TEACHING AND LEARNING THROUGH DESIGN Archer , Bruce , Ken Baynes , and Phil Roberts . The Nature of Research into Design and Technology Education . Loughborough , England : Loughborough University , 1992 . These pioneers in the effort ...
Author: Audrey Bennett
Publisher: Princeton Architectural Press
In an age of globalization and connectivity, the idea of "mainstream culture" has become quaint. Websites, magazines, books, and television have all honed in on ever-diversifying subcultures, hoping to carve out niche audiences that grow savvier and more narrowly sliced by the day. Consequently,the discipline of graphic design has undergone a sea change. Where visual communication was once informed by a designer's creative intuition, the proliferation of specialized audiences now calls for more research-based design processes. Designers who ignore research run the risk of becoming mere tools for communication rather than bold voices. Design Studies, a collection of 27 essays from an international cast of top design researchers, sets out to mend this schism between research and practice. The texts presented here make a strong argument for performing rigorous experimentation and analysis. Each author outlines methods in which research has aided their designwhether by investigating how senior citizensreact to design aesthetics, how hip hop culture can inﬂuence design, or how design for Third World nations is affected by cultural differences. Contributors also outline inspired ways in which design educators can teach research methods to their students. Finally, Design Studies is rounded out by ﬁve annotated bibliographies to further aid designers in their research. This comprehensive reader is the deﬁnitive reference for this new direction in graphic design, and an essential resource for both students and practitioners.
Thus the accuracy disadvantage of lumped analysis is balanced by its provision of useful design formulas relating basic parameters to system response. In any specific engineering study of some practical problem, we need to be aware of ...
Author: Ernest Doebelin
Publisher: CRC Press
Category: Technology & Engineering
Integrating physical modeling, mathematical analysis, and computer simulation, Instrumentation Design Studies explores a wide variety of specific and practical instrumentation design situations. The author uses MATLAB and SIMULINK for dynamic system simulation, Minitab for statistical applications, and Mathcad for general engineering computations.
F. The Design Studies clearly pointed out the need for information leading to more definitive safety criteria , as it is obvious that these can profoundly affect the core design . Experiments on sodium boiling heat transfer and two ...
PART II Defining design: objects, spaces 8 10 11 12 13 Artifice, materials, and the choices of design ROBERT FRIEDEL 9 Writing the design history of computers PAULATKINSON Keeping it on the surface: design, surfaces and taste VICTORIA ...
Author: Penny Sparke
Category: Social Science
Since the 1990s, in response to dramatic transformations in the worlds of technology and the economy, design - a once relatively definable discipline, complete with a set of sub-disciplines - has become unrecognizable. Consequently, design scholars have begun to address new issues, themes and sub-disciplines such as: sustainable design, design for well-being, empathic design, design activism, design anthropology, and many more. The Routledge Companion to Design Studies charts this new expanded spectrum and embraces the wide range of scholarship relating to design - theoretical, practice-related and historical - that has emerged over the last four decades. Comprised of forty-three newly-commissioned essays, the Companion is organized into the following six sections: Defining Design: Discipline, Process Defining Design: Objects, Spaces Designing Identities: Gender, Sexuality, Age, Nation Designing Society: Empathy, Responsibility, Consumption, the Everyday Design and Politics: Activism, Intervention, Regulation Designing the World: Globalization, Transnationalism, Translation Contributors include both established and emerging scholars and the essays offer an international scope, covering work emanating from, and relating to, design in the United Kingdom, mainland Europe, North America, Asia, Australasia and Africa. This comprehensive collection makes an original and significant contribution to the field of Design Studies.
Author: National Research CouncilPublish On: 2002-10-27
Overview of Engineering Design Studies and Tests The Demo II testing phase of the ACWA program for the AEA technology package was conducted be- tween February and October 2000. The Demo II test- ing confirmed the ability of the core ...
Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
The U.S. Army is in the process of destroying the nation's stockpile of aging chemical weapons stored at eight locations in the continental United States and on Johnston Atoll in the Pacific. Originally, incineration was chosen for the destruction of these stores, but this method has met with public opposition, and Congress directed the Army to develop alternative technologies for destroying the stockpiles in Pueblo, CO and Richmond, KY. To assist the Army in this process, the NRC was asked to evaluate the engineering design study of the three Blue Grass candidates. This book presents an analysis of various issues pertaining to the proposed engineering design package for the Blue Grass facility.
Author: U.S. Atomic Energy CommissionPublish On: 1960
The mechanical design of the fuel assembly , which was not detailed due to timing considerations , represents the trend ... The initial enrichment of 3.11 per cent appears low when compared to previous design studies in this power range ...
