Digital Dilemmas

Digital Dilemmas

The State, the Individual, and Digital Media in Cuba Cristina Venegas. NEW DIRECTIONS IN INTERNATIONAL STUDIES PATRICE PETRO, SERIES EDITOR New Directions in International Studies expands cross—disciplinary dialogue about the nature of ...

Author: Cristina Venegas

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 0813549108

Category: Social Science

Page: 250

View: 677

The contentious debate in Cuba over Internet use and digital media primarily focuses on three issuesùmaximizing the potential for economic and cultural development, establishing stronger ties to the outside world, and changing the hierarchy of control. A growing number of users decry censorship and insist on personal freedom in accessing the web, while the centrally managed system benefits the government in circumventing U.S. sanctions against the country and in controlling what limited capacity exists. Digital Dilemmas views Cuba from the Soviet Union's demise to the present, to assess how conflicts over media access play out in their both liberating and repressive potential. Drawing on extensive scholarship and interviews, Cristina Venegas questions myths of how Internet use necessarily fosters global democracy and reveals the impact of new technologies on the country's governance and culture. She includes film in the context of broader media history, as well as artistic practices such as digital art and networks of diasporic communities connected by the Web. This book is a model for understanding the geopolitic location of power relations in the age of digital information sharing.
Categories: Social Science

Beyond Globalization

Beyond Globalization

new directions in international studies patrice petro, series editor The New Directions in International Studies series ... venegas Digital Dilemmas: The State, the Individual, and Digital Media in Cuba j Beyond Globalization Making New ...

Author: A. Aneesh

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813551944

Category: Social Science

Page: 246

View: 481

Does living in a globally networked society mean that we are moving toward a single, homogenous world culture? Or, are we headed for clashes between center and periphery, imperial and subaltern, Western and non-Western, First and Third World? The interdisciplinary essays in Beyond Globalization present us with another possibility—that new media will lead to new kinds of “worldmaking.” This provocative volume brings together the best new work of scholars within such diverse fields as history, sociology, anthropology, film, media studies, and art. Whether examining the inauguration of a virtual community on the website Second Life or investigating the appropriation of biotechnology for transgenic art, this collection highlights how mediated practices have become integral to global culture; how social practices have emerged out of computer-related industries; how contemporary apocalyptic narratives reflect the anxieties of a U.S. culture facing global challenges; and how design, play, and technology help us understand the histories and ideals behind the digital architectures that mediate our everyday actions.
Categories: Social Science

Hollywood Exiles in Europe

Hollywood Exiles in Europe

NEW DIRECTIONS IN INTERNATIONAL STUDIES Patrice Petro, Series Editor The New Directions in International Studies series focuses on ... Niki Akhavan Electronic Iran: The Cultural Politics of an Online Evolution A. Aneesh, Lane Hall, ...

Author: Rebecca Prime

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813562636

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 272

View: 445

Rebecca Prime documents the untold story of the American directors, screenwriters, and actors who exiled themselves to Europe as a result of the Hollywood blacklist. During the 1950s and 1960s, these Hollywood émigrés directed, wrote, or starred in almost one hundred European productions, their contributions ranging from crime film masterpieces like Du rififi chez les hommes (1955, Jules Dassin, director) to international blockbusters like The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957, Carl Foreman and Michael Wilson, screenwriters) and acclaimed art films like The Servant (1963, Joseph Losey, director). At once a lively portrait of a lesser-known American “lost generation” and an examination of an important transitional moment in European cinema, the book offers a compelling argument for the significance of the blacklisted émigrés to our understanding of postwar American and European cinema and Cold War relations. Prime provides detailed accounts of the production and reception of their European films that clarify the ambivalence with which Hollywood was regarded within postwar European culture. Drawing upon extensive archival research, including previously classified material, Hollywood Exiles in Europe suggests the need to rethink our understanding of the Hollywood blacklist as a purely domestic phenomenon. By shedding new light on European cinema’s changing relationship with Hollywood, the book illuminates the postwar shift from national to transnational cinema.
Categories: Performing Arts

Sustaining Cities

Sustaining Cities

New Directions in International Studies Patrice Petro, Series Editor The New Directions in International Studies ... and the Question of Technology Cristina Venegas Digital Dilemmas: The State, the Individual, and Digital Media in Cuba ...

