Depression and Personality Dysfunction

Depression and Personality Dysfunction

This book analyses the clinical interaction between depression and personality dysfunction to help clinicians better understand and treat patients with complex depression.

Author: Guillermo de la Parra

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030706999

Category: Psychology

Page: 297

View: 128

This book analyses the clinical interaction between depression and personality dysfunction to help clinicians better understand and treat patients with complex depression. It proposes an innovative perspective to clinical work that moves away from a disorder-centered approach to a person-centered approach by analysing complex depression through the lens of functional domains related to personality functioning and applying Research Domain Criteria to diagnosis and treatment planning. By doing so, it aims to contribute to the development of precision psychotherapy by applying the principles of precision medicine to mental health care. The book is divided in two parts. Chapters in the first part review problems in five domains of personality dysfunction that drive complex depressive presentations – identity, affect regulation, self-other regulation, social dysfunction and self-criticism – and the neurobiological findings underlying them. In the second part, authors present integrative models of depression and personality dysfunction and their implications for diagnosis and treatment. Depression and Personality Dysfunction: An Integrative Functional Domains Perspective is a scientific and clinical guide for the understanding and treatment of patients with depression complicated by personality dysfunction. It will be a useful tool for clinicians looking for resources to develop a more person-centered and evidence-based approach to mental health care.
Categories: Psychology

Depression and Personality

Depression and Personality

In introducing the volume, the editors emphasize the value of robust pharmacotherapy -- augmented by psychosocial interventions focused on assets, rather than liabilities, of a patient's personality.

Author: Michael Rosenbluth

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 1585626724

Category: Medical

Page: 338

View: 433

Depression and Personality: Conceptual and Clinical Challenges offers an intriguing new look at where we are in understanding the relationship between personality dimensions, disorders, and mood disorder. It is both a cogent update of conceptual models and a clearly written, practical guide to the challenges faced every day by clinicians as they treat patients with depression and bipolar disorder. Laying the groundwork for subsequent chapters, the editors emphasize the value of not only robust pharmacotherapy augmented by psychosocial interventions (with a focus on the assets rather than the liabilities of a patient's temperament), but also of a detailed review of where we are today. An introductory overview provides valuable historical perspective on the evolution of personality from "humors" to body constitution and temperament. In 10 informative chapters, 22 contributors discuss The neurobiological dimensions of personality, focusing on affect-related traits as they review the evidence for serotonin and norepinephrine disturbance based on challenge paradigms, and the range of models to understand the interrelationship between personality and depression. The justification for depressive personality in both categorical terms, i.e., adding to the diagnostic armamentarium of DSM-V, and dimensional terms, focusing on the Five Factor Model to provide a link between several facets of neuroticism and depressive personality disorder. The impact of personality on various aspects of treatment, filling in a gap in the pharmacotherapy literature by asserting that personality pathology can affect the patient's capacity to seek, be engaged in, or be compliant with treatment. Key assessment and treatment issues, recommending a multimodal phased treatment approach that involves targeted pharmacotherapy and integrated individual psychotherapy. The role of personality disorder in the assessment and treatment of chronic depression, with a concise, practical overview of medication and psychotherapy issues regarding the role of Axis II disorders, and the complex relationship between bipolar disorder and personality factors. The complexity involved in adolescent depression with personality disorder, providing a conceptual framework for understanding what factors of personality contribute to vulnerability for depression in adolescents, and depression in later life, including particularly relevant issues such as the role of physical illness and organic factors on the clinical presentation of personality and affective disorder Invaluable reading for clinicians and researchers alike, Depression and Personality: Conceptual and Clinical Challenges offers fascinating perspectives on the historical antecedents, neurobiological dimensions, and conceptual models regarding the relationship between personality and depression.
Categories: Medical

Depressive Personality Disorder

Depressive Personality Disorder

Did this person have a Depressive Personality Disorder?#13; #13; This book answers the question %u201CDoes Depressive Personality Disorder exist?%u201D with a concise, readable review of current research.

