Eastern European Railways in Transition

Eastern European Railways in Transition

In this volume, leading transport history scholars take a fresh look at this situation, and the ramifications it had for Europe.

Author: Henry Jacolin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317146520

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 796

During the nineteenth century, railway lines spread rapidly across Europe, linking the continent in ways unimaginable to previous generations. By the beginning of the twentieth century the great cities of the continent were linked by a complex and extensive rail network. Yet this high-point of interconnectivity, was abruptly cut-off after 1945, as the Cold War built barriers - both physical and ideological - between east and west. In this volume, leading transport history scholars take a fresh look at this situation, and the ramifications it had for Europe. As well as addressing the parallel development of railways either side of the Iron Curtain, the book looks at how transport links have been reconnected and reconfigured in the twenty years since the reunification of Europe. In particular, it focuses upon the former communist countries and how they have responded to the challenges and opportunities railways offer both nationally and internationally. Including contributions from historians, researchers, policy makers, representatives of railway companies and railway museum staff, the essays in this collection touch upon a rich range of subjects. Divided into four sections: 'The Historical Overview', 'Under Russian Protection', After the Fall of the Iron Curtain, and 'The Heritage of Railways in Eastern Europe' the volume offers a broadly chronological introduction to the issue, that provides both a snap-shot of current debates and a starting point for further research. It concludes that in an era of increased globalisation and interconnectivity - and despite the rise of air and road transport and virtual methods of communication - railways still have a crucial role to play in the development of a prosperous and connected Europe.
Categories: History

Eastern European Railways in Transition

Eastern European Railways in Transition

In this volume, leading transport history scholars take a fresh look at the impact of the Cold War upon European railways both before and after 1989.

Author: Ralf Roth

Publisher:

ISBN: 1409427838

Category: History

Page: 428

View: 110

In this volume, leading transport history scholars take a fresh look at the impact of the Cold War upon European railways both before and after 1989. As well as addressing the development of eastern and central European railways, the book examines how transport links have been reconnected and reconfigured in the twenty years since the reunification of Europe. In particular, it focuses upon the former communist countries and how they have responded to the challenges and opportunities railways offer both nationally and internationally.
Categories: History

Eastern European Railways in Transition

Eastern European Railways in Transition

European. Railways. in. Transition. Ralf Roth Some General Lines of Railway Development in Eastern Europe Our goal is not to clarify all problems of European transport or railway history in 400 pages, but to provide an opening to the ...

Author: Henry Jacolin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781317146537

Category: History

Page: 432

View: 709

During the nineteenth century, railway lines spread rapidly across Europe, linking the continent in ways unimaginable to previous generations. By the beginning of the twentieth century the great cities of the continent were linked by a complex and extensive rail network. Yet this high-point of interconnectivity, was abruptly cut-off after 1945, as the Cold War built barriers - both physical and ideological - between east and west. In this volume, leading transport history scholars take a fresh look at this situation, and the ramifications it had for Europe. As well as addressing the parallel development of railways either side of the Iron Curtain, the book looks at how transport links have been reconnected and reconfigured in the twenty years since the reunification of Europe. In particular, it focuses upon the former communist countries and how they have responded to the challenges and opportunities railways offer both nationally and internationally. Including contributions from historians, researchers, policy makers, representatives of railway companies and railway museum staff, the essays in this collection touch upon a rich range of subjects. Divided into four sections: 'The Historical Overview', 'Under Russian Protection', After the Fall of the Iron Curtain, and 'The Heritage of Railways in Eastern Europe' the volume offers a broadly chronological introduction to the issue, that provides both a snap-shot of current debates and a starting point for further research. It concludes that in an era of increased globalisation and interconnectivity - and despite the rise of air and road transport and virtual methods of communication - railways still have a crucial role to play in the development of a prosperous and connected Europe.
Categories: History

The Routledge History Handbook of Central and Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century

The Routledge History Handbook of Central and Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century

connected with the Italian network in the 1850s; north-eastern trains were connected with the Prussian network, ... 33 Ralf Roth, 'Introduction: Eastern European Railways in Transition', in Roth and Jacolin, Eastern European Railways, ...

Author: Włodzimierz Borodziej

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781000711011

Category: History

Page: 446

View: 165

Challenges of Modernity offers a broad account of the social and economic history of Central and Eastern Europe in the twentieth century and asks critical questions about the structure and experience of modernity in different contexts and periods. This volume focuses on central questions such as: How did the various aspects of modernity manifest themselves in the region, and what were their limits? How was the multifaceted transition from a mainly agrarian to an industrial and post-industrial society experienced and perceived by historical subjects? Did Central and Eastern Europe in fact approximate its dream of modernity in the twentieth century despite all the reversals, detours and third-way visions? Structured chronologically and taking a comparative approach, a range of international contributors combine a focus on the overarching problems of the region with a discussion of individual countries and societies, offering the reader a comprehensive, nuanced survey of the social and economic history of this complex region in the recent past. The first in a four-volume set on Central and Eastern Europe in the twentieth century, it is the go-to resource for those interested in the ‘challenges of modernity‘ faced by this dynamic region.
Categories: History

Cold War Cities

Cold War Cities

The Royal Prussian Railway (Ostbahn) and Its Importance for East-West Transportation. in Eastern European Railways in Transition: Nineteenth to Twenty-first Centuries. edited by Jacolin, Henry. 117–130. London: Routledge. Ozorak, Paul.