Author: Linda Krause

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813554174

Category: Political Science

Page: 178

View: 230

What has happened to cities after the global economic recession? Sustaining Cities answers this question by explaining how failed governmental policies contributed to urban problems and offering best practices for solving them. From social scientists and urban planners to architects and literary and film critics, the authors of this unique collection suggest real responses to this crisis. Could the drastic declines in housing markets have been avoided? Yes, if we reframe our housing values. Do you want to attract corporate investment to your town? You might want to think twice about doing so. The extinction of the “Celtic Tiger” may be charted in statistics, but the response in popular Irish mystery novels is much more compelling. China, while not immune to market vicissitudes, still booms, but at a considerable cost to its urban identities. Whether constructing a sustainable social framework for Mexican mega-cities or a neighborhood in London, these nine essays consider some strikingly similar strategies. And perhaps, as the contributors suggest, it’s time to look beyond the usual boundaries of urban, suburban, and exurban to forge new links among these communities that will benefit all citizens. Accessible to anyone with an interest in how cities cope today, Sustaining Cities presents a cautionary tale with a hopeful ending.
Categories: Political Science

Down to Earth

Down to Earth

new directions in international studies patrice petro, series editor The New Directions in International Studies ... and the Question of Technology cristina venegas Digital Dilemmas: The State, the Individual, and Digital Media in Cuba ...

Author: Lisa Parks

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813553337

Category: Social Science

Page: 288

View: 889

Down to Earth presents the first comprehensive overview of the geopolitical maneuvers, financial investments, technological innovations, and ideological struggles that take place behind the scenes of the satellite industry. Satellite projects that have not received extensive coverage—microsatellites in China, WorldSpace in South Africa, SiriusXM, the failures of USA 193 and Cosmos 954, and Iridium—are explored. This collection takes readers on a voyage through a truly global industry, from the sites where satellites are launched to the corporate clean rooms where they are designed, and along the orbits and paths that satellites traverse. Combining a practical introduction to the mechanics of the satellite industry, a history of how its practices and technologies have evolved, and a sophisticated theoretical analysis of satellite cultures, Down to Earth opens up a new space for global media studies.
Categories: Social Science

Narrative Landmines

Narrative Landmines

new directions in international studies patrice petro, series editor The New Directions in International Studies series ... and the Question ofTechnology cristina venegas Digital Dilemmas: The State, the Individual, and DigitalMedia in ...

Author: Daniel Leonard Bernardi

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813553221

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 530

Islamic extremism is the dominant security concern of many contemporary governments, spanning the industrialized West to the developing world. Narrative Landmines explores how rumors fit into and extend narrative systems and ideologies, particularly in the context of terrorism, counter-terrorism, and extremist insurgencies. Its concern is to foster a more sophisticated understanding of how oral and digital cultures work alongside economic, diplomatic, and cultural factors that influence the struggles between states and non-state actors in the proverbial battle of hearts and minds. Beyond face-to-face communication, the authors also address the role of new and social media in the creation and spread of rumors. As narrative forms, rumors are suitable to a wide range of political expression, from citizens, insurgents, and governments alike, and in places as distinct as Singapore, Iraq, and Indonesia—the case studies presented for analysis. The authors make a compelling argument for understanding rumors in these contexts as “narrative IEDs,” low-cost, low-tech weapons that can successfully counter such elaborate and expansive government initiatives as outreach campaigns or strategic communication efforts. While not exactly the same as the advanced technological systems or Improvised Explosive Devices to which they are metaphorically related, narrative IEDs nevertheless operate as weapons that can aid the extremist cause.
Categories: Social Science

The Digital Dilemma

The Digital Dilemma

Intellectual Property in the Information Age National Research Council, Commission on Physical Sciences, Mathematics, ... “New Directions in Cryptography,” IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, IT-22(6):644-654, November. Doyle, Jim.

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309064996

Category: Law

Page: 364

View: 850

Imagine sending a magazine article to 10 friends-making photocopies, putting them in envelopes, adding postage, and mailing them. Now consider how much easier it is to send that article to those 10 friends as an attachment to e-mail. Or to post the article on your own site on the World Wide Web. The ease of modifying or copying digitized material and the proliferation of computer networking have raised fundamental questions about copyright and patent--intellectual property protections rooted in the U.S. Constitution. Hailed for quick and convenient access to a world of material, the Internet also poses serious economic issues for those who create and market that material. If people can so easily send music on the Internet for free, for example, who will pay for music? This book presents the multiple facets of digitized intellectual property, defining terms, identifying key issues, and exploring alternatives. It follows the complex threads of law, business, incentives to creators, the American tradition of access to information, the international context, and the nature of human behavior. Technology is explored for its ability to transfer content and its potential to protect intellectual property rights. The book proposes research and policy recommendations as well as principles for policymaking.
Categories: Law

War Culture and the Contest of Images

War Culture and the Contest of Images

NEW DIRECTIONS IN INTERNATIONAL STUDIES Patrice Petro, Series Editor The New Directions in International Studies ... the Andes, and the Question ofTechnology Cristina Venegas DigitalDilemmas: The State, the Individual, and Digital Media ...

