Author: Christopher ColcloughPublish On: 2014-05-05
This text arises out of a five year research programme examining the impact of education on the lives and livelihoods of people in developing countries.
Author: Christopher Colclough
Category: Business & Economics
Education has an extraordinarily important role to play in efforts to eliminate poverty world-wide. This book reveals the nature and complexity of these relationships and provides indispensible pointers to the kinds and extent of policy changes that are required. Based on highly innovative research that addressed common research questions across four countries in Africa and South Asia, the book presents new theoretical and empirical knowledge that will help to improve education and poverty reduction strategies in developing countries, through an enhanced recognition of education's actual and potential role. In addition to introducing the reader to a wide range of conceptual and policy-related problems concerning the impact of education on individuals and society, the book: provides the field of educational research with a contemporary economic and socio-cultural reassessment of educational outcomes in relation to poverty. discusses the challenges and priorities facing policy makers, practitioners and the international development community in improving the outcomes of education, particularly for the most disadvantaged in Africa, South Asia and other low income countries; identifies the key theoretical and methodological challenges involved in researching the outcomes of education for the poor. This book will appeal to undergraduate and postgraduate students and researchers in the fields of international and comparative education, education policy, development studies, African and Asian studies and related disciplines, and to those working on education policy at national or international levels in governments and international institutions.
This study aims at investigating the impact of a household head's educational attainment level on the poverty status of the household in South Africa with case study of Limpopo province.
This study aims at investigating the impact of a household head's educational attainment level on the poverty status of the household in South Africa with case study of Limpopo province. This study sought to establish if education has an effect on the poverty status of households in Limpopo Province. The Income and Expenditure Survey (IES) data conducted by Statistics South Africa, for the period 1995. 2000, 2005/06 and 2010/11 were used to carry out this investigation.The official absolute income poverty lines of R3864 (lower bound) and R7I 16 (upper bound) per capita per annum in 2000 prices were used. In order to establish the relationship between education and the poverty status of an individual or a household, a probit regression model has been used. The results obtained revealed that, there is a strong tendency for lower educational attainment to be associated with a higher prevalence of household poverty. That is households headed by someone with primary or no education are more likely to be poorer than those headed by someone with tertiary education.Rural and Black households are the most vulnerable in Limpopo Province. Although there is large allocation of resources towards education, educational outcomes have not improved. This raises questions regarding the lack of association between educational outcomes and resource alloction.
In South Africa explorations of the educationfertility relationship show that education plays an important part in depressing ... Although relatively recent
survey results continue to show that increasing levels of education act to reduce
Author: Kammila Naidoo
Publisher: Adonis & Abbey Pub Limited
Fragmented Families addresses a central question in the demographic debates on poverty and fertility transition in southern Africa: . In what ways do women's recurrent encounters with poverty serve to shape their sexual unions, social relationships and reproductive practices? The book focuses on the lives of a group of mothers and daughters from fifteen families in a demarcated part of the Winterveld area in South Africa, and draws attention to historical, socio-cultural, political and economic concerns in order to place in context or make sense of reproductive dynamics and family life at the micro-level. Vignettes, drawn from fieldwork, highlight the particularities of the area: the persistence of historical tensions, diverse livelihoods and complex gender relationships. The intergenerational stories of the women suggest that they live with immense and increasing adversity and that strategies to contend with them sometimes include attempts to assert control over sexual encounters and reproductive outcomes. The book contributes to a continuing debate on how changing socio-economic conditions could influence prospects for and the nature of fertility transition in African countries. The study concurs with alternative arguments that shifts toward lower levels of fertility might be due, in certain contexts, to experiences of severe hardship rather than favourable economic circumstances. Instead of seeking security and risk-aversion through bearing many children the response of indigent women in this area has been largely to resist reproduction, at particular stages of their lives, whilst using sexual relationships and child-bearing as strategies to manipulate and secure resources. In reflecting on methodological approaches, the book draws attention to the limitations of survey research in efforts to elicit 'accurate' representations of reproductive behaviour and fertility preferences, and emphasises the usefulness of more engaged, qualitative and long-term fieldwork endeavours in building substantive insights on women's familial and reproductive lives.
Human Development in South Asia In the South Asian region , challenges of
human development has continued for ... fears of this region slipping into even
greater poverty , with worsening nutritional , health , and educational outcomes .
Offering a data-rich historical sociology of curriculum and pedagogic change, this book will appeal to academics, researchers and postgraduate students in the fields of education, sociology of education, curriculum studies, educational ...
