Design Studies

Design Studies

DESIGN INQUIRY Collaborative approaches to design research , like those
presented in section two , " Design Inquiry , " include participatory , contextual ,
and other subsets of user - centered design . Each collaborative approach makes
the ...

Author: Audrey Bennett

Publisher: Princeton Architectural Press

ISBN: 156898586X

Category: Architecture

Page: 464

View: 504

In an age of globalization and connectivity, the idea of "mainstream culture" has become quaint. Websites, magazines, books, and television have all honed in on ever-diversifying subcultures, hoping to carve out niche audiences that grow savvier and more narrowly sliced by the day. Consequently,the discipline of graphic design has undergone a sea change. Where visual communication was once informed by a designer's creative intuition, the proliferation of specialized audiences now calls for more research-based design processes. Designers who ignore research run the risk of becoming mere tools for communication rather than bold voices. Design Studies, a collection of 27 essays from an international cast of top design researchers, sets out to mend this schism between research and practice. The texts presented here make a strong argument for performing rigorous experimentation and analysis. Each author outlines methods in which research has aided their designwhether by investigating how senior citizensreact to design aesthetics, how hip hop culture can influence design, or how design for Third World nations is affected by cultural differences. Contributors also outline inspired ways in which design educators can teach research methods to their students. Finally, Design Studies is rounded out by five annotated bibliographies to further aid designers in their research. This comprehensive reader is the definitive reference for this new direction in graphic design, and an essential resource for both students and practitioners.
Categories: Architecture

Instrumentation Design Studies

Instrumentation Design Studies

... and Design [1985]; Engineering Experimentation [1995]; and System
Dynamics: Modeling, Analysis, Simulation, Design [1998]) were designed as
engineering textbooks to be used as aids in teaching undergraduate and
graduate courses in ...

Author: Ernest Doebelin

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439819494

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 725

View: 281

Integrating physical modeling, mathematical analysis, and computer simulation, Instrumentation Design Studies explores a wide variety of specific and practical instrumentation design situations. The author uses MATLAB and SIMULINK for dynamic system simulation, Minitab for statistical applications, and Mathcad for general engineering computations.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Design Studies Towards a 4 MW 170 GHz Coaxial cavity Gyrotron

Design Studies Towards a 4 MW 170 GHz Coaxial cavity Gyrotron

Design. of. magnetron. injection. electron. guns. and. the. magnetic. system. The
gyrotron's electron gun forms the ... In addition, parameter studies are performed
to examine the parameters' influence on several specific characteristics of the ...

Author: Matthias Hermann Beringer

Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing

ISBN: 9783866446632

Category:

Page: 197

View: 597

Categories:

Analysis of Engineering Design Studies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons at Pueblo Chemical Depot

Analysis of Engineering Design Studies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons at Pueblo Chemical Depot

The Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment (
PMACWA) of the Department of Defense (DOD) requested the National
Research Council (NRC) to assess the engineering design studies (EDSs)
developed by ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309170516

Category: Science

Page: 114

View: 384

The Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment (PMACWA) of the Department of Defense (DOD) requested the National Research Council (NRC) to assess the engineering design studies (EDSs) developed by Parsons/Honeywell and General Atomics for a chemical demilitarization facility to completely dispose of the assembled chemical weapons at the Pueblo Chemical Depot in Pueblo, Colorado. To accomplish the task, the NRC formed the Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons: Phase II (ACW II Committee). This report presents the results of the committee's scientific and technical assessment, which will assist the Office of the Secretary of Defense in selecting the technology package for destroying the chemical munitions at Pueblo. The committee evaluated the engineering design packages proposed by the technology providers and the associated experimental studies that were performed to validate unproven unit operations. A significant part of the testing program involved expanding the technology base for the hydrolysis of energetic materials associated with assembled weapons. This process was a concern expressed by the Committee on Review and Evaluation of Alternative Technologies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons (ACW I Committee) in its original report in 1999 (NRC, 1999). The present study took place as the experimental studies were in progress. In some cases, tests for some of the supporting unit operations were not completed in time for the committee to incorporate results into its evaluation. In those cases, the committee identified and discussed potential problem areas in these operations. Based on its expertise and its aggressive data-gathering activities, the committee was able to conduct a comprehensive review of the test data that had been completed for the overall system design. This report summarizes the study.
Categories: Science

Analysis of Engineering Design Studies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons at Blue Grass Army Depot

Analysis of Engineering Design Studies for Demilitarization of Assembled Chemical Weapons at Blue Grass Army Depot

The Program Manager for Assembled Chemical Weapons Assessment (
PMACWA) of the Department of Defense (DoD) asked the National Research
Council (NRC) to assess the engineering design studies (EDSs) developed by
AEA ...

