Cosmic Plasma Physics

Cosmic Plasma Physics

It was gratifying to find that within the wide field of cosmic plasma physics a lively dialogue was in fact possible. The Conference was sponsored by the European Physical Society. Financial support was provided by ESRO.

Author: Karl Schindler

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: UCAL:B3436138

Category: Science

Page: 369

View: 198

The plan to hold a conference on cosmic plasma physics originated in the Plasma Physics Division of the European Physical Society, whose chairman, B. Lehnert, took the first steps towards its realization. - ESRIN readily adopted this idea, and preliminary contacts with a number of other groups showed that there was a good deal of interest in bringing to gether people working in different areas of the field of cosmic plasma physics. It was clearly felt that an exchange of views and experience, and an attempt to define problem areas, would be profitable. In this spirit a programme was de vised which covered a large variety of topics, ranging from ionospheric to galactic structures. A diversified programme of this kind runs the risk that the communication between the various fields of specialization remains insufficient. It was gratifying to find that within the wide field of cosmic plasma physics a lively dialogue was in fact possible. The Conference was sponsored by the European Physical Society. Financial support was provided by ESRO. It is a pleasure to acknowledge the excellent suggestions of the programme committee members L. Biermann, N. D'Angelo, R. Gendrin, and B. Lehnert. I should like to thank my colleagues B. Bertotti, K. Lackner, and J.F. McKenzie, and numerous other ESRIN staff members, for their valuable help. I feel particularly indebted to the conference secretary, Miss Sachs, who did the real work while I just signed the letters.
Categories: Science

Cosmic Plasma Physics

Cosmic Plasma Physics

Introduction History and Neighbours Cosmic plasma physics studies
electromagnetic processes and phenomena in space, mainly the role of forces of
an electromagnetic nature in the dynamics of cosmic matter. Two factors are
specific to the ...

Author: B.V. Somov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401595926

Category: Science

Page: 652

View: 102

This unusual book considers physical principles, starting from the most general ones, and simplifies assumptions, helping students answer two key questions: what approximation is the simplest, but still sufficient for the description of a phenomenon in cosmic plasmas, and how to build an adequate model.
Categories: Science

Plasma Astrophysics Part I

Plasma Astrophysics  Part I

This two-part book is devoted to classic fundamentals and current practices and perspectives of modern plasma astrophysics.

Author: Boris V. Somov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461442837

Category: Science

Page: 498

View: 922

This two-part book is devoted to classic fundamentals and current practices and perspectives of modern plasma astrophysics. This first part uniquely covers all the basic principles and practical tools required for understanding and work in plasma astrophysics. More than 25% of the text is updated from the first edition, including new figures, equations and entire sections on topics such as magnetic reconnection and the Grad-Shafranov equation. The book is aimed at professional researchers in astrophysics, but it will also be useful to graduate students in space sciences, geophysics, applied physics and mathematics, especially those seeking a unified view of plasma physics and fluid mechanics.
Categories: Science

Physics of the Plasma Universe

Physics of the Plasma Universe

This book covers topics such as the large-scale structure and the filamentary universe; the formation of magnetic fields and galaxies, active galactic nuclei and quasars, the origin and abundance of light elements, star formation and the ...