Author: Richard Brook

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351330640

Category: History

Page: 332

View: 827

This book examines the impact of the Cold War in a global context and focuses on city-scale reactions to the atomic warfare. It explores urbanism as a weapon to combat the dangers of the communist intrusion into the American territories and promote living standards for the urban poor in the US cities. The Cold War saw the birth of ‘atomic urbanisation’, central to which were planning, politics and cultural practices of the newly emerged cities. This book examines cities in the Arctic, Europe, Asia and Australasia in detail to reveal how military, political, resistance and cultural practices impacted on the spaces of everyday life. It probes questions of city planning and development, such as: How did the threat of nuclear war affect planning at a range of geographic scales? What were the patterns of the built environment, architectural forms and material aesthetics of atomic urbanism in difference places? And, how did the ‘Bomb’ manifest itself in civic governance, popular media, arts and academia? Understanding the age of atomic urbanism can help meet the contemporary challenges that cities are facing. The book delivers a new dimension to the existing debates of the ideologically opposed superpowers and their allies, their hemispherical geopolitical struggles, and helps to understand decades of growth post-Second World War by foregrounding the Cold War.
Categories: History

ECMT Round Tables What Role for the Railways in Eastern Europe

ECMT Round Tables What Role for the Railways in Eastern Europe

European Conference of Ministers of Transport. 2. TRANSITION: THE DAM BREAKS As the level of water behind a dam continues to rise, it is rare that the water simply relieves the pressure by gradually leaking through.

Author: European Conference of Ministers of Transport

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9789282112922

Category:

Page: 148

View: 462

Based on a review of the strengths and weaknesses of the railways in the Countries of Central and Eastern Europe and in the Commonwealth of Independent States, this Round Table comes to a series of inescapable conclusions.
Categories:

Mobility in the Russian Central and East European Past

Mobility in the Russian  Central and East European Past

... 1898–1910 (London: Penguin, 2010) and Ralf Roth and Henry Jacolin, eds, Eastern European Railways in Transition: 19th to 21st Centuries (Aldershot, UK: Routledge, 2013). 9 2015); Tait Keller, Apostles of the Alps: Mountaineering and.

Author: Róisín Healy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780429755972

Category: History

Page: 190

View: 566

The "new mobilities paradigm" which emerged at the beginning of the twenty-first century has identified mobility as a process intrinsic to the human experience and fundamental to the formation of social and political structures. This volume breaks new ground by demonstrating the role of the journey as a key motor of human development in Russia, central and east Europe in the modern period. It does so by means of twelve case studies that examine different types of movement, both voluntary and involuntary, temporary and permanent, short- and long-distance, into, out of, and around the region.
Categories: History

Imaging and Mapping Eastern Europe

Imaging and Mapping Eastern Europe

Eastern European Railways in Transition: Nineteenth to Twenty-First Centuries. Farnham: Ashgate, 2013. Rothenberg, Tamar Y. Presenting America's World: Strategies of Innocence in 'National Geographic Magazine'. Aldershot and Burlington ...

Author: Katarzyna Murawska-Muthesius

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9781351034401

Category: Art

Page: 252

View: 560

Imaging and Mapping Eastern Europe puts images centre stage and argues for the agency of the visual in the construction of Europe’s east as a socio-political and cultural entity. This book probes into the discontinuous processes of mapping the eastern European space and imaging the eastern European body. Beginning from the Renaissance maps of Sarmatia Europea, it moves onto the images of women in ethnic dress on the pages of travellers’ reports from the Balkans, to cartoons of children bullied by dictators in the satirical press, to Cold War cartography, and it ends with photos of protesting crowds on contemporary dust jackets. Studying the eastern European ‘iconosphere’ leads to the engagement with issues central for image studies and visual culture: word and image relationship, overlaps between the codes of othering and self-fashioning, as well as interaction between the diverse modes of production specific to cartography, travel illustrations, caricature, and book cover design. This book will be of interest to scholars in art history, visual culture, and central Asian, Russian and Eastern European studies.
Categories: Art

The Rise and Decline of Communist Czechoslovakia s Railway Sector

The Rise and Decline of Communist Czechoslovakia   s Railway Sector

“Transport under Socialism: The Case of the Czechoslovak State Railways 1948–1989.” In Eastern European Railways in Transition: Nineteenth to Twenty-First Centuries, edited by Ralf Roth and Henry Jacolin, 145–56. Farnham: Ashgate, 2013.

Author: Tomáš Nigrin

Publisher: Central European University Press

ISBN: 9789633864777

Category: Political Science

Page: 260

View: 605

Once the pride of interwar Czechoslovakia, and key during the forced industrialization of the Stalinist period, during the 1970s and 1980s the Czechoslovak railway sector showed the symptoms of the political tiredness and economic exhaustion of the Soviet Bloc. This book examines the failure of central economic planning through the lens of this national transport system. Based on the presentation of its history and on the detailed scrutiny of the actors, institutions, internal mechanisms, and conditions of the railway sector, the analysis reveals the identities of the real stakeholders in the state administration. This case shows how the country was governed by Communist Party institutions and government ministries, and how developments in the transportation sector—like in every sector—reflected their priorities. Numerous tables with selected statistics underscore the economic analysis and black and white photos offer a glimpse on the technical base of the railway sector. The book is filled with enlightening comparisons of the Czechoslovak transportation industry with its counterparts in the whole Eastern Bloc. Integration into the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (Comecon) of the Bloc could have been an asset, yet the records have more to say about conflicts than cooperation.
Categories: Political Science