Ecology Evolution and Behaviour of Wild Cattle

Ecology  Evolution and Behaviour of Wild Cattle

Covering all thirteen species of wild cattle, Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour of Wild Cattle brings together the contributions of international leading experts on the biology, evolution, conservation status and management of the tribe ...

Author: Mario Melletti

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316061107

Category: Medical

Page: 1056

View: 986

Covering all thirteen species of wild cattle, Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour of Wild Cattle brings together the contributions of international leading experts on the biology, evolution, conservation status and management of the tribe Bovini, providing: • A comprehensive review of current knowledge on systematic, anatomy and ecology of all wild cattle species (chapters 1 to 8); • A clear understanding of the conservation status of each species and the gaps in our current knowledge (chapters 9 to 20); • A number of case studies on conservation activities and an investigation of some of the most threatened and poorly understood species (chapters 21 to 27). An invaluable resource for students, researchers, and professionals in behavioural ecology, evolutionary biology and conservation biology, this beautifully illustrated reference work reveals the extraordinary link between wild cattle and humans, the benefits some of these species have brought us, and their key roles in their natural ecosystems.
Categories: Medical

Ecology Evolution and Behaviour of Wild Cattle

Ecology  Evolution and Behaviour of Wild Cattle

Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour of Wild Cattle Implications for Conservation Covering all thirteen species of wild cattle, the Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour of Wild Cattle brings together the contributions of international leading ...

Author: Mario Melletti

Publisher:

ISBN: 9781107036642

Category: Medical

Page: 479

View: 567

A beautifully illustrated reference work on the biology, ecology, conservation status and management of all thirteen species of wild cattle and buffalo. This book will be a valuable resource for students, researchers, and professionals in animal behaviour, behavioural ecology, evolutionary biology and conservation biology.
Categories: Medical

Ecology Conservation and Management of Wild Pigs and Peccaries

Ecology  Conservation and Management of Wild Pigs and Peccaries

With Mario having done a similar book on wild cattle, Ecology, Evolution and Behaviour of Wild Cattle with James Burton, also published by Cambridge University Press, we believed that it was worth trying the same for pigs and peccaries.

Author: Mario Melletti

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781316947173

Category: Nature

Page:

View: 538

Wild pigs inhabit vast areas in Europe, Southern Asia and Africa, and have been introduced in North and South America, while feral pigs are widespread in Australia and New Zealand. Many wild pig species are threatened with extinction, but Eurasian wild boar populations, however, are increasing in many regions. Covering all wild pig and peccary species, the Suidae and Tayassuidae families, this comprehensive review presents new information about the evolution, taxonomy and domestication of wild pigs and peccaries alongside novel case studies on conservation activities and management. One hundred leading experts from twenty five countries synthesise understanding of this group of species; discussing current research, and gaps in the knowledge of researchers, conservation biologists, zoologists, wildlife managers and students. This beautifully illustrated reference includes the long history of interactions between wild pigs and humans, the benefits some species have brought us and their role and impact on natural ecosystems.
Categories: Nature

The Oxford Handbook of Zooarchaeology

The Oxford Handbook of Zooarchaeology

Barker, J.S. F. (2014) 'Genetics of wild water buffalo', in Melletti, M. and Burton, J. (eds) Ecology, Evolution and Behavior of Wild Cattle, Box 16.1. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Bisht, R. S. (2005) 'The water structures and ...

Author: Umberto Albarella

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780191509988

Category: Social Science

Page: 784

View: 132

Animals have played a fundamental role in shaping human history, and the study of their remains from archaeological sites - zooarchaeology - has gradually been emerging as a powerful discipline and crucible for forging an understanding of our past. The Oxford Handbook of Zooarchaeology offers a cutting-edge compendium of zooarchaeology the world over that transcends environmental, economic, and social approaches, seeking instead to provide a holistic view of the roles played by animals in past human cultures. Incisive chapters written by leading scholars in the field incorporate case studies from across five continents, from Iceland to New Zealand and from Japan to Egypt and Ecuador, providing a sense of the dynamism of the discipline, the many approaches and methods adopted by different schools and traditions, and an idea of the huge range of interactions that have occurred between people and animals throughout the world and its history. Adaptations of human-animal relationships in environments as varied as the Arctic, temperate forests, deserts, the tropics, and the sea are discussed, while studies of hunter-gatherers, farmers, herders, fishermen, and even traders and urban dwellers highlight the importance that animals have had in all forms of human societies. With an introduction that clearly contextualizes the current practice of zooarchaeology in relation to both its history and the challenges and opportunities that can be expected for the future, and a methodological glossary illuminating the way in which zooarchaeologists approach the study of their material, this Handbook will be invaluable not only for specialists in the field, but for anybody who has an interest in our past and the role that animals have played in forging it.
Categories: Social Science

