Cosmic Plasma Physics

Cosmic Plasma Physics

FORE WORD The plan to hold a conference on cosmic plasma physics
originated in the Plasma Physics Division of the European Physical Society,
whose chairman, B. Lehnert, took the first steps towards its realization . . ESRIN
readily ...

Author: Karl Schindler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461567585

Category: Science

Page: 370

View: 516

The plan to hold a conference on cosmic plasma physics originated in the Plasma Physics Division of the European Physical Society, whose chairman, B. Lehnert, took the first steps towards its realization. - ESRIN readily adopted this idea, and preliminary contacts with a number of other groups showed that there was a good deal of interest in bringing to gether people working in different areas of the field of cosmic plasma physics. It was clearly felt that an exchange of views and experience, and an attempt to define problem areas, would be profitable. In this spirit a programme was de vised which covered a large variety of topics, ranging from ionospheric to galactic structures. A diversified programme of this kind runs the risk that the communication between the various fields of specialization remains insufficient. It was gratifying to find that within the wide field of cosmic plasma physics a lively dialogue was in fact possible. The Conference was sponsored by the European Physical Society. Financial support was provided by ESRO. It is a pleasure to acknowledge the excellent suggestions of the programme committee members L. Biermann, N. D'Angelo, R. Gendrin, and B. Lehnert. I should like to thank my colleagues B. Bertotti, K. Lackner, and J.F. McKenzie, and numerous other ESRIN staff members, for their valuable help. I feel particularly indebted to the conference secretary, Miss Sachs, who did the real work while I just signed the letters.
Categories: Science

Cosmic Plasma Physics

Cosmic Plasma Physics

Introduction History and Neighbours Cosmic plasma physics studies
electromagnetic processes and phenomena in space, mainly the role of forces of
an electromagnetic nature in the dynamics of cosmic matter. Two factors are
specific to the ...

Author: B.V. Somov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401595926

Category: Science

Page: 652

View: 902

This unusual book considers physical principles, starting from the most general ones, and simplifies assumptions, helping students answer two key questions: what approximation is the simplest, but still sufficient for the description of a phenomenon in cosmic plasmas, and how to build an adequate model.
Categories: Science

Plasma Physics of the Local Cosmos

Plasma Physics of the Local Cosmos

As a consequence of the release of energy in a cosmic plasma, some portion of
the background charged particle population is accelerated to very high—in some
cases, relativistic—energies. Particle acceleration occurs throughout the ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309092159

Category: Science

Page: 96

View: 399

Solar and space physics is the study of solar system phenomena that occur in the plasma state. Examples include sunspots, the solar wind, planetary magnetospheres, radiation belts, and the aurora. While each is a distinct phenomenon, there are commonalities among them. To help define and systematize these universal aspects of the field of space physics, the National Research Council was asked by NASA’s Office of Space Science to provide a scientific assessment and strategy for the study of magnetized plasmas in the solar system. This report presents that assessment. It covers a number of important research goals for solar and space physics. The report is complementary to the NRC report, The Sun to the Earthâ€"and Beyond: A Decadal Research Strategy for Solar and Space Physics, which presents priorities and strategies for future program activities.
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Heliophysics Plasma Physics of the Local Cosmos

Heliophysics  Plasma Physics of the Local Cosmos

cosmic. plasmas. Ourfocus here ismainlyoncurrent sheets in the form of
tangential discontinuities (see Fig.4.6) orrotational discontinuities that evolve into
tangentiallike discontinuities(e.g. DeKeyser etal.,1998).Tangential discontinuities
, itmay ...

