Computational Methods for Corpus Annotation and Analysis

Computational Methods for Corpus Annotation and Analysis

Abstract This introductory chapter provides a brief overview of the objectives and rationale of the book, the need for corpus annotation, the key concepts and issues involved in corpus annotation and in using annotated corpora for ...

Author: Xiaofei Lu

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789401786454

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 186

View: 613

In the past few decades the use of increasingly large text corpora has grown rapidly in language and linguistics research. This was enabled by remarkable strides in natural language processing (NLP) technology, technology that enables computers to automatically and efficiently process, annotate and analyze large amounts of spoken and written text in linguistically and/or pragmatically meaningful ways. It has become more desirable than ever before for language and linguistics researchers who use corpora in their research to gain an adequate understanding of the relevant NLP technology to take full advantage of its capabilities. This volume provides language and linguistics researchers with an accessible introduction to the state-of-the-art NLP technology that facilitates automatic annotation and analysis of large text corpora at both shallow and deep linguistic levels. The book covers a wide range of computational tools for lexical, syntactic, semantic, pragmatic and discourse analysis, together with detailed instructions on how to obtain, install and use each tool in different operating systems and platforms. The book illustrates how NLP technology has been applied in recent corpus-based language studies and suggests effective ways to better integrate such technology in future corpus linguistics research. This book provides language and linguistics researchers with a valuable reference for corpus annotation and analysis.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Corpus Annotation

Corpus Annotation

This is a text which surveys the growing field of research known as corpus annotation - an electronic collection of texts. Corpus annotation is a central resource in linguisticsi̧nformation technology and the processing of human language.

Author: Roger Garside

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: UOM:39015040361480

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 281

View: 348

This is a text which surveys the growing field of research known as corpus annotation - an electronic collection of texts. Corpus annotation is a central resource in linguisticsi̧nformation technology and the processing of human language. The book seeks to show the nature of language and the most effective means of analysing it. A bibliography lists relevant e-mail addresses and Web sites.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Corpus Linguistics and Linguistically Annotated Corpora

Corpus Linguistics and Linguistically Annotated Corpora

This book gives a full, pedagogic account of this burgeoning field. Beginning with an overview of corpus linguistics, its prerequisites and goals, the book then introduces linguistically annotated corpora.

Author: Sandra Kuebler

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781441119803

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 992

Linguistically annotated corpora are becoming a central part of the corpus linguistics field. One of their main strengths is the level of searchability they offer, but with the annotation come problems of the initial complexity of queries and query tools. This book gives a full, pedagogic account of this burgeoning field. Beginning with an overview of corpus linguistics, its prerequisites and goals, the book then introduces linguistically annotated corpora. It explores the different levels of linguistic annotation, including morphological, parts of speech, syntactic, semantic and discourse-level, as well as advantages and challenges for such annotations. It covers the main annotated corpora for English, the Penn Treebank, the International Corpus of English, and OntoNotes, as well as a wide range of corpora for other languages. In its third part, search strategies required for different types of data are explored. All chapters are accompanied by exercises and by sections on further reading.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Corpus based Language Studies

Corpus based Language Studies

As implicit annotation is not open to scrutiny , it is to all intents and purposes unrecoverable and thus more unreliable than explicit annotation ( see Unit A4.2 ) . Corpus - based linguists do not have such a hostile attitude towards ...

Author: Tony McEnery

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 0415286220

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 386

View: 244

Covering the major approaches to the use of corpus data, this work gathers together influential readings from leading names in the discipline, including Biber, Widdowson, Sinclair, Carter and McCarthy.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

News Discourse and Digital Currents

News Discourse and Digital Currents

of given tags encoded in the corpus, without browsing through the corpus in order to verify that the tags do reveal certain patterns. This should always be done since, in the specific case of automatic corpus annotation, for instance, ...

Author: Antonio Fruttaldo

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 9781443893404

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 250

View: 670

In recent years, journalistic practices have undergone a radical change due to the increasing pressure of new digital media on the professional practice. The ever-growing development of new technologies and the ceaseless fluctuation of social practices have challenged some of the traditional genres found in these professional contexts. On the basis of these premises, this book investigates a particular genre found in the context of TV newscasts. The genre under investigation is that of news tickers (or crawlers), that is, the graphic elements that scroll at the bottom of the screen during newscasts. The book introduces readers to this under-researched genre through a year-long collection of the news tickers displayed on BBC World News. Thanks to a corpus-based genre analysis, the generic status of news tickers is better defined by highlighting the presence of given strategies of marketization. Additionally, this volume investigates if news tickers can be seen as a mixed (sub-)genre that interdiscursively combines traditional linguistic elements of headlines and lead paragraphs to achieve, from a (Critical) Genre Analysis point of view, a specific private intention in the context of the BBC.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Discourse Analysis and the New Testament

Discourse Analysis and the New Testament

Or, as defined by Leech, '[corpus annotation is] the practice of adding interpretative, linguistic information to an ... written data'.5 He includes the word interpretative in his definition to indicate that when a corpus is annotated, ...

