Emerging Optical Network Technologies

Emerging Optical Network Technologies

This book addresses many of these issues and presents a birds eye view of some of the more promising technologies.

Author: Krishna M. Sivalingam

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0387225846

Category: Computers

Page: 454

View: 521

Optical networks have moved from laboratory settings and theoretical research to real-world deployment and service-oriented explorations. New technologies such as Ethernet PON, traffic grooming, regional and metropolitan network architectures and optical packet switching are being explored, and the landscape is continuously and rapidly evolving. Some of the important issues involving these new technologies involve the architectural, protocol, and performance related issues. This book addresses many of these issues and presents a birds eye view of some of the more promising technologies. Researchers and those pursuing advanced degrees in this field will be able to see where progress is being made and new technologies are emerging. Emerging Optical Network Technologies: Architectures, Protocols and Performance provides state-of-the-art material written by the most prominent professionals in their respective areas.
Categories: Computers

The Emerging Optical Network

The Emerging Optical Network

Designed to help readers understand the very latest optical developments, technologies, architectures, and market trends driving the next-generation network, this comprehensive report of all-optical networks (AON) is a critical resource for ...

Author: International Engineering Consortium

Publisher: Intl. Engineering Consortiu

ISBN: 0933217978

Category: Computers

Page: 372

View: 963

Designed to help readers understand the very latest optical developments, technologies, architectures, and market trends driving the next-generation network, this comprehensive report of all-optical networks (AON) is a critical resource for any communications company that hopes to tackle today's optical networking challenge. The future of the AON remains uncertain, but the next-generation optical network promises to provide the bandwidth flexibility, reliability, and network-management functions required to enable end-to-end wavelength services.
Categories: Computers

Design Implementation and Analysis of Next Generation Optical Networks Emerging Research and Opportunities

Design  Implementation  and Analysis of Next Generation Optical Networks  Emerging Research and Opportunities

Featuring research on topics such as artificial intelligence, electromagnetic interface, and wireless communication, this book is ideally designed for researchers, engineers, scientists, and students interested in understanding, designing, ...

Author: Imtiaz, Waqas Ahmed

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781522597698

Category: Computers

Page: 221

View: 893

By the end of the decade, approximately 50 billion devices will be connected over the internet using multiple services such as online gaming, ultra-high definition videos, and 5G mobile services. The associated data traffic demand in both fixed and mobile networks is increasing dramatically, causing network operators to have to migrate the existing optical networks towards next-generation solutions. The main challenge within this development stems from network operators having difficulties finding cost-effective next-generation optical network solutions that can match future high capacity demand in terms of data, reach, and the number of subscribers to support multiple network services on a common network infrastructure. Design, Implementation, and Analysis of Next Generation Optical Networks: Emerging Research and Opportunities is an essential reference source that discusses the next generation of high capacity passive optical access networks (PON) in terms of design, implementation, and analysis and offers a complete reference of technology solutions for next-generation optical networks. Featuring research on topics such as artificial intelligence, electromagnetic interface, and wireless communication, this book is ideally designed for researchers, engineers, scientists, and students interested in understanding, designing, and analyzing the next generation of optical networks.
Categories: Computers

Optical Networking in Telecommunication

Optical Networking in Telecommunication

This book has successfully dealt with all technology related issues like, how is an optical network different from existing networks, which network elements are required for optical networks, what applications do optical networks best suit, ...

Author: Santosh Mukherjee

Publisher:

ISBN: 8184950047

Category: Optical communications

Page: 240

View: 374

As networks face increasing bandwidth demand and diminishing fibre availability, network providers are moving towards a crucial milestone in network evolution: the optical network. This book has successfully dealt with all technology related issues like, how is an optical network different from existing networks, which network elements are required for optical networks, what applications do optical networks best suit, etc. The book explains the technologies, architectures, and market trends for emerging optical networks and is primarily designed for undergraduate and graduate students of Electronics & Telecommunications.Key Features Includes detailed discussion on topics like Wavelength Routing Plans, Optical Cross-Connect (OXC), Optical Fibre Capacity, Optical Power Measurements, Optical Transmitters & Receivers, SONET systems, etc. Separate chapter on markets for Optical Networks has been added Exhaustive coverage of Fibre Optic Communications and related technologies
Categories: Optical communications

Optical Access Networks and Advanced Photonics Technologies and Deployment Strategies

Optical Access Networks and Advanced Photonics  Technologies and Deployment Strategies

"This book presents a comprehensive overview of emerging optical access network solutions to efficiently meet the anticipated growth in bandwidth demand"--Provided by publisher.