Author: Todd Finnerty

Publisher: Todd Finnerty

ISBN: 9780981995502

Category:

Page:

View: 939

Can you think of a person you may have met or treated whose usual mood was gloomy and unhappy, were they critical of themselves and did they brood and tend to worry? Did they tend to be negative and judgmental toward others? Were they pessimistic and prone to feeling guilty or remorseful? Did this person have a Depressive Personality Disorder? This book answers the question %u201CDoes Depressive Personality Disorder exist with a concise, readable review of current research. DPD is a valid and clinically useful concept which should be included in DSM-V and ICD-11. DPD was offered as both a diagnosis for further study and an example of a diagnosis that can be made under Personality Disorder NOS in the DSM-IV and DSM-IV-TR. The book is intended for professionals, students and anyone else interested in character traits which impact mood. It offers a view of depressive pd supported by current research. Gain a firm background in recent research and theory on DPD and understand its relationship to chronic depression, dysthymic disorder, cognitive vulnerabilities to depression and the Five-Factor Model of Personality.
Categories:

Psychotherapy for Personality Disorders

Psychotherapy for Personality Disorders

This timely volume both answers and reframes many stubborn questions about the efficacy of psychotherapy for treating personality disorders.

Author: John G. Gunderson

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub

ISBN: 9781585628209

Category: Medical

Page: 192

View: 632

Defined by stable, long-term, subjective distress and/or social impairment, personality disorders affect up to 18% of the population. Social impairment and health care usage are far more prevalent among people with personality disorders than among people with major depressive disorders. Personality disorders are highly prevalent, variable, and notoriously difficult to treat, and they continue to challenge the therapeutic community and represent a formidable public health concern. This volume ably addresses personality disorders as one of the top priorities of psychiatry for the new millennium, offering a thorough and updated review and analysis of empirical work to point up the issues central to developing a therapeutic model for treatment as well as current research challenges. A review of extant research yields the heartening conclusion that psychotherapy remains an effective treatment for people with personality disorders. An examination of psychodynamic treatment for borderline personality disorder speaks to its efficacy. An analysis of the rationale for combining psychotherapy and psychopharmacology emphasizes the importance of identifying temperament and target conditions. A well-documented and reasoned treatise on antisocial personality disorder makes the crucial point that clinicians must acquire a depth of understanding and skill sufficient to determine what the cut-off point is for treatable versus nontreatable gradations. With the caveat that evidence supporting the efficacy of cognitive treatments for personality disorders is slight and that such approaches require tailoring, a strong case is made for their validity. This timely volume both answers and reframes many stubborn questions about the efficacy of psychotherapy for treating personality disorders.
Categories: Medical

Personality guided Therapy for Depression

Personality guided Therapy for Depression

This volume, drawing insights from major theoretical orientations, demonstrates how psychotherapy can be tailored to patients' varying needs and communication styles.

Author: Neil R. Bockian

Publisher: Personality-Guided Psychology

ISBN: UOM:39015064130522

Category: Psychology

Page: 325

View: 337

"Describes a promising new approach to treating individuals with complicated depression for whom progress is painfully slow, elusive, or followed by relapse. The causes and experience of depression are influenced by personality style: Depression experienced by a person with a dependent style, for example, differs markedly from that experienced by someone with an antisocial personality. This volume, drawing insights from major theoretical orientations, demonstrates how psychotherapy can be tailored to patients' varying needs and communication styles. Because treating personality disorders alleviates depression and vice versa, this approach offers new hope for progress in both realms. Using Theodore Millon's personality-guided psychology as a framework, author Neil R. Bockian illuminates how taking personality into account enables psychologists to tailor their interventions and thus improve the prospects for long-term recovery. For each personality type, the author explores how prevalent depression is; what promotes and maintains it; how psychological, biological, and social factors contribute to it; and the role of medications and of therapist reactions to the patient. This groundbreaking book offers practitioners, researchers, and students a framework for understanding how personality factors increase vulnerability to depression or help buffer against it"--Jacket. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2007 APA, all rights reserved)
Categories: Psychology

Personality Disorders

Personality Disorders

Presents an exploration of the causes, symptoms and treatments of personality disorders.

Author: Heather Barnett Veague

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 9781438118390

Category: Personality disorders

Page: 116

View: 340

Explores today's most common psychological disorders by examining their symptoms, causes, and effects; highlights the brain chemistry behind the disorders; and demonstrates how various treatments affect the brain to help ease or eliminate symptoms.
Categories: Personality disorders

Borderline Personality Disorder For Dummies

Borderline Personality Disorder For Dummies

This easy-to-understand guide helps those whohave BPD develop strategies for breaking the destructive cycle.This book also aids loved ones in accepting the disorder andoffering support.