Author: Ursula Hoadley
As South Africa transitioned from apartheid to democracy, changes in the political landscape, as well as educational agendas and discourse on both a national and international level, shaped successive waves of curriculum reform over a relatively short period of time. Using South Africa as a germane example of how curriculum and pedagogy can interact and affect educational outcomes, Pedagogy in Poverty explores the potential of curricula to improve education in developing and emerging economies worldwide, and, ultimately, to reduce inequality. Incorporating detailed, empirical accounts of life inside South African classrooms, this book is a much-needed contribution to international debate surrounding optimal curriculum and pedagogic forms for children in poor schools. Classroom-level responses to curriculum policy reforms reveal some implications of the shifts between a radical, progressive approach and traditional curriculum forms. Hoadley focuses on the crucial role of teachers as mediators between curriculum and pedagogy, and explores key issues related to teacher knowledge by examining the teaching of reading and numeracy at the foundational levels of schooling. Offering a data-rich historical sociology of curriculum and pedagogic change, this book will appeal to academics, researchers and postgraduate students in the fields of education, sociology of education, curriculum studies, educational equality and school reform, and the policy and politics of education.
Journal of Educational Research , Towards an analytical framework . ... Street
children in South Africa : Findings measurement of poverty in South Africa . ... The
benefits and costs of alternative strategies to improve educational outcomes .
School inputs and educational outcomes in South Africa . Quarterly Journal of
Economics 114 ( 3 ) : 1047 – 1084 . Chin , A . 2000 . The returns to school quality
when school quality is very low : Evidence from Operation Blackboard in India .
Author: Shenggen Fan
Category: Business & Economics
Public Expenditures, Growth, and Poverty assesses the efficacy of poverty reduction programs in Latin America, Africa, and Asia by synthesizing studies conducted by the International Food Policy Research Institute over the past ten years. Overall, the studies find that investments in agricultural research, infrastructure, and human capital are beneficial in the long term, while food aid and poverty reduction programs have little utility beyond immediately abating hunger and generating short-run income effects. The book develops a conceptual framework for analyzing public expenditures and their short- and long-run impact on poverty through various channels. It surveys spending trends and analyzes the effect of growing public investment on urban and rural poverty through case studies of India, China, Thailand, and Uganda. And it highlights the advantages of directing spending toward public works programs that engage impoverished peoples rather than using the limited aid money on food subsidies and other passive donations. Featuring discussions about the roles of various social safety net programs and a chapter devoted solely to the vexing poverty in sub-Saharan Africa, Public Expenditures, Growth, and Poverty will aid policy makers and encourage further, more analytic study of worldwide poverty reduction programs.
Perspectives on South Africa's Growth and Development Ann Bernstein, Sandy
Johnston ... outcomes in South Africa : evidence from survey data , Social
Dynamics 27 ( 1 ) , 2001 ; Bhorat et al , Fighting poverty ; M Keswell and ... Lam ,
Generating extreme inequality ; Anderson et al , Causes and consequences of
schooling outcomes ; Case and Deaton , School inputs and educational outcomes ; J Burns ...
Education and Poverty in Rural China . ” Economics of Education Review . 21 ( 6
) : 523-541 . Case , A. & Deaton , A. “ School Inputs and Educational Outcomes in South Africa . ” Quarterly Journal of Economics . 114 ( 3 ) : 1047-1084 .
Gender and Equity in Education Swaps in South Asia : Synthesis Report Amanda
Seel. 1. ... through a Sector - Wide Approach ( SWAP ) are conceptualizing and
addressing issues of social exclusion and gender inequality , and with what results . ... A central understanding of the study has been that social exclusion
and gender inequality are deeply intertwined with poverty in the South Asia
Author: Amanda Seel
Category: Children with social disabilities
Study with reference to Bangladesh, Nepal, and Sri Lanka.
Author: Australia. Commission of Inquiry into PovertyPublish On: 1978
Commission of Inquiry into Poverty ... this series : Aboriginals and Islanders in
Brisbane Rural Poverty in Northern New South Wales Resources for Poor
Families : An Experimental ... Dr Fitzgerald Poverty and Education Lifelong Education and Poor People : Three Studies School Leavers : Choice and
Opportunity Aspects ...