W - 7405 - eng - 26 Physics Division COMPUTATION METHODS FOR AVF CYCLOTRON DESIGN STUDIES M. M. Gordon and T. A. Welton Date Issued SEP 11 1959 TABLE OF CONTENTS Page No. Abstract iii O . . OAK RIDGE NATIONAL LABORATORY Oak Ridge ...
Terzidis and Strelkoff ( reference 5 ) , in studies involving a hydraulic bore , demonstrated that such a solution technique calculated the wave height correctly , but failed to maintain continuity in that an excess water volume was ...
Author: William A. Thomas
Category: Dam failures
In the planning and design of dams and embankments for large multiple-purpose projects, it is usually necessary to evaluate the effect of potentially disastrous extreme events to insure that the proposed developments do not produce an unnecessary increase in the disaster potential. One such case which is being encountered more frequently now involves the design of dams and embankments for projects located downstream from an existing dam. If the existing structure is relatively old or if there is reason to believe that the probability of failure is relatively great, it may be desirable to consider the effect of a potential failure during the design of the downstream structure.
Author: National Research CouncilPublish On: 2001-10-27
Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
The Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment (PMACWA) of the Department of Defense (DOD) requested the National Research Council (NRC) to assess the engineering design studies (EDSs) developed by Parsons/Honeywell and General Atomics for a chemical demilitarization facility to completely dispose of the assembled chemical weapons at the Pueblo Chemical Depot in Pueblo, Colorado. To accomplish the task, the NRC formed the Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons: Phase II (ACW II Committee). This report presents the results of the committee's scientific and technical assessment, which will assist the Office of the Secretary of Defense in selecting the technology package for destroying the chemical munitions at Pueblo. The committee evaluated the engineering design packages proposed by the technology providers and the associated experimental studies that were performed to validate unproven unit operations. A significant part of the testing program involved expanding the technology base for the hydrolysis of energetic materials associated with assembled weapons. This process was a concern expressed by the Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons (ACW I Committee) in its original report in 1999 (NRC, 1999). The present study took place as the experimental studies were in progress. In some cases, tests for some of the supporting unit operations were not completed in time for the committee to incorporate results into its evaluation. In those cases, the committee identified and discussed potential problem areas in these operations. Based on its expertise and its aggressive data-gathering activities, the committee was able to conduct a comprehensive review of the test data that had been completed for the overall system design. This report summarizes the study.
A planning study is recommended in 1992 prior to commencing the investigations and tender designs for the main works in Phase IB. That study should take account of all the data obtained during the design and first years of Phase IA ...
Robert Jerrard is Professor of Design Studies at the Institute of Art and Design, University of Central England. He has published widely and his research interests include risk assessment in design, ethnicity andentrepreneurism, ...
Author: David Hands
Category: Business & Economics
First Published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
It may be seen with reference to Chapter 4 that it is possible to conduct within- subjects design studies with far smaller subject numbers than are required for between-subjects designs. This is largely because of the benefits of ...
Author: Colin R Martin
This invaluable text on the design and analysis of clinical research studies explains the basis of experimental design and statistics in a way that is sensitive to the clinical context in which nurses work. It uses data from actual studies to illustrate how to: *design the study *use and select data *present research findings *use a computer for statistical analysis. The scope of the study designs and associated statistical techniques covered in the book allow both the beginning nurse researcher and the more seasoned professional nurse investigator to approach a research study with confidence and optimism. The authors show how qualitative data can be approached quantitatively, what the advantages of this are from the nursing viewpoint, and how quantitative methodology can help nurses to develop a common research language with other disciplines involved in patient care.
Generating Theory through Design “Theories,” diSessa and Cobb (2004) observe, “have always displayed a principal ... As Cobb, Confrey, diSessa, Lehrer, and Schauble (2003) put it, “Design studies are typically test-beds for innovation.
Author: Beth C. Rubin
This edited volume showcases work from the emerging field of design-based research (DBR) within social studies education and explores the unique challenges and opportunities that arise when applying the approach in classrooms. Usually associated with STEM fields, DBR’s unique ability to generate practical theories of learning and to engineer theory-driven improvements to practice holds meaningful potential for the social studies. Each chapter describes a different DBR study, exploring the affordances and dilemmas of the approach. Chapters cover such topics as iterative design, using and producing theory, collaborating with educators, and the ways that DBR attends to historical, political, and social context.
Winning by design: The methods of Gordon Murray, racing car designer. Design Studies, 17,91–107. Csikszentmihalyi, M., & Getzels, J. W. (1971). Discovery-oriented behaviour and the originality of creative products: A study with artists.