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309085281

Category: Science

Page: 172

View: 652

The U.S. Army is in the process of destroying the nation's stockpile of aging chemical weapons stored at eight locations in the continental United States and on Johnston Atoll in the Pacific. Originally, incineration was chosen for the destruction of these stores, but this method has met with public opposition, and Congress directed the Army to develop alternative technologies for destroying the stockpiles in Pueblo, CO and Richmond, KY. To assist the Army in this process, the NRC was asked to evaluate the engineering design study of the three Blue Grass candidates. This book presents an analysis of various issues pertaining to the proposed engineering design package for the Blue Grass facility.
Categories: Science

Design and Analysis of Clinical Nursing Research Studies

Design and Analysis of Clinical Nursing Research Studies

design. and. tests. Introduction. The relative merits of between-subjects design
and within-subjects design studies have been discussed in Chapters 6 and 7. It is
fair to say that, where experimental manipulation of an IV is concerned, the ...

Author: Colin R Martin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134589722

Category: Medical

Page: 154

View: 101

This invaluable text on the design and analysis of clinical research studies explains the basis of experimental design and statistics in a way that is sensitive to the clinical context in which nurses work. It uses data from actual studies to illustrate how to: *design the study *use and select data *present research findings *use a computer for statistical analysis. The scope of the study designs and associated statistical techniques covered in the book allow both the beginning nurse researcher and the more seasoned professional nurse investigator to approach a research study with confidence and optimism. The authors show how qualitative data can be approached quantitatively, what the advantages of this are from the nursing viewpoint, and how quantitative methodology can help nurses to develop a common research language with other disciplines involved in patient care.
Categories: Medical

Active Learning Theoretical Perspectives Empirical Studies and Design Profiles

Active Learning  Theoretical Perspectives  Empirical Studies and Design Profiles

Finally, this study greatly benefited from having one of the researchers in the
classroom, which allowed for a firsthand, unmediated experience regarding the
execution of the design in both iterations. We therefore conclude with these final
 ...

Author: Robert Cassidy

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA

ISBN: 9782889458851

Category:

Page:

View: 220

This book represents the emerging efforts of a growing international network of researchers and practitioners to promote the development and uptake of evidence-based pedagogies in higher education, at something a level approaching large-scale impact. By offering a communication venue that attracts and enhances much needed partnerships among practitioners and researchers in pedagogical innovation, we aim to change the conversation and focus on how we work and learn together – i.e. extending the implementation and knowledge of co–design methods. In this first edition of our Research Topic on Active Learning, we highlight two (of the three) types of publications we wish to promote. First are studies aimed at understanding the pedagogical designs developed by practitioners in their own practices by bringing to bear the theoretical lenses developed and tested in the education research community. These types of studies constitute the "practice pull" that we see as a necessary counterbalance to "knowledge push" in a more productive pedagogical innovation ecosystem based on research-practitioner partnerships. Second are studies empirically examining the implementations of evidence-based designs in naturalistic settings and under naturalistic conditions. Interestingly, the teams conducting these studies are already exemplars of partnerships between researchers and practitioners who are uniquely positioned as “in-betweens” straddling the two worlds. As a result, these publications represent both the rigours of research and the pragmatism of reflective practice. In forthcoming editions, we will add to this collection a third type of publication -- design profiles. These will present practitioner-developed pedagogical designs at varying levels of abstraction to be held to scrutiny amongst practitioners, instructional designers and researchers alike. We hope by bringing these types of studies together in an open access format that we may contribute to the development of new forms of practitioner-researcher interactions that promote co-design in pedagogical innovation.
Categories:

Fundamentals of Clinical Trials

Fundamentals of Clinical Trials

Thus this design can overestimate benefit and underestimate toxicity . Another
drawback is that both ... If withdrawal studies are conducted , the same standards
used with other designs should be followed . Randomization , blinding where ...

Author: Lawrence M. Friedman

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387985867

Category: Medical

Page: 361

View: 481

This classic reference, now updated with the newest applications and results, addresses the fundamentals of such trials based on sound scientific methodology, statistical principles, and years of accumulated experience by the three authors.
Categories: Medical

The Idea of Design

The Idea of Design

23 For a brief discussion of the pluralism of methods in design studies, see
Richard Buchanan, "A Response to Klaus Krippendorff," Design Issues 2 (Fall 1
985), 72-74. For a discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of pluralism in the
 ...

