Modeling Physiology of Crop Development Growth and Yield

Modeling Physiology of Crop Development  Growth and Yield

Concentrating on crop modelling, this book provides an introduction to the concepts of crop development, growth, and yield, with step-by-step outlines to each topic, suggested exercises and simple equations.

Author: Afshin Soltani

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9781845939700

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 322

View: 697

Model studies focus experimental investigations to improve our understanding and performance of systems. Concentrating on crop modelling, this book provides an introduction to the concepts of crop development, growth, and yield, with step-by-step outlines to each topic, suggested exercises and simple equations. A valuable text for students and researchers of crop development alike, this book is written in five parts that allow the reader to develop a solid foundation and coverage of production models including water- and nitrogen-limited systems.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Crop Development Growth and Yield

Crop Development  Growth and Yield

It provides a comprehensive understanding of modern theories and advanced concepts of this field. This book will serve as a reference to a broad spectrum of readers.

Author: Lancaster Mason

Publisher:

ISBN: 1682867048

Category:

Page: 216

View: 273

The study of crop development, growth and yield falls under the domain of agricultural science. It focuses on ways to increase crop yield through the right use of fertilizers and pesticides. A good crop production management system addresses both crop production optimization and environmental sustainability. Research in crop science involves developing strategies for improving cultivars, crop yield, disease resistance and climate resilience. The field also uses tools of biotechnology and genetic engineering in order to alter the genetic traits of crops and to produce a better quality yield. This book is a compilation of chapters that discuss the most vital concepts and emerging trends in the field of crop development, growth and yield. It provides a comprehensive understanding of modern theories and advanced concepts of this field. This book will serve as a reference to a broad spectrum of readers.
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Introduction to Mathematical Modeling of Crop Growth

Introduction to Mathematical Modeling of Crop Growth

Principles learned from this book equips readers when they encounter other modeling approaches or when they develop their own crop models.

Author: Christopher B. S. Teh

Publisher: Dissertation.com

ISBN: 9781581129991

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 280

View: 889

Learning mathematical modeling need not be difficult. Unlike other books, this book not only lists the equations one-by-one, but explains in detail how they are each derived, used, and finally assembled into a computer program for model simulations. This book shows how mathematics is applied in agriculture, in particular to modeling the growth and yield of a generic crop. Topics covered are agriculture meteorology, solar radiation interception and absorption, evapotranspiration, energy and soil water balance, soil water flow, photosynthesis, respiration, and crop growth development. Rather than covering many modeling approaches but in superficial detail, this book selects one or two widely-used modeling approaches and discusses about them in depth. Principles learned from this book equips readers when they encounter other modeling approaches or when they develop their own crop models.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Physiology of Crop Production

Physiology of Crop Production

This single volume explores the theoretical and the practical aspects of crop physiological processes around the world The marked decrease over the past century in the land available for crop production has brought about mounting pressure ...

Author: N.K. Fageria

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1560222891

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 345

View: 843

This single volume explores the theoretical and the practical aspects of crop physiological processes around the world The marked decrease over the past century in the land available for crop production has brought about mounting pressure to increase crop yields, especially in developing nations. Physiology of Crop Production provides cutting-edge research and data for complete coverage of the physiology of crop production, all in one source, right at your fingertips. This valuable reference gives the extensive in-depth information soil and crop professionals need to maximize crop productivity anywhere the world. Leading soil and plant scientists and researchers clearly explain theory, practical applications, and the latest advances in the field. Crop physiology is a vital science needed to understand crop growth and development to facilitate increases of plant yield. Physiology of Crop Production presents a wide range of information and references from varying regions of the world to make the book as complete and broadly focused as possible. Discussion in each chapter is supported by experimental data to make this book a superb resource that will be used again and again. Chapter topics include plant and root architecture, growth and yield components, photosynthesis, source-sink relationship, water use efficiency, crop yield relative to water stress, and active and passive ion transport. Several figures and tables accompany the extensive referencing to provide a detailed, in-depth look at every facet of crop production. Physiology of Crop Production explores management strategies for: ideal plant architecture maximizing root systems ideal yield components maximizing photosynthesis maximizing source-sink relationship sequestration of carbon dioxide reducing the effects of drought improving N, P, K, Ca, Mg, and S nutrition improving micronutrient uptake Physiology of Crop Production is an essential desktop resource for plant physiologists, soil and crop scientists, breeders, agronomists, agronomy administrators in agro-industry, educators, and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Physiology of Cotton

Physiology of Cotton

The chapters in this book were assembled to provide those dealing with the production of cotton with the basic knowledge of the physiology of the plant required to manage the cotton crop in a profitable manner.