Author: Carolus J. Schrijver

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781107392700

Category: Science

Page:

View: 520

Heliophysics is a developing scientific discipline integrating studies of the Sun's variability, the surrounding heliosphere, and climatic environments. Over the past few centuries, our understanding of how the Sun drives space weather and climate on the Earth and other planets has advanced at an ever-increasing rate. This volume, the first in this series of three heliophysics texts, integrates such diverse topics for the first time as a coherent intellectual discipline. It emphasises the physical processes coupling the Sun and Earth, allowing insights into the interaction of the solar wind and radiation with the Earth's magnetic field, atmosphere and climate system. It provides a core resource for advanced undergraduates and graduates, and also constitutes a foundational reference for researchers in heliophysics, astrophysics, plasma physics, space physics, solar physics, aeronomy, space weather, planetary science and climate science. Additional online resources, including lecture presentations and other teaching materials, are accessible at www.cambridge.org/9780521110617.
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Cosmic Plasma

Cosmic Plasma

CH A P T E R I SURVEY I.1. Experimental and Theoretical Approach to Plasma
Physics Plasma physics started along two parallel lines. One of them was the
hundred-year-old investigations into what was called 'electrical discharges in
gases'.

Author: H. Alfvèn

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789400983748

Category: Science

Page: 168

View: 817

The general background of this monograph and the aim of it is described in detail in Chapter I. As stated in 1.7 it is written according to the principle that "when rigour appears to conflict with simplicity, simplicity is given preference", which means that it is intended for a rather broad public. Not only graduate students but also advanced undergraduates should be able to understand at least most of it. This monograph is the result of many years of inspiring discussions with a number of colleagues, for which I want to thank them very much. Especially I should mention the groups in Stockholm and La Jolla: in Stockholm, Dr Carl-Gunne Flilthammar and many of his collaborators, including Drs Lars Block, Per Carlqvist, Lennart lindberg, Michael Raadu, Staffan Torven, Miroslav Babic, and Itlgvar Axniis, and further, Drs Bo Lehnert and Bjorn Bonnevier, all at the Royal Institute of Technology. Of other col leagues in Sweden, I should mention Dr Bertel Laurent, Stockholm University, Dr Aina Elvius, The Stockholm Observatory, and Dr Bengt Hultqvist, Kiruna. In La Jolla my thanks go first of all to Dr Gustaf Arrhenius, who once invited me to La Jolla, which was the start of a most interesting collaboration; further, to Dr W.B.
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International Conference on Plasma Physics ICCP

International Conference on Plasma Physics  ICCP

Paradigm Transition in Cosmic Plasma Physics H . Alfvén Royal Institute of
Technology , Department of Plasma Physics , S - 100 44 Stockholm , Sweden
Received July 23 , 1982 Abstract in situ measurements ( out to the region of the
giant ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105030340017

Category: Plasma (Ionized gases)

Page:

View: 157

Categories: Plasma (Ionized gases)

Physics of the Plasma Universe

Physics of the Plasma Universe

Hannes Alfv ́en, University of Southern California, whose instruction started me
on an unexpected path of the study of space and cosmic plasmas, for which we
collaborated in Los Angeles, La Jolla, and Stockholm for the next 23 years.

Author: Anthony L. Peratt

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781461478195

Category: Science

Page: 406

View: 833

Today many scientists recognize plasma as the key element to understanding new observations in near-Earth, interplanetary, interstellar, and intergalactic space; in stars, galaxies, and clusters of galaxies, and throughout the observable universe. Physics of the Plasma Universe, 2nd Edition is an update of observations made across the entire cosmic electromagnetic spectrum over the two decades since the publication of the first edition. It addresses paradigm changing discoveries made by telescopes, planetary probes, satellites, and radio and space telescopes. The contents are the result of the author's 37 years research at Livermore and Los Alamos National Laboratories, and the U.S. Department of Energy. This book covers topics such as the large-scale structure and the filamentary universe; the formation of magnetic fields and galaxies, active galactic nuclei and quasars, the origin and abundance of light elements, star formation and the evolution of solar systems, and cosmic rays. Chapters 8 and 9 are based on the research of Professor Gerrit Verschuur, and reinvestigation of the manifestation of interstellar neutral hydrogen filaments from radio astronomical observations are given. Using data from the Green Bank 100-m telescope (GBT) of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), detailed information is presented for a non-cosmological origin for the cosmic microwave background quadruple moment. This volume is aimed at graduate students and researchers active in the areas of cosmic plasmas and space science. The supercomputer and experimental work was carried out within university, National laboratory, Department of Energy, and supporting NASA facilities.
Categories: Science

Plasma Physics Index

Plasma Physics Index

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105126720833

Category: Plasma (Ionized gases)

Page:

View: 609

Categories: Plasma (Ionized gases)

The Physics of the Cosmic Microwave Background

The Physics of the Cosmic Microwave Background

cosmic. microwave. background. 5.1 Introduction The subject of this chapter is an
analysis of one of the most ... the role of this process in the thermal history of
cosmic plasma and in the kinetics of electromagnetic radiation was already clear.

