Contemporary Practice and Method in the Philosophy of Religion

Contemporary Practice and Method in the Philosophy of Religion

from both the halls of philosophy and the sphere of public discourse.” Articulating a critique of the supposed neutrality and autonomy of reason, Wolterstorff and Plantinga argued that religious belief was just as 'warranted as other ...

Author: David Cheetham

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9781441157119

Category: Religion

Page: 238

View: 488

Among contemporary Anglo-American philosophers and students there is a growing awareness of the need to engage more both with philosophical perspectives of other faith traditions and also the distinctive 'continental' tradition of philosophy. This important new collection aims to engage philosophers from a variety of different backgrounds and traditions (religious and non-religious) to stimulate dialogue on philosophical method. The volume aims to ask an emerging generation of philosophers - who specialize in philosophy of religion - to write about their personal understanding of the practice, method and future focus of the subject, with the ultimate goal of illustrating why this expanding subject area is important.
Categories: Religion

The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy of Religion

The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy of Religion

Contemporary Practice and Method in the Philosophy of Religion: New Essays London: Continuum, 15–31 Schesser, S. (2006) 'A new domain for public speech: Opening public spaces online' California Law Review 94, 6, 1791–825 Schlesinger, ...

Author: Graham Oppy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317515920

Category: Philosophy

Page: 499

View: 196

Philosophy of religion has experienced a renaissance in recent times, paralleling the resurgence in public debate about the place and value of religion in contemporary Western societies. The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy of Religion is an outstanding reference source to the key topics, problems and debates in this exciting subject. Comprising over thirty chapters by a team of international contributors, the Handbook is divided into seven parts: theoretical orientations conceptions of divinity epistemology of religious belief metaphysics and religious language religion and politics religion and ethics religion and scientific scrutiny. Within these sections central issues, debates and problems are examined, including: religious experience, religion and superstition, realism and anti-realism, scientific interpretation of religious texts, feminist approaches to religion, religion in the public square, tolerance, religion and meta-ethics, religion and cognitive science, and the meaning of life. Together, they offer readers an informed understanding of the current state of play in the liveliest areas of contemporary philosophy of religion. The Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy of Religion is essential reading for students and researchers of philosophy of religion from across the Humanities and Social Sciences.
Categories: Philosophy

God Goodness and Philosophy

God  Goodness and Philosophy

Victoria S. Harrison Increased attention to the theoretical and methodological issues underlying the current practice of analytic philosophy of religion indicates that this discipline is currently undergoing some dramatic changes.

Author: Harriet A. Harris

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317126492

Category: Philosophy

Page: 280

View: 637

Does belief in God yield the best understanding of value? Can we provide transcendental support for key moral concepts? Does evolutionary theory undermine or support religious moralities? Is divine forgiveness unjust? Can a wholly good God understand evil? Should philosophy of religion proceed in a faith-neutral way? Public and academic concerns regarding religion and morality are proliferating as people wonder about the possibility of moral reassurance, and the ability of religion to provide it, and about the future of religion and the relation between religious faiths. This book addresses current thinking on such matters, with particular focus on the relationship between moral values and doctrines of the divine. Leading scholars in the field test the scope of philosophy of religion, and engage with the possibilities and difficulties of attempting trans-faith philosophy. Chapters also relate to a number of cross-disciplinary contemporary debates: on evolution and ethics; politics, justice and forgiveness; and the relation between reason and emotions. Another set of chapters tests the coherence of Anselmian theism and concepts of an Omni-God in relation to divine knowledge and goodness. This book will be of interest to scholars and undergraduates in philosophy of religion, as well as moral philosophers, philosophers of science, theologians, and those working in theology and science.
Categories: Philosophy

Creation and Religious Pluralism

Creation and Religious Pluralism

19 Some recent texts include R. King and D. Cheetham ( eds ) , Contemporary Practice and Method in the Philosophy of Religion ( London , Continuum , 2008 ) ; Y. Nagasawa and Erik Wielenberg ( eds ) , New Waves in Philosophy of Religion ...