Author: James McD. Stewart

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9048131952

Category: Science

Page: 563

View: 580

Cotton production today is not to be undertaken frivolously if one expects to profit by its production. If cotton production is to be sustainable and produced profitably, it is essential to be knowledgeable about the growth and development of the cotton plant and in the adaptation of cultivars to the region as well as the technology available. In addition, those individuals involved in growing cotton should be familiar with the use of management aids to know the most profitable time to irrigate, apply plant growth regulators, herbicides, foliar fertilizers, insecticides, defoliants, etc. The chapters in this book were assembled to provide those dealing with the production of cotton with the basic knowledge of the physiology of the plant required to manage the cotton crop in a profitable manner.
Categories: Science

Seed Biology and Yield of Grain Crops 2nd Edition

Seed Biology and Yield of Grain Crops  2nd Edition

This new edition of an established title examines the determination of grain crop yield from a unique perspective, by concentrating on the influence of the seed itself.

Author: Dennis B Egli

Publisher: CABI

ISBN: 9781780647708

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 231

View: 469

This new edition of an established title examines the determination of grain crop yield from a unique perspective, by concentrating on the influence of the seed itself. As the food supply for an expanding world population is based on grain crops harvested for their seeds, understanding the process of seed growth and its regulation is crucial to our efforts to increase production and meet the needs of that population. Yield of grain crops is determined by their assimilatory processes such as photosynthesis and the biosynthetic processes in the seed, which are partly regulated within the seed itself. Substantially updated with new research and further developments of the practical applications of the concepts explored, this book is essential reading for those concerned with seed science and crop yield, including agronomists, crop physiologists, plant breeders, and extension workers. It is also a valuable source of information for lecturers and graduate students of agronomy and plant physiology.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Brassica Oilseeds

Brassica Oilseeds

This comprehensive volume encompasses research and practice in the production and use of Brassica oilseeds. The first section considers each aspect of the field crop including the importance of plant breeding and biotechnology.

Author: D. S. Kimber

Publisher: C A B International

ISBN: 0851989608

Category: Science

Page: 394

View: 436

Brassica oilseeds are one of the few edible oil crops that can be cultivated in the temperate zones of the world, at higher elevations and as winter crops. This comprehensive volume encompasses research and practice in the production and use of Brassica oilseeds. The first section considers each aspect of the field crop including the importance of plant breeding and biotechnology. The impact of the crop on the surrounding environment is also discussed. The second section covers utilization. This is especially important as rapeseed oil has gained high nutritional status in recent years, and this is considered in relation to the human diet. The use of the meal by-product for animal feeds is also discussed. The oil is also used for industrial purposes and derivatives are used in pharmaceuticals and cosmetics. The increased interest in the production and use of biodiesel from Brassica oilseeds is reflected by the inclusion of a chapter on this topic. The contributors are leading specialists from North America, Europe and Australia. The book provides a complete reference resource for students, researchers and practitioners within the disciplines of crop production, plant and food sciences
Categories: Science

Crop Yield

Crop Yield

This book has been prepared for those seeking a better understanding of the functioning of crop plants, particularly the processes that lead to the genera tion of products valued by human beings.

Author: Donald L. Smith

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642585548

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 504

View: 696

This book has been prepared for those seeking a better understanding of the functioning of crop plants, particularly the processes that lead to the genera tion of products valued by human beings. The contributors, who are among the world's foremost experts on the important crops upon which humanity depends for food or fibre, address the relevant processes for their specific crop. Currently, the world population is continuing to increase. It is projected to plateau around the middle of the next century, and while there is considerable controversy regarding the population level when this plateau is achieved, most estimates are in the area of 10 000 000 000. At present, there are about 800000000 people in the world who do not have secure access to food. Over the last 50 years various aspects of agricultural research have been combined to increase the output of world crops approximately 2.5-fold. Given the need to feed the increasing population, and to provide better access, it is predicted that during the next 50 years the agricultural research community must repeat this achievement.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Crop Responses to Global Warming

Crop Responses to Global Warming

Mc Martin W, Frank AB, Heintz RH (1974) Economics of shelterbelt influence on
wheat yields in North Dakota. J Soil Water Conserv 29:87–91 Mendham NJ,
Salisbury PA (1995) Physiology; crop development, growth and yield. In: Kimber
D et ...

