Modeling Physiology of Crop Development Growth and Yield

Modeling Physiology of Crop Development  Growth and Yield

Concentrating on crop modelling, this book provides an introduction to the concepts of crop development, growth, and yield, with step-by-step outlines to each topic, suggested exercises and simple equations.

Author: Afshin Soltani

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9781845939700

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 322

View: 979

Model studies focus experimental investigations to improve our understanding and performance of systems. Concentrating on crop modelling, this book provides an introduction to the concepts of crop development, growth, and yield, with step-by-step outlines to each topic, suggested exercises and simple equations. A valuable text for students and researchers of crop development alike, this book is written in five parts that allow the reader to develop a solid foundation and coverage of production models including water- and nitrogen-limited systems.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Crop Development Growth and Yield

Crop Development  Growth and Yield

It provides a comprehensive understanding of modern theories and advanced concepts of this field. This book will serve as a reference to a broad spectrum of readers.

Author: Lancaster Mason

Publisher:

ISBN: 1682867048

Category:

Page: 216

View: 992

The study of crop development, growth and yield falls under the domain of agricultural science. It focuses on ways to increase crop yield through the right use of fertilizers and pesticides. A good crop production management system addresses both crop production optimization and environmental sustainability. Research in crop science involves developing strategies for improving cultivars, crop yield, disease resistance and climate resilience. The field also uses tools of biotechnology and genetic engineering in order to alter the genetic traits of crops and to produce a better quality yield. This book is a compilation of chapters that discuss the most vital concepts and emerging trends in the field of crop development, growth and yield. It provides a comprehensive understanding of modern theories and advanced concepts of this field. This book will serve as a reference to a broad spectrum of readers.
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Chemical Manipulation of Crop Growth and Development

Chemical Manipulation of Crop Growth and Development

A chapter is devoted to the use and effect of cerone in developing winter barley. The book can provide useful information to farmers, botanists, students, and researchers.

Author: J S McLaren

Publisher: Butterworth-Heinemann

ISBN: 9781483192413

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 578

View: 260

Chemical Manipulation of Crop Growth and Development presents a critical review of the plant growth regulators in field crops. It discusses the strategies to discover plant growth regulators for agronomic crops; the methods of modifying stomatal movement; and the possible use of chemicals for photorespiration control. Some of the topics covered in the book are the hormonal control of photosynthesis and assimilate distribution; manipulation of crop growth by ethylene and some implications of the mode of generation; genetic and chemical manipulation of crops to confer tolerance to chemicals; and effects of allelochemicals on crop growth and development. The control of development of potato plant by using endogenous and exogenous growth regulators is covered. The analysis of crop physiology to assess plant growth regulation in sugar beet is also discussed. An in-depth analysis of the influence of auxin antagonists on pod and seed number is provided. The effect of foliar applications of synthetic plant growth regulators on the agronomic characteristics of field-growth corn is presented. A chapter is devoted to the use and effect of cerone in developing winter barley. The book can provide useful information to farmers, botanists, students, and researchers.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Physiology of Crop Production

Physiology of Crop Production

This single volume explores the theoretical and the practical aspects of crop physiological processes around the world The marked decrease over the past century in the land available for crop production has brought about mounting pressure ...