Author: Pavel D. Naselsky

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139458375

Category: Science

Page:

View: 399

Spectacular observational breakthroughs, particularly by the WMAP satellite, have led to a new epoch of CMB science long after its original discovery. Taking a physical approach, the authors of this volume, which was first published in 2006, probe the problem of the 'darkness' of the Universe: the origin and evolution of dark energy and matter in the cosmos. Starting with the observational background of modern cosmology, they provide an accessible review of this fascinating yet complex subject. Topics discussed include the kinetics of the electromagnetic radiation in the Universe, the ionization history of cosmic plamas, the origin of primordial perturbations in light of the inflation paradigm, and the formation of anisotropy and polarization of the CMB. This fascinating review will be valuable to advanced students and researchers in cosmology.
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Plasma Astrophysics Part I

Plasma Astrophysics  Part I

This two-part book is devoted to classic fundamentals and current practices and perspectives of modern plasma astrophysics.

Author: Boris V. Somov

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781461442837

Category: Science

Page: 498

View: 471

This two-part book is devoted to classic fundamentals and current practices and perspectives of modern plasma astrophysics. This first part uniquely covers all the basic principles and practical tools required for understanding and work in plasma astrophysics. More than 25% of the text is updated from the first edition, including new figures, equations and entire sections on topics such as magnetic reconnection and the Grad-Shafranov equation. The book is aimed at professional researchers in astrophysics, but it will also be useful to graduate students in space sciences, geophysics, applied physics and mathematics, especially those seeking a unified view of plasma physics and fluid mechanics.
Categories: Science

Cosmic Ray Interactions Propagation and Acceleration in Space Plasmas

Cosmic Ray Interactions  Propagation  and Acceleration in Space Plasmas

Alania M.V., L.I. Dorman, R.G. Aslamazashvili, R.T. Gushchina, and T.V.
Dzhapiashvili, Galactic Cosmic Ray Modulation by Solar ... Artsymovich L.A and
R.Z. Sagdeev, Plasma Physics for Physicists, Atomizdat, Moscow, M1979 (in
Russian).

Author: Lev Dorman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402051012

Category: Science

Page: 847

View: 467

Chapter 1 briefly describes the main properties of space plasmas and primary CR. Chapter 2 considers the problem of CR propagation in space plasmas described by the kinetic equation and different types of diffusion approximations. Chapter 3 is devoted to CR non-linear effects in space plasmas caused by CR pressure and CR kinetic stream instabilities with the generation of Alfvèn turbulence. In Chapter 4 different processes of CR acceleration in space plasmas are considered. The book ends with a list providing more than 1,300 full references, a discussion on future developments and unsolved problems, as well as Object and Author indexes.
Categories: Science

Plasma Physics Reports

Plasma Physics Reports

The journal covers the following topics : high - temperature plasma physics
connected with the problem of controlled nuclear fusion based on magnetic and
inertial confinement ; physics of cosmic plasma , including magnetosphere
plasma ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015058913974

Category: Plasma (Ionized gases)

Page:

View: 754

Categories: Plasma (Ionized gases)

Plasma Physics for Astrophysics

Plasma Physics for Astrophysics

Simple estimates and examples are given instead of rigorous derivations (rigorous results are then quoted). The writing is colloquial and accessible. This is an excellent approach, and it helps demystify a complex subject.