Author: Chochliouros, Ioannis P.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 9781605667089

Category: Computers

Page: 380

View: 121

"This book presents a comprehensive overview of emerging optical access network solutions to efficiently meet the anticipated growth in bandwidth demand"--Provided by publisher.
Categories: Computers

Optical and Wireless Technologies

Optical and Wireless Technologies

Emerging optical network technologies for 5G have been presented in [7]. The post 3G wireless networks needed several structural and characteristic changes [8]. These changes are very much necessary to adapt with the emerging ...

Author: Vijay Janyani

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9789811361593

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 567

View: 257

This volume presents selected papers from the 2nd International Conference on Optical and Wireless Technologies, conducted from 10th to 11th February, 2018. It focuses on extending the limits of currently used systems encompassing optical and wireless domains, and explores novel research on wireless and optical techniques and systems, describing practical implementation activities, results and issues. The book will serve as a valuable reference resource for academics and researchers across the globe.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Optical CDMA Networks

Optical CDMA Networks

Federal Communications Commission, Technological Advisory Council III. 4. Goralski, W. (1998) ADSL and DSL Technologies. McGraw-Hill, USA. 5. Kramer, G. (2005) Ethernet passive optical network. McGraw-Hill, New York, USA. 6.

Author: Hooshang Ghafouri-Shiraz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781119942009

Category: Science

Page: 448

View: 410

This book focuses heavily on the principles, analysis and applications of code-division multiple-access (CDMA) techniques in optical communication systems and networks. In this book, the authors intimately discuss modern optical networks and their applications in current and emerging communication technologies, evaluating the quality, speed and number of supported services. In particular, principles and fundamentals of optical CDMA techniques from beginner to advanced levels are heavily covered. Furthermore, the authors concentrate on methods and techniques of various encoding and decoding schemes and their structures, as well as analysis of optical CDMA systems with various transceiver models including advanced multi-level incoherent and coherent modulations with the architecture of access/aggregation networks in mind. Moreover, authors examine intriguing topics of optical CDMA networking, compatibility with IP networks, and implementation of optical multi-rate multi-service CDMA networks. Key features: Expanded coverage of optical CDMA networks, starts from principles and fundamentals Comprehensive mathematical modelling and analysis from signal to system levels Addresses the applications of modern optical networking in the current and emerging communication technologies Greater focus on advanced optical multi-level incoherent and coherent modulations, spreading codes, and transceiver designs Detailed hardware specifications, system-level block diagrams, and network nodes’ functionalities This book appeals to researchers, practicing engineers, and advanced students. It is a practical resource for readers with an interest in optical communications and networks.
Categories: Science

Multiwavelength Optical Networks

Multiwavelength Optical Networks

Advances in passive optical networks (PONs). In Emerging Optical Network Technologies, K. M. Sivalingam and S. Subramaniam (Editors), New York: Springer-Verlag 2005. [BenJaafar+01] H. Ben Jaafar, S. LaRochelle, P.-Y. Cortes, ...

Author: Thomas E. Stern

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521881395

Category: Computers

Page: 966

View: 472

Second edition of the acclaimed Multiwavelength Optical Networks, describing architectures, enabling technologies, and analytical tools.
Categories: Computers

Optical Communications in the 5G Era

Optical Communications in the 5G Era

Optical Communications in the 5G Era provides an up-to-date overview of the emerging optical communication technologies for 5G next-generation wireless networks.

Author: Xiang Liu

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128216271

Category: Science

Page: 350

View: 569

Optical Communications in the 5G Era provides an up-to-date overview of the emerging optical communication technologies for 5G next-generation wireless networks. It outlines the emerging applications of optical networks in future wireless networks, state-of-the-art optical communication technologies, and explores new R&D opportunities in the field of converged fixed-mobile networks. Optical Communications in the 5G Era is an ideal reference for university researchers, graduate students, and industry R&D engineers in optical communications, photonics, and mobile and wireless communications who need an understanding of modern optical communication technologies that are fundamental to the 5th-generation (5G) wireless network. Describes 5G wireless trends and technologies such as cloud radio access networks (C-RAN), massive multiple-input and multiple-output (MIMO), and coordinated multipoint (CoMP) Gives an insight into recent advances on the common public radio interface (CPRI), the Ethernet-based CPRI (eCPRI), and the next-generation fronthaul interface (NGFI) Presents X-haul technologies and how transport technologies can satisfy the mobile network needs Identifies promising applications of optical communication technologies in future 5G wireless networks Describes key optical communication technologies such as 100+Gb/s coherent transmission, low-cost direct-detection systems, and associated digital signal processing (DSP) techniques for high-throughput and low-latency wireless fronthaul and backhaul networks Gives various network architectures and designs of optical transport and access systems for better converged fiber/wireless networks Discusses emerging optical technologies such as optical sensing, optical ranging, optical face recognition, and optical signal processing
Categories: Science