Author: N.K. Fageria

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1560222891

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 345

View: 203

This single volume explores the theoretical and the practical aspects of crop physiological processes around the world The marked decrease over the past century in the land available for crop production has brought about mounting pressure to increase crop yields, especially in developing nations. Physiology of Crop Production provides cutting-edge research and data for complete coverage of the physiology of crop production, all in one source, right at your fingertips. This valuable reference gives the extensive in-depth information soil and crop professionals need to maximize crop productivity anywhere the world. Leading soil and plant scientists and researchers clearly explain theory, practical applications, and the latest advances in the field. Crop physiology is a vital science needed to understand crop growth and development to facilitate increases of plant yield. Physiology of Crop Production presents a wide range of information and references from varying regions of the world to make the book as complete and broadly focused as possible. Discussion in each chapter is supported by experimental data to make this book a superb resource that will be used again and again. Chapter topics include plant and root architecture, growth and yield components, photosynthesis, source-sink relationship, water use efficiency, crop yield relative to water stress, and active and passive ion transport. Several figures and tables accompany the extensive referencing to provide a detailed, in-depth look at every facet of crop production. Physiology of Crop Production explores management strategies for: ideal plant architecture maximizing root systems ideal yield components maximizing photosynthesis maximizing source-sink relationship sequestration of carbon dioxide reducing the effects of drought improving N, P, K, Ca, Mg, and S nutrition improving micronutrient uptake Physiology of Crop Production is an essential desktop resource for plant physiologists, soil and crop scientists, breeders, agronomists, agronomy administrators in agro-industry, educators, and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

The Physiology of Crop Yield

The Physiology of Crop Yield

A broad perspective is developed, from the gene through the plant and crop to the ecosystem, covering: Advances in molecular biology relating to crop science Limitation of crop yield by the supply of water or nitrogen Global climate change ...

Author: Robert K. M. Hay

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781405108591

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 330

View: 132

First published in 1989, Physiology of Crop Yield was the first student textbook to digest and assimilate the many advances in crop physiology, within a framework of resource capture and use. Retaining the central core of the first edition, this long-awaited second edition draws on recent developments in areas such as phenology, canopy dynamics and crop modelling, and the concepts of sustainable crop production. A broad perspective is developed, from the gene through the plant and crop to the ecosystem, covering: Advances in molecular biology relating to crop science Limitation of crop yield by the supply of water or nitrogen Global climate change and its impact on crop modelling Physiological aspects of crop quality A wider range of species, with emphasis on wheat, maize and soybean This book will be a valuable tool for advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students of agricultural science, plant science, applied ecology and environmental science. It will be an essential addition to all libraries in universities and relevant research establishments.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Soygro V5 42

Soygro V5 42

SOYGRO V5.42 predicts dry matter growth, LAI, crop development, and final yield of soybean depending on daily weather data for specific soils.

Author: J. W. Jones

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:60186923

Category: Soybean

Page:

View: 688

SOYGRO V5.42 predicts dry matter growth, LAI, crop development, and final yield of soybean depending on daily weather data for specific soils.
Categories: Soybean

Crop Physiology Case Histories for Major Crops

Crop Physiology Case Histories for Major Crops

Coarse and fine regulation of wheat yield components in response to genotype and environment. Field Crop Res. 157, 71–83. Soltani, A., Sinclair, T.R., 2011. A simple model for chickpea development, growth and yield. Field Crop Res.

Author: Victor Sadras

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128191958

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 778

View: 932

Crop Physiology: Case Histories of Major Crops updates the physiology of broad-acre crops with a focus on the genetic, environmental and management drivers of development, capture and efficiency in the use of radiation, water and nutrients, the formation of yield and aspects of quality. These physiological process are presented in a double context of challenges and solutions. The challenges to increase plant-based food, fodder, fiber and energy against the backdrop of population increase, climate change, dietary choices and declining public funding for research and development in agriculture are unprecedented and urgent. The proximal technological solutions to these challenges are genetic improvement and agronomy. Hence, the premise of the book is that crop physiology is most valuable when it engages meaningfully with breeding and agronomy. With contributions from 92 leading scientists from around the world, each chapter deals with a crop: maize, rice, wheat, barley, sorghum and oat; quinoa; soybean, field pea, chickpea, peanut, common bean, lentil, lupin and faba bean; sunflower and canola; potato, cassava, sugar beet and sugarcane; and cotton. A crop-based approach to crop physiology in a G x E x M context Captures the perspectives of global experts on 22 crops
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Biostimulants for Crops from Seed Germination to Plant Development

Biostimulants for Crops from Seed Germination to Plant Development

This book fills that gap, presenting the ways in which biostimulants enhance seed vigor and plant productivity by looking into their mode of action, an area still being researched for deeper understanding.

