascinating but puzzling aspects of human existence. He investigates what consciousness is and how it engages, through perception, with the world.
Categories: Philosophy

The Mind of Consciousness

The Mind of Consciousness

Absolute Consciousness (First letter of both words in uppercase) Absolute
Consciousness is created out of Primordial ... Awareness to be aware of its
movement by that boundary, establishing self-referencing Awareness/Self-
Awareness as an ...

Author: Ray Morose

Publisher: Books by Ray Morose

ISBN: 9780987213921

Category: Philosophy

Page: 551

View: 131

The Mind of Consciousness The Mind of Consciousness is a book unfolding a new way, with new process methods to evaluate your existence. It is an experiential work written in textbook format that analytically delineates how and why consciousness and mind interface and function, exposing the inter-connective dependency of non-biological consciousness and the biologically created mind. Knowing how that interconnectivity interrelates provides avenues of exploration that reveal the fundamental nature of existence, unveiling an innate purpose and direction embedded within consciousness. This book works through all the major questions of existence, using reproducible and experiential logic, allowing everyone to experience the results of that exploration. Throughout your life you have two realities at war with one another: the primary ‘I am’ reality, formed from non-biological consciousness, and the secondary ‘I am this or that’ reality, formed by the biological mind. You may not be aware of, or even appreciate, the internal conflict these two inter-connective and inter-dependent realities create. However, you experience the resultant turmoil and confusion their subliminal battles establish by not having an experiential appreciation of how those realities are formed, function and potentially control your life. The text delineates causation for those ongoing internal battles and outlines processes to help overcome the sense of frustration, isolation and discord they generate. This experiential method of examination creates empirical processes that afford you the opportunity to make an informed choice, rather than a conditioned reaction: providing a more secure, productive, directional and enjoyable life. This book takes you into the core of your being, turning it inside out, exposing who and what you are by revealing a self-created shadow-world controlling your life without you being aware that control exists.
Categories: Philosophy

Self World and Art

Self  World  and Art

Thought and experience of something or other require some way of thinking of or
being aware of the thing. ... “The self-conscious I understood as the self-
conscious subject is a necessary condition for being in a conscious state whose
content ...

Author: Dina Emundts

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110290813

Category: Philosophy

Page: 347

View: 205

Is self-consciousness a condition of possibility for knowledge? Does Kant’s theory of self-consciousness commit us to transcendental idealism? How convincing is Kant’s theory of self-consciousness? How should we understand transcendental idealism? What is Hegel’s alternative? How do Kant and Hegel conceive of the beautiful? How do their conceptions of beauty relate to their metaphysics? In this volume, some of the world’s most renowned Kant and Hegel scholars seek to provide answers.
Categories: Philosophy

Self awareness Processes

Self awareness Processes

Consciousness of self as Entity : Until recently , objective self - awareness theory
had only dealt with the awareness of the self as a social object . As discussed
above , however , self - attention can be directed onto components of the private
 ...

Author: Lynn Perlmutter

Publisher:

ISBN: MSU:31293104014554

Category: Cognition

Page: 252

View: 854

Categories: Cognition