Author: Victor Margolin

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 0262631660

Category: Design

Page: 285

View: 464

The Idea of Design is an anthology of essays that addresses the nature and practiceof product design and graphic design in the contemporary world. The essays, selected from volumes4-9 of the international journal Design Issues, focus on three themes: reflection on the nature ofdesign, the meaning of products, and the place of design in world culture. The authors aredistinguished scholars, historians, designers, and design educators. The diversity of their workillustrates the pluralistic and interdisciplinary dimensions of the idea of design in contemporaryculture.Contributors : Rudolf Arnheim. S. Balaram. Richard Buchanan. A. Cheng. MihalyCsikszentmihalyi. Yves Deforge. Clive Dilnot. Alain Findeli. Jorge Frascara. Tony Fry. RajeswariGhose. Takuo Hirano. Martin Krampen. Laus Krippendorf. Tomas Maldonado. Victor Margolin. AbrahamMoles. Victor Papanek. Gert Selle. Ann Tyler. Barbara Usherwood.A Design Issues Reader
Categories: Design

The Routledge Companion to Design Research

The Routledge Companion to Design Research

®aDoingdesigning«: Onthe practicalanalysis of design in practice ̄, Design
Studies, 33, 521¥ 529. Manolescu, D., Voelter, M.and Nobl, J. (eds) (2006)
Pattern Languages of Program Design 5,Boston: Addison-Wesley. Manzini, E. (
2009) ...

Author: Paul Rodgers

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317636243

Category: Design

Page: 522

View: 323

The Routledge Companion to Design Research offers a comprehensive examination of design research, celebrating the plurality of design research and the wide range of conceptual, methodological, technological and theoretical approaches evident in contemporary design research. This volume comprises 39 original and high quality design research chapters from contributors around the world, with offerings from the vast array of disciplines in and around modern design praxis, including areas such as industrial and product design, visual communication, interaction design, fashion design, service design, engineering and architecture. The Companion is divided into five distinct sections with chapters that examine the nature and process of design research, the purpose of design research, and how one might embark on design research. They also explore how leading design researchers conduct their design research through formulating and asking questions in novel ways, and the creative methods and tools they use to collect and analyse data. The Companion also includes a number of case studies that illustrate how one might best communicate and disseminate design research through contributions that offer techniques for writing and publicising research. The Routledge Companion to Design Research will have wide appeal to researchers and educators in design and design-related disciplines such as engineering, business, marketing, computing, and will make an invaluable contribution to state-of-the-art design research at postgraduate, doctoral, and post-doctoral levels and teaching across a wide range of different disciplines.
Categories: Design

Studies in Design

Studies in Design

STUDIES IN DESIGN . CHAPTER I . INTRODUCTORY . A WEALTHY community
always erects decorated buildings . In the progressive advancement of a civilised
nation , first come industries , and then the fine arts . Cain was a tiller of the ...

Author: Christopher Dresser

Publisher: Gibbs Smith

ISBN: 1586851853

Category: Architecture

Page: 40

View: 473

Studies in Design (Historic Reprint)by Christopher Dresser $45.00 hardcover 1-58685-185-3 August8 x 12 in, 160 pp, 60 Color Plates, Rights: W, DesignIn Christopher Dresser's own words, "I have prepared this Work with the hope of assisting to bring about a better style of decorations for our houses. My book is intended to help the decorator and to enable those who live in decorated houses to judge, to an extent, the merit of the ornament around them." Indeed, in this reprint of the classic Studies in Design, the timeless designs and wisdom of Christopher Dresser are reintroduced. Originally published in 1875, Studies in Design features Dresser's exquisite design and classic theories that have enduring appeal.Christopher Dresser is considered by many to have been the most influential designer of the nineteenth century, and his designs later had a major influence on the Arts & Crafts and Modernist movements. Dresser's designs, which later influenced other artisans such as William Morris and Charles Tiffany, reveal exotic influences from such locations as Egypt, Japan, China, India, and Morocco.
Categories: Architecture

Critical Studies in Art and Design Education

Critical Studies in Art and Design Education

David Thistlewood Over the past ten to fifteen years critical studies has become
established in the primary and secondary phases of art and design education.
This has been due to a small cohort of educationalists to whom I shall refer
simply ...