Author: Shubhpriya Gupta

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780128229965

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 489

View: 388

Biostimulants for crops from seed germination to plant development focuses on the effects and roles of natural biostimulants in every aspect of plant growth development to reduce the use of harmful chemical fertilizers and pesticides. Biostimulants are a group of substances of natural origin that offer a potential to reduce the dependency on harmful chemical fertilizers causing environmental degradation. While there is extensive literature on biostimulants, there remains a gap in understanding how natural biostimulants work and their practical application. This book fills that gap, presenting the ways in which biostimulants enhance seed vigor and plant productivity by looking into their mode of action, an area still being researched for deeper understanding. Exploring the roles of seed germination, pollen tube formation, pollen-pistil interaction, flower and fruit setting, to plant pigments, rhizospheric and soil microorganisms, the book also sheds light on the challenges and realistic opportunities for the use of natural biostimulants. Approaches biostimulant research with the goal of transforming scientific research into practical application Includes real-world examples from laboratory, greenhouse and field experiments Presents the biochemical, physiological and molecular mode of action of biostimulants
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Understanding Options for Agricultural Production

Understanding Options for Agricultural Production

Cereal growth, development and yield J.T. RITCHIE", U.SINGH', D.C. GODWIN3, W.T. BOWEN" 'Homer Nowlin Chair, Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan 48824, USA *International Fertilizer ...

Author: G.Y. Tsuji

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401736244

Category: Science

Page: 400

View: 705

The first premise of this book is that farmers need access to options for improving their situation. In agricultural terms, these options might be manage ment alternatives or different crops to grow, that can stabilize or increase household income, that reduce soil degradation and dependence on off-farm inputs, or that exploit local market opportunities. Farmers need a facilitating environment, in which affordable credit is available if needed, in which policies are conducive to judicious management of natural resources, and in which costs and prices of production are stable. Another key ingredient of this facilitating environment is information: an understanding of which options are viable, how these operate at the farm level, and what their impact may be on the things that farmers perceive as being important. The second premise is that systems analysis and simulation have an impor tant role to play in fostering this understanding of options, traditional field experimentation being time-consuming and costly. This book summarizes the activities of the International Benchmark Sites Network for Agrotechnology Transfer (IBSNAT) project, an international initiative funded by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). IBSNAT was an attempt to demonstrate the effectiveness of understanding options through systems analysis and simulation for the ultimate benefit of farm households in the tropics and subtropics. The idea for the book was first suggested at one of the last IBSNAT group meetings held at the University of Hawaii in 1993.
Categories: Science

Crop Growth Simulation Modelling And Climate Change

Crop Growth Simulation Modelling And Climate Change

For climate change impact assessment, crop growth models have been widely used to evaluate crop responses (development, growth and yield) by combining future climate conditions, obtained from General or Regional Circulation Models (GCMs ...

Author: M. Mohanty

Publisher: Scientific Publishers

ISBN: 9789386102294

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 331

View: 108

This book on “Crop Growth Simulation Modelling and Climate Change”. A group of authors have dealt with different aspects of crop modelling viz., Crop growth simulation models in agricultural crop production, Applications of Crop Growth Simulation Models in Climate Change Assessments, Biophysical impacts and priorities for adaptation of agricultural crops in a changing climate, Climate change projections – India’s Perspective, Impact of Rising Atmospheric CO2 concentration on Plant and Soil processes, Modelling the impact of climate change on soil erosion in stabilization and destabilization of soil organic carbon, Simulating Crop Yield, Soil Processes, Greenhouse Gas Emission and Climate Change Impacts with APSIM, InfoCrop Model, CropSyst model and its application in natural resource management, Climate change and crop production system: assessing the consequences for food security, A biophysical model to analyze climate change impacts on rainfed rice productivity in the mid-hills of Northeast India, AquaCrop Modelling: A Water Driven Simulation Model, Conservation Agriculture: A strategy to cope with Climate Change, Effect of climate change on productivity of wheat and possible mitigation strategies using DSSAT model in foot hill of Western Himalayas, Integrating Remote Sensing Data in Crop Process Models, Climate change impact assessment using DSSAT model, Decision Support System for Managing Soil Fertility and Productivity in Agriculture, De-Nitrification De-Composition Model - An Introduction for SOC Simulations, Crop Simulation Modeling for Climate Risk assessment: Adaptation and Mitigation Measures and Rules of Simulations, Rothamsted Carbon (RothC) Model and its Application in Agriculture etc.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Rapeseed and Canola Oil

