Design Process : Activities Over Time Phase One : Investigation + Planning Phase Two : Development + User / Audience Research Identify Gather + Develop ...
Author: Audrey Bennett
Publisher: Princeton Architectural Press
In an age of globalization and connectivity, the idea of "mainstream culture" has become quaint. Websites, magazines, books, and television have all honed in on ever-diversifying subcultures, hoping to carve out niche audiences that grow savvier and more narrowly sliced by the day. Consequently,the discipline of graphic design has undergone a sea change. Where visual communication was once informed by a designer's creative intuition, the proliferation of specialized audiences now calls for more research-based design processes. Designers who ignore research run the risk of becoming mere tools for communication rather than bold voices. Design Studies, a collection of 27 essays from an international cast of top design researchers, sets out to mend this schism between research and practice. The texts presented here make a strong argument for performing rigorous experimentation and analysis. Each author outlines methods in which research has aided their designwhether by investigating how senior citizensreact to design aesthetics, how hip hop culture can inﬂuence design, or how design for Third World nations is affected by cultural differences. Contributors also outline inspired ways in which design educators can teach research methods to their students. Finally, Design Studies is rounded out by ﬁve annotated bibliographies to further aid designers in their research. This comprehensive reader is the deﬁnitive reference for this new direction in graphic design, and an essential resource for both students and practitioners.
Design studies , possibly better indicators of present day or near future technology , have also ... The design studies examined are listed in Table II .
Author: K. R. Wise
Category: Heavy water reactors
As part of the Heavy Water Reactor Program Office effort to define the "state-of-the-art" in heavy water moderated reactors a survey of reactor designs and design studies was undertaken. This survey includes: 1. A list and descriptions of the heavy water moderated power reactors either operating or under construction; 2. A list and description of the more recent design studies done no heavy water moderated reactors, with the exception of reactors using organic coolant; 3. A discussion of the various reactor types, as determined by type of coolant, indicating development trends; 4. A discussion of various design features or characteristics that many heavy water reactors have in common, such as pressure tubes, on-line refueling, and D2O loss rates.
Author: National Research CouncilPublish On: 2002-10-27
EDS II Engineering Design Studies Final Study Plan, March 30. Rockwood, Ontario: Eco Logic International, Inc. Eco Logic. 2001f. EDS II Engineering Design ...
Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
The U.S. Army is in the process of destroying the nation's stockpile of aging chemical weapons stored at eight locations in the continental United States and on Johnston Atoll in the Pacific. Originally, incineration was chosen for the destruction of these stores, but this method has met with public opposition, and Congress directed the Army to develop alternative technologies for destroying the stockpiles in Pueblo, CO and Richmond, KY. To assist the Army in this process, the NRC was asked to evaluate the engineering design study of the three Blue Grass candidates. This book presents an analysis of various issues pertaining to the proposed engineering design package for the Blue Grass facility.
Integrating physical modeling, mathematical analysis, and computer simulation, Instrumentation Design Studies explores a wide variety of specific and practical instrumentation design situations. The author uses MATLAB and SIMULINK for dynamic system simulation, Minitab for statistical applications, and Mathcad for general engineering computations.
1 A METHOD FOR ANALYZING EFFECTS OF DAM FAILURES IN DESIGN STUDIES DIES ( 1 ) ( 2 ) by William A. Thomas ABSTRACT In the planning and design of dams and ...
Author: William A. Thomas
Category: Dam failures
In the planning and design of dams and embankments for large multiple-purpose projects, it is usually necessary to evaluate the effect of potentially disastrous extreme events to insure that the proposed developments do not produce an unnecessary increase in the disaster potential. One such case which is being encountered more frequently now involves the design of dams and embankments for projects located downstream from an existing dam. If the existing structure is relatively old or if there is reason to believe that the probability of failure is relatively great, it may be desirable to consider the effect of a potential failure during the design of the downstream structure.
Author: National Research CouncilPublish On: 2001-10-27
The GATS SCWO reactor design includes a replaceable titanium inner liner surrounded by a gap purged with nitrogen. With this design, the liner can be ...
Author: National Research Council
Publisher: National Academies Press
The Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment (PMACWA) of the Department of Defense (DOD) requested the National Research Council (NRC) to assess the engineering design studies (EDSs) developed by Parsons/Honeywell and General Atomics for a chemical demilitarization facility to completely dispose of the assembled chemical weapons at the Pueblo Chemical Depot in Pueblo, Colorado. To accomplish the task, the NRC formed the Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons: Phase II (ACW II Committee). This report presents the results of the committee's scientific and technical assessment, which will assist the Office of the Secretary of Defense in selecting the technology package for destroying the chemical munitions at Pueblo. The committee evaluated the engineering design packages proposed by the technology providers and the associated experimental studies that were performed to validate unproven unit operations. A significant part of the testing program involved expanding the technology base for the hydrolysis of energetic materials associated with assembled weapons. This process was a concern expressed by the Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons (ACW I Committee) in its original report in 1999 (NRC, 1999). The present study took place as the experimental studies were in progress. In some cases, tests for some of the supporting unit operations were not completed in time for the committee to incorporate results into its evaluation. In those cases, the committee identified and discussed potential problem areas in these operations. Based on its expertise and its aggressive data-gathering activities, the committee was able to conduct a comprehensive review of the test data that had been completed for the overall system design. This report summarizes the study.
A numberoftypically large processes havebeen described inthe literature over the years and have been thesubjects ofboth steadystate design studies and ...