Author: Anthony L. Peratt

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781461478195

Category: Science

Page: 406

View: 580

Today many scientists recognize plasma as the key element to understanding new observations in near-Earth, interplanetary, interstellar, and intergalactic space; in stars, galaxies, and clusters of galaxies, and throughout the observable universe. Physics of the Plasma Universe, 2nd Edition is an update of observations made across the entire cosmic electromagnetic spectrum over the two decades since the publication of the first edition. It addresses paradigm changing discoveries made by telescopes, planetary probes, satellites, and radio and space telescopes. The contents are the result of the author's 37 years research at Livermore and Los Alamos National Laboratories, and the U.S. Department of Energy. This book covers topics such as the large-scale structure and the filamentary universe; the formation of magnetic fields and galaxies, active galactic nuclei and quasars, the origin and abundance of light elements, star formation and the evolution of solar systems, and cosmic rays. Chapters 8 and 9 are based on the research of Professor Gerrit Verschuur, and reinvestigation of the manifestation of interstellar neutral hydrogen filaments from radio astronomical observations are given. Using data from the Green Bank 100-m telescope (GBT) of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), detailed information is presented for a non-cosmological origin for the cosmic microwave background quadruple moment. This volume is aimed at graduate students and researchers active in the areas of cosmic plasmas and space science. The supercomputer and experimental work was carried out within university, National laboratory, Department of Energy, and supporting NASA facilities.
Categories: Science

Plasma Physics of the Local Cosmos

Plasma Physics of the Local Cosmos

Solar and space physics is the study of solar system phenomena that occur in the plasma state. Examples include sunspots, the solar wind, planetary magnetospheres, radiation belts, and the aurora.

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 030916608X

Category: Science

Page: 96

View: 159

Solar and space physics is the study of solar system phenomena that occur in the plasma state. Examples include sunspots, the solar wind, planetary magnetospheres, radiation belts, and the aurora. While each is a distinct phenomenon, there are commonalities among them. To help define and systematize these universal aspects of the field of space physics, the National Research Council was asked by NASA’s Office of Space Science to provide a scientific assessment and strategy for the study of magnetized plasmas in the solar system. This report presents that assessment. It covers a number of important research goals for solar and space physics. The report is complementary to the NRC report, The Sun to the Earthâ€"and Beyond: A Decadal Research Strategy for Solar and Space Physics, which presents priorities and strategies for future program activities.
Categories: Science

Cosmic Plasma

Cosmic Plasma

CH A P T E R I SURVEY I.1. Experimental and Theoretical Approach to Plasma
Physics Plasma physics started along two parallel lines. One of them was the
hundred-year-old investigations into what was called 'electrical discharges in
gases'.

Author: H. Alfvèn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400983748

Category: Science

Page: 168

View: 137

The general background of this monograph and the aim of it is described in detail in Chapter I. As stated in 1.7 it is written according to the principle that "when rigour appears to conflict with simplicity, simplicity is given preference", which means that it is intended for a rather broad public. Not only graduate students but also advanced undergraduates should be able to understand at least most of it. This monograph is the result of many years of inspiring discussions with a number of colleagues, for which I want to thank them very much. Especially I should mention the groups in Stockholm and La Jolla: in Stockholm, Dr Carl-Gunne Flilthammar and many of his collaborators, including Drs Lars Block, Per Carlqvist, Lennart lindberg, Michael Raadu, Staffan Torven, Miroslav Babic, and Itlgvar Axniis, and further, Drs Bo Lehnert and Bjorn Bonnevier, all at the Royal Institute of Technology. Of other col leagues in Sweden, I should mention Dr Bertel Laurent, Stockholm University, Dr Aina Elvius, The Stockholm Observatory, and Dr Bengt Hultqvist, Kiruna. In La Jolla my thanks go first of all to Dr Gustaf Arrhenius, who once invited me to La Jolla, which was the start of a most interesting collaboration; further, to Dr W.B.
Categories: Science

Plasma Physics for Astrophysics

Plasma Physics for Astrophysics

Simple estimates and examples are given instead of rigorous derivations (rigorous results are then quoted). The writing is colloquial and accessible. This is an excellent approach, and it helps demystify a complex subject.

Author: R. M. Kulsrud

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691120737

Category: Science

Page: 468

View: 237

Designed to teach plasma physics and astrophysics 'from the ground up', this textbook proceeds from the simplest examples through a careful derivation of results and encourages the reader to think for themselves.
Categories: Science

Space Plasma Physics

Space Plasma Physics

Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Space Science Board

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: NAP:12646

Category: Magnetohydrodynamics

Page:

View: 543

Categories: Magnetohydrodynamics

Plasma Astrophysics Part II

Plasma Astrophysics  Part II

This two-part book is devoted to classic fundamentals and current practices and perspectives of modern plasma astrophysics.

