Diary of the Dark Years is a sharply observed record of day-to-day life in occupied Paris, but far more: it is "a remarkable essay on courage and cowardice" (Wall Street Journal), expressing both shame at French collaboration with the Nazis ...
Author: Jean Guéhenno
Publisher: Oxford University Press
"Jean Guéhenno's [diary] ... is the most oft-quoted piece of testimony on life in occupied France. A sharply observed record of day-to-day life under Nazi rule in Paris and a bitter commentary on literary life in those years, it has also been called 'a remarkable essay on courage and cowardice' ... Here, David Ball provides not only the first English translation of this important historical document, but also the first ever annotated, corrected edition"--
Take for example the Catholic poet and playwright Paul Claudel, whose activity
in the Occupation is frequently reduced to two 'facts': that he wrote an 'Ode' to
Pétain in 1940 and another one to de Gaulle in 1944. Claudel's diary, however ...
Author: Julian Jackson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
The French call them 'the Dark Years'... This definitive new history of Occupied France explores the myths and realities of four of the most divisive years in French history. Taking in ordinary people's experiences of defeat, collaboration, resistance, and liberation, it uncovers the conflicting memories of occupation which ensure that even today France continues to debate the legacy of the Vichy years.
This diary is one of the most precious--and readable--pieces of testimony about life in Vichy France under Nazi occupation. Werth was a Jewish writer who left Paris in June 1940 and hid out in a small village.
Author: Léon Werth
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Historians agree: the diary of Léon Werth (1878-1955) is one of the most precious--and readable--pieces of testimony ever written about life in France under Nazi occupation and the Vichy regime. Werth was a free-spirited and unclassifiable writer. He is the author of eleven novels, art and dance criticism, acerbic political reporting, and memorable personal essays. He was Jewish, and left Paris in June 1940 to hide out in his wife's country house in Saint-Amour, a small village in the Jura Mountains. His short memoir 33 Days recounts his struggle to get there. Deposition tells of daily life in the village, on nearby farms and towns, and finally back in Paris, where he draws the portrait of a Resistance network in his apartment and writes an eyewitness report of the insurrection that freed the city in August, 1944. From Saint-Amour, we see both the Resistance in the countryside, derailing troop trains, punishing notorious collaborators--and growing repression: arrests, torture, deportation, and executions. Above all, we see how Vichy and the Occupation affect the lives of farmers and villagers and how their often contradictory attitudes evolve from 1940-1944. Werth's ear for dialogue and novelist's gift for creating characters animate the diary: in the markets and in town, we meet real French peasants and shopkeepers, railroad men and the patronne of the café at the station, schoolteachers and gendarmes. They come off the page alive, and the countryside and villages come alive with them. With biting irony, Werth records, almost daily, what Vichy-German propaganda was saying on the radio and in the press. We follow the progress of the war as people did then, day by day. These entries make interesting, often amusing reading, a stark contrast with his gripping entries on the persecution and deportation of the Jews. Deposition is a varied and complex piece of living history, and a pleasure to read.
Fontaine T. (2007), Chronology of Repression and Persecution in Occupied
France, 1940–44, Online Encyclopaedia of Mass Violence. Accessed online:
https ... Guéhenno, J. (2014), Diary of the Dark Years: 1940–1944, trans. D. Ball,
Author: William Davies
Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing
Category: Literary Criticism
In the wake of the Second World War, Samuel Beckett wrote some of the most significant literary works of the 20th century. This is the first full-length historical study to examine the far-reaching impact of the war on Beckett's creative and intellectual sensibilities. Drawing on a substantial body of archival material, including letters, manuscripts, diaries and interviews, as well as a wealth of historical sources, this book explores Beckett's writing in a range of political contexts, from the racist dogma of Nazism and aggressive traditionalism of the Vichy regime to Irish neutrality censorship and the politics of recovery in the French Fourth Republic. Along the way, Samuel Beckett and the Second World War casts new light on Beckett's political commitments and his concepts of history as they were formed during Europe's darkest hour.
It is the most personal account of those years. ... Paris Opera: described by Jean
Guéhenno, Diary of the Dark Years 1940– 1944: Collaboration, Resistance and
Daily Life in Occupied Paris (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014), p. 58.
