This book is a detailed account of development of self propelled multi crop seed drill (SMSD) for small famers of Pakistan which is low cost, viable, efficient, and multi operational to minimize input and maximize farm profit.
Author: TAHIR IQBAL
Publisher: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing
Development in agricultural mechanization can increase the crop production by decreasing the cost of production. The adoption of farm mechanization in Pakistan is very slow due to small land holdings and higher prices of farm machinery. According to a study, 79% farmers of Pakistan have less than 5 ha of land, implying that the owner's purchasing power doesn't allow him to use advance machinery which no doubt helps to improve the yields gigantically. This book is a detailed account of development of self propelled multi crop seed drill (SMSD) for small famers of Pakistan which is low cost, viable, efficient, and multi operational to minimize input and maximize farm profit. The sowing cost using SMSD is 208 PKRS per hectare while tractor mounted seed drill cost is about 791 PKRS per hectare. Furthermore, this machine is little step towards the cost reduction of basic agricultural machinery.
Such solutions are cost-effective, and they have been used for many years outside the agricultural sector. Tudisca et al. (2013) described efficient PV ...
Author: Guangnan Chen
Publisher: CRC Press
The agricultural industry is dealing with enormous challenges across the globe, including the limited availability of arable lands and fresh water, as well as the effect of climate change. Machinery plays a crucial role in agriculture and farming systems, in order to feed the world’s growing population. In the last decade, we have witnessed major advances in agricultural machinery and technologies, particularly as manufacturers and researchers develop and apply various novel ways of automation as well as the data and information gathering and analyzing capabilities of their machinery. This book presents the state-of-the-art information on the important innovations in the agricultural and horticultural industry. It reviews and presents different novel technologies and implementation of these technologies to optimize farming processes and food production. There are four sections, each addressing a specific area of development. Section I discusses the recent development of farm machinery and technology. Section II focuses on water and irrigation engineering. Section III covers harvesting and post-harvest technology. Section IV describes computer modelling and simulation. Each section highlights current industry trends and latest research progress. This book is ideal for those working in or are associated with the fields of agriculture, agri-food chain and technology development and promotion.
Besides, it is desirable to use small scale and cost-effective agricultural machinery in stages, facilitating organic agricultural mechanization and ...
Author: Nikola Puvača
Developing sustainable organic agriculture and resilient agribusiness sector is fundamental, keeping in mind the value of the opportunity presented by the growing demand for healthy and safe food globally, with the expectation for the global population to reach 9.8 billion by 2050, and 11 billion by 2100. Lately, the main threats in Europe, and worldwide, are the increasingly dynamic climate change and economic factors related to currency fluctuations. While the current environmental policy provides several mechanisms to support agribusinesses in mitigating organic food for daily increasing human population and stability of the currency, it does not contemplate the relative readiness of individuals and businesses to act correctly. Organic farming is the practice that relies more on using sustainable methods to cultivate crops and produce food animals, avoiding chemicals and dietary synthetic drug inputs that do not belong to the natural ecosystem. Organic agriculture can also contribute to meaningful socioeconomic, ecologically sustainable development, and significantly in the development of the agribusiness sector, especially in developing countries.
... is required for saving production energy and maximizing cost-effectiveness. ... References Blackmore S (2016a) Robotic agriculture: smarter machines ...
Author: Seishu Tojo
Publisher: Springer Nature
This book highlights the significance of urban agricultural production, the technologies and methods for supplying organic materials to the farmland, recovering plant nutrients and energy in cities, and systems for sustaining farmlands in order to produce agricultural crops and supply safe food to citizens. Focusing on the effective recycling of biomass waste generated in cities for use in organic farming, it discusses alternatives to traditional composting, such as carbonizing organic waste, which not only produces recyclable materials but also converts organic waste into energy. Recycling discarded organic matter appropriately and reusing it as both material and energy is the basis of new urban organic farming, and represents a major challenge for the next generation of urban agriculture. As such, the book presents advanced research findings to facilitate the implementation of safe, organic agricultural production with only a small environmental load.