Author: Dinesh Chandra Uprety

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811020049

Category: Science

Page: 125

View: 211

The monograph entitled “Crop responses to Global warming” describes the normal historical shifts in the earth’s atmospheric temperature and weighs the evidence concerning anthropogenic induced changes in the level of temperature. The unprecedented increase in the earth’s temperature after pre industrial period has been possibly related to the anthropogenic activities. This monograph will give an overview of the global as well as Indian crops productivity in relation to the rise in the earth’s surface temperature. A chapter in this monograph is on the technologies to study the response of crop plants to the elevated temperature. The impact assessment analysis of rising temperature on crops such as wheat, rice, maize, soybean, cotton and brassica are described, reviewed and discussed in separate chapters as case studies. The responses of physiological processes and biochemical reactions to the elevated temperature in crop plants are described crop wise. The monograph also includes the impact of elevating temperature on crop weed interaction, pest and diseases and soil dynamics for each crop species independently. The mitigation technologies to counter the adverse effect of high temperature stress are described for each crop according to their cultivation and climatic conditions. The future research strategies for each crop to meet the threat of elevating temperature on crop productivity and food security is described and discussed. The description of temperature enrichment technologies will help researchers and scientists to study the responses of biological materials to rising temperature. The monograph will be the main text for teaching climate change, global warming and environmental botany as no such book is currently available relating to the rising atmospheric temperature on crop plants. Therefore, the monograph will be highly useful for students of global climate change, environmental botany and agricultural sciences, scientists, researchers, farmers and policy makers
Categories: Science

Maximizing Crop Yields

Maximizing Crop Yields

Details the physiological, agronomical, and environmental factors needed to maintain or increase the productivity and sustainability of agricultural systems.

Author: N. K. Fageria

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 0824786424

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 288

View: 541

Details the physiological, agronomical, and environmental factors needed to maintain or increase the productivity and sustainability of agricultural systems. Addressed to scientists in the agriculture industry, and graduate and advanced undergraduate students, rather than to farmers. Explores the ba
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Proceedings of the 5th Australian Agronomy Conference

Proceedings of the 5th Australian Agronomy Conference

YIELD OF WHEAT AFTER DIRECT DRILLING WITH A MODIFIED COMBINE R.K.
Belford , E.R. Harvey , D. Tennant , and ... At Merredin in 1986 , crop
development , growth and grain yield was poorer after direct drilling with shallow
loosening ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: CORNELL:31924058834742

Category: Agriculture

Page: 676

View: 822

Categories: Agriculture

Development of a Generic Process oriented Model for Simulation of Crop Growth

Development of a Generic Process oriented Model for Simulation of Crop Growth

Simulations using the data from Nagele in the Netherlands , Neuenkirchen in the
North Germany and Scheyern in the South Germany indicated that the whole
model can simulate crop development , growth , yield formation , water / nitrogen
 ...

Author: Enli Wang

Publisher: Herbert Utz Verlag

ISBN: 3896752332

Category: Crops

Page: 195

View: 105

Categories: Crops

Field Crops Sustainable Management by PGPR

Field Crops  Sustainable Management by PGPR

This book discusses the most challenging task ahead of researchers from India and around the globe: providing disease-free field crops for the ever-growing world population.

Author: Dinesh Kumar Maheshwari

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030309268

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 458

View: 729

This book discusses the most challenging task ahead of researchers from India and around the globe: providing disease-free field crops for the ever-growing world population. In Asia, despite being cultivated in massive volumes, major crops, including cereals, oil seed, tuber and non-tuber vegetables, and fruit, are not meeting the demands of the increasing population. This book showcases naturally occurring beneficial microbes in the form of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria, or PGPR, which make it possible to grow field crops without applying synthetic chemicals. Our understanding of PGPR has increased exponentially in recent decades. They play a multifarious role in developing sustainable systems of crop production and protection. The book focuses on the mechanistic behaviors of PGPRs, their use to develop sustainable cultivation techniques, and their application to enhance crop growth and productivity at the cutting edge of tech-oriented agriculture and to replace hazardous chemicals with microbial inoculants. The book is useful to agronomists, microbiologists, ecologists, plant pathologists, molecular biologists, environmentalists, policy makers, conservationists, and NGOs working on organically grown field crops.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Bibliography of Agriculture

Bibliography of Agriculture

Augustinegrass , a fast growing new variety fin development of vegetable
growing in USof USSR . 2. ... Foin its carbohydrate content during growth . crops
at different stages of growth , ( Soils ) . foundations of Nigeria's agricultural growth
: rice . ... BrGrowth of coffee seedlings ( Coffea arabica L tax provisions on growth
of Columbia Basin yield expectations on growth of Columbia BGrowth of a
community ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: UIUC:30112102098016

Category: Agriculture

Page:

View: 716

Categories: Agriculture

Agricultural Plants

Agricultural Plants

This book considers economically important field crops and pasture plants of temperate and subtropical regions.