Author: Boris V. Somov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461442950

Category: Science

Page: 506

View: 598

This two-part book is devoted to classic fundamentals and current practices and perspectives of modern plasma astrophysics. This second part discusses the physics of magnetic reconnection and flares of electromagnetic origin in space plasmas in the solar system, single and double stars, relativistic objects, accretion disks and their coronae. More than 25% of the text is updated from the first edition, included the additions of new figures, equations and entire sections on topics such as topological triggers for solar flares and the magnetospheric physics problem. This book is aimed at professional researchers in astrophysics, but it will also be useful to graduate students in space sciences, geophysics, applied physics and mathematics, especially those seeking a unified view of plasma physics and fluid mechanics.
Categories: Science

Plasma Physics of Trapping of Cosmic Rays Around Supernova

Plasma Physics of Trapping of Cosmic Rays Around Supernova

Two problems associated with the question of whether a large number of cosmic rays produced in the early stages of expansion of a supernova bubble would be trapped in it are discussed.

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:727226102

Category:

Page:

View: 683

Two problems associated with the question of whether a large number of cosmic rays produced in the early stages of expansion of a supernova bubble would be trapped in it are discussed.
Categories:

Nuclear Science Abstracts

Nuclear Science Abstracts

From Conference on cosmic plasma physics ; Frascati , Italy ( 20 Sep 1971 ) .
See CONF - 710951 . A brief theory is described for the energy exchanges in an
expanding solar wind . Diagrams are given for helium and hydrogen densities at
 ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: OSU:32435022181630

Category: Nuclear energy

Page:

View: 791

Categories: Nuclear energy

Dusty and Self Gravitational Plasmas in Space

Dusty and Self Gravitational Plasmas in Space

Recently, a few surveys and special journal issues have appeared. Time has come to integrate some of the knowledge in a book. Apparently, this is the first monograph on dusty and self-gravitational plasmas.

Author: P. Bliokh

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0792330226

Category: Science

Page: 250

View: 314

The diverse and often surprising new facts about planetary rings and comet environments that were reported by the interplanetary missions oflate 1970s - 1980s stimulated investigations of the so-called dusty plasma. The number of scientific papers on the subject that have been published since is quite impressive. Recently, a few surveys and special journal issues have appeared. Time has come to integrate some of the knowledge in a book. Apparently, this is the first monograph on dusty and self-gravitational plasmas. While the circle of pertinent problems is rather clearly defined, not all of them are equally represented here. The authors have concentrated on cooperative phenomena (Le. waves and instabilities) in the dusty plasma and the effects of self-gravitation. At the same time, in an attempt to present the vast material consistently, we have included such topics as electrostatics of the dusty plasma and gravitoelectrodynamics of individual charged particles. Also mentioned are astrophysical implications, mostly concerning planetary rings. We hope that the book shall be of interest and value both to specialists and those (astro )physicists who have just discovered this area of plasma physics. We are thankful to many scientists actively working in the field of dusty plasma physics who have generously let us become acquainted with their results, sometimes prior to publication of their own papers: U. de Angelis, N. D'Angelo, o. Havnes, A. Mendis, M. Rosenberg, P. Shukla, F. Verheest, and E. Wollman.
Categories: Science

L D Landau Thermodynamics plasma physics and quantum mechanics

L D  Landau  Thermodynamics  plasma physics  and quantum mechanics

The second volume contains twelve papers: one on the theory of phase transitions, one on stellar energy, one on the statistical model of nuclei, one on the multiple production of particles in cosmic rays, one on the uncertainty principle in ...