Author: David Cheetham

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780198856665

Category:

Page: 241

View: 488

In the well-worn debates about religious pluralism and the theology of religions there have been many different rubrics used to account for, comprehend, or engage with the religious other. This book is chiefly a work of Christian theology and seeks to bring the doctrine of creation and the theology of religions into dialogue and in so doing it comes at things from a different direction than other works. It contains an extensive exploration of the doctrine of creation and asks how it might intervene distinctively in these discourses to produce a new conceptual and practical topography. It will consider inter-religious engagement from the perspective of the doctrine of creatio ex nihilo that forms the dominant view in the Jewish, Christian, and Islamic traditions. The book pays close consideration to anthropology (i.e. creaturehood), the quotidian and wisdom, the idea of 'sabbath, ' human action and work, and vivifying the immanent through a consideration of some representative phenomenologists. The book will develop these ideas in a more practical direction by considering sacraments and rituals in the public sphere as well as attempting to describe the kind of 'creational politics' that might bring traditions into dialogue. Whilst these themes challenge more conventional ways of considering relations between religions, such themes - because they are different from concerns commonly found in the literature - can also be profitably engaged with across the spectrum of opinion (i.e. exclusivist or pluralist etc.) Thus, whilst the position adopted in this work is creatio ex nihilo part of the motivation is to review the ways in which this focus helps to broaden rather than limit the discussion.
Categories:

The Ends of Philosophy of Religion

The Ends of Philosophy of Religion

“A Response to Smith's 'Continental Philosophy of Religion: Prescriptions for a Healthy Subdiscipline.'” Faith and Philosophy 26/4 ... Contemporary Practice and Method inthe Philosophy ofReligion: NewEssays. New York: Continuum, 2008.

Author: T. Knepper

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781137324412

Category: Philosophy

Page: 206

View: 533

Knepper criticizes existing efforts in the philosophy of religion for being out of step with, and therefore useless to, the academic study of religion, then forwards a new program for philosophy of religion that is in step with, and therefore useful to, the academic study of religion.
Categories: Philosophy

Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

Probability in the Philosophy of Religion

In D. Cheetham and R. King (eds), Contemporary Practice and Method in the Philosophy of Religion: New Essays. London: Continuum, 15–31. Schlesinger, G. (1988) New Perspectives on Old-time Religion. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Author: Jake Chandler

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191631252

Category: Philosophy

Page:

View: 142

Probability theory promises to deliver an exact and unified foundation for inquiry in epistemology and philosophy of science. But philosophy of religion is also fertile ground for the application of probabilistic thinking. This volume presents original contributions from twelve contemporary researchers, both established and emerging, to offer a representative sample of the work currently being carried out in this potentially rich field of inquiry. Grouped into five parts, the chapters span a broad range of traditional issues in religious epistemology. The first three parts discuss the evidential impact of various considerations that have been brought to bear on the question of the existence of God. These include witness reports of the occurrence of miraculous events, the existence of complex biological adaptations, the apparent 'fine-tuning' for life of various physical constants and the existence of seemingly unnecessary evil. The fourth part addresses a number of issues raised by Pascal's famous pragmatic argument for theistic belief. A final part offers probabilistic perspectives on the rationality of faith and the epistemic significance of religious disagreement.
Categories: Philosophy

Pentecostal Rationality

Pentecostal Rationality

This means that the work should be seen primarily as an exercise in philosophical theology, or religious philosophy, ... 'Comparative Philosophy of Religion', in Contemporary Practice and Method in the Philosophy of Religion, ed.

Author: Simo Frestadius

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9780567689399

Category: Religion

Page: 240

View: 185

This book not only articulates a tradition-specific Pentecostal rationality of Biblical Pragmatism, but also provides the first intellectual history of a major British classical Pentecostal denomination: the Elim Pentecostal Church. Pentecostal theologians increasingly acknowledge that their theological methodology should be informed by a Pentecostal rationality, epistemology and theological hermeneutics. Simo Frestadius offers such a Pentecostal rationality from a Foursquare perspective. Frestadius first analyses and evaluates some of the main contemporary Pentecostal rationalities and epistemologies to date, with a particular emphasis on the works of Amos Yong and James K.A. Smith and L. William Oliverio Jr., before proposing that Alasdair MacIntyre's tradition-focused and historically-minded narrative approach is conducive in providing a more tradition-constituted Pentecostal rationality. Utilising the methodological insights of MacIntyre, the book then provides a philosophically informed historical narrative of a major British Pentecostal tradition, namely, the Elim Foursquare Gospel Alliance, by exploring its underlying context and roots as a classical Pentecostal movement, its emergence as a religious tradition, and its two major 'epistemological crises'. Based on this historical narration and analysis, it is argued that Elim's tacit Pentecostal rationality is best defined as Pentecostal Biblical Pragmatism in a Foursquare Gospel framework. This form of rationality is then developed vis-à-vis Elim's Pentecostal concept of truth, biblical hermeneutics, and pragmatic epistemic justification in dialogue with William P. Alston. In doing the above, the book not only articulates a tradition-specific Pentecostal rationality of Biblical Pragmatism but also provides the first intellectual history of a major British classical Pentecostal denomination.
Categories: Religion

Eighteenth Century Dissent and Cambridge Platonism

Eighteenth Century Dissent and Cambridge Platonism

as scientific inference and refuses any conception of belief as devoid of practical consequences. ... How Scepticism Can Renew Philosophy of Religion,” in Contemporary Practice and Method in the Philosophy of Religion: New Essays, ...