The distributor quickly learns which machines can be sufficiently cost effective in the hands of farmer-owner-operators to allow credit contracts to be ...
Publisher: Int. Rice Res. Inst.
Category: Agricultural machinery
The role of small farm equipment; Land preparation; Irrigation; Seeding and planting; Plant protection and soil fertility; Harvesting; Threshing; Grain drying; Improving research and development, manufacturing, marketing, extension and use of small farm equipment.
Farmers tend to find used machines more cost-effective, as there is often no significant drop-off in performance and lifespan; they may even be cheaper than ...
Author: Diao, Xinshen
Publisher: Intl Food Policy Res Inst
Category: Political Science
A renewed focus on agriculture’s potential contribution to economic transformation in Africa has resulted in increased attention paid to agricultural mechanization. African agriculture still relies predominantly on human muscle power despite anecdotal evidence on urbanization and rising rural wages, in contrast to other developing regions that have experienced rapid increases in agricultural mechanization during the past few decades. Past state-led mechanization pushes in Africa often failed due to insufficient understanding of the nature of demand for mechanization technologies among farmers and insufficient knowledge of private-sector functions. This background paper reviews the factors likely to influence farmer demand for mechanization in Africa and details different existing and potential mechanization supply models. Although an empirical analysis of mechanization demand and the effectiveness of supply chains is beyond the scope of this paper, in part due to data limitations, this paper suggests that demand for mechanization may be emerging in some parts of Africa. It also suggests that private-sector-driven supply models are better positioned to meet this demand than direct government involvement and certain types of subsidized programs. The paper then identifies possible areas for government support to complement private-sector leadership in developing mechanization supply chains. Nevertheless, significant further research is required to better understand the changing nature of mechanization demand in Africa and the extent and effectiveness of different supply models in meeting it.
Author: International Monetary FundPublish On: 2012-07-27
To raise productivity and increase production, agriculture mechanisation will ... and affordable agricultural machinery, tools, and other equipment locally.
Author: International Monetary Fund
Publisher: International Monetary Fund
Category: Business & Economics
Ghana has pursued several programs to accelerate the growth of the economy. In 1995, the government presented “Ghana: Vision 2020,” aimed at making Ghana a middle-income country in 25 years. Vision 2020 focused on human development, economic growth, rural development, urban development, infrastructure development, and an enabling environment. It was followed by the Ghana Poverty Reduction Strategy. One of the main challenges to economic growth is the unemployment problem. The recent discoveries of oil and gas create tremendous opportunities for stimulating national development.
elimination of many price interventions in input and output markets . ... Sales of tractors and other agricultural machinery in Poland collapsed with ...
Author: Csaba Csáki
Publisher: World Bank Publications
Category: Political Science
With appropriate preparation and policies, the enlargement of the European Union (EU) will result in a broader and higher-level integration of European agriculture, create an environment more conducive to further liberalization of global agricultural trade, and lead to further opening of European markets.As part of the World Bank's Strategic Compact Initiative, the Bank has coordinated activities to help the ten EU accession countries achieve EU membership. These activities include the preparation of studies to facilitate implementation of necessary reforms and sponsoring seminars and workshops to disseminate and analyze the results. This volume presents the major papers and summaries of one of the Workshop deliberations. This volume includes the following topics: • lessons learned from other regional agricultural trade agreements • the evolution of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) • an analysis of the economic impact of trade flows • the harmonization of agricultural policies within trade agreements • the implications of the external trade environment for the accession countries • the role of sanitary and phytosanitary trade rule in EU accession • quantifying the incentive and farm income effects of agricultural support policies in transition economies • major challenges to agricultural input regulation and trade during transition and EU accession • concluding comments by the World Bank.
Some of the energy costs cataloged are effectively fixed energy costs and cannot ... used for transporting feedstocks and to power agricultural machinery.