Author: D. ter Haar

Publisher: Franklin Book Company

ISBN: STANFORD:36105000934930

Category: Physicists

Page: 198

View: 492

The second volume contains twelve papers: one on the theory of phase transitions, one on stellar energy, one on the statistical model of nuclei, one on the multiple production of particles in cosmic rays, one on the uncertainty principle in relativistic quantum mechanics, two on the quantum theory of collisions, two on plasma physics, and three on field theory.
Categories: Physicists

International Conference on Plasma Physics ICCP

International Conference on Plasma Physics  ICCP

Paradigm Transition in Cosmic Plasma Physics H . Alfvén Royal Institute of
Technology , Department of Plasma Physics , S - 100 44 Stockholm , Sweden
Received July 23 , 1982 Abstract in situ measurements ( out to the region of the
giant ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105030340017

Category: Plasma (Ionized gases)

Page:

View: 144

Categories: Plasma (Ionized gases)

Fundamentals of Cosmic Electrodynamics

Fundamentals of Cosmic Electrodynamics

Starting from the language of plasma physics, from Maxwell's equations, the author guides the reader into the more specialized concepts of cosmic electrodynamics. The main attention in the book is paid to physics rather than maths.

Author: B.V. Somov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401111843

Category: Science

Page: 364

View: 592

Cosmic electrodynamics is the specific branch of plasma physics which studies electromagnetic phenomena -- mostly the role of electromagnetic forces in dynamics of highly-conducting compressible medium in the solar interior and atmosphere, solar wind, in the Earth's magnetosphere and magnetospheres of other planets as well as pulsars and other astrophysical objects. This textbook is written to be used at several different levels. It is aimed primarily at beginning graduate students who are assumed to have a knowledge of basic physics. Starting from the language of plasma physics, from Maxwell's equations, the author guides the reader into the more specialized concepts of cosmic electrodynamics. The main attention in the book is paid to physics rather than maths. However, the clear mathematical image of physical processes in space plasma is presented and spelled out in the surrounding text. There is not another way to work in modern astrophysics at the quantitative level. The book will also be useful for professional astronomers and for specialists, who investigate cosmic plasmas from space, as well as for everybody who is interested in modern astrophysics.
Categories: Science

Cosmic Plasmas and Electromagnetic Phenomena

Cosmic Plasmas and Electromagnetic Phenomena

This Special Issue provides a series of state-of-the-art reviews from international experts in the field of cosmic plasmas and electromagnetic phenomena using theoretical approaches, astrophysical observations, laboratory experiments, and ...

Author: Athina Meli

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783039214655

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 819

During the past few decades, plasma science has witnessed a great growth in laboratory studies, in simulations, and in space. Plasma is the most common phase of ordinary matter in the universe. It is a state in which ionized matter (even as low as 1%) becomes highly electrically conductive. As such, long-range electric and magnetic fields dominate its behavior. Cosmic plasmas are mostly associated with stars, supernovae, pulsars and neutron stars, quasars and active galaxies at the vicinities of black holes (i.e., their jets and accretion disks). Cosmic plasma phenomena can be studied with different methods, such as laboratory experiments, astrophysical observations, and theoretical/computational approaches (i.e., MHD, particle-in-cell simulations, etc.). They exhibit a multitude of complex magnetohydrodynamic behaviors, acceleration, radiation, turbulence, and various instability phenomena. This Special Issue addresses the growing need of the plasma science principles in astrophysics and presents our current understanding of the physics of astrophysical plasmas, their electromagnetic behaviors and properties (e.g., shocks, waves, turbulence, instabilities, collimation, acceleration and radiation), both microscopically and macroscopically. This Special Issue provides a series of state-of-the-art reviews from international experts in the field of cosmic plasmas and electromagnetic phenomena using theoretical approaches, astrophysical observations, laboratory experiments, and state-of-the-art simulation studies.
Categories: Science

Heliophysics Plasma Physics of the Local Cosmos

Heliophysics  Plasma Physics of the Local Cosmos

... has ledpeopletorecognize over time that there actually exists sucha thing as
the magnetic organizationof cosmic matter (as described, forexample, in
theNRCreport “Plasma physicsofthe local cosmos”, 2001, afterwhich this volume
isnamed).