Author: Stanley Meisler
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
For a couple of decades before World War II, a group of immigrant painters and sculptors, including Amedeo Modigliani, Marc Chagall, Chaim Soutine and Jules Pascin dominated the new art scene of Montparnasse in Paris. Art critics gave them the name "the School of Paris" to set them apart from the French-born (and less talented) young artists of the period. Modigliani and Chagall eventually attained enormous worldwide popularity, but in those earlier days most School of Paris painters looked on Soutine as their most talented contemporary. Willem de Kooning proclaimed Soutine his favorite painter, and Jackson Pollack hailed him as a major influence. Soutine arrived in Paris while many painters were experimenting with cubism, but he had no time for trends and fashions; like his art, Soutine was intense, demonic, and fierce. After the defeat of France by Hitler's Germany, the East European Jewish immigrants who had made their way to France for sanctuary were no longer safe. In constant fear of the French police and the German Gestapo, plagued by poor health and bouts of depression, Soutine was the epitome of the tortured artist. Rich in period detail, Stanley Meisler's Shocking Paris explores the short, dramatic life of one of the most influential artists of the twentieth century.
Collaboration in France: Politics and Culture During the Naze Occupation, 1940– 1944. New York: Berg, 1989. Jackson, Julian. France: The Dark Years, 1940– 1944. London: Oxford ... Laval, Pierre. The Unpublished Diary of Pierre Laval.
Author: Howard M. Sachar
Publisher: University of Toronto Press
In this fascinating volume, renowned historian Howard M. Sachar relates the tragedy of twentieth-century Europe through an innovative, riveting account of the continent's political assassinations between 1918 and 1939 and beyond. By tracing the violent deaths of key public figures during an exceptionally fraught time period—the aftermath of World War I—Sachar lays bare a much larger history: the gradual moral and political demise of European civilization and its descent into World War II. In his famously arresting prose, Sachar traces the assassinations of Rosa Luxemburg, Kurt Eisner, Matthias Erzberger, and Walther Rathenau in Germany—a lethal chain reaction that contributed to the Weimar Republic's eventual collapse and Hitler's rise to power. Sachar's exploration of political fragility in Italy, Austria, the successor states of Eastern Europe, and France completes a mordant yet intriguing exposure of the Old World's lethal vulnerability. The final chapter, which chronicles the deaths of Stefan and Lotte Zweig, serves as a thought-provoking metaphor for the assassination of the Old World itself.
Journal of Modern History 63 (1991): 271–95. – French Conservatism in Crisis:
The Republican Federation of France in the 1930s. Baton Rouge: Louisiana
State University Press, 1979. Jackson, Julian. France: The Dark Years, 1940– 1944.
Author: Sean Kennedy
Publisher: McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP
Kennedy describes how the Croix de Feu promised to restore patriotic unity to France but instead demonized the organization's enemies as unfit to be French; its successor, the Parti Social Français, professed a respect for democracy but actually promoted an authoritarian nationalist vision. Previous studies have focused on whether the Croix de Feu and the Parti Social Français should be considered fascist. Reconciling France against Democracy assesses them from a variety of perspectives and considers the extent to which they foreshadowed Jean-Marie Le Pen's Front National.
Two interesting memoirs by French soldiers are G. Folcher, Marching to Captivity:
The War Diaries of a French Peasant, ... J. Jackson, France: The Dark Years 1940–1944 (Oxford, 2001) surveys the inter-war years in the light of 1940. On the
Author: Julian Jackson
Publisher: OUP Oxford
On 16 May 1940 an emergency meeting of the French High Command was called at the Quai d'Orsay in Paris. The German army had broken through the French lines on the River Meuse at Sedan and elsewhere, only five days after launching their attack. Churchill, who had been telephoned by Prime Minister Reynaud the previous evening to be told that the French were beaten, rushed to Paris to meet the French leaders. The mood in the meeting was one of panic and despair; there was talk of evacuating Paris. Churchill asked Gamelin, the French Commander in Chief, 'Where is the strategic reserve?' 'There is none,' replied Gamelin. This exciting book by Julian Jackson, a leading historian of twentieth-century France, charts the breathtakingly rapid events that led to the defeat and surrender of one of the greatest bastions of the Western Allies, and thus to a dramatic new phase of the Second World War. The search for scapegoats for the most humiliating military disaster in French history began almost at once: were miscalculations by military leaders to blame, or was this an indictment of an entire nation? Using eyewitness accounts, memoirs, and diaries, Julian Jackson recreates, in gripping detail, the intense atmosphere and dramatic events of these six weeks in 1940, unravelling the historical evidence to produce a fresh answer to the perennial question of whether the fall of France was inevitable.