Author: Dora Apel

Publisher: Rutgers University Press

ISBN: 9780813553962

Category: History

Page: 272

View: 287

War Culture and the Contest of Images analyzes the relationships among contemporary war, documentary practices, and democratic ideals. Dora Apel examines a wide variety of images and cultural representations of war in the United States and the Middle East, including photography, performance art, video games, reenactment, and social media images. Simultaneously, she explores the merging of photojournalism and artistic practices, the effects of visual framing, and the construction of both sanctioned and counter-hegemonic narratives in a global contest of images. As a result of the global visual culture in which anyone may produce as well as consume public imagery, the wide variety of visual and documentary practices present realities that would otherwise be invisible or officially off-limits. In our digital era, the prohibition and control of images has become nearly impossible to maintain. Using carefully chosen case studies—such as Krzysztof Wodiczko’s video projections and public works in response to 9/11 and the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the performance works of Coco Fusco and Regina Galindo, and the practices of Israeli and Palestinian artists—Apel posits that contemporary war images serve as mediating agents in social relations and as a source of protection or refuge for those robbed of formal or state-sanctioned citizenship. While never suggesting that documentary practices are objective translations of reality, Apel shows that they are powerful polemical tools both for legitimizing war and for making its devastating effects visible. In modern warfare and in the accompanying culture of war that capitalism produces as a permanent feature of modern society, she asserts that the contest of images is as critical as the war on the ground.
Categories: History

Digital Dilemmas

Digital Dilemmas

Experiential learning theory: Previous research and new directions. Perspectives on thinking ... In Business challenging business ethics: New instruments for coping with diversity in international business (pp. 3–8). New York: Springer ...

Author: Øyvind Kvalnes

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030459277

Category: Business

Page: 93

View: 643

Social media is at the core of digital transformations in organizations. Facebook, Twitter, LinkedIn, and other social media platforms widen the scope for rapid and effective communication with stakeholders. They also create a range of new and challenging ethical dilemmas. This open access book categorizes the dilemmas organizations across a range of industries can face when they implement social media to communicate with stakeholders. This book provides a systematic framework for analyzing these ethical dilemmas in social media using the Navigation Wheel. This tool leads the decision-maker through a series of considerations such as legal questions, corporate identity, morality, reputation, and ethics. Finally, the author considers implications for leaders and presents potential solutions to these dilemmas. Based on five years of original research with 250 executive students at a European business school, all of whom work with social media communications in their organizations, this book is the first major study to explore the ethical use of social media across industries and is a valuable resource for researchers and practitioners alike.
Categories: Business

Digital Photography and Everyday Life

Digital Photography and Everyday Life

Möller, F. 2009, 'The Looking/Not Looking Dilemma'. Review of International Studies, Vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 781–794. Möller, F. 2005, 'Friction and Discomfort: Visual Representations and Security Policy'. New Directions in Peace and ...

Author: Edgar Gómez Cruz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317447788

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 807

Digital Photography and Everyday Life: Empirical studies on material visual practices explores the role that digital photography plays within everyday life. With contributors from ten different countries and backgrounds in a range of academic disciplines - including anthropology, media studies and visual culture - this collection takes a uniquely broad perspective on photography by situating the image-making process in wider discussions on the materiality and visuality of photographic practices and explores these through empirical case studies. By focusing on material visual practices, the book presents a comprehensive overview of some of the main challenges digital photography is bringing to everyday life. It explores how the digitization of photography has a wide-reaching impact on the use of the medium, as well as on the kinds of images that can be produced and the ways in which camera technology is developed. The exploration goes beyond mere images to think about cameras, mediations and technologies as key elements in the development of visual digital cultures. Digital Photography and Everyday Life will be of great interest to students and scholars of Photography, Contemporary Art, Visual Culture and Media Studies, as well as those studying Communication, Cultural Anthropology, and Science and Technology Studies.
Categories: Social Science