Author: William L. Luyben
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Technology & Engineering
There are many comprehensive design books, but none of them provide a significant number of detailed economic design examples of typically complex industrial processes. Most of the current design books cover a wide variety of topics associated with process design. In addition to discussing flowsheet development and equipment design, these textbooks go into a lot of detail on engineering economics and other many peripheral subjects such as written and oral skills, ethics, "green" engineering and product design. This book presents general process design principles in a concise readable form that can be easily comprehended by students and engineers when developing effective flow sheet and control structures. Ten detailed case studies presented illustrate an in-depth and quantitative way the application of these general principles. Detailed economic steady-state designs are developed that satisfy economic criterion such as minimize total annual cost of both capital and energy or return on incremental capital investment. Complete detailed flow sheets and Aspen Plus files are provided. Then conventional PI control structures are be developed and tested for their ability to maintain product quality during disturbances. Complete Aspen Dynamics files are be provided of the dynamic simulations.
Design Studies, 17, 71–90. Csikszentmihalyi, M., & Getzels, J. W. (1971). Discovery-oriented behaviour and the originality of creative products: A study ...
Author: Neil C. M. Brown
This book fills a gap in the literature of 21st century international visual arts education by providing a structured approach to understanding the benefits of Philosophical Realism in art education, an approach that has received little international attention until now. The framework as presented provides a powerful interface between research and practical reconceptualisations of critical issues and practice in the domains of art, design, and education that involve implications for curriculum in visual arts, teaching and learning, cognitive development, and creativity. The book extends understanding of Philosophical Realism in its practical application to teaching practice in visual arts in the way it relates to the fields of art, design, and education. Researchers, teacher educators and specialist art teachers are informed about how Philosophical Realism provides insights into art, design, and education. These insights vary from clearer knowledge about art to the examination of beliefs and assumptions about the art object. Readers learn how cognitive reflection, and social and practical reasoning in the classroom help cultivate students’ artistic performances, and understand how constraints function in students’ reasoning at different ages/stages of education.
Chapter 2 Design of Bioavailability Studies 2.1 Introduction Before a clinical trial is conducted , a protocol that details the conduct of the trial is ...
Author: Shein-Chung Chow
Publisher: CRC Press
Preeminent Experts Update a Well-Respected BookTaking into account the regulatory and scientific developments that have occurred since the second edition, Design and Analysis of Bioavailability and Bioequivalence Studies, Third Edition provides a complete presentation of the latest progress of activities and results in bioavailability and bioequiva
example, aspects of the choice of study design and justification for experimental unit numbers are often poorly substantiated. STANDARDS The second aspect ...
Author: David Machin
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
The same careful rigour imposed on the design of phase III randomised controlled trials is not always applied to medical research in other areas such as trials conducted at earlier stages of drug development. With the emphasis that is now placed on evidence-based medicine, such care and rigour will inevitably impact on these areas with increasing attention turned to the quality of design. This title describes what principles can be used to structure research effectively allowing for the required degree of accuracy. Written by two best selling authors, this book includes many examples from medical literature and will be of great value to all groups conducting studies at the interface of clinical and laboratory research.
Key experience-design principles Dimension of Design Service for Business ... Among them, there are only three design courses that respectively cover topics ...
Author: Aaron Marcus
The four-volume set LNCS 11583, 11584, 11585, and 11586 constitutes the proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Design, User Experience, and Usability, DUXU 2019, held as part of the 21st International Conference, HCI International 2019, which took place in Orlando, FL, USA, in July 2019. The total of 1274 papers and 209 posters included in the 35 HCII 2019 proceedings volumes was carefully reviewed and selected from 5029 submissions. DUXU 2019 includes a total of 167 regular papers, organized in the following topical sections: design philosophy; design theories, methods, and tools; user requirements, preferences emotions and personality; visual DUXU; DUXU for novel interaction techniques and devices; DUXU and robots; DUXU for AI and AI for DUXU; dialogue, narrative, storytelling; DUXU for automated driving, transport, sustainability and smart cities; DUXU for cultural heritage; DUXU for well-being; DUXU for learning; user experience evaluation methods and tools; DUXU practice; DUXU case studies.
... are invited to see the case study examples as indicative of the possibilities for, and tensions within, other postcompulsory art and design courses.
Author: Jenny Rintoul
Integrating Critical and Contextual Studies in Art and Design examines the relationship between two aspects of art education that appear at times inseparable or even indistinguishable, and at others isolated and in conflict: Critical and Contextual Studies (CCS) and studio practice. Underpinned by international contexts, this book is rooted in British art and design education and draws upon contemporary case studies of teaching and learning in post-compulsory settings in order to analyse and illustrate identities and practices of CCS and its integration. The chapters in this book are divided into three sections that build on one another: ‘Discourse and debate’; ‘Models, types and tensions’; and ‘Proposals and recommendations’. Key issues include: knowledge hierarchies and subject histories and identities; constructions of ‘theory’ and the symbiotic relationship between theory and practice; models and practices of CCS within current post-compulsory British art and design education; the reification of ubiquitous terms in the fields of art and design and of education: intuition and integration; approaches to curriculum integration, including design and management; and suggestions for integrating CCS in art and design courses, including implications for pedagogy and assessment. Integrating Critical and Contextual Studies in Art and Design offers a comprehensive analysis of the current drive towards integration within art education, and elucidates what we understand by the theory and practice of integration. It explores the history, theory, teaching and student experience of CCS, and will be of interest to lecturers, teachers and pedagogues involved in art and design as well as researchers and students of art education.