On this period, see Julian Jackson, France: The Dark Years, 1940–1944 (Oxford,
2003). ZHFR, 21 ... The Discourse of Social Security and the Postwar
Reconstruction of China', European Journal of East Asian Studies, 11:2 (2012).
See Janet ...
Author: Rana Mitter
Publisher: Penguin UK
In Rana Mitter's tense, moving and hugely important book, the war between China and Japan - one of the most important struggles of the Second World War - at last gets the masterly history it deserves Different countries give different opening dates for the period of the Second World War, but perhaps the most compelling is 1937, when the 'Marco Polo Bridge Incident' plunged China and Japan into a conflict of extraordinary duration and ferocity - a war which would result in many millions of deaths and completely reshape East Asia in ways which we continue to confront today. With great vividness and narrative drive Rana Mitter's new book draws on a huge range of new sources to recreate this terrible conflict. He writes both about the major leaders (Chiang Kaishek, Mao Zedong and Wang Jingwei) and about the ordinary people swept up by terrible times. Mitter puts at the heart of our understanding of the Second World War that it was Japan's failure to defeat China which was the key dynamic for what happened in Asia. Reviews: 'A remarkable story, told with humanity and intelligence; all historians of the second world war will be in Mitter's debt ... [he] explores this complex politics with remarkable clarity and economy ... No one could ask for a better guide than Mitter to how [the rise of modern China] began in the cauldron of the Chinese war' Richard Overy, Guardian 'Rana Mitter's history of the Sino-Japanese War is not only a very important book, it also has a wonderful clarity of thought and prose which make it a pleasure to read' Antony Beevor 'The best study of China's war with Japan written in any language ... comprehensive, thoroughly based on research, and totally non-partisan. Above all, the book presents a moving account of the Chinese people's incredible suffering ... A must read for anyone interested in the origins of China's contribution to the making of today's world' Akira Iriye About the author: Rana Mitter is Professor of the History and Politics of Modern China at the University of Oxford and a Fellow of St Cross College. He is the author of A Bitter Revolution: China's Struggle with the Modern World. He is a regular presenter of Night Waves on Radio 3.
The Dark Years, 1940–1944 (Oxford ... Guadeloupe, and Indochina, 1940–1944 (
Stanford, 2001) Jensen, W. G. 'The Importance of Energy in the First and Second
World Wars', Historical Journal, 11:3 (1968), 538–54 Jochmann, W., ed.
Author: Mark Mazower
Publisher: Penguin UK
Category: Political Science
The powerful, disturbing history of Nazi Europe by Mark Mazower, one of Britain's leading historians and bestselling author of Dark Continent and Governing the World Hitler's Empire charts the landscape of the Nazi imperial imagination - from those economists who dreamed of turning Europe into a huge market for German business, to Hitler's own plans for new transcontinental motorways passing over the ethnically cleansed Russian steppe, and earnest internal SS discussions of political theory, dictatorship and the rule of law. Above all, this chilling account shows what happened as these ideas met reality. After their early battlefield triumphs, the bankruptcy of the Nazis' political vision for Europe became all too clear: their allies bailed out, their New Order collapsed in military failure, and they left behind a continent corrupted by collaboration, impoverished by looting and exploitation, and grieving the victims of war and genocide. About the author: Mark Mazower is Ira D.Wallach Professor of World Order Studies and Professor of History Professor of History at Columbia University. He is the author of Hitler's Greece: The Experience of Occupation, 1941-44, Dark Continent: Europe's Twentieth Century, The Balkans: A Short History (which won the Wolfson Prize for History), Salonica: City of Ghosts (which won both the Duff Cooper Prize and the Runciman Award) and Governing the World: The History of an Idea. He has also taught at Birkbeck College, University of London, Sussex University and Princeton. He lives in New York.