The Ecology of Browsing and Grazing II

The Ecology of Browsing and Grazing II

J Morphol 166:337–386 Clauss M, Hofmann RR (2014) The digestive system of ruminants, and peculiarities of (wild) cattle. In: Melletti M, Burton J (eds) Ecology, evolution and behaviour of wild cattle: implications for conservation.

Author: Iain J. Gordon

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030258658

Category: Science

Page: 451

View: 278

Domestic and wild large mammalian herbivores occur on every continent except Antarctica. Through their browsing and grazing, they affect the structure and distribution not only of vegetation, but also of associated fauna. Consequently, the interactions between management practices and herbivore populations influence the biodiversity, structure and dynamics of ecosystems across vast expanses around the globe: signs of human activity that will be detectable for epochs to come. As a follow-up work to The Ecology of Browsing and Grazing, published in 2008, this new volume presents cutting-edge research on the behaviour, distribution, movement, and direct and indirect impacts of domestic and wild herbivores on terrestrial ecosystems. The respective chapters highlight strategic and applied research on cross-cutting issues in palaeontology and ecology, and provide concrete recommendations on the management of large herbivores to integrate production and conservation in terrestrial systems. Given its scope, the book will appeal to students, researchers and anyone interested in understanding these fascinating wild animals and how they shape the natural world.
Categories: Science

The Ecology of Large Herbivores in South and Southeast Asia

The Ecology of Large Herbivores in South and Southeast Asia

In: Melletti M, Burton J (eds) Ecology, evolution and behaviour of wild cattle. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 174–193 Ahrestani FS, Heitkonig IMA, Prins HHT (2011) Herbaceous production in South India-limiting factors and ...

Author: Farshid Ahrestani

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789401775700

Category: Science

Page: 257

View: 963

Large terrestrial mammalian herbivores play critical roles in ecosystems by acting as regulators of energy and nutrient cycles, modulators of plant community composition and grassland-woodland transitions, agents of seed dispersal, and as prey for large carnivores. Though large herbivores represent a prominent component of mammalian assemblages throughout South and Southeast Asia, little is known about their roles in ecosystems in the region. This volume presents, for the first time, a collection of studies on the ecology of the rich and diverse large herbivore assemblages of South and Southeast Asia. Prepared by experts on herbivores of the region, it covers a comprehensive range of topics, including their evolutionary history, behavioural, nutritional, and population ecology, patterns of diversity across environmental gradients, roles as seed dispersers and regulators of plant growth, community compositions, and their conservation in the face of hunting and global change.
Categories: Science

Spatial Dynamics and Ecology of Large Ungulate Populations in Tropical Forests of India

Spatial Dynamics and Ecology of Large Ungulate Populations in Tropical Forests of India

In: Melletti M, Burton J (eds) Ecology, evolution and behaviour of wild cattle: implications for conservation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 174–193 Ahrestani FS, Heitkonig IMA, Prins HHT (2012) Diet and habitat-niche ...

Author: N. Samba Kumar

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811569340

Category: Nature

Page: 195

View: 156

Large ungulates in tropical forests are among the most threatened taxa of mammals. Excessive hunting, degradation of and encroachments on their natural habitats by humans have contributed to drastic reductions in wild ungulate populations in recent decades. As such, reliable assessments of ungulate-habitat relationships and the spatial dynamics of their populations are urgently needed to provide a scientific basis for conservation efforts. However, such rigorous assessments are methodologically complex and logistically difficult, and consequently many commonly used ungulate population survey methods do not address key problems. As a result of such deficiencies, key parameters related to population distribution, abundance, habitat ecology and management of tropical forest ungulates remain poorly understood. This book addresses this critical knowledge gap by examining how population abundance patterns in five threatened species of large ungulates vary across space in the tropical forests of the Nagarahole-Bandipur reserves in southwestern India. It also explains the development and application of an innovative methodology – spatially explicit line transect sampling – based on an advanced hierarchical modelling under the Bayesian inferential framework, which overcomes common methodological deficiencies in current ungulate surveys. The methods and results presented provide valuable reference material for researchers and professionals involved in studying and managing wild ungulate populations around the globe.
Categories: Nature

Diseases at the Wildlife Livestock Interface

Diseases at the Wildlife   Livestock Interface

In: Melletti M, Burton J (eds) Ecology, evolution and behaviour of wild cattle: implications for conservation. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp 431–445 Kuiper TR, Loveridge AJ, Parker DM, Johnson PJ, Hunt JE, Stapelkamp B, ...

