Over 1,700 people died, making it the worst marine disaster in U.S. history. This book looks at the disaster through the eyes of the victims themselves.
Author: Gene Salecker
Publisher: Naval Institute Press
At two o’clock in the morning on 27 April 1865, seven miles north of Memphis on the Mississippi, the sidewheel steamboat Sultana’s boilers suddenly exploded. Legally registered to carry 376 people, the boat was packed with 2,100 recently released Union prisoners-of-war. Over 1,700 people died, making it the worst marine disaster in U.S. history. This book looks at the disaster through the eyes of the victims themselves. It offers a concise, minute-by-minute account on the cause of the explosion and its effect on different parts of the boat. To focus on the personal stories of the victims, both civilian and soldier, Gene Eric Salecker patiently collected material from hundreds of letters, period newspaper stories, and other sources. Readers are first introduced to victims while they are languishing in Confederate prisons and follow their release to an exchange camp outside of Vicksburg to their eventual crowding onto the Sultana. His knowledgeable narrative is interwoven with individual reminiscences, including those of the heroic rescuers. He offers unprecedented details about the captain’s handling of the steamboat and corrects some long-held myths about the placement of the soldiers on the Sultana and newspaper coverage of the disaster. A large portion of the book covers rescue attempts, both successful and failed, and the aftermath of the disaster as it affected those involved. With its emphasis on the human-interest aspect of the Sultana, this book brings to the literature a critical point of view and much new research.
Then he tells the gripping story of the river's inexorable rise: residents fled to refugee camps and higher ground, towns imposed martial law, prisoners rioted, Red Cross nurses endured terrifying conditions, and FDR dispatched thousands of ...
Author: David Welky
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
In the early days of 1937, the Ohio River, swollen by heavy winter rains, began rising. And rising. And rising. By the time the waters crested, the Ohio and Mississippi had climbed to record heights. Nearly four hundred people had died, while a million more had run from their homes. The deluge caused more than half a billion dollars of damage at a time when the Great Depression still battered the nation. Timed to coincide with the flood's seventy-fifth anniversary, The Thousand-Year Flood is the first comprehensive history of one of the most destructive disasters in American history. David Welky first shows how decades of settlement put Ohio valley farms and towns at risk and how politicians and planners repeatedly ignored the dangers. Then he tells the gripping story of the river's inexorable rise: residents fled to refugee camps and higher ground, towns imposed martial law, prisoners rioted, Red Cross nurses endured terrifying conditions, and FDR dispatched thousands of relief workers. In a landscape fraught with dangers—from unmoored gas tanks that became floating bombs to powerful currents of filthy floodwaters that swept away whole towns—people hastily raised sandbag barricades, piled into overloaded rowboats, and marveled at water that stretched as far as the eye could see. In the flood's aftermath, Welky explains, New Deal reformers, utopian dreamers, and hard-pressed locals restructured not only the flood-stricken valleys, but also the nation's relationship with its waterways, changes that continue to affect life along the rivers to this day. A striking narrative of danger and adventure—and the mix of heroism and generosity, greed and pettiness that always accompany disaster—The Thousand-Year Flood breathes new life into a fascinating yet little-remembered American story.
In Mississippi After Katrina, Jennifer Trivedi takes an holistic anthropological lens to the city of Biloxi, Mississippi, and illustrates how Hurricane Katrina revealed the cultural, political, and economic issues that shaped the community ...
Author: Jennifer Trivedi
Publisher: Lexington Books
In Mississippi After Katrina, Jennifer Trivedi takes an holistic anthropological lens to the city of Biloxi, Mississippi, and illustrates how Hurricane Katrina revealed the cultural, political, and economic issues that shaped the community's history, the storm's impact, and Biloxi's long-term recovery from Katrina.
... of tax incentives but seizing these chances will demand political will, savvy,
and vision. What is clear at this time is that existing forces, now in delicate tension
, will reshape the disaster-torn urban places of Louisiana and Mississippi.
