Ecology of Leaf Longevity

Ecology of Leaf Longevity

This book brings together for the first time information scattered widely in the botanical literature to provide a clear and comprehensive introduction to the nature and significance of variation in leaf longevity.

Author: Kihachiro Kikuzawa

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9784431539186

Category: Science

Page: 147

View: 611

Leaf longevity is a fundamental process underlying patterns of variation in foliar phenology and determining the distinction between deciduous and evergreen plant species. Variation in leaf longevity is associated with a wide array of differences in the physiology, anatomy, morphology and ecology of plants. This book brings together for the first time information scattered widely in the botanical literature to provide a clear and comprehensive introduction to the nature and significance of variation in leaf longevity. It traces the development of ideas about leaf longevity from the earliest descriptive studies to contemporary theory of leaf longevity as a key element in the function of leaves as photosynthetic organs. An understanding of variation in leaf longevity reveals much about the nature of adaptation at the whole plant level and provides fundamental insights into the basis of variation in plant productivity at the ecosystem level. The analysis of leaf longevity also provides a process-based perspective on phenological shifts associated with the changing climate. Readers will find this an informative synthesis summarizing and illustrating different views in a readily accessible narrative that draws attention to a central but too often unappreciated aspect of plant biology. The nature and causes of seasonal patterns in the birth and death of individual plant leaves are essential to the understanding of the health of plant communities, biomes, and consequently our planet.
Categories: Science

Plant Cell Death Processes

Plant Cell Death Processes

Leaf longevity is determined by a balance between costs and benefits of a leaf. The benefit of the leaf ... Longevities of living and fallen leaves are interrelated with each other and affect the rate of matter flow within an ecosystem.

Author: Larry D. Nooden

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080492087

Category: Science

Page: 392

View: 715

Programmed cell death is a common pattern of growth and development in both animals and plants. However, programmed cell death and related processes are not as generally recognized as central to plant growth. This is changing fast and is becoming more of a focus of intensive research. This edited work will bring under one cover recent reviews of programmed cell death, apoptosis and senescence. Summaries of the myriad aspects of cell death in plants Discussion of the broadest implications of these disparite results A unification of fields where there has been no cross talk Enables easy entry into diverse but related lines of research
Categories: Science

Methods in Comparative Plant Ecology

Methods in Comparative Plant Ecology

Information on leaf longevity is likely to be particularly relevant to, for example, studies of nutrient cycling, herbivory and plant strategy. Indeed, Chabot and Hicks [1] have identified 11 ecological hypotheses relating to leaf life ...

Author: G.A. Hendry

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9789401114943

Category: Science

Page: 252

View: 568

Methods in Comparative Plant Ecology: A laboratory manual is a sister book to the widely acclaimed Comparative Plant Ecology by Grime, Hodgson and Hunt. It contains details on some 90 critical concise diagnostic techniques by over 40 expert contributors. In one volume it provides an authoritative bench-top guide to diagnostic techniques in experimental plant ecology.
Categories: Science

Advances in Ecological Research

Advances in Ecological Research

Despite these differences in roots and leaves, analogies to leaves have provided much of the theory of root lifespan. One organizing theme in the ecology of leaf lifespan is the influence of habitat resource availability on the ...

Author:

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080567118

Category: Science

Page: 276

View: 140

This volume contains papers highlighting the diverse interests of modern ecologists. Areas covered range from physiological and evolutionary ecology to ecosystem ecology. Papers address the longevity of roots, the importance of wind dispersal to the population ecology of nocturnal insects, the different functions of soil fauna, 15N abundance in an old field ecosystem and forest productivity. This volume will be essential for all ecologists.
Categories: Science

Relationship between Forest Ecophysiology and Environment

Relationship between Forest Ecophysiology and Environment

Givnish, T.J. On the adaptive significance of leaf height in forest herbs. Am. Nat. 1982, 120, 353–381. ... In Ecology of Leaf Longevity; Kikuzawa, K., Lechowicz, M.J., Eds.; Springer: Tokyo, Japan, 2011; pp. 41–56. 36.

Author: Roberto Tognetti

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN: 9783036506487

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 182

Ecophysiological mechanisms underlie plant responses to environmental conditions and the influence these responses have on ecological patterns and processes. In this Special Issue, with a particular interest in the interactions between climate change, environmental disturbance, and functional ecology, experimental observations are described at a range of spatial scales. A modeling framework is used in an effort to relate mechanistic responses to ecosystem functions and services, and link forest ecophysiology and environmental indicators. This Special Issue collects important advances in studying and monitoring plant–environment interactions, covering biogeographic gradients from Mediterranean woodlands to boreal forests and from Alpine mountains to tropical environments.
Categories: Science

Plant Ecology

Plant Ecology

Ecology of leaf longevity. Tokyo: Springer Japan KK; 2011. 147 p. DOI: 10.1007/978-4-431-53918-6 Chapin FS III, Johnson D, McKendrick J. Seasonal movement of nutrients in plants of differing growth form in an Alaskan tundra ecosystem: ...