Author: R. M. Kulsrud

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691120737

Category: Science

Page: 468

View: 636

Designed to teach plasma physics and astrophysics 'from the ground up', this textbook proceeds from the simplest examples through a careful derivation of results and encourages the reader to think for themselves.
Categories: Science

Soviet Journal of Plasma Physics

Soviet Journal of Plasma Physics

Generation of cosmic rays in plasma pinches V . P . Vlasov , S . K . Zhdanov , and
B . A . Trubnikov I . V . Kurchatov Institute of Atomic Energy ; Engineering Physics
Institute , Moscow ( Submitted March 21 , 1989 ; resubmitted May 31 , 1990 ) ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UOM:39015021694792

Category: Plasma (Ionized gases)

Page:

View: 497

Categories: Plasma (Ionized gases)

Plasma Astrophysics and Cosmology

Plasma Astrophysics and Cosmology

This special issue of the international journal of cosmic physics, Astrophysics and Space Science, contains invited contributions delivered at the Second IEEE International Workshop on Plasma Astrophysics and Cosmology, held from 10 to 12 ...

Author: Anthony L. Peratt

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401104050

Category: Science

Page: 299

View: 240

This special issue of the international journal of cosmic physics, Astrophysics and Space Science, contains invited contributions delivered at the Second IEEE International Workshop on Plasma Astrophysics and Cosmology, held from 10 to 12 May 1993 in Princeton, New Jersey. The Workshop was sponsored by the NSF Division of Atmospheric Sciences, NASA Headquarters, Space Physics Division, and the Nuclear and Plasma Sciences Society of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. It was the purpose of the Workshop to update topics in Plasma Astrophysics and Cosmology presented at the First IEEE International Workshop on Plasma Cosmology, La Jolla, California, 20-22 February 1989, and to again bring together observers and theorists to discuss the related links between plasma theory and observation. Another goal of the Workshop and these proceedings was to highlight the Centennial Celebration (1896-1996) of the founding of Plasma Astrophysics and Cosmology and several papers are devoted to the history of this field of science.
Categories: Science

Solar system plasma physics 1 Solar and solar wind plasma physics

Solar system plasma physics  1  Solar and solar wind plasma physics

[47] Holzer, T.E., The solar wind and related astrophysical phenomena, in: Solar
System Plasma Physics, ed. ... and C.Y. Fan, Differential energy spectra of
lowenergy (<8.5 MeV per nucleon) heavy cosmic rays during solar quiet times,
Phys.

Author: Eugene Newman Parker

Publisher:

ISBN: STANFORD:36105030292887

Category: Space plasmas

Page: 344

View: 236

Categories: Space plasmas

Space Plasma Physics

Space Plasma Physics

The range of parameters found in astrophysics is , of course , considerably
different from that of laboratory plasmas ... As one specific example of the
applicability of solar - system plasma physics , consider the case of cosmic - ray
transport .

Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Space Science Board

Publisher: National Academies

ISBN: NAP:12648

Category: Magnetohydrodynamics

Page:

View: 155

Categories: Magnetohydrodynamics

Solar System Plasma Physics

Solar System Plasma Physics

Plasma waves in other magnetospheres and cosmic systems Plasma wave
instruments have been carried beyond the Earth ' s magnetosphere into the solar
wind in the vicinity of the Earth by many spacecraft and to a distance of 0 . 3 AU
by ...

Author: Eugene Newman Parker

Publisher:

ISBN: UCSD:31822001177518

Category: Space plasmas

Page: 371

View: 865

Categories: Space plasmas

Cosmic Anger Abdus Salam The First Muslim Nobel Scientist

Cosmic Anger  Abdus Salam   The First Muslim Nobel Scientist

For three weeks, 300 of the world's leading experts in particle physics,
condensed matter theory, astrophysics, relativity, plasma physics, cosmology,
nuclear physics, quantum electronics and biophysics lived together in an attempt
to counter ...

Author: Gordon Fraser

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780191578663

Category: Science

Page: 336

View: 803

This book presents a biography of Abdus Salam, the first Muslim to win a Nobel Prize for Science (Physics 1979), who was nevertheless excommunicated and branded as a heretic in his own country. His achievements are often overlooked, even besmirched. Realizing that the whole world had to be his stage, he pioneered the International Centre for Theoretical Physics in Trieste, a vital focus of Third World science which remains as his monument. A staunch Muslim, he was ashamed of the decline of science in the heritage of Islam, and struggled doggedly to restore it to its former glory. Undermined by his excommunication, these valiant efforts were doomed.
Categories: Science