CSCW and Artificial Intelligence

CSCW and Artificial Intelligence

This is not, of course, to suggest that any individ ual subdiscipline has become a watertight compartment or that developments in one branch of the subject have tended to take place in total isolation from developments in other related ...

Author: John H. Connolly

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781447120353

Category: Computers

Page: 192

View: 464

Computing, despite the relative brevity of its history, has already evolved into a subject in which a fairly large number of subdisciplines can be identified. Moreover, there has been a noticeable tendency for the different branches of the subject each to develop its own intellectual culture, tradition and momentum. This is not, of course, to suggest that any individ ual subdiscipline has become a watertight compartment or that developments in one branch of the subject have tended to take place in total isolation from developments in other related areas. Nevertheless, it does mean that a deliberate effort is required in order to bring different subdisciplines together in a fruitful and beneficial manner. Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Computer Supported Coopera tive Work (CSCW) jointly constitute a good example of two branches of computing that have emerged separately and given rise to largely distinct research communities and initiatives. On the one hand, the history of AI can be traced back to the 1950s, the term II Artificial Intelligence" being generally attributed to John McCarthy, who first used it in print in 1956. "Computer Supported Cooperative Work", on the other hand, is a term of more recent coinage, having'been devised by Irene Greif and Paul Cashman in 1984.
Categories: Computers

CSCW

CSCW

Author: John H. Connolly

Publisher:

ISBN: 7506239264

Category: Artificial intelligence

Page: 192

View: 965

Categories: Artificial intelligence

Cooperation Among Organizations

Cooperation Among Organizations

This book reports research conducted in the ESPRIT project PECOS, which investigated the requirements for effective CSCW (Computer Supported Cooperative Work) with special reference to cooperation among organisations in large projects.

Author: Richard J.D. Power

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642848711

Category: Computers

Page: 140

View: 675

This book reports research conducted in the ESPRIT project PECOS, which investigated the requirements for effective CSCW (Computer Supported Cooperative Work) with special reference to cooperation among organisations in large projects. It indicates commercial areas where CSCW technology can be applied, and examines such methodological issues as enterprise modelling, system architecture, and the incorporation of artificial intelligence techniques. PECOS studied two practical contexts. The first was the management of a complex industrial project, the construction of a high-speed train for the Italian railway, which required cooperation among four private companies. The second was the design of an information system for water management in the Lombardy region, which required cooperation among several different branches of public administration.fhese contexts were analysed, applying techniques of enterprise modelling, in order to identify requirements for CSCW systems. The composition of the book is as follows. Chapter 1 presents some highlights of the vast literature on cooperation, including results from psycholOgy, sociology, management science, linguistics, and artificial intelligence. Chapter 2 reviews the much shorter history of CSCW, with reference to a catalogue of existing systems given in an appendix at the end of the book. The next four chapters contain our original findings.
Categories: Computers

Developments in Applied Artificial Intelligence

Developments in Applied Artificial Intelligence

16th International Conference on Industrial and Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Expert ... is the difficulty in integrating Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Computer Supported Collaborative Work (CSCW) with ...

Author: Ali Moonis

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540450344

Category: Computers

Page: 1232

View: 425

The refereed proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Industrial and Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems, IEA/AIE 2003, held in Loughborough, UK, in June 2003. The 81 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from more than 140 submissions. Among the topics addressed are soft computing, fuzzy logic, diagnosis, knowledge representation, knowledge management, automated reasoning, machine learning, planning and scheduling, evolutionary computation, computer vision, agent systems, algorithmic learning, tutoring systems, and financial analysis.
Categories: Computers

Linguistic Concepts and Methods in CSCW

Linguistic Concepts and Methods in CSCW

Also in this series Remote Cooperation: CSCWIssues for Mobile and Teleworkers (ISBN 3–540–76035–0) Alan Dix and Russell Beale ... (ISBN 3–540–19755–9) Steve Easterbrook (Ed.) CSCW and Artificial Intelligence (ISBN 3–540–19816–4) John H.

