DNA Technology in Forensic Science

DNA Technology in Forensic Science

This volume offers important guidance to anyone working with this emerging law enforcement tool: policymakers, specialists in criminal law, forensic scientists, geneticists, researchers, faculty, and students.

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309045872

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 309

Matching DNA samples from crime scenes and suspects is rapidly becoming a key source of evidence for use in our justice system. DNA Technology in Forensic Science offers recommendations for resolving crucial questions that are emerging as DNA typing becomes more widespread. The volume addreses key issues: Quality and reliability in DNA typing, including the introduction of new technologies, problems of standardization, and approaches to certification. DNA typing in the courtroom, including issues of population genetics, levels of understanding among judges and juries, and admissibility. Societal issues, such as privacy of DNA data, storage of samples and data, and the rights of defendants to quality testing technology. Combining this original volume with the new update--The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence--provides the complete, up-to-date picture of this highly important and visible topic. This volume offers important guidance to anyone working with this emerging law enforcement tool: policymakers, specialists in criminal law, forensic scientists, geneticists, researchers, faculty, and students.
Categories: Science

DNA Technology in Forensic Science

DNA Technology in Forensic Science

Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on DNA Technology in Forensic Science

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:26321711

Category: DNA fingerprinting

Page: 26

View: 768

Categories: DNA fingerprinting

The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence

The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence

This volume offers recommendations for handling DNA samples, performing calculations, and other aspects of using DNA as a forensic toolâ€"modifying some recommendations presented in the 1992 volume.

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309053951

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 131

In 1992 the National Research Council issued DNA Technology in Forensic Science, a book that documented the state of the art in this emerging field. Recently, this volume was brought to worldwide attention in the murder trial of celebrity O. J. Simpson. The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence reports on developments in population genetics and statistics since the original volume was published. The committee comments on statements in the original book that proved controversial or that have been misapplied in the courts. This volume offers recommendations for handling DNA samples, performing calculations, and other aspects of using DNA as a forensic toolâ€"modifying some recommendations presented in the 1992 volume. The update addresses two major areas: Determination of DNA profiles. The committee considers how laboratory errors (particularly false matches) can arise, how errors might be reduced, and how to take into account the fact that the error rate can never be reduced to zero. Interpretation of a finding that the DNA profile of a suspect or victim matches the evidence DNA. The committee addresses controversies in population genetics, exploring the problems that arise from the mixture of groups and subgroups in the American population and how this substructure can be accounted for in calculating frequencies. This volume examines statistical issues in interpreting frequencies as probabilities, including adjustments when a suspect is found through a database search. The committee includes a detailed discussion of what its recommendations would mean in the courtroom, with numerous case citations. By resolving several remaining issues in the evaluation of this increasingly important area of forensic evidence, this technical update will be important to forensic scientists and population geneticistsâ€"and helpful to attorneys, judges, and others who need to understand DNA and the law. Anyone working in laboratories and in the courts or anyone studying this issue should own this book.
Categories: Science

DNA Technology and Its Forensic Application

DNA     Technology and Its Forensic Application

All up-to-date aspects of DNA technology are discussed partly in review lectures but mostly in research articles in this volume: new methods, population statistics for different restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP's), new ...

Author: G. Berghaus

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540540350

Category: Medical

Page: 225

View: 153

All up-to-date aspects of DNA technology are discussed partly in review lectures but mostly in research articles in this volume: new methods, population statistics for different restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP's), new developments dealing with the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), biostatistical aspects of single locus and multi locus profiles as well as examples of practical applications in paternity testing and forensic stain analysis. Contributors to this volume include most internationally acclaimed researchers in this field. Besides facts that are primarily of interest to forensic scientists, immunohaematologists and human geneticists should also find some aspects for their research.
Categories: Medical

DNA Technology and Forensic Science

DNA Technology and Forensic Science

Molecular biologists, legal authorities, forensic scientists, and policy analysts address questions of policy such as: Should DNA taken for identification be used to determine other genetic characteristics?

Author: John Ballantyne

Publisher: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press

ISBN: UOM:39015015477733

Category: Medical

Page: 368

View: 762

Molecular biologists, legal authorities, forensic scientists, and policy analysts address questions of policy such as: Should DNA taken for identification be used to determine other genetic characteristics? Should there be different standards of admissibility for DNA evidence compared with other typ
Categories: Medical

Forensic DNA Typing Principles Applications and Advancements

Forensic DNA Typing  Principles  Applications and Advancements

The book explores the fundamental principles, advances in forensic techniques, and its application on forensic DNA analysis.