Author: Stanley E. Porter

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 9780567559326

Category: Religion

Page: 432

View: 629

The volume contains contributions by many of the major discourse analysts of the New Testament, including E.A. Nida, W. Schenk, J.P. Louw and J. Callow. Some of these essays deal with methodology, raising necessary questions about what it means to analyse discourse. Others demonstrate an already committed approach by reading specific texts. A 'state-of-the-art' volume for all scholars interested in this increasingly important area of New Testament research.
Categories: Religion

Corpus Annotation

Corpus Annotation

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: 1315841363

Category: Computational linguistics

Page: 281

View: 508

Categories: Computational linguistics

Handbook of Linguistic Annotation

Handbook of Linguistic Annotation

Secondly, we are using the annotation in a corpus to find areas in need of enhancement, but what is enhanced could be the annotation scheme, guidelines, or other resources (e.g., lexica [67]) which are enhanced by pinpointing issues in ...

Author: Nancy Ide

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789402408812

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 1459

View: 460

This handbook offers a thorough treatment of the science of linguistic annotation. Leaders in the field guide the reader through the process of modeling, creating an annotation language, building a corpus and evaluating it for correctness. Essential reading for both computer scientists and linguistic researchers.Linguistic annotation is an increasingly important activity in the field of computational linguistics because of its critical role in the development of language models for natural language processing applications. Part one of this book covers all phases of the linguistic annotation process, from annotation scheme design and choice of representation format through both the manual and automatic annotation process, evaluation, and iterative improvement of annotation accuracy. The second part of the book includes case studies of annotation projects across the spectrum of linguistic annotation types, including morpho-syntactic tagging, syntactic analyses, a range of semantic analyses (semantic roles, named entities, sentiment and opinion), time and event and spatial analyses, and discourse level analyses including discourse structure, co-reference, etc. Each case study addresses the various phases and processes discussed in the chapters of part one.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

Corpus Linguistics and Linguistically Annotated Corpora

Corpus Linguistics and Linguistically Annotated Corpora

learner 165 monitor 14 monolingual 11 multi-modal 12 multilingual 11 opportunistic 10 parallel 11, 114, 133 pre-electronic 4, 19 representative 10 specialized 10 speech 12 spoken 12 static 13 synchronic 13 corpus annotation 39–40 corpus ...

Author: Sandra Kuebler

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 9781441119919

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 288

View: 329

Linguistically annotated corpora are becoming a central part of the corpus linguistics field. One of their main strengths is the level of searchability they offer, but with the annotation come problems of the initial complexity of queries and query tools. This book gives a full, pedagogic account of this burgeoning field. Beginning with an overview of corpus linguistics, its prerequisites and goals, the book then introduces linguistically annotated corpora. It explores the different levels of linguistic annotation, including morphological, parts of speech, syntactic, semantic and discourse-level, as well as advantages and challenges for such annotations. It covers the main annotated corpora for English, the Penn Treebank, the International Corpus of English, and OntoNotes, as well as a wide range of corpora for other languages. In its third part, search strategies required for different types of data are explored. All chapters are accompanied by exercises and by sections on further reading.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines

The Cambridge Handbook of English Corpus Linguistics

The Cambridge Handbook of English Corpus Linguistics

Part of the manually annotated dataset could also be used as a goldstandard corpus against which to compare the output of the automatic tagging system ... Computational methods and tools for corpus annotation therefore take two forms.

Author: Douglas Biber

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316298701

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page:

View: 905

The Cambridge Handbook of English Corpus Linguistics (CHECL) surveys the breadth of corpus-based linguistic research on English, including chapters on collocations, phraseology, grammatical variation, historical change, and the description of registers and dialects. The most innovative aspects of the CHECL are its emphasis on critical discussion, its explicit evaluation of the state of the art in each sub-discipline, and the inclusion of empirical case studies. While each chapter includes a broad survey of previous research, the primary focus is on a detailed description of the most important corpus-based studies in this area, with discussion of what those studies found, and why they are important. Each chapter also includes a critical discussion of the corpus-based methods employed for research in this area, as well as an explicit summary of new findings and discoveries.
Categories: Language Arts & Disciplines