Author: Eugenie L. Birch
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Category: Social Science
Disasters—natural ones, such as hurricanes, floods, or earthquakes, and unnatural ones such as terrorist attacks—are part of the American experience in the twenty-first century. The challenges of preparing for these events, withstanding their impact, and rebuilding communities afterward require strategic responses from different levels of government in partnership with the private sector and in accordance with the public will. Disasters have a disproportionate effect on urban places. Dense by definition, cities and their environs suffer great damage to their complex, interdependent social, environmental, and economic systems. Social and medical services collapse. Long-standing problems in educational access and quality become especially acute. Local economies cease to function. Cultural resources disappear. The plight of New Orleans and several smaller Gulf Coast cities exemplifies this phenomenon. This volume examines the rebuilding of cities and their environs after a disaster and focuses on four major issues: making cities less vulnerable to disaster, reestablishing economic viability, responding to the permanent needs of the displaced, and recreating a sense of place. Success in these areas requires that priorities be set cooperatively, and this goal poses significant challenges for rebuilding efforts in a democratic, market-based society. Who sets priorities and how? Can participatory decision-making be organized under conditions requiring focused, strategic choices? How do issues of race and class intersect with these priorities? Should the purpose of rebuilding be restoration or reformation? Contributors address these and other questions related to environmental conditions, economic imperatives, social welfare concerns, and issues of planning and design in light of the lessons to be drawn from Hurricane Katrina.
Lessons from Hurricane Katrina Donald J. Kettl Ronald Daniels, Donald Kettl,
Howard Kunreuther, National Symposium on Risk And Disasters. Mississippi by
the Red-Atchafalaya system. To block, or perhaps only delay, this process, the ...
Author: Donald J. Kettl
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Category: Political Science
Leading experts address questions of public and private roles in assessing, managing, and mitigating major risks to public health and safety in light of the devastation caused by Hurricane Katrina.
A natural disaster that threatens Mississippi is asteroids. Asteroids are stones
hurdling through space. When they enter the earth's atmosphere, they burn out,
appearing as beautiful "shooting" or "falling stars". But sometimes meteors don't ...
Author: James Patterson SmithPublish On: 2012-03-05
This book presents the fullest account yet written of the impact of Hurricane Katrina on the Mississippi Gulf Coast.
Author: James Patterson Smith
Publisher: Univ. Press of Mississippi
This book presents the fullest account yet written of the impact of Hurricane Katrina on the Mississippi Gulf Coast. Rooted in a wealth of oral histories, it tells the dramatic but underreported story of a people who confronted the unprecedented devastation of sixty five thousand homes when the eye wall and powerful northeast quadrant of the hurricane swept a record thirty-foot storm surge across a seventy-five-mile stretch of unprotected Mississippi towns and cities. James Patterson Smith takes us through life and death accounts of storm day, August 29, 2005, and the precarious days of food and water shortages that followed. Along the way the narrative treats us to inspiring episodes of neighborly compassion and creative responses to the greatest natural disaster in American history. The heroes of this saga are the local people and local officials. In often moving accounts, the book addresses the Mississippi Gulf Coast’s long struggle to remove a record-setting volume of debris and get on with the rebuilding of homes, schools, jobs, and public infrastructure. Along the way readers are offered insights into the politics of recovery funding and the bureaucratic bungling and hubris that afflicted the storm response and complicated and delayed the work of recovery. Still, there are ample accounts of things done well, and a moving chapter gives us a feel for the psychological, spiritual, and material impact of the eight hundred thousand people from across the nation who gave of themselves as volunteers in the Mississippi recovery effort.
The Mississippi River Flood of 1927 Nineteen-twenty-seven was not the first year
that the Mississippi River overflowed. The river had its own natural cycle, usually
flooding in the spring and again in early summer ... then settling back into its ...