Author: R. H. M. Langer

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521405637

Category: Gardening

Page: 387

View: 519

This book considers economically important field crops and pasture plants of temperate and subtropical regions.
Categories: Gardening

Proceedings Annual Meeting

Proceedings     Annual Meeting

The NCLAN solution to this problem is to develop physiologically - based
simulation models as a fourth component . ... for use in models which simulate
the effects of pollutants on photosynthesis , development , growth , and yield of
crops .

Author: Air Pollution Control Association. Meeting

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:B4310570

Category: Air

Page:

View: 275

Categories: Air

Soils Plant Growth and Crop Production Volume I

Soils  Plant Growth and Crop Production   Volume I

These volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.

Author: Willy H. Verheye

Publisher: EOLSS Publications

ISBN: 9781848263673

Category:

Page: 438

View: 870

Soils, Plant Growth and Crop Production is a component of Encyclopedia of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Engineering and Technology Resources in the global Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS), which is an integrated compendium of twenty Encyclopedias. Plants, and crops in particular, grow and develop through the uptake of water and nutrients by the root system in soils and their transformation into biomass through processes governed by photosynthesis. The quality and amount of products harvested from this biomass depend largely on the intrinsic properties of the soil, i.e. the moisture and nutrients made available for uptake by the roots. These volumes describe in a synthetic form the impact of the most important soil properties on general agronomy, crop production, cultivation methods, and yields, including the specific management aspects which take away some production constraints. Changes in general agronomy as a result of plant breeding, climatic change and competition between newly introduced crops are discussed. The three volumes with contributions from distinguished experts in the field discusses about soils, plant growth and crop production in several related topics. These volumes are aimed at the following five major target audiences: University and College students Educators, Professional practitioners, Research personnel and Policy analysts, managers, and decision makers and NGOs.
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Growth Development and Yield of Sorghum in the Field Under Variable Water Supply

Growth  Development and Yield of Sorghum in the Field Under Variable Water Supply

Chapter 6 . Treatment Effects on Crop Development and Grain Yield . As
emphasized in Figure B.l , the impact of a water deficit on crop yields is very
much dependent on developmental stage . In turn , if the crop is subjected to
water stress , its ...

Author: Elias Fereres

Publisher:

ISBN: UCAL:X32398

Category: Sorghum

Page: 494

View: 183

Categories: Sorghum

Agronomy Abstracts

Agronomy Abstracts

DSSAT has shown to be an excellent framework for crop model development and
applications . ... The model was calibrated , by iterating with an optimizer , to data
on crop growth , yield and protein for a wide range of environments . The fit of ...

Author:

Publisher:

ISBN: WISC:89052511672

Category: Agriculture

Page:

View: 363

Includes abstracts of the annual meetings of the American Society of Agronomy; Soil Science Society of America; Crop Science Society of America ( - of its Agronomic Education Division).
Categories: Agriculture

Nutrient Use Efficiency in Plants

Nutrient Use Efficiency in Plants

Nutrient Use Efficiency in Plants: Concepts and Approaches is the ninth volume in the Plant Ecophysiology series. It presents a broad overview of topics related to improvement of nutrient use efficiency of crops.

Author: Malcolm J. Hawkesford

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319106359

Category: Science

Page: 279

View: 907

Nutrient Use Efficiency in Plants: Concepts and Approaches is the ninth volume in the Plant Ecophysiology series. It presents a broad overview of topics related to improvement of nutrient use efficiency of crops. Nutrient use efficiency (NUE) is a measure of how well plants use the available mineral nutrients. It can be defined as yield (biomass) per unit input (fertilizer, nutrient content). NUE is a complex trait: it depends on the ability to take up the nutrients from the soil, but also on transport, storage, mobilization, usage within the plant, and even on the environment. NUE is of particular interest as a major target for crop improvement. Improvement of NUE is an essential pre-requisite for expansion of crop production into marginal lands with low nutrient availability but also a way to reduce use of inorganic fertilizer.
Categories: Science