DNA Technology in Forensic Science

DNA Technology in Forensic Science

This volume offers important guidance to anyone working with this emerging law enforcement tool: policymakers, specialists in criminal law, forensic scientists, geneticists, researchers, faculty, and students.

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309045872

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 216

Matching DNA samples from crime scenes and suspects is rapidly becoming a key source of evidence for use in our justice system. DNA Technology in Forensic Science offers recommendations for resolving crucial questions that are emerging as DNA typing becomes more widespread. The volume addreses key issues: Quality and reliability in DNA typing, including the introduction of new technologies, problems of standardization, and approaches to certification. DNA typing in the courtroom, including issues of population genetics, levels of understanding among judges and juries, and admissibility. Societal issues, such as privacy of DNA data, storage of samples and data, and the rights of defendants to quality testing technology. Combining this original volume with the new update--The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence--provides the complete, up-to-date picture of this highly important and visible topic. This volume offers important guidance to anyone working with this emerging law enforcement tool: policymakers, specialists in criminal law, forensic scientists, geneticists, researchers, faculty, and students.
Categories: Science

DNA Technology and Forensic Science

DNA Technology and Forensic Science

Molecular biologists, legal authorities, forensic scientists, and policy analysts address questions of policy such as: Should DNA taken for identification be used to determine other genetic characteristics?

Author: John Ballantyne

Publisher: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press

ISBN: UOM:39015015477733

Category: Medical

Page: 368

View: 317

Molecular biologists, legal authorities, forensic scientists, and policy analysts address questions of policy such as: Should DNA taken for identification be used to determine other genetic characteristics? Should there be different standards of admissibility for DNA evidence compared with other typ
Categories: Medical

DNA Technology in Forensic Science

DNA Technology in Forensic Science

National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Commission on Life Sciences, Committee on DNA Technology in Forensic Science. codes for the amino acids that constitute the building blocks of proteins.

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309185580

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 979

Matching DNA samples from crime scenes and suspects is rapidly becoming a key source of evidence for use in our justice system. DNA Technology in Forensic Science offers recommendations for resolving crucial questions that are emerging as DNA typing becomes more widespread. The volume addreses key issues: Quality and reliability in DNA typing, including the introduction of new technologies, problems of standardization, and approaches to certification. DNA typing in the courtroom, including issues of population genetics, levels of understanding among judges and juries, and admissibility. Societal issues, such as privacy of DNA data, storage of samples and data, and the rights of defendants to quality testing technology. Combining this original volume with the new update--The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence--provides the complete, up-to-date picture of this highly important and visible topic. This volume offers important guidance to anyone working with this emerging law enforcement tool: policymakers, specialists in criminal law, forensic scientists, geneticists, researchers, faculty, and students.
Categories: Science

DNA Technology and Its Forensic Application

DNA     Technology and Its Forensic Application

All up-to-date aspects of DNA technology are discussed partly in review lectures but mostly in research articles in this volume: new methods, population statistics for different restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP's), new ...

Author: G. Berghaus

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540540350

Category: Medical

Page: 225

View: 577

All up-to-date aspects of DNA technology are discussed partly in review lectures but mostly in research articles in this volume: new methods, population statistics for different restriction fragment length polymorphisms (RFLP's), new developments dealing with the polymerase chain reaction (PCR), biostatistical aspects of single locus and multi locus profiles as well as examples of practical applications in paternity testing and forensic stain analysis. Contributors to this volume include most internationally acclaimed researchers in this field. Besides facts that are primarily of interest to forensic scientists, immunohaematologists and human geneticists should also find some aspects for their research.
Categories: Medical

DNA Technology in Forensic Science

DNA Technology in Forensic Science

Author: National Research Council (U.S.). Committee on DNA Technology in Forensic Science

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:26321711

Category: DNA fingerprinting

Page: 26

View: 386

Categories: DNA fingerprinting

Forensic DNA Technology

Forensic DNA Technology

Forensic DNA Technology examines the legal and scientific issues relating to the implementation of DNA print technology in both the crime laboratory and the courtroom.