Author: Kevin R. Kosar
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
In the wake of the destruction caused by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita, the press has looked to the past for examples of fed. responses to natural disasters that might serve as models for emulation today. The fed. response to the flood of 1927 featured Sec. of Commerce Herbert Hoover as the director of the flood response and wielding immense executive powers. This report describes the flood of 1927, and assesses the fed. government¿s response. Pres. Calvin Coolidge created a quasi-governmental commission that included members of his Cabinet and the Red Cross. This commission encouraged the public to donate funds to the relief effort and gave Hoover near-absolute authority to organize and oversee its response. A print on demand report.
This collection of polemical essays explores the extent to which African Americans and others were, and are, disproportionately affected by the natural and manmade forces that caused Hurricane Katrina.
Author: Jeremy I. Levitt
Publisher: U of Nebraska Press
On August 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina slammed into the Gulf Coast states of Louisiana and Mississippi. The storm devastated the region and its citizens. But its devastation did not reach across racial and class lines equally. In an original combination of research and advocacy, Hurricane Katrina: America s Unnatural Disaster questions the efficacy of the national and global responses to Katrina s central victims, African Americans. This collection of polemical essays explores the extent to which African Americans and others were, and are, disproportionately affected by the natural and manmade forces that caused Hurricane Katrina. Such an engaged study of this tragic event forces us to acknowledge that the ways in which we view our history and life have serious ramifications on modern human relations, public policy, and quality of life.
The Mississippi Homeowner Assistance Program was designed to provide a one-
time grant payment, up to a maximum of ... After the 2005 Gulf Coast hurricanes,
Congress made $5.5 billion available to Mississippi for disaster recovery.
Author: Matthew J. Scire
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
In response to the 2005 Gulf Coast hurricanes, Congress provided about $130 billion in disaster recovery assistance, including assistance for permanent housing. The objectives of this report were to review: (1) how federal disaster-related assistance for permanent housing has been provided to homeowners and rental property owners; (2) the extent to which federally funded programs have responded to the needs of homeowners and rental property owners; and (3) the challenges that homeowners and rental property owners have faced in applying for and using fed. assistance, and potential options for addressing these challenges. Includes recommendations. Charts and tables.
The Nature of Recovery Recovery is the process of restoring, rebuilding, and
reshaping physical infrastructure, social and economic systems, and the natural
environment, ultimately returning to a stable state following a disaster.7 Recovery
Author: Susan Cutter
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Hurricane Katrina slammed into the Gulf Coast in August 2005 with devastating consequences. Almost all analyses of the disaster have been dedicated to the way the hurricane affected New Orleans. This volume examines the impact of Katrina on southern Mississippi. While communities along Mississippi's Gulf Coast shared the impact, their socioeconomic and demographic compositions varied widely, leading to different types and rates of recovery. This volume furthers our understanding of the pace of recovery and its geographic extent, and explores the role of inequalities in the recovery process and those antecedent conditions that could give rise to a 'recovery divide'. It will be especially appealing to researchers and advanced students of natural disasters and policy makers dealing with disaster consequences and recovery.
As a result of ongoing budget negotiations between FEMA and Mississippi, the
state-managed DCM-P program in Mississippi did not begin until August 2008,
approximately 2 months after it was scheduled to, according to officials from the ...
Author: Kay Brown
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
As a result of the unprecedented damage caused by Hurricanes Katrina and Rita in 2005, the fed. gov¿t., for the first time, funded several disaster case mgmt. programs. These programs help victims access services for disaster-related needs. This report reviewed: (1) steps the fed. gov¿t. took to support disaster case mgmt. programs after the hurricanes; (2) the extent to which fed. agencies oversaw the implementation of these programs; (3) challenges case mgmt. agencies experienced in delivering disaster case mgmt. services; and (4) how these programs will inform the development of a fed. case mgmt. program for future disasters. The author conducted site visits to Louisiana and Mississippi. Includes recommendations. Illustrations.