Optical Network Design and Modeling

Optical Network Design and Modeling

IEEE Commun. Surv. Tutor. 20(2), 1492–1525 (2018) Rouskas, G.N., Xu, L.: Optical packet switching. In: Sivalingam, K.M., Subramaniam, S. (eds.) Emerging Optical Network Technologies, pp. 111–127.

Author: Anna Tzanakaki

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9783030380854

Category: Computers

Page: 661

View: 284

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 23rd International IFIP conference on Optical Network Design and Modeling, ONDM 2019, held in Athens, Greece, in May 2019. The 39 revised full papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 87 submissions. The papers focus on cutting-edge research in established areas of optical networking as well as their adoption in support of a wide variety of new services and applications. This involves the most recent trends in networking including 5G and beyond, big data and network data analytics, cloud/edge computing, autonomic networking, artificial intelligence assisted networks, secure and resilient networks, that drive the need for increased capacity, efficiency, exibility and adaptability in the functions that the network can perform. In this context new disaggregated optical network architectures were discussed, exploiting and integrating novel multidimensional photonic technology solutions as well as adopting open hardware and software platforms relying on software defined networking (SDN), and network function virtualization (NFV) to allow support of new business models and opportunities.
Categories: Computers

Towards an Optical Internet

Towards an Optical Internet

A short look at the Table of Contents of this book tells us, in fact, that this year's conference program reflects the current state of the art precisely.

Author: Admela Jukan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9780387354910

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 400

View: 723

In these exciting times of quotidianly progressing developments in communication techniques, where more than ever in the history of a technological progress, society's reliance on communication networks for medicine, education, data transfer, commerce, and many other endeavours dominates the human's everyday life, the optical networks are certainly one of the most promising and challenging networking options. Since their commercial arrival in the nineties, they have fundamentally changed the way of dealing with traffic engineering by removing bandwidth bottlenecks and eliminating delays. Today, after the revolutionary bandwidth expansion, the networking functionality migrates more and more to the optical layer, and the need to establish fast wavelength circuits and capacity-on-demand for the higher-layer networks, in particular data networks based on Internet Protocol (IP), has become one of the central networking issues for the new century. The unifying trends toward configurable all-optical network infrastructure open up a wide range of new network engineering and design choices dealing with networks' interoperability and common platforms for control and management. The Fifth Working Conference on Optical Network Design and Modelling, held in the Austrian capital Vienna, February 5-7, 2001, aims at presenting the most recent progress in optical communication techniques, new technologies, standardisation process, emerging markets and carriers. A short look at the Table of Contents of this book tells us, in fact, that this year's conference program reflects the current state of the art precisely.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Network and Communication

Network and Communication

New technologies are emerging. Optical fiber access will develop to 50G-EPON (802.3ca) and 1∗50/N∗50G PONs with a higher rate. With the development of network communication technology, especially cloud computing technology, big data, ...

Author: China Info & Comm Tech Grp Corp

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN: 9789811545962

Category: Computers

Page: 54

View: 515

Currently, there are global endeavors to integrate network information into the natural world and human society. This process will lead to marked improvements in productivity and product quality, and to new production methods and lifestyles. Further, these advances will have significant impacts, similar to those of the agricultural and industrial revolutions. At the same time, it is profoundly changing competition around the globe. Security, economic, social, military and cultural trends generate new opportunities for national development, new living spaces for humans, new fields of social governance, and new momentum for industrial upgrading and international competition. Over the next 20 years, the development of network communication technologies will focus on three-domain human-network-thing interconnections and their systematic integration into various industries and regions. This will be made possible by digitalization, networking and intellectualization, and will result in the extended connection of human societies around the globe, and a continuously enriched and expanded network space. This book summarizes the development of network communication, both globally and in China, as well as its future prospects from the perspectives of academia, technology and industry. Further, in the context of technology and applications, it focuses on mobile communication, data communication, and optical fiber communication. Discussing application services related to the mobile Internet, Internet of Things, edge computing and quantum communication, it highlights the latest technological advances, future trends, technologies and industry development hotspots. Lastly, it explores 15 buzzwords in the field of network communication in technology and industrial development, providing definitions, and describing the state of development of related applications.
Categories: Computers