Rapeseed and Canola Oil

Li, C.S. (1980) Classification and evolution of mustard crops (Brassica juncea) in China. Cruciferae Newsletter, 5, 33–36. Lunn, G. and Spink, ... Mendham, N.J. and Salisbury, P.A. (1995) Physiology: crop development, growth and yield.

Author: Frank Gunstone

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781405147927

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 240

View: 938

Rapeseed is now the second largest oilseed crop after soybean, and the third largest vegetable oil after soybean oil and palm oil, and it is therefore an important contributor to the annual supply of vegetable oils required to meet an increasing demand. This volume provides comprehensive coverage of rapeseed oil and its close relative, canola oil, from production (agronomic) aspects, through extraction to refining and processing. Chemical composition, physico-chemical properties, food and non-food uses are considered in detail, and a chapter is included on future prospects, including oils available by means of genetic manipulation. This is a book for oils and fats chemists and technologists in the food and oleochemical industries, chemical engineers in the processing industry, nutritionists and seed technologists.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Soils Plant Growth and Crop Production Volume II

Soils  Plant Growth and Crop Production   Volume II

These volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Author: Willy H. Verheye

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 9781848263680

Category:

Page: 454

View: 616

Soils, Plant Growth and Crop Production is a component of Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty Encyclopedias. Plants, and crops in particular, grow and develop through the uptake of water and nutrients by the root system in soils and their transformation into biomass through processes governed by photosynthesis. The quality and amount of products harvested from this biomass depend largely on the intrinsic properties of the soil, i.e. the moisture and nutrients made available for uptake by the roots. These volumes describe in a synthetic form the impact of the most important soil properties on general agronomy, crop production, cultivation methods, and yields, including the specific management aspects which take away some production constraints. Changes in general agronomy as a result of plant breeding, climatic change and competition between newly introduced crops are discussed. The three volumes with contributions from distinguished experts in the field discusses about soils, plant growth and crop production in several related topics. These volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.
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Crop Responses to Global Warming

Crop Responses to Global Warming

Mc Martin W, Frank AB, Heintz RH (1974) Economics of shelterbelt influence on wheat yields in North Dakota. J Soil Water Conserv 29:87–91 Mendham NJ, Salisbury PA (1995) Physiology; crop development, growth and yield.

Author: Dinesh Chandra Uprety

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811020049

Category: Science

Page: 125

View: 158

The monograph entitled “Crop responses to Global warming” describes the normal historical shifts in the earth’s atmospheric temperature and weighs the evidence concerning anthropogenic induced changes in the level of temperature. The unprecedented increase in the earth’s temperature after pre industrial period has been possibly related to the anthropogenic activities. This monograph will give an overview of the global as well as Indian crops productivity in relation to the rise in the earth’s surface temperature. A chapter in this monograph is on the technologies to study the response of crop plants to the elevated temperature. The impact assessment analysis of rising temperature on crops such as wheat, rice, maize, soybean, cotton and brassica are described, reviewed and discussed in separate chapters as case studies. The responses of physiological processes and biochemical reactions to the elevated temperature in crop plants are described crop wise. The monograph also includes the impact of elevating temperature on crop weed interaction, pest and diseases and soil dynamics for each crop species independently. The mitigation technologies to counter the adverse effect of high temperature stress are described for each crop according to their cultivation and climatic conditions. The future research strategies for each crop to meet the threat of elevating temperature on crop productivity and food security is described and discussed. The description of temperature enrichment technologies will help researchers and scientists to study the responses of biological materials to rising temperature. The monograph will be the main text for teaching climate change, global warming and environmental botany as no such book is currently available relating to the rising atmospheric temperature on crop plants. Therefore, the monograph will be highly useful for students of global climate change, environmental botany and agricultural sciences, scientists, researchers, farmers and policy makers
Categories: Science