Author: Charles H. Elliott

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470550627

Category: Psychology

Page: 384

View: 698

Your clear, compassionate guide to managing BPD — and living well Looking for straightforward information on Borderline Personality Disorder? This easy-to-understand guide helps those who have BPD develop strategies for breaking the destructive cycle. This book also aids loved ones in accepting the disorder and offering support. Inside you'll find authoritative details on the causes of BPD and proven treatments, as well as advice on working with therapists, managing symptoms, and enjoying a full life. Review the basics of BPD — discover the symptoms of BPD and the related emotional problems, as well as the cultural, biological, and psychological causes of the disease Understand what goes wrong — explore impulsivity, emotional dysregulation, identity problems, relationship conflicts, black-and-white thinking, and difficulties in perception; and identify the areas where you may need help Make the choice to change — find the right care provider, overcome common obstacles to change, set realistic goals, and improve your physical and emotional state Evaluate treatments for BPD — learn about the current treatments that really work and develop a plan for addressing the core symptoms of BPD If someone you love has BPD — see how to identify triggers, handle emotional upheavals, set clear boundaries, and encourage your loved one to seek therapy Open the book and find: The major characteristics of BPD Who gets BPD — and why Recent treatment advances Illuminating case studies Strategies for calming emotions and staying in control A discussion of medication options Ways to stay healthy during treatment Tips for explaining BPD to others Help for parents whose child exhibits symptoms Treatment options that work and those you should avoid
Categories: Psychology

Personality Disorders and States of Aloneness

Personality Disorders and States of Aloneness

This book is the second volume of an interdisciplinary study, chiefly one of philosophy and psychology, which concerns personality, especially the abnormal in terms of states of aloneness, primarily that of the negative emotional isolation ...

Author: John G. McGraw

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9789401207706

Category: Philosophy

Page: 396

View: 986

This book is the second volume of an interdisciplinary study, chiefly one of philosophy and psychology, which concerns personality, especially the abnormal in terms of states of aloneness, primarily that of the negative emotional isolation customarily known as loneliness. Other states of aloneness investigated include solitude, reclusiveness, seclusion, desolation, isolation, and what the author terms OC aloneliness, OCO OC alonism, OCO OC lonism, OCO and OC lonerism.OCOInsofar as this study most explicitly focuses on abnormal personalities, it employs the general and specific definitions of personality aberrations as formulated by the American Psychiatric Association in its latest edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) . The author views personality as preeminently comprised of the individual's interpersonal relationships. Unlike the DSM-IV, he proposes that people with personality disorders not only possibly but necessarily manifest deviancy regarding interpersonal functioning via serious shortcomings in shared inwardness, paramountly reciprocated intimacy.This work also engages in an analysis of five social factors that are conducive to predisposing, precipitating, and maintaining negative kinds of personality and aloneness. The author has formed these factors into an acronym titled SCRAM since when they are present, intimacy scurries away and in its absence, loneliness and other sorts of unwanted aloneness scamper in and fill the person with unhappiness via, for instance, sadness and self-worthlessness. The constituents of SCRAM are the following social illnesses: S uccessitis (for example, the fixation on fame and fortune), C apitalitis (greed-driven, unfettered capitalism), R ivalitis (competitivitis), A tomitis (hyper-individualism), and M aterialitis (for example, the anti-spirituality of consumeritis).In sum, this book provides a different perspective on personality via the lenses of various types of aloneness and their lack of public and private intimacy, especially love."
Categories: Philosophy

How to Prevent Depression Craziness

How to Prevent Depression   Craziness

This book deals with the problem of depression, personality disorders, bipolar disorder, dysthymia, and homesickness, with special focus on their causes, risk factors, signs and symptoms, diagnosis methods and treatment options.

Author: Lisa Foster

Publisher: Epitome Books

ISBN: 9788190773485

Category: Self-Help

Page: 167

View: 518

Depression is a mental health disorder of serious concern in children and adults alike, characterized by many physical and psychological symptoms including profound sadness, loss of interest in activities normally enjoyed, and feelings of frustration that impair a person's ability to function. This book deals with the problem of depression, personality disorders, bipolar disorder, dysthymia, and homesickness, with special focus on their causes, risk factors, signs and symptoms, diagnosis methods and treatment options.
Categories: Self-Help