Self Organizing Systems

Self Organizing Systems

Optical Perfprmance Monitoring. Journal of Lightwave Technology 22(1), 294–304 (2004) 9. Skorin-Kapov, N., Tonguz, O., Puech, N.: Self-Organization in Transparent Optical Networks: A New Approach to Security. In: The 9th International ...

Author: David Hutchison

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783540749172

Category: Computers

Page: 295

View: 497

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Workshop on Self-Organizing Systems, IWSOS 2007. The 17 revised full papers and five revised short papers presented together with two invited talks were carefully selected from more than 36 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on ad hoc routing, peer-to-peer networking, network topology, adaptive and self-organizing networks and multicast and mobility protocols.
Categories: Computers

FiWi Access Networks

FiWi Access Networks

Recent progress in optical fiber technologies, especially the maturity of integration and new packaging technologies, has rendered optical fiber access networks a promising low-cost broadband solution.

Author: Martin Maier

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9781139504669

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page:

View: 206

The evolution of broadband access networks toward bimodal fiber-wireless (FiWi) access networks, described in this book, may be viewed as the endgame of broadband access. After discussing the economic impact of broadband access and current worldwide deployment statistics, all the major legacy wireline and wireless broadband access technologies are reviewed. State-of-the-art GPON and EPON fiber access networks are described, including their migration to next-generation systems such as OCDMA and OFDMA PONs. The latest developments of wireless access networks are covered, including VHT WLAN, Gigabit WiMAX, LTE and WMN. The advantages of FiWi access networks are demonstrated by applying powerful network coding, heterogeneous optical and wireless protection, hierarchical frame aggregation, hybrid routing and QoS continuity techniques across the optical-wireless interface. The book is an essential reference for anyone working on optical fiber access networks, wireless access networks or converged FiWi systems.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Optical Fiber Telecommunications VIB

Optical Fiber Telecommunications VIB

Present-day networks are being challenged by dramatic increases in data rate demands of emerging applications.

Author: Vincent W.S. Chan

Publisher: Elsevier Inc. Chapters

ISBN: 9780128060919

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1148

View: 617

Present-day networks are being challenged by dramatic increases in data rate demands of emerging applications. New network architectures for streaming/routing large “elephant” transactions will be needed for cost and power efficiencies. This chapter examines a number of possible optical network transport mechanisms: optical packet switching, burst switching, and flow switching and describes the necessary physical layer, routing, and transport layers architectures for these transport mechanisms. Performance comparisons are made based on capacity utilization, scalability, costs, and power consumption. A global-reach network architecture, incorporating optical flow switching, will provide significant lower cost and power consumption for large transactions. This transport mechanism will necessitate physical, media access control, routing, and transport layers and control plane architecture changes over the current Internet architecture and must co-exist with traditional TCP/IP electronic packet switching transport in the same optical network. Scalability in network management and control and session scheduling is identified as the most important driver in the architecture construct. The physical architecture coupled with a matched media access control protocol can help slow down the control plane and still can operate the network with highly dynamic sessions and at high efficiency which is critical for low cost and low power operations. For intra-data center networks when the network bandwidth is not as challenged as a wide area network some form of burst switching can be advantageous if fast light-weight protocols are needed albeit the network must be used at light occupancy for low collision probabilities.
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Handbook of Fiber Optic Data Communication

Handbook of Fiber Optic Data Communication

This edition contains new material on transceiver form factors (QSFP, SFP +, XFP, X2), manufacturing standards, including JEDEC and RoHS, as well as the latest revisions to industry standards including 8G and 10G Fiber Channel, FICON, SONET ...