World War II: The Definitive Visual Guide 2009 Horne, Alistair, To Lose a Battle:
France 1940 1969 Horner, David, High Command: ... The Pegasus Diaries: The
Private Papers of Major John Howard 2006 Howard, Michael, The Mediterranean
Strategy in the Second ... Julian, France: The Dark Years 1940–1944 2001
Jackson, Robert, The Fall of France 1972 eds Jacobsen, Hans-Adolf, and
Author: Andrew Roberts
Publisher: Penguin UK
On 2 August 1944, in the wake of the complete destruction of the German Army Group Centre in Belorussia, Winston Churchill mocked Adolf Hitler in the House of Commons by the rank he had reached in the First World War. 'Russian success has been somewhat aided by the strategy of Herr Hitler, of Corporal Hitler,' Churchill jibed. 'Even military idiots find it difficult not to see some faults in his actions.' Andrew Roberts's previous book Masters and Commanders studied the creation of Allied grand strategy; Beating Corporal Hitler now analyses how Axis strategy evolved. Examining the Second World War on every front, Roberts asks whether, with a different decision-making process and a different strategy, the Axis might even have won. Were those German generals who blamed everything on Hitler after the war correct, or were they merely scapegoating their former Führer once he was safely beyond defending himself? In researching this uniquely vivid history of the Second World War Roberts has walked many of the key battlefield and wartime sites of Russia, France, Italy, Germany and the Far East. The book is full of illuminating sidelights on the principle actors that bring their characters and the ways in which they reached decisions into fresh focus.
Gustave Hervé, C'est Pétain qu'il nous faut. See further Julian Jackson, France:
The Dark Years 1940–1944, Oxford, 2001, pp. 123–6, 278–81; and Nicholas
Atkin, Pétain, Harlow, 1998, pp. 58–9. Pétain to Bullitt, 4 June 1940, quoted in
Author: Douglas Fermer
Publisher: Pen and Sword
Tension and rivalry between France and Germany shaped the history of Western Europe in the century from 1860. Three times that hostility led to war and the invasion of France - in 1870, 1914 and 1940. The outcomes of the battles that followed reset the balance of power across the continent. Yet the German invasions tend to be viewed as separate events, in isolation, rather than as connected episodes in the confrontation between the two nations. Douglas Fermer's fresh account of the military campaigns and the preparations for them treats them as part of a cycle of fear, suspicion, animosity and conflicting ambitions extending across several generations. In a clear, concise account of the decisive opening phase of each campaign, he describes the critical decision-making, the manoeuvres and clashes of arms in eastern France as German forces advanced westwards. As the 100th anniversary of the start of the Great War approaches, this is a fitting moment to reconsider these momentous events and how they fit into the broad sweep of European history.
France: The Dark Years, 1940–1944. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Litoff, Judy Barrett. An American Heroine in the French Resistance. The Diary
and Memoir of Virginia d'Albert-Lake. New York: Fordham University Press, 2006.
Author: Kristin Hannah
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
A #1 New York Times bestseller, Wall Street Journal Best Book of the Year, and soon to be a major motion picture, this unforgettable novel of love and strength in the face of war has enthralled a generation. With courage, grace, and powerful insight, bestselling author Kristin Hannah captures the epic panorama of World War II and illuminates an intimate part of history seldom seen: the women's war. The Nightingale tells the stories of two sisters, separated by years and experience, by ideals, passion and circumstance, each embarking on her own dangerous path toward survival, love, and freedom in German-occupied, war-torn France—a heartbreakingly beautiful novel that celebrates the resilience of the human spirit and the durability of women. It is a novel for everyone, a novel for a lifetime. Goodreads Best Historical Novel of the Year • People's Choice Favorite Fiction Winner • #1 Indie Next Selection • A Buzzfeed and The Week Best Book of the Year Praise for The Nightingale: "Haunting, action-packed, and compelling." —Christina Baker Kline, #1 New York Times bestselling author "Absolutely riveting!...Read this book." —Dr. Miriam Klein Kassenoff, Director of the University of Miami Holocaust Teacher Institute "Beautifully written and richly evocative." —Sara Gruen, #1 New York Times bestselling author “A hauntingly rich WWII novel about courage, brutality, love, survival—and the essence of what makes us human.” —Family Circle “A heart-pounding story.” —USA Today "An enormous story. Richly satisfying. I loved it." —Anne Rice "A respectful and absorbing page-turner." —Kirkus Reviews "Tender, compelling...a satisfying slice of life in Nazi-occupied France." —Jewish Book Council “Expect to devour The Nightingale in as few sittings as possible; the high-stakes plot and lovable characters won’t allow any rest until all of their fates are known.” —Shelf Awareness "I loved The Nightingale." —Lisa See, #1 New York Times bestselling author "Powerful...an unforgettable portrait of love and war." —People