Author: John H. Connolly

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781447135869

Category: Computers

Page: 230

View: 199

Linguistic Concepts and Methods in CSCW is the first book devoted to the innovative new area of research in CSCW. It concentrates on the use of language in context - the area most widely researched in conjunction with CSCW - but also examines grammatical construction, semantics and the significance of the spoken, written and graphic mediums. A variety of other related topics, such as sociolinguistics, stylistics, psycholinguistics, computational linguistics, and applied linguistics are also covered. This book will be of interest to researchers in CSCW, linguistics and computational linguistics. It will also provide invaluable reading for industrial and commercial researchers who are interested in the implications of such research for the design of marketable systems.
Categories: Computers

Foundations of Distributed Artificial Intelligence

Foundations of Distributed Artificial Intelligence

Their approach is based on a very large number of computerized assistants , called " intelligent agents ( IAs ) . ... In CSCW applications artificial agents can assist persons in different ways such as managing distributed data ...

Author: G. M. P. O'Hare

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471006750

Category: Computers

Page: 592

View: 637

Distributed Artificial Intelligence (DAI) is a dynamic area of research and this book is the first comprehensive, truly integrated exposition of the discipline presenting influential contributions from leaders in the field. Commences with a solid introduction to the theoretical and practical issues of DAI, followed by a discussion of the core research topics--communication, coordination, planning--and how they are related to each other. The third section describes a number of DAI testbeds, illustrating particular strategies commissioned to provide software environments for building and experimenting with DAI systems. The final segment contains contributions which consider DAI from different perspectives.
Categories: Computers

Manufacturing Intelligence for Industrial Engineering Methods for System Self Organization Learning and Adaptation

Manufacturing Intelligence for Industrial Engineering  Methods for System Self Organization  Learning  and Adaptation

So coordination is the core issue of CSCW. In the field of artificial intelligence, agent technology can be used to denote a certain intelligent entity, so as to distinguish it from general entity. They can be either physical entities ...

Author: Zhou, Zude

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781605668659

Category: Computers

Page: 407

View: 859

"This book focuses on the latest innovations in the process of manufacturing in engineering"--Provided by publisher.
Categories: Computers

Distributed Information Systems in Business

Distributed Information Systems in Business

References Bond, A.; Gasser, L.: Readings in Distributed Artificial Intelligence, Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, San Mateo, CA., ... CSCW and AI. Springer Series on CSCW, pp.127-139, 1994. Malone, T. W.; Crowston, K.; Lee, J.; Pentland, ...

Author: Wolfgang König

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642802164

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 302

View: 431

This book gives answers to the question how distributed information systems can serve management, especially lean management. The authors develop new theoretical insights for the future of decentralized firms and offer concepts for creating and maintaining distributed information systems. The book contains interesting prototypes in logistics and financial industries and shows designs and applications of workflow systems. It offers a state-of-the-art survey of the subject.
Categories: Business & Economics

Agent Supported Cooperative Work

Agent Supported Cooperative Work

It is the first book explicitly dedicated to ASCW, bringing together contributions from international experts in the field.

Author: Yiming Ye

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441992000

Category: Computers

Page: 297

View: 607

Improvements in computer networking have heralded great expectations for computer-mediated distributed work. However, experience has revealed that, as information flow improves, a central problem for distributed workers is the administration, management and control of that information. Research into Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW) investigates design methods and technologies for the support of collaboration, communication and coordination of distributed group work, both within and among organizations. In tandem with this focus on the support of distributed communication and collaboration, there have been exciting developments in the fields of Intelligent Agents and Distributed Artificial Intelligence (DAI), notably in the concepts, theories and deployment of intelligent agents as a means of distributing computer-based problem solving expertise. The paradigm of multi-agent systems forms a proposed basis for the design of CSCW architectures, the support of CSCW operations and for addressing some of the problems of cooperative working. The application of a multi-agent approach to CSCW makes information exchange among the participants easier by delivering support to the participants, assisting workflows and procedures, and providing convenient user interfaces to CSCW systems. Furthermore, the ideas inherent in such an approach are also applicable to other domains, such as support for interactive learning. Organizations that seek to exploit the advantages offered through CSCW will benefit from the integration of agents in the management and use of their corporate knowledge, especially with the advancement of wired or wireless networking, pervasive computing, and other information technologies. Agent Supported Cooperative Work describes the state of the art in this exciting new area, covering both theoretical foundations and practical applications of ASCW. It is the first book explicitly dedicated to ASCW, bringing together contributions from international experts in the field.
Categories: Computers