Author: Casimer DeCusatis

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0080565034

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 800

View: 212

Handbook of Fiber Optic Data Communication, Third Edition provides a comprehensive, easy to use guide to the field of optical fiber data communications. Written by experts in the industry from major companies such as IBM, Cisco and Nortel, the Handbook is a key reference for optical fiber technology, networking, protocols, applications, manufacturing, and future directions. It includes chapters on all the major industry standards, written by the same experts who developed them. This edition contains new material on transceiver form factors (QSFP, SFP +, XFP, X2), manufacturing standards, including JEDEC and RoHS, as well as the latest revisions to industry standards including 8G and 10G Fiber Channel, FICON, SONET GFP/LCAS, and 10 Gigabit Ethernet. The book also contains new chapters on emerging technologies and leading edge applications such as silicon photonics, nanophotonics, parallel optical interconnects, specialty fiber cable types, and optical backplanes. Features include: New Case Studies on Voice/Data Convergence, Redesigning Mainframe I/O, National LambdaRail, and optical peer-to-peer networks Includes an expanded listing of references on the World Wide Web, plus hard-to-find references for international, homologation, and type approval requirements Quick reference tables of all the key optical network parameters and a glossary that defines hundreds of technical terms and acronyms Written for engineers by engineers, this Handbook will be an indispensable, hands-on reference for optical networks and equipment developers, designers, and installers, as well as for students studying optical fiber communications wanting an understanding of, and insight into, professional practice. New Case Studies on Voice/Data Convergence, Redesigning Mainframe I/O, National LambdaRail, and optical peer-to-peer networks Includes an expanded listing of references on the World Wide Web, plus hard-to-find references for international, homologation, and type approval requirements Quick reference tables of all the key optical network parameters and a glossary that defines hundreds of technical terms and acronyms
Categories: Technology & Engineering

Optical WDM Networks

Optical WDM Networks

New optical network architectures in the local access, metro, and wide area environments will utilize this emerging optical ... will continue to provide technological challenges and opportunities to drive optical networking research, ...

Author: Krishna M. Sivalingam

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792378259

Category: Computers

Page: 352

View: 269

Optical WDM networking technology is spearheading a bandwidth revolution in the networking infrastructure being developed for the next generation Internet. Rapid advances in optical components have enabled the transition from point-to-point WDM links to all-optical networking. Optical WDM Networks: Principles and Practice presents some of the most important challenges facing the optical networking community, along with some suggested solutions. Earlier textbooks in optical networking have a narrower perspective, and rapidly advancing research has created the need for fresh and current information on problems and issues in the field. The volume editors and contributing authors have endeavoured to capture a substantial subset of the key problems and known solutions to these problems. All of the chapters are original contributions from leading international researchers. The chapters address a wide variety of topics, including the state of the art in WDM technology, physical components that make up WDM fiber-optic networks, medium access protocols, wavelength routed networks, optical access networks, network management, and performance evaluation of wavelength routing networks. The chapters also survey critical points in past research and tackle more recent problems. Practitioners and network product engineers interested in current state-of-the-art information beyond textbook-type coverage, and graduate students commencing research in this area, will appreciate the concise - and pertinent - information presented herein.
Categories: Computers

Reliable Network Architectures

Reliable Network Architectures

With the increasing number of Internet users, connected devices, and high data rate applications, the future Internet traffic is expected to continue to grow rapidly.

Author: Zhen Lu

Publisher:

ISBN: OCLC:1202266502

Category: Computer networks

Page:

View: 570

With the increasing number of Internet users, connected devices, and high data rate applications, the future Internet traffic is expected to continue to grow rapidly. Able to keep up with this exponential growth rate are fiber optics network technologies that leverage wavelength division multiplexing (WDM) to achieve multiple orthogonal channels in every fiber. Achievable transmission rates for each wavelength channel are also improving, reaching now 400Gbps and above commercially. While the demand for high network throughput is going to be met by the emerging and foreseeable optical transmission technologies, network vulnerability to outages remains a concern, especially accounting for the aggregate large data traffic volume that can be carried by a single optical fiber or switched by a single optical network node. Backbone optical networks in both metro and wide areas carry large volumes of traffic and even a single network element outage (e.g., a fiber cut, a site power outage, a port failure) can cause significant traffic disruption and loss, which in turn can adversely affect a large group of network users. Therefore, protection and restoration schemes such as pre-planned restoration, fast reroute (FRR), and SRLG (Shared-Risk Link Groups)-aware protection need to be implemented to achieve the much-needed network survivability level. Some of these mechanisms have been vii used extensively in the past, but they are not able to provide high degrees of reliability that can prevent the massive service outages that have been experienced in some commercial networks in recent years, when two or more unexpected and concurrent events caused severe disruptions in the network. In this dissertation, a