Author: Anju Dahiya
Publisher: Academic Press
Bioenergy: Biomass to Biofuels and Waste to Energy, 2nd Edition presents a complete overview of the bioenergy value chain, from feedstock to end products. It examines current and emerging feedstocks and advanced processes and technologies enabling the development of all possible alternative energy sources. Divided into seven parts, bioenergy gives thorough consideration to topics such as feedstocks, biomass production and utilization, life-cycle analysis, energy return on invested, integrated sustainability assessments, conversions technologies, biofuels economics, business, and policy. In addition, contributions from leading industry professionals and academics, augmented by related service-learning case studies and quizzes, provide readers with a comprehensive resource that connect theory to real-world implementation. Bioenergy: Biomass to Biofuels and Waste to Energy, 2nd Edition provides engineers, researchers, undergraduate and graduate students, and business professionals in the bioenergy field with valuable, practical information that can be applied to implementing renewable energy projects, choosing among competing feedstocks, technologies, and products. It also serves as a basic resource for civic leaders, economic development professionals, farmers, investors, fleet managers, and reporters interested in an organized introduction to the language, feedstocks, technologies, and products in the biobased renewable energy world. • Includes current and renewed subject matter, project case studies from real world, and topic-specific sections on the impacts of biomass use for energy production from all sorts of biomass feedstocks including organic waste of all kinds. • Provides a comprehensive overview and in-depth technical information of all possible bioenergy resources: solid (wood energy, grass energy, waste, and other biomass), liquid (biodiesel, algae biofuel, ethanol, waste to oils, etc.), and gaseous/electric (biogas, syngas, biopower, RNG), and cutting-edge topics such as advanced fuels. • Integrates current state of art coverage on feedstocks, cost-effective conversion processes, biofuels economic analysis, environmental policy, and triple bottom line. • Features quizzes for each section derived from the implementation of actual hands-on biofuel projects as part of service learning.
The use of heavy agricultural machinery in those years was oriented toward achieving ... Mechanization was considered to be laborsaving and cost-effective.
Author: Luis G. Cueva
Publisher: Xlibris Corporation
This historical monograph examines the decline of the hacienda estates within Jalisco, Mexico during the early decades of the 20th century. The book also explores the impact of the land reform program of President Lazaro Cardenas in transforming the agrarian economic structure of the region. This study contributes to an ongoing lively debate about the hacienda system and the meaning of the Cardenas reforms. This is an important work because it explores the evolution of a regional socio-economic system that promoted urban industrial growth at the expense of the rural poor. The model of regional development described is applicable to other areas of Mexico and underdeveloped Third World nations with extensive peasant populations. The research for this investigation has wider implications regarding issues of global hunger and malnutrition.
... a machine must move to pick up a full load has a significant effect on cost ... forestry machines, but adapted agricultural machines which were cheap to ...
Author: Mark Avery
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
The conflict between forestry and nature conservation has, in recent years, become a major environmental issue. The planting of large tracts of land with exotic conifers and the resulting disturbance of existing plant and animal communities has polarized the debate, each camp believing that it holds the most rational view. This book tackles the issues, and represents a step toward achieving prudent land planning.
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United NationsPublish On: 2018-07-20
Trainer's guide to the session: The routine maintenance of farm machinery is ... regular machinery maintenance is a necessary and cost-effective strategy.
Author: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Publisher: Food & Agriculture Org.
Category: Technology & Engineering
This manual is specifically designed to help train actual and potential farm mechanization service providers, in order to increase access to sustainable farm power to raise the productivity of smallholder farmers. It focuses on two crucial aspects: the provision of farm mechanization services as a viable business opportunity for entrepreneurs, and the essential criteria of raising productivity in an environmentally sensitive and responsible way i.e. that includes conservation agriculture. Practical guidance on the essential business development and management skills required to successfully run a mechanization service provision business are presented, with a focus on the equipment required to offer services compatible with conservation agriculture. The manual will be of particular interest to policymakers’ intent on achieving sustainable intensification in the agricultural sector. It is also a valuable resource for trainers charged with increasing the supply of well-trained and well-equipped entrepreneurial mechanization service providers through the implementation of training courses tailored to the specific course locations.