Howe , E. ( 2002 ) , ' The Typography of Political Warfare ' , Falling Leaf : The Journal of the Psywar Society , 176 ( April ) , pp . 5–13 . ... Jackson , J. ( 2001 ) ,
France : The Dark Years 1940–1944 , Oxford : Oxford University Press . Jackson ,
Author: Tim Brooks
Publisher: International Communications
This book examines the important issue of British propaganda to France during the Second World War and aims to show the value of the propaganda campaign to the British war effort. British Propaganda to France is a unique contribution to the field, not only in its examination of one of the least well-studied areas of British activity during the Second World War but also in the breadth of its approach. It surveys the organisation, operation and nature of the British propaganda effort towards the French people, including both white propaganda (BBC broadcasts and leaflets dropped by the RAF) and black propaganda (secret broadcasting stations, documents purporting to come from the Germans in France or distributed in France using clandestine methods, and rumours). Finally it examines the contemporary British understanding of the French and German reception of and reaction to this propaganda material, to show whether the campaign was an effective and well-directed use of resources. Almost all examinations of British foreign propaganda during the Second World War have focused on propaganda directed towards Germany. British propaganda to France, which in terms of quantity of output was actually the most important area of British propaganda, has never been examined in depth until now. This book adds a further chapter to our knowledge of propaganda in the Second World War, especially in the conduct of psychological warfare. It also touches on better-known areas such as RAF Bomber Command and its Operational Training Units, which handled aerial dissemination of British white propaganda leaflets over France, and the Special Operations Executive in France, which worked closely with the Political Warfare Executive in delivering much black propaganda.
In doing editorial work four Producers and years it has been and still is the years
ago we found some titles America , Inc. best Catholic list obtainable . Its o.p.
Books COMPLETED ... Dr. " The Dark Corner . ” Novel by for the ... 6 , stated that
the Aus- Books for American 1940-1944 " in the Spring ( March ) grading
Author: Melvil Dewey
Includes, beginning Sept. 15, 1954 (and on the 15th of each month, Sept.-May) a special section: School library journal, ISSN 0000-0035, (called Junior libraries, 1954-May 1961). Also issued separately.
The Vichy Years in French West Africa Ruth Ginio. Headrick , Rita . “ African
Soldiers in World ... Journal of African History 26 , no . 4 ( 1985 ) : 347-61 .
Hourani , Albert . ... France : The Dark Years , 1940-1944 . Oxford : Oxford
University Press ...
Author: Ruth Ginio
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
Before the Vichy regime, there was ostensibly only one France and one form of colonialism for French West Africa (FWA). World War II and the division of France into two ideological camps, each asking for legitimacy from the colonized, opened for Africans numerous unprecedented options. French Colonialism Unmasked analyzes three dramatic years in the history of FWA, from 1940 to 1943, in which the Vichy regime tried to impose the ideology of the National Revolution in the region. Ruth Ginio shows how this was a watershed period in the history of the region by providing an in-depth examination of the Vichy colonial visions and practices in fwa. She describes the intriguing encounters between the colonial regime and African society along with the responses of different sectors in the African population to the Vichy policy. Although French Colonialism Unmasked focuses on one region within the French Empire, it has relevance to French colonial history in general by providing one of the missing pieces in research on Vichy colonialism.
And then I felt his dark , heavy presence over my shoulder . I let him have his say
, and when he finished I said quietly and firmly : " But you It is growing dark . The
same stark , unmitigated. my head know very well , senor , it's not my fault .
Over 700 books and periodical articles are reviewed by leading historians in this selective annotated bibliography of the German occupation of France from 1940 to 1944. The most important works were selected, including official documents and proceedings of colloquiums printed in book form, studies, memoirs, biographies, some novels, and periodical articles. Both factual and critical information is provided for these works. All phases of the period in Metropolitan France are addressed: the Vichy government, daily life, collaboration, resistance, the French Communists, the Liberation, and the postwar purge of collaborators.
The Ambiguous Invader : Images of the German in some French Fiction about the
Occupation of 1940-1944 ' , Journal of European Studies ... Jackson , Julian ,
France : The Dark Years , 1940-1944 ( Oxford : Oxford University Press , 2001 ) .