Author: Zubaida Yousaf

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 9789535133391

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 200

View: 388

This book is aimed to cover the phylogenetic and functional ecology with special reference to ecological shifts. I hope this book may benefit the students, fellow professors, and resource managers studying plant sciences. Since the topics stated in this book are not new but the issues and technologies mentioned were new to me, I expect that they will be new and equally advanced for the readers too. I encourage the readers to get out into the field to identify plants and to dig out the anthropogenic and social activities effecting plants to come along with the development of plant ecology; to rise and serve the topic of the enormous number of plants facing extinction; and to relish themselves and make some effort to contribute something to the world.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Tropical Tree Physiology

Tropical Tree Physiology

Adaptations and Responses in a Changing Environment Guillermo Goldstein, Louis S. Santiago. Field C (1983) Allocating leaf nitrogen for the ... Plant Species Biol 14:39–45 Kikuzawa K, Lechowicz MJ (2011) Ecology of leaf longevity.

Author: Guillermo Goldstein

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783319274225

Category: Science

Page: 467

View: 278

This book presents the latest information on tropical tree physiology, making it a valuable research tool for a wide variety of researchers. It is also of general interest to ecologists (e.g. Ecological Society of America; > 3000 or 4000 members at annual meeting), physiologists (e.g. American Society of Plant Biologists; > 2,000 members at annual meeting), and tropical biologists (e.g. Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation, ATBC; > 500 members at annual meeting). (American Geophysical Union(AGU), > 20000 members at annual meeting). Since plant physiology is taught at every university that offers a life sciences, forestry or agricultural program, and physiology is a focus at research institutes and agencies worldwide, the book is a must-have for university and research institution libraries.
Categories: Science

Nature s Fabric

Nature s Fabric

Leaves in Science and Culture David Lee ... Kimberlyn B. Williams, C. B. Field, and H. A. Mooney, “Relationships among Leaf Construction Cost, Leaf Longevity, and Light Environment in Rain Forest Plants of the Genus Piper,” AN ...

Author: David Lee

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226180595

Category: Nature

Page: 456

View: 844

Leaves are all around us—in backyards, cascading from window boxes, even emerging from small cracks in city sidewalks given the slightest glint of sunlight. Perhaps because they are everywhere, it’s easy to overlook the humble leaf, but a close look at them provides one of the most enjoyable ways to connect with the natural world. A lush, incredibly informative tribute to the leaf, Nature’s Fabric offers an introduction to the science of leaves, weaving biology and chemistry with the history of the deep connection we feel with all things growing and green. Leaves come in a staggering variety of textures and shapes: they can be smooth or rough, their edges smooth, lobed, or with tiny teeth. They have adapted to their environments in remarkable, often stunningly beautiful ways—from the leaves of carnivorous plants, which have tiny “trigger hairs” that signal the trap to close, to the impressive defense strategies some leaves have evolved to reduce their consumption. (Recent studies suggest, for example, that some plants can detect chewing vibrations and mobilize potent chemical defenses.) In many cases, we’ve learned from the extraordinary adaptations of leaves, such as the invention of new self-cleaning surfaces inspired by the slippery coating found on leaves. But we owe much more to leaves, and Lee also calls our attention back to the fact that that our very lives—and the lives of all on the planet—depend on them. Not only is foliage is the ultimate source of food for every living thing on land, its capacity to cycle carbon dioxide and oxygen can be considered among evolution’s most important achievements—and one that is critical in mitigating global climate change. Taking readers through major topics like these while not losing sight of the small wonders of nature we see every day—if you’d like to identify a favorite leaf, Lee’s glossary of leaf characteristics means you won’t be left out on a limb—Nature’s Fabric is eminently readable and full of intriguing research, sure to enhance your appreciation for these extraordinary green machines.
Categories: Nature

The Ecology of Trees in the Tropical Rain Forest

The Ecology of Trees in the Tropical Rain Forest

Species across a soil fertility gradient in Venezuela were chosen for a range of leaf life spans in order to investigate how longevity influenced form and function (Reich et al. 1991). Among the 23 species studied, leaf life length ...

Author: I. M. Turner

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139428873

Category: Science

Page: 298

View: 222

Our knowledge of the ecology of tropical rain-forest trees is limited, with detailed information available for perhaps only a few hundred of the many thousand of species that occur. Yet a good understanding of the trees is essential to unravelling the workings of the forest itself. This book aims to summarise contemporary understanding of the ecology of tropical rain-forest trees. The emphasis is on comparative ecology, an approach that can help to identify possible adaptive trends and evolutionary constraints and which may also lead to a workable ecological classification for tree species, conceptually simplifying the rain-forest community and making it more amenable to analysis.
Categories: Science