Author: American National Red CrossPublish On: 1938
Viewed in the absence of a better method of measurement , from the standpoint
of amount expended , it is much larger than any previous disaster . It nearly
equals the two largest previous disasters — the Mississippi Valley Flood of 1927
Originally published in 1892, Loss of the Sultana and Reminiscences of Survivors is a collection of first-hand accounts by those who lived to tell the story of perhaps the worst maritime disaster in U.S. history.
Author: Chester D. Berry
Publisher: Univ. of Tennessee Press
Originally published in 1892, Loss of the Sultana and Reminiscences of Survivors is a collection of first-hand accounts by those who lived to tell the story of perhaps the worst maritime disaster in U.S. history. On the Mississippi River just above Memphis at two o'clock on the morning of April 27, 1865, the steamboat Sultana, carrying over 2,400 passengers (it was licensed to carry only 356), exploded and sank. Over 1,700 people perished. Most of the passengers were Union soldiers recently released from Confederate prisons. Many were from East Tennessee. They had boarded at Vicksburg, where the longest siege of the war had resulted in Confederate surrender, ending the Vicksburg campaign. The soldiers, homeward bound from Andersonville and Cahaba Confederate prisons, had survived the terrors of battle, the loss of close comrades, physical and psychological wounds, the risky confinement of hospital, the humiliation of capture and surrender, escape and recapture, homesickness, boredom, the daily threat of death by starvation, disease, suicide, robbery, injury, or death by raiders. Chester D. Berry - one of the survivors - compiled facts, records, and personal accounts of other survivors, resulting in this compelling and profound testimony to the human spirit in the face of tragedy.
Thus, although European settlers in the Mississippi valley probably didn't know
that large earthquakes could happen there, their Indian neighbors did. As far as
we know, the first humans hit by one of these large earthquakes were Indians ...
Author: Seth Stein
Publisher: Columbia University Press
A geologist takes readers inside contemporary earthquake research to offer a new account of the Midwest’s legendary New Madrid fault—“an exceptional read” (Choice). In the winter of 1811-12, a series of large earthquakes in the New Madrid seismic zone shook the Midwest. These historic geological events are often incorrectly described as the biggest ever to hit the United States. Today the federal government ranks the earthquake hazard in the Midwest as high as California's and is pressuring communities to undertake expensive preparations for disaster. In Disaster Deferred, geologist Seth Stein revisits these earthquakes, the legends that have grown around them, and the predictions of doom that have followed in their wake. He details how limited scientific knowledge, bureaucratic instincts, and the media's love of a good story have exaggerated these hazards. Debunking the hype, Stein explains how contemporary seismological techniques—including the use of GPS—painting a very different-and much less frightening-picture of the future. Using new geological ideas and data, he calls for a more sensible, less costly policy. “An essential book for policy makers, economists, and notably educators.”—Choice
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Public Works. Subcommittee on Disaster ReliefPublish On: 1973
Within a week the question was answered by 18 disaster teams to Pennsylvania
from the U.S. Office of Education . ... for the Record and answers to questions
which were raised during your Subcommittee's hearings in Biloxi , Mississippi .
Author: United States. Congress. Senate. Committee on Public Works. Subcommittee on Disaster Relief
Methodology. To examine how Gulf Coast states allocated their share of
Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) funds, we focused our review on
the states of Louisiana and Mississippi—the states most directly affected by the
2005 Gulf ...
Author: Stanley J. Czerwinski
Publisher: DIANE Publishing
Almost 4 years after the 2005 Gulf Coast hurricanes, the region continues to face daunting rebuilding challenges. To date, $19.7 billion in Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) funds have been appropriated for Gulf Coast rebuilding assistance -- the largest amount in the history of the program. This is a report on: (1) how Louisiana and Mississippi allocated their shares of CDBG funds; (2) what difficulties Louisiana faced in administering its housing recovery program; and (3) what human capital challenges Louisiana and Mississippi encountered and the efforts taken to address those challenges. The author interviewed fed. and state officials and reviewed budget data, fed. regulations, and state policies and planning documents. Tables and charts.