Corruption in Infrastructure Procurement

Corruption in Infrastructure Procurement

This book presents an extensive study on the extant constructs of corruption in infrastructure-related projects and aims to contribute to the determination and elimination of its incidence and prevalence in infrastructure projects.

Author: Emmanuel Kingsford Owusu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000209174

Category: Architecture

Page: 218

View: 921

This book presents an extensive study on the extant constructs of corruption in infrastructure-related projects and aims to contribute to the determination and elimination of its incidence and prevalence in infrastructure projects. The book conducts a comprehensive examination of the various determining factors of corruption that negatively affect the procurement process and, in the end, result in cost and time overruns. The authors present an in-depth understanding of how the identified determining factors of corruption can be addressed. Thus, it is intended to broaden the reader's knowledge of the causes, risk indicators, and different forms of corrupt practices in the procurement process of infrastructure works, before explaining how they affect its stages and activities A dynamic model is developed to demonstrate how to tackle the overall impact of corruption within the procurement process and, at the same time, increase the effectiveness of the extant anti-corruption measures. In short, this book demonstrates that the fight against corruption in the procurement process is strategically feasible and must continue. This book is essential reading for academics, researchers, professionals and stakeholders in the procurement of infrastructure projects and civil works, as well as those with an interest in corruption, construction management and construction project management.
Categories: Architecture

Corruption Infrastructure Management and Public Private Partnership

Corruption  Infrastructure Management and Public   Private Partnership

This book looks at what measures we can put in place to check corruption during procurement and what good governance strategies the public sector can adopt to improve the performance of 3Ps.

Author: Mohammad Heydari

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000465938

Category: Mathematics

Page: 264

View: 914

Public-Private Partnerships (PPP or 3Ps) allow the public sector to seek alternative funding and expertise from the private sector during procurement processes. Such partnerships, if executed with due diligence, often benefit the public immensely. Unfortunately, Public-Private Partnerships can be vulnerable to corruption. This book looks at what measures we can put in place to check corruption during procurement and what good governance strategies the public sector can adopt to improve the performance of 3Ps. The book applies mathematical models to analyze 3Ps. It uses game theory to study the interaction and dynamics between the stakeholders and suggests strategies to reduce corruption risks in various 3Ps stages. The authors explain through game theory-based simulation how governments can adopt a evaluating process at the start of each procurement to weed out undesirable private partners and why the government should take a more proactive approach. Using a methodological framework rooted in mathematical models to illustrate how we can combat institutional corruption, this book is a helpful reference for anyone interested in public policymaking and public infrastructure management.
Categories: Mathematics

Corruption in Public Procurement

Corruption in Public Procurement

Author: United Nations. Economic Commission for Africa

Publisher:

ISBN: LCCN:2018338530

Category: Government purchasing

Page: 31

View: 660

Categories: Government purchasing

Corruption in Public Procurement

Corruption in Public Procurement

Public procurement belongs to the group of government activities that are worst affected by corruption. Corruption, seen as a key governance challenge, puts a detrimental strain on the functioning of a sound public procurement system.

Author: Aylin Kadriye Tansel

Publisher: GRIN Verlag

ISBN: 9783668730526

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 143

View: 380

Master's Thesis from the year 2018 in the subject Economics - International Economic Relations, grade: 1,0, Wiesbaden University of Applied Sciences, language: English, abstract: Corruption erodes the functioning of a state’s essential organs, meaning its political, economic and social structures, and causes its norms and values to deteriorate, but more severely, it ultimately weakens the heart of good governance - the most feared enemy of corruption. Weakened by this disease, the state, however powerful its systems, becomes more vulnerable and exposed to a great variety of risk factors while the malicious disease increasingly thrives, spreading through the organism and capturing the state, trapping it in a vicious circle. There is no country that is immune to this disease. Whether on the local, national or international stage, corruption wreaks its destructive work at all political, economic and social levels. Public procurement embodies a large, if not the largest part of national economies. Every year, trillions of dollars are deployed for the acquisition of goods, services and works, ranging from those intended to serve basic needs such as education or public health services to those destined for giant infrastructure projects; the latters’, large budgets make them tempting targets for corruption, which is often shielded behind the complicated and opaque procurement process. This results in wasteful spending, transforming public procurement, a powerful instrument for the promotion of prosperous economic development, into a harmful growth inhibitor. Public procurement belongs to the group of government activities that are worst affected by corruption. Corruption, seen as a key governance challenge, puts a detrimental strain on the functioning of a sound public procurement system. A public procurement system affected by corruption suffers from a wide range of symptoms; for instance, the quality of public projects may be reduced and public funds may be diverted from projects that are essential for the achievement of social and economic goals, resulting in rising poverty and inequality. Even worse, corruption undermines the rule of law and erodes public trust and confidence in public bodies and in the market, ultimately impeding economic growth and development. Why and how does corruption enter the sphere of public procurement? Why is it essential to combat corruption and how can this phenomenon be mitigated in the context of public procurement? The research objective of this thesis is to give answers to these questions.
Categories: Business & Economics

A Hierarchical Multi stakeholder Principal agent Model for anti Corruption in Public Infrastructure Procurement

A Hierarchical Multi stakeholder Principal agent Model for  anti   Corruption in Public Infrastructure Procurement

Infrastructure system is the backbone of the economy.