Author: Australia. Commission of Inquiry into Poverty
In remarkably nuanced ways, this volume examines education's role as both a possible factor in perpetuating—and a tool for alleviating—entrenched poverty. Education has long been seen as a way out of poverty.
Author: William G. Tierney
Publisher: JHU Press
In Rethinking Education and Poverty, William G. Tierney brings together scholars from around the world to examine the complex relationship between poverty and education in the twenty-first century. International in scope, this book assembles the best contemporary thinking about how education can mediate class and improve the lives of marginalized individuals. In remarkably nuanced ways, this volume examines education's role as both a possible factor in perpetuating—and a tool for alleviating—entrenched poverty. Education has long been seen as a way out of poverty. Some critics, however, argue that educational systems mask inequality and perpetuate cycles of poverty and wealth; others believe that the innate resilience or intellectual ability of impoverished students is what allows those individuals to succeed. Rethinking Education and Poverty grapples in turn with the ramifications of each possibility. Throughout these compelling, far-reaching, and provocative essays, the contributors seek to better understand how local efforts to reduce poverty through education interact—or fail to interact—with international assessment efforts. They take a broad historical view, examining social, economic, and educational polices from the postWorld War II period to the end of the Cold War and beyond. Although there is no simple solution to inequality, this book makes clear that education offers numerous exciting possibilities for progress.
Author: International Federation for Home Economics. World CongressPublish On: 2004
Session 3 : Poverty prevention by learning household skills chair : S . S . Lee
Using home economics education to reduce poverty ... in put in home economics education could empower women and reduce poverty , food insecurity and
gender disparity in South Asia . ... the current system of education feasible home
economics education programs that are likely to yield the desired outcomes .
were drafted ...
Author: International Federation for Home Economics. World Congress
Author: Reconstruction and Development Programme (South Africa)Publish On: 1995
More than half of the rural poor have less than primary education , compared to
41 % for the urban , and 31 % for the ... Secondary Tertiary Quintile 1 ( Ultra -
poor ) Quintile 2 Quintile 3 Quintile 4 5 Health Health outcomes are both a cause
Author: Reconstruction and Development Programme (South Africa)
Author: Australia. Commission of Inquiry into PovertyPublish On: 1976
about one - third of the children entering secondary school in 1969 or 1970 were
still attending school in the final year ( 1974 ) . ... a greater proportion of people
living in rural areas when compared with the more urbanised States of Victoria
and New South Wales . ... The operation of the social class factor in determining educational outcomes is reflected within the dual system of schooling in Australia
Author: Australia. Commission of Inquiry into Poverty
The alternative hypothesis , which sees educational outcomes as the result of
patterns of wealth and poverty rather than ... White's ( 1998 ) review paper based
on their reading of the limited micro - level analyses of female education for South ...
College Aspirations Characteristics of Rural Communities and Students Despite
a fairly high rate of secondary school completion ... Most of the data available on
student outcomes are not disaggregated by location and by poverty , and little
available ... Disaggregated information reported by Hodgkinson ( 1994 ) shows
that , in 1990 , the South had the highest poverty rate and the Northeast the
The book should be essential reading for both students and researchers within the fields of international and comparative education, along with educational policy, poverty and development studies.
Author: Leon Tikly
How we understand education quality is inextricably linked with perspectives on social justice. Questions of inclusion, relevance and democracy in education are increasingly contested, most especially in the global South, and improving the quality of education, particularly for the most disadvantaged, has become a topic of fundamental concern for education policy makers, practitioners and the international development community. The reality experienced by many learners continues to be of inadequately prepared and poorly motivated teachers, struggling to deliver a rapidly changing curriculum without sufficient support, and often using outmoded teaching methods in over-crowded or dilapidated classrooms. Education Quality and Social Justice in the South includes contributions from leading scholars in the field of education and development. The text draws upon state of the art evidence from the five year EdQual research programme, which focuses upon raising achievement in low income countries, and demonstrates how systems of high quality universal education can be sustained. By exploring recent research initiatives to improve education quality, the importance of supporting local policy makers, educators and parents as agents of change, and students as active inquirers is highlighted, and the challenge of taking successful initiatives to scale is explained. The book is divided into three main parts: -Framing Education Quality -Planning and Policies for Quality -Implementing Quality in Schools Education Quality and Social Justice in the South argues that implementing a high quality of education using theories of social justice can inform the understanding of inclusion, relevance and democracy in education. The book should be essential reading for both students and researchers within the fields of international and comparative education, along with educational policy, poverty and development studies.