Author: Joaquín Vicente

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030653651

Category: Science

Page: 421

View: 743

Shared diseases among wildlife, livestock and humans, often transboundary, are relevant to public health and global economy, as being highlighted currently relative to the global COVID19 pandemic. Diseases at these interfaces also impact the conservation of biodiversity and must be considered when managing wildlife. While wildlife and domestic livestock have coexisted in dynamic systems for thousands of years, spillover disease risks are higher today than in the past due to global patterns of increasing close contact and interactions among wildlife, livestock and humans in the context of complex, diverse and numerous circumstances. Multidisciplinary studies of animal interfaces, especially those involving wildlife, therefore, must be brought to the forefront so that knowledge gaps can be realized and filled to inform managers and policy makers. In the first part of the book authors illustrate and discuss ecological and epidemiological concepts related to the interfaces, with a vision towards socio-ecological system health. In addition, the history of past animal interfaces provides the necessary perspective to focus current questions, better understand present situations, and informs how we can best approach the future. The second part discusses the myriad of similar and differing wildlife- livestock interfaces found around the world from a regional point of view. The third part focuses on how to assess the spatial and temporal overlap between livestock and wildlife, and authors present new technical innovations about how inter-transmissions between wild and domestic populations can be quantified. An overview of main modeling approaches available to quantify multi-host disease transmission at the wildlife/livestock interface, illustrated with specific-case studies, is also presented. Finally, the need for interdisciplinary approaches and a dedicated thematic field to approach the wildlife/livestock interfaces and create opportunities to promote wildlife–livestock coexistence is emphasized. The concluding chapter presents perspectives and directions to better understanding disease dynamics at the wildlife/livestock interface, global change and implications for the future. The changing distribution of interfaces, ongoing human and environmental changes (e. g. climate warming, changes in animal production systems, etc.) and their likely impacts and consequences for the interfaces and disease transmission processes are all discussed.
Categories: Science

Yeasts in Biotechnology

Yeasts in Biotechnology

... cows [30] Clauss M, Hofmann RR. The digestive system of ruminants, and supplemented with live yeast. Scientia Agricola. 2011;68(3):301-307 peculiarities of (wild) cattle. Ecology, evolution and behaviour of wild cattle: Implications ...

Author: Thalita Peixoto Basso

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9781789239270

Category: Medical

Page: 136

View: 550

This book offers a broad understanding of several ways in which yeasts can be applied to the biotechnology industry. The seven chapters are grouped into three sections (apart from the "Introduction" section). The Animal Nutrition section comprises two chapters dealing with the utilization of yeast as a probiotic for animal nutrition. The Food Industry section addresses the utilization of yeast in food products. Finally, the Industrial Bioproducts section deals with the development of new yeast platforms as cell factories for biochemical production.
Categories: Medical

Bears of the World

Bears of the World

Covering all bears species worldwide, this beautifully illustrated volume brings together the contributions of 200 international bear experts on the ecology, conservation status, and management of the Ursidae family.

Author: Vincenzo Penteriani

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781108578752

Category: Nature

Page:

View: 101

Bears have fascinated people since ancient times. The relationship between bears and humans dates back thousands of years, during which time we have also competed with bears for shelter and food. In modern times, bears have come under pressure through encroachment on their habitats, climate change, and illegal trade in their body parts, including the Asian bear bile market. The IUCN lists six bears as vulnerable or endangered, and even the least concern species, such as the brown bear, are at risk of extirpation in certain countries. The poaching and international trade of these most threatened populations are prohibited, but still ongoing. Covering all bears species worldwide, this beautifully illustrated volume brings together the contributions of 200 international bear experts on the ecology, conservation status, and management of the Ursidae family. It reveals the fascinating long history of interactions between humans and bears and the threats affecting these charismatic species.
Categories: Nature