Author: Carolus J. Schrijver

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107392700

Category: Science

Page:

View: 506

Heliophysics is a developing scientific discipline integrating studies of the Sun's variability, the surrounding heliosphere, and climatic environments. Over the past few centuries, our understanding of how the Sun drives space weather and climate on the Earth and other planets has advanced at an ever-increasing rate. This volume, the first in this series of three heliophysics texts, integrates such diverse topics for the first time as a coherent intellectual discipline. It emphasises the physical processes coupling the Sun and Earth, allowing insights into the interaction of the solar wind and radiation with the Earth's magnetic field, atmosphere and climate system. It provides a core resource for advanced undergraduates and graduates, and also constitutes a foundational reference for researchers in heliophysics, astrophysics, plasma physics, space physics, solar physics, aeronomy, space weather, planetary science and climate science. Additional online resources, including lecture presentations and other teaching materials, are accessible at www.cambridge.org/9780521110617.
Categories: Science

The Physics of the Cosmic Microwave Background

The Physics of the Cosmic Microwave Background

cosmic. microwave. background. 5.1 Introduction The subject of this chapter is an
analysis of one of the most ... the role of this process in the thermal history of
cosmic plasma and in the kinetics of electromagnetic radiation was already clear.

Author: Pavel D. Naselsky

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139458375

Category: Science

Page:

View: 352

Spectacular observational breakthroughs, particularly by the WMAP satellite, have led to a new epoch of CMB science long after its original discovery. Taking a physical approach, the authors of this volume, which was first published in 2006, probe the problem of the 'darkness' of the Universe: the origin and evolution of dark energy and matter in the cosmos. Starting with the observational background of modern cosmology, they provide an accessible review of this fascinating yet complex subject. Topics discussed include the kinetics of the electromagnetic radiation in the Universe, the ionization history of cosmic plamas, the origin of primordial perturbations in light of the inflation paradigm, and the formation of anisotropy and polarization of the CMB. This fascinating review will be valuable to advanced students and researchers in cosmology.
Categories: Science

Cosmic Rays in Interplanetary Magnetic Fields

Cosmic Rays in Interplanetary Magnetic Fields

Syrovatskij (1964) which is, however, concerned mainly with galactic cosmic rays. The physics of the circumsolar space is discussed in this book only rather briefly.

Author: I.N. Toptygin

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: UCAL:B4128348

Category: Science

Page: 375

View: 125

Fast particles of natural or1g1n (cosmic rays) have been used for a long time as an important source of astrophysical and geophysical information. A study of cosmic ray spectra, time variations, abundances, gradients, and anisotropy provides a wealth of data on physical conditions in the regions of cosmic ray generation as well as in the media through which cosmic rays propagate. Astrophysical aspects of cosmic ray physics have been considered in a number of monograpqs. The most detailed seems to be "The Origin of Cosmic Rays" by V. L. Ginzburg and S. 1. Syrovatskij (1964) which is, however, concerned mainly with galactic cosmic rays. The physics of the circumsolar space is discussed in this book only rather briefly. Several other monographs have been devoted mostly to the physics of the interplanetary medium and cosmic rays in interplanetary space. These include the books by Dorman (1963, 1975a, b), Parker (1963), Dorman and Miroshnichenko (1968). The present monograph differs from the above mentioned books in two main aspects: (i) It presents a unified theoretical approach to analys{ng the properties of fast particles in interplanetary space, based upon consideration of cosmic rays as a highly energetic component of the interplane~ary plasma, which makes use of the plasma physics methods to describe the behaviour of cosmic rays.
Categories: Science