Author: Richard Hickman

Publisher: Intellect Books

ISBN: 9781841501277

Category: Art

Page: 204

View: 208

This book reviews past practice and theory in critical studies and discusses various trends; some papers keenly advocate a re-conceptualisation of the whole subject area, while others describe aspects of current and past practice which exemplify the "symbiotic" relationship between practical studio work and critical engagement with visual form. Rod Taylor, who has done much to promote and develop critical studies in the UK, provides us with examples of classroom practice and gives us his more recent thoughts on fundamental issues – "universal themes" in art – and gives examples of how both primary and secondary schools might develop their teaching of art through attending to themes such as "identity," "myth," and "environments" to help "re-animate the practical curriculum." Although some of the discussion in this book centres on or arises from the English National curriculum, the issues are more global, and relevant to anyone involved in developing or delivering art curricula in schools. An American perspective is given in papers by George Geahigan and Paul Duncum. Geahigan outlines an approach to teaching about visual form which begins with students' personal responses and is developed through structured instruction. In Duncum’s vision of ‘visual culture art education’ sites such as theme parks and shopping malls are the focus of students' critical attention in schools; Nick Stanley gives a lucid account of just such an enterprise, giving practical examples of ways to engage students with this particular form of visual pleasure. This publication serves to highlight some of the more pressing issues of concern to art and design teachers in two aspects. Firstly it seeks to contextualise the development of critical studies, discussing its place in the general curriculum – possibly as a discrete subject – and secondly it examines different approaches to its teaching.
Categories: Art

The Design and Analysis of Research Studies

The Design and Analysis of Research Studies

11.4 Sample size determination Once a design has been chosen , either for an
observational or an experimental study , the next step is to consider the sample
sizes that will be used . Sometimes there will be no choice here since the
available ...

Author: Bryan F. J. Manly

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521425808

Category: Education

Page: 353

View: 623

This book provides research workers with the statistical background needed in order to collect and analyze data in an intelligent and critical manner. Key examples and case studies are used to illustrate commonly encountered research problems and to explain how they may be solved or even avoided altogether. Professor Manly also presents a clear understanding of the opportunities and limitations of different research designs, as well as an introduction to some new methods of analysis that are proving increasingly popular. Topics covered include: the differences between observational and experimental studies, the design of sample surveys, multiple regression, interrupted time series, computer intensive statistics, and the ethical considerations of research. In the final chapter, there is a discussion of how the various components of a research study come together.
Categories: Education

Design and Analysis of Quality of Life Studies in Clinical Trials

Design and Analysis of Quality of Life Studies in Clinical Trials

The most common issues concerned missing or mistimed observations in
longitudinal studies . The other issue is that of multiple comparisons . Five years
ago , I began giving workshops three or four times a year on the design and
analysis of ...

Author: Diane L. Fairclough

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1584882638

Category: Mathematics

Page: 328

View: 240

More and more frequently, clinical trials include the evaluation of Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL), yet many investigators remain unaware of the unique measurement and analysis issues associated with the assessment of HRQoL. At the end of a study, clinicians and statisticians often face challenging and sometimes insurmountable analytic problems. Design and Analysis of Quality of Life Studies in Clinical Trials details these issues and presents a range of solutions. Written from the author's extensive experience in the field, it focuses on the very specific features of QoL data: its longitudinal nature, multidimensionality, and the problem of missing data. The author uses three real clinical trials throughout her discussions to illustrate practical implementation of the strategies and analytic methods presented. As Quality of Life becomes an increasingly important aspect of clinical trials, it becomes essential for clinicians, statisticians, and designers of these studies to understand and meet the challenges this kind of data present. In this book, SAS and S-PLUS programs, checklists, numerous figures, and a clear, concise presentation combine to provide readers with the tools and skills they need to successfully design, conduct, analyze, and report their own studies.
Categories: Mathematics

Case Studies in Engineering Design

Case Studies in Engineering Design

The case studies have been chosen from real life engineering design projects.
Their purpose is to expose students to a wide variety of design activities and
situations, including those which have incomplete or imperfect information.