Author: Neil C. M. Brown
This book fills a gap in the literature of 21st century international visual arts education by providing a structured approach to understanding the benefits of Philosophical Realism in art education, an approach that has received little international attention until now. The framework as presented provides a powerful interface between research and practical reconceptualisations of critical issues and practice in the domains of art, design, and education that involve implications for curriculum in visual arts, teaching and learning, cognitive development, and creativity. The book extends understanding of Philosophical Realism in its practical application to teaching practice in visual arts in the way it relates to the fields of art, design, and education. Researchers, teacher educators and specialist art teachers are informed about how Philosophical Realism provides insights into art, design, and education. These insights vary from clearer knowledge about art to the examination of beliefs and assumptions about the art object. Readers learn how cognitive reflection, and social and practical reasoning in the classroom help cultivate students’ artistic performances, and understand how constraints function in students’ reasoning at different ages/stages of education.
Lévy, P., Nakamori, S., Yamanaka, T.: Explaining kansei design studies. ... Ogawa, T., Nagai, Y., Ikeda, M.: An ontological approach to designers' idea explanation style: towards supporting the sharing of kansei-ideas in textile design.
For phase II and III clinical trials, the parallel design probably is the one most frequently used. However, it may not be an appropriate design for bioavailability and bioequivalence studies. This is because the variability in ...
Author: Shein-Chung Chow
Publisher: CRC Press
Preeminent Experts Update a Well-Respected BookTaking into account the regulatory and scientific developments that have occurred since the second edition, Design and Analysis of Bioavailability and Bioequivalence Studies, Third Edition provides a complete presentation of the latest progress of activities and results in bioavailability and bioequiva
In general, g-group studies broadly divide into those in which the groups do not have any formal structure and those that do. ... In contrast to the two-group design in which only one comparison is made, there are now g(g71)/2 possible ...
Author: David Machin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
The same careful rigour imposed on the design of phase III randomised controlled trials is not always applied to medical research in other areas such as trials conducted at earlier stages of drug development. With the emphasis that is now placed on evidence-based medicine, such care and rigour will inevitably impact on these areas with increasing attention turned to the quality of design. This title describes what principles can be used to structure research effectively allowing for the required degree of accuracy. Written by two best selling authors, this book includes many examples from medical literature and will be of great value to all groups conducting studies at the interface of clinical and laboratory research.
We could analyze one study twice – use the same data twice – and act as if we had done two separate studies, ... that permit this require some care, first in understanding the conditions, then in designing studies in which the ...
Author: Paul R. Rosenbaum
Publisher: Springer Nature
This second edition of Design of Observational Studies is both an introduction to statistical inference in observational studies and a detailed discussion of the principles that guide the design of observational studies. An observational study is an empiric investigation of effects caused by treatments when randomized experimentation is unethical or infeasible. Observational studies are common in most fields that study the effects of treatments on people, including medicine, economics, epidemiology, education, psychology, political science and sociology. The quality and strength of evidence provided by an observational study is determined largely by its design. Design of Observational Studies is organized into five parts. Chapters 2, 3, and 5 of Part I cover concisely many of the ideas discussed in Rosenbaum’s Observational Studies (also published by Springer) but in a less technical fashion. Part II discusses the practical aspects of using propensity scores and other tools to create a matched comparison that balances many covariates, and includes an updated chapter on matching in R. In Part III, the concept of design sensitivity is used to appraise the relative ability of competing designs to distinguish treatment effects from biases due to unmeasured covariates. Part IV is new to this edition; it discusses evidence factors and the computerized construction of more than one comparison group. Part V discusses planning the analysis of an observational study, with particular reference to Sir Ronald Fisher’s striking advice for observational studies: "make your theories elaborate." This new edition features updated exploration of causal influence, with four new chapters, a new R package DOS2 designed as a companion for the book, and discussion of several of the latest matching packages for R. In particular, DOS2 allows readers to reproduce many analyses from Design of Observational Studies.
“conceptual process design” as opposed to “detailed process design” was the result of the pioneering work of Jim Douglas.5 A host of textbooks have appeared in recent years that are widely used in senior designcourses andrepresent good ...
Author: William L. Luyben
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Technology & Engineering
There are many comprehensive design books, but none of them provide a significant number of detailed economic design examples of typically complex industrial processes. Most of the current design books cover a wide variety of topics associated with process design. In addition to discussing flowsheet development and equipment design, these textbooks go into a lot of detail on engineering economics and other many peripheral subjects such as written and oral skills, ethics, "green" engineering and product design. This book presents general process design principles in a concise readable form that can be easily comprehended by students and engineers when developing effective flow sheet and control structures. Ten detailed case studies presented illustrate an in-depth and quantitative way the application of these general principles. Detailed economic steady-state designs are developed that satisfy economic criterion such as minimize total annual cost of both capital and energy or return on incremental capital investment. Complete detailed flow sheets and Aspen Plus files are provided. Then conventional PI control structures are be developed and tested for their ability to maintain product quality during disturbances. Complete Aspen Dynamics files are be provided of the dynamic simulations.