Author: Louise Hickman

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9781317228523

Category: Philosophy

Page: 212

View: 411

Eighteenth-Century Dissent and Cambridge Platonism identifies an ethically and politically engaged philosophy of religion in eighteenth century Rational Dissent, particularly in the work of Richard Price (1723-1791), and in the radical thought of Mary Wollstonecraft. It traces their ethico-political account of reason, natural theology and human freedom back to seventeenth century Cambridge Platonism and thereby shows how popular histories of the philosophy of religion in modernity have been over-determined both by analytic philosophy of religion and by its critics. The eighteenth century has typically been portrayed as an age of reason, defined as a project of rationalism, liberalism and increasing secularisation, leading inevitably to nihilism and the collapse of modernity. Within this narrative, the Rational Dissenters have been accused of being the culmination of eighteenth-century rationalism in Britain, epitomising the philosophy of modernity. This book challenges this reading of history by highlighting the importance of teleology, deiformity, the immutability of goodness and the divinity of reason within the tradition of Rational Dissent, and it demonstrates that the philosophy and ethics of both Price and Wollstonecraft are profoundly theological. Price’s philosophy of political liberty, and Wollstonecraft’s feminism, both grounded in a Platonic conception of freedom, are perfectionist and radical rather than liberal. This has important implications for understanding the political nature of eighteenth-century philosophical theology: these thinkers represent not so much a shaking off of religion by secular rationality but a challenge to religious and political hegemony. By distinguishing Price and Wollstonecraft from other forms of rationalism including deism and Socinianism, this book takes issue with the popular division of eighteenth-century philosophy into rationalistic and empirical strands and, through considering the legacy of Cambridge Platonism, draws attention to an alternative philosophy of religion that lies between both empiricism and discursive inference.
Categories: Philosophy

Ways of Meeting and the Theology of Religions

Ways of Meeting and the Theology of Religions

22 John Schellenberg, 'Imagining the Future: How Scepticism can Renew Philosophy of Religion' in Cheetham and King, Contemporary Practice and Method, p.16. 23 Bertrand Russell, The Problems of Philosophy (Oxford: Oxford University Press ...

Author: David Cheetham

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317000129

Category: Religion

Page: 240

View: 113

Exploring the different points of view and 'tones of voice' adopted in theology for the meeting of religions, this book presents a contemporary philosophical and theological engagement with key issues of how different faiths might meet, of comparative philosophy of religion, of the use of aesthetics, of inter-religious ethics and issues relating to the self. Providing a critical evaluation of contemporary liberal, post-liberal and conservative voices, and an engagement with movements such as Radical Orthodoxy and Scriptural Reasoning to mention a few, this book highlights the use of the creative imagination and explores new ideas for the meeting of religions.
Categories: Religion

A Philosophy of the Christian Religion

A Philosophy of the Christian Religion

evil; divine action or miracles; life after death; religious language; religious pluralism; the relation of God to ... Philosophy of Religion,9 and David Cheetham (b.1969) and Rolfe King's (b.1959) Contemporary Practice and Method in ...

Author: Nancey Murphy

Publisher: SPCK

ISBN: 9780281066933

Category: Philosophy

Page: 515

View: 942

A Philosophy of the Christian Religion offers a new kind of introduction to the subject. Whereas most introductions in the past have attempted to deal with religion in general, this book focuses on philosophical issues of special importance to Christianity. In doing this, Nancey Murphy also takes full account of how conceptual revolutions in philosophy now mean that what older introductions termed 'standard problems' have changed from the way they were dealt with in earlier eras. At the same time, this new introduction helps the reader to better understand how contemporary issues have come to take on their current force by placing them within the context of the most sophisticated account available of human reason: Alasdair MacIntyre’s tradition-constituted rationality. Contents Part One: A Brief History of Reason 1. Ancient and Medieval Ways of Knowing the Divine 2. Modern Epistemology and the Possibility of Theology 3. Faith in Late Modern Reasoning 4. Faith and Reason for the Twenty-First Century Part Two: Crises in Modern Christianity 5. Three Epistemological Crises for Christianity in Modernity 6. The Problem of Special Divine Action 7. Modern Problems of Evil and Suffering 8. Science and Christianity 9. Christian Anthropology, Philosophy, and Science 10. The Development of Modern Naturalism
Categories: Philosophy