Author: Bingyan Huang

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1003347126

Category:

Page: 328

View: 741

Infrastructure system is the backbone of the economy. However, large gap between demand and supply is observed in both developed and under-developed countries. Such gap is induced by two reasons, lack of fund invested in infrastructure procurement and low procurement efficiency due to corruption. Closing this gap can improve the economy of a country, help business to thrive and make citizens better off. This dissertation focuses on dealing with the low procurement efficiency in the context of private participation in infrastructure procurement. Based on literature review, stakeholder management, decentralization and agency problem is identified as three key fields in tackling corruption problem. Therefore, a framework incorporating these three fields is built. Based on hierarchical principal-agent model and highway pricing model, such a framework also bridges the engineering and economic models. Several vital problems in post-tender phase of infrastructure procurement are studied. Cost overrun is a problem plaguing all the infrastructure projects and using the framework, a model is established to distinguish the unintentional cost overrun due to technical uncertainty and intentional one induced by selfish motivation of official. The corruption in renegotiation of PPP projects is also investigated. Different scenarios based on the institutional monitoring and anti-corruption governmental contract are studied. This dissertation's contribution is three-fold: Firstly, a framework connecting two dimensions, that is, horizontally the stakeholder management, decentralization and agency problems and vertically the engineering and economic models, is established. Secondly, the corruption problems in post-tender phase of infrastructure project are addressed, given that previous research in such field is limited. Thirdly, Several important policy insights are provided in this dissertation. ...
Categories:

Corruption Infrastructure Management and Public Private Partnership

Corruption  Infrastructure Management and Public Private Partnership

This book looks at what measures we can put in place to check corruption during procurement and what good governance strategies the public sector can adopt to improve the performance of PPP.

Author: Mohammad Heydari

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1003177255

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 216

View: 184

"Public-Private Partnerships (PPP) allow the public sector to seek alternative funding and expertise from the private sector during procurement processes. Such partnerships, if executed with due diligence, often benefit the public immensely. Unfortunately, Public-Private Partnerships can be vulnerable to corruption. This book looks at what measures we can put in place to check corruption during procurement and what good governance strategies the public sector can adopt to improve the performance of PPP. The book applies mathematical models to analyze PPP. It uses game theory to study the interaction and dynamics between the stakeholders and suggests strategies to reduce corruption risks in various PPP stages. The authors explain through game theory-based simulation how governments can adopt a screening process at the start of each procurement to weed out undesirable private partners and why the government should take a more proactive approach. Using a methodological framework rooted in mathematical models to illustrate how we can combat institutional corruption; this book is a helpful reference to anyone interested in public policymaking and public infrastructure management"--
Categories: Business & Economics

Setting Standards for Communication and Governance

Setting Standards for Communication and Governance

This title outlines a number of practical initiatives to strengthen the role of development communication in infrastructure projects.

Author: Lawrence J. M. Haas

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 9780821371701

Category: Business

Page: 47

View: 642

This title outlines a number of practical initiatives to strengthen the role of development communication in infrastructure projects. The authors aim to facilitate better quality projects and to build consensus on the type of governance reforms needed to fight corruption, drawing on the experience of development agencies like the World Bank and Transparency International. It starts by characterizing corruption vulnerabilities in infrastructure and proceeds to illustrate where communication has added value on a number of recent projects, both in regard to making the projects more sustainable and by incorporating anti-corruption measures into the project preparation and implementation. It draws on examples of mainly World Bank-supported projects from the road, transport, power, and water sectors in different governance contexts. Five standard-setting initiatives are then outlined, which focus on promoting best practice to better integrate development communication into the project cycles of World Bank-supported infrastructure projects.
Categories: Business

Results Not Receipts

Results Not Receipts

Results Not Receipts highlights the weak link between donors’ preferred measures of corruption and development outcomes related to our limited ability to measure the problem.

Author: Charles Kenny

Publisher: Brookings Institution Press

ISBN: 9781933286990

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 120

View: 461

In the aftermath of the invasion of Afghanistan, the U.S. Agency for International Development supported the Afghan Ministry of Public Health to deliver basic healthcare to 90 percent of the population, at a cost of $4.50 a head. The program played a vital role in improving the country's health; the number of children dying before the age of five dropped by 100,000 a year. But accounting standards at the Ministry of Public Health concerned the United States Special Investigator General for Afghanistan. There was no evidence of malfeasance, nor argument about the success of the program. For all that the results were fantastic, receipts were not in order. The investigator called for the health program to be suspended because of "financial management deficiencies" at the ministry. This case illustrates a growing problem: an important and justified focus on corruption as a barrier to development has led to policy change in aid agencies that is damaging the potential for aid to deliver results. Donors have treated corruption as an issue they can measure and improve, and from which they can insulate their projects at acceptable costs by controlling processes and monitoring receipts. Results Not Receipts highlights the weak link between donors’ preferred measures of corruption and development outcomes related to our limited ability to measure the problem. It discusses the costs of the standard anti-corruption tools of fiduciary controls and centralized delivery, and it suggests a different approach to tackling the problem of corruption in development: focus on outcomes.
Categories: Business & Economics