Author: Mark A. Farley

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781351080576

Category: Law

Page: 266

View: 988

Forensic DNA Technology examines the legal and scientific issues relating to the implementation of DNA print technology in both the crime laboratory and the courtroom. Chapters have been written by many of the country's leading experts and trace the underlying theory and historical development of this technology, as well as the methodology utilized in the Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism (RFLP) and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) techniques. The effect of environmental contaminants on the evidence and the statistical analysis of population genetics data as it relates to the potential of this technology for individualizing the donor of the questioned sample are also addressed. Other topics include the proposed guidelines for using this technology in the crime laboratory, the perspective of the prosecution and the defense, the legal standards for determining the admissibility and weight of such evidence at trial. Finally, the issues of validation and the standards for interpretation of autoradiograms are brought into focus in a detailed study of actual case work. Forensic scientists, prosecuting attorneys, defense attorneys, libraries, and all scientists working with DNA technology should consider this a "must have" book.
Categories: Law

DNA Technology A Reference Handbook

DNA Technology  A Reference Handbook

This book presents a number of issues that have arisen and may arise from scientists' ability to manipulate the DNA structure of individual organisms. Topics include the use of DNA technology in forensic science, protection against ...

Author: David E. Newton

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 9781598843293

Category: Science

Page: 311

View: 333

A concise, authoritative source that explores the latest advances and potential uses of DNA, as well as the ethical dilemmas surrounding the altering of genetic material. • Includes a range of primary sources including tables on genetically modified crops, position papers written by nongovernmental organizations, laws, and regulations in the United States and elsewhere in the world • Offers a listing of the most important terms used in a discussion of DNA technologies
Categories: Science

The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence

The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence

This volume offers recommendations for handling DNA samples, performing calculations, and other aspects of using DNA as a forensic toolâ€"modifying some recommendations presented in the 1992 volume.

Author: National Research Council

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 9780309053952

Category: Science

Page: 272

View: 445

In 1992 the National Research Council issued DNA Technology in Forensic Science, a book that documented the state of the art in this emerging field. Recently, this volume was brought to worldwide attention in the murder trial of celebrity O. J. Simpson. The Evaluation of Forensic DNA Evidence reports on developments in population genetics and statistics since the original volume was published. The committee comments on statements in the original book that proved controversial or that have been misapplied in the courts. This volume offers recommendations for handling DNA samples, performing calculations, and other aspects of using DNA as a forensic tool--modifying some recommendations presented in the 1992 volume. The update addresses two major areas: Determination of DNA profiles. The committee considers how laboratory errors (particularly false matches) can arise, how errors might be reduced, and how to take into account the fact that the error rate can never be reduced to zero. Interpretation of a finding that the DNA profile of a suspect or victim matches the evidence DNA. The committee addresses controversies in population genetics, exploring the problems that arise from the mixture of groups and subgroups in the American population and how this substructure can be accounted for in calculating frequencies. This volume examines statistical issues in interpreting frequencies as probabilities, including adjustments when a suspect is found through a database search. The committee includes a detailed discussion of what its recommendations would mean in the courtroom, with numerous case citations. By resolving several remaining issues in the evaluation of this increasingly important area of forensic evidence, this technical update will be important to forensic scientists and population geneticists--and helpful to attorneys, judges, and others who need to understand DNA and the law. Anyone working in laboratories and in the courts or anyone studying this issue should own this book.
Categories: Science

Handbook of DNA Forensic Applications and Interpretation

Handbook of DNA Forensic Applications and Interpretation

This handbook covers tested and proven DNA forensic testing methodologies, forensic bioinformatics techniques, case studies and current forensic legal framework for investigation of variety of crimes and provides a clinching evidence for ...

Author: Amit Kumar

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811900433

Category: Medical

Page: 191

View: 944

This handbook covers tested and proven DNA forensic testing methodologies, forensic bioinformatics techniques, case studies and current forensic legal framework for investigation of variety of crimes and provides a clinching evidence for speedy justice. DNA testing is widely used for forensic purposes and is changing the paradigm of (crime) investigation. The book contains chapters on usage of ultramodern DNA collection kits, presents era evidence collection and preservation, high-end DNA sample analysis in laboratory, DNA legislation, expert evidences, challenging and successful case studies, data generation and application of AI and IoT techniques for DNA data analysis, DNA databanks and training manpower to facilitate timely reporting to the requesting agencies. This handbook equips and enables police, investigators and crime analysis laboratories with knowhow of high-end tools, procedures and techniques to link or exclude a criminal to a crime. It is expected that this will be used by first responders, police, forensic analysts, judiciaries, evidence handlers and students and scholars of criminology and forensic sciences worldwide. The intention to write this handbook is to make DNA technology and its importance reach every common man and professional for correctly using it as a tool as and when required. This is quite evident that awareness of DNA technology has increased at a reasonable pace. Courts and investigating agencies are convinced and confident with its accuracy, reliability and unmatched peace delivered by various techniques of DNA fingerprinting and DNA profiling.
Categories: Medical