Growth and Mineral Nutrition of Field Crops Third Edition

Growth and Mineral Nutrition of Field Crops  Third Edition

growth , and a simulation model was developed ( Anderson et al . , 1978a , b ; Smith et al . , 1978a , b ) . The model was designed to simulate crop development , growth , and yield from mean weekly temperature , day length , solar ...

Author: Nand Kumar Fageria

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0824700899

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 640

View: 875

"Examines climate-soil-plant interrelationships governing the nutritional and growth aspects of cereal, legume, and pasture crops--providing basic and applied information to improve the management and potential yield of major temperate and tropical field crop. Second Edition furnishes a new chapter on the management of degraded soils, and improved organization of chapter sequence, and more than 325 tables and drawings--over 90 new to this edition."
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Crop Yield

Crop Yield

This book summarizes recent research on the physiology of yield of all the world's major field crops.

Author: Donald L. Smith

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: WISC:89063828198

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 528

This book summarizes recent research on the physiology of yield of all the world's major field crops. The authors focus on the development of crop yield, the physiology underlying this process and the interactions between this physiology and the environment in which the crops develop. The need for the integration of the knowledge available for each of these crops has never been greater. In view of the increasing demand for food supplies of the world's growing population, the development and improvement of crop yield will play a crucial role in the future.
Categories: Science

Issues in Life Sciences Botany and Plant Biology Research 2011 Edition

Issues in Life Sciences  Botany and Plant Biology Research  2011 Edition

S. Australian Research and Development Institute, Adelaide: A water-centred framework to assess the effects of salinity on the growth and yield of wheat and barley “We used a water-centred framework (yield = transpiration x ...

Author:

Publisher: ScholarlyEditions

ISBN: 9781464963438

Category: Science

Page: 3674

View: 493

Issues in Life Sciences: Botany and Plant Biology Research: 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Life Sciences—Botany and Plant Biology Research. The editors have built Issues in Life Sciences: Botany and Plant Biology Research: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Life Sciences—Botany and Plant Biology Research in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Life Sciences: Botany and Plant Biology Research: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
Categories: Science

Fertilizer Application on Crop Yield

Fertilizer Application on Crop Yield

Fertilizer application can increase crop yields and improve global food security, and thus has the potential to eliminate hunger and poverty.

Author: Jagadish Timsina

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783038976547

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 252

View: 652

Fertilizer application can increase crop yields and improve global food security, and thus has the potential to eliminate hunger and poverty. However, excessive amounts of fertilizer application can contribute to groundwater pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, eutrophication, deposition and disruptions to natural ecosystems, and soil acidification over time. Small farmers in many countries think inorganic fertilizers are expensive and degrade soils, and thus policymakers want to promote organic instead of inorganic fertilizers. To develop practical fertilizer recommendations for farmers, yield responses to applied fertilizers from inorganic and organic sources, indigenous nutrient supply from soil, and nutrient use efficiency require consideration. There is a lack of sufficient scientific understanding regarding the need and benefit of integrated nutrient management (i.e., judicious use of inorganic and organic sources of nutrients) to meet the nutrient demand of high-yielding crops, increase yields and profits, and reduce soil and environmental degradation. Inadequate knowledge has constrained efforts to develop precision nutrient management recommendations that aim to rationalize input costs, increase yields and profits, and reduce environmental externalities. This Special Issue of the journal provided some evidence of the usefulness of integrated nutrient management to sustain soil resources and supply nutrients to crops grown with major cereal and legume crops in some developing countries.
Categories: Technology & Engineering