Author: Cliff Matthews

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0080500765

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 272

View: 637

A multidisciplinary introduction to engineering design using real-life case studies. Case Studies in Engineering Design provides students and practising engineers with many practical and accessible case studies which are representative of situations engineers face in professional life, and which incorporate a range of engineering disciplines. Different methodologies of approaching engineering design are identified and explained prior to their application in the case studies. The case studies have been chosen from real-life engineering design projects and aim to expose students to a wide variety of design activities and situations, including those that have incomplete, or imperfect, information. This book encourages the student to be innovative, to try new ideas, whilst not losing sight of sound and well-proven engineering practice. A multidisciplinary introduction to engineering design. Exposes readers to wide variety of design activities and situations. Encourages exploration of new ideas using sound and well-proven engineering practice.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Design Management Case Studies

Design Management Case Studies

Previous experience always has a profound effect on design management
performance: all organizations evolve, and with ... The case studies reported here
illustrate a range of design issues, reflecting the variation in design maturity
attained ...

Author: David Hands

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781134568444

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 256

View: 248

First Published in 2002. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.
Categories: Business & Economics

Statistical Design and Analysis of Stability Studies

Statistical Design and Analysis of Stability Studies

Designs. In the pharmaceutical industry stability programs are usually applied at
various stages of drug development. ... At a later stage it is required to conduct a
stability program for the formulations used in preclinical and clinical studies to ...

Author: Shein-Chung Chow

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1584889063

Category: Mathematics

Page: 352

View: 639

The US Food and Drug Administration's Report to the Nation in 2004 and 2005 indicated that one of the top reasons for drug recall was that stability data did not support existing expiration dates. Pharmaceutical companies conduct stability studies to characterize the degradation of drug products and to estimate drug shelf life. Illustrating how stability studies play an important role in drug safety and quality assurance, Statistical Design and Analysis of Stability Studies presents the principles and methodologies in the design and analysis of stability studies. After introducing the basic concepts of stability testing, the book focuses on short-term stability studies and reviews several methods for estimating drug expiration dating periods. It then compares some commonly employed study designs and discusses both fixed and random batch statistical analyses. Following a chapter on the statistical methods for stability analysis under a linear mixed effects model, the book examines stability analyses with discrete responses, multiple components, and frozen drug products. In addition, the author provides statistical methods for dissolution testing and explores current issues and recent developments in stability studies. To ensure the safety of consumers, professionals in the field must carry out stability studies to determine the reliability of drug products during their expiration period. This book provides the material necessary for you to perform stability designs and analyses in pharmaceutical research and development.
Categories: Mathematics

The Design of Studies for Medical Research

The Design of Studies for Medical Research

Summary This chapter describes the design of cross-sectional studies in which
observations at a single time point are made on all subjects. These include
designs for single groups and case-series, comparative studies for independent
groups ...

Author: David Machin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470012987

Category: Medical

Page: 286

View: 663

The same careful rigour imposed on the design of phase III randomised controlled trials is not always applied to medical research in other areas such as trials conducted at earlier stages of drug development. With the emphasis that is now placed on evidence-based medicine, such care and rigour will inevitably impact on these areas with increasing attention turned to the quality of design. This title describes what principles can be used to structure research effectively allowing for the required degree of accuracy. Written by two best selling authors, this book includes many examples from medical literature and will be of great value to all groups conducting studies at the interface of clinical and laboratory research.
Categories: Medical

Design and Analysis of Bioavailability and Bioequivalence Studies

Design and Analysis of Bioavailability and Bioequivalence Studies

The analysis of a higher - order crossover design for comparing two formulations
is quite straightforward because ... variance - balanced design used for
comparing three or four formulations in bioavailability / bioequivalence studies is
the so ...

Author: Shein-Chung Chow

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420002023

Category: Mathematics

Page: 600

View: 559

"Provides a comprehensive summary of the continuously growing literature and research activities on the regulatory requirements, scientific and practical issues, and statistical methodology of the design and analysis of bioavailability and bioequivalence studies. Includes several new chapters."
Categories: Mathematics

Case Studies in Advanced Engineering Design

Case Studies in Advanced Engineering Design

This was the address on the 18th of November 2010 that started the first in a line
of symposia by TU Delft and NTU Athens titled 'Case Studies in Advanced
Engineering Design'. What followed this address was a sequence of ten invited ...

Author: C. Spitas

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781614992424

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 230

View: 649

This book is not about serving ready-made conclusions, or a ‘how to’-guide of advanced engineering design. It hopes to serve as a ‘sharp radiography’ of current practices, being neither the ultimate diagnosis nor a prognosis. It is a reference, a starting point for the kind of questioning and dialectic that makes engineering design such a uniquely fascinating, challenging and rewarding human endeavour.
Categories: Technology & Engineering