Author: Pankaj Shrivastava

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811566554

Category: Science

Page: 685

View: 846

The book explores the fundamental principles, advances in forensic techniques, and its application on forensic DNA analysis. The book is divided into three modules; the first module provides the historical prospect of forensic DNA typing and introduces fundamentals of forensic DNA typing, methodology, and technical advancements, application of STRs, and DNA databases for forensic DNA profile analysis. Module 2 examines the problems and challenges encountered in extracting DNA and generating DNA profiles. It provides information on the methods and the best practices for DNA isolation from forensic biological samples and human remains like ancient DNA, DNA typing of skeletal remains and disaster victim identification, the importance of DNA typing in human trafficking, and various problems associated with capillary electrophoresis. Module 3 emphasizes various technologies that are based on SNPs, STRs namely Y-STR, X-STR, mitochondrial DNA profiling in forensic science. Module 4 explores the application of non-human forensic DNA typing of domestic animals, wildlife forensics, plant DNA fingerprinting, and microbial forensics. The last module discusses new areas and alternative methods in forensic DNA typing, including Next-Generation Sequencing, and its utility in forensic science, oral microbes, and forensic DNA phenotyping. Given its scope, the book is a useful resource in the field of DNA fingerprinting for scientists, forensic experts, and students at the postgraduate level.
Categories: Science

Forensic DNA Technology

Forensic DNA Technology

Forensic DNA Technology examines the legal and scientific issues relating to the implementation of DNA print technology in both the crime laboratory and the courtroom.

Author: Mark A. Farley

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351089029

Category: Law

Page: 266

View: 102

Forensic DNA Technology examines the legal and scientific issues relating to the implementation of DNA print technology in both the crime laboratory and the courtroom. Chapters have been written by many of the country's leading experts and trace the underlying theory and historical development of this technology, as well as the methodology utilized in the Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) techniques. The effect of environmental contaminants on the evidence and the statistical analysis of population genetics data as it relates to the potential of this technology for individualizing the donor of the questioned sample are also addressed. Other topics include the proposed guidelines for using this technology in the crime laboratory, the perspective of the prosecution and the defense, the legal standards for determining the admissibility and weight of such evidence at trial. Finally, the issues of validation and the standards for interpretation of autoradiograms are brought into focus in a detailed study of actual case work. Forensic scientists, prosecuting attorneys, defense attorneys, libraries, and all scientists working with DNA technology should consider this a "must have" book.
Categories: Law

DNA Evidence and Forensic Science

DNA Evidence and Forensic Science

From the Publisher: Each volume of the Facts On File Library in a Book series is carefully designed to be a first-stop research source on important current issues.

Author: David E. Newton

Publisher: Infobase Publishing

ISBN: 9781438100197

Category: Law

Page: 268

View: 943

From the Publisher: Each volume of the Facts On File Library in a Book series is carefully designed to be a first-stop research source on important current issues. Written clearly and carefully so that even the most complex aspects of the topic are easily understandable, the books give the reader the essential information to begin work, plus the research tools needed to delve more deeply into the issues. Each book includes a history of the subject, biographical information on important figures in the field, a complete annotated bibliography, and a carefully designed index-everything the researcher needs to get down to work. Recent developments in forensic methods have revolutionized crime scene investigations so that one piece of forensic evidence can often determine an individual's guilt or innocence. Tests involving fingerprinting, polygraphs, ballistics, toxicology, voice analysis, DNA typing, and other techniques can be combined or used independently to provide information about a crime. Some of these methods have been known and used for many centuries; others have been developed only recently. Some procedures create highly valid and reliable results; others generate conclusions that may be uncertain at best or legally useless. DNA Evidence and Forensic Science examines the history and opinions surrounding the issue-from the early use of fingerprinting to identify civil servants to the latest advances in DNA typing in criminal investigations. Documents such as the Employee Polygraph Protection Act of 1988 and contemporary case studies such as Daubert v. Merrell Dow Pharmaceuticals provide multiple perspectives and decisions surrounding the issue while also plotting a course for the future of legislative action pertaining to DNA evidence and forensic science.
Categories: Law

DNA In Forensic Science

DNA In Forensic Science

An up-to-date treatment of DNA in forensic science, which contains an introduction to the underlying science, and lays the foundation for a discussion of the technology and methods used.

Author: James R. Robertson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203015155

Category: Law

Page: 212

View: 280

An up-to-date treatment of DNA in forensic science, which contains an introduction to the underlying science, and lays the foundation for a discussion of the technology and methods used. It also addresses current applications of DNA techniques.; Topics covered include structure, function and variation in DNA, experimental techniques, hypervariant and intermediate variant probes, DNA analysis in paternity testing and legal perspectives.; providing the latest information on the uses of DNA in the field of forensic science this book will be of value not only to practitioners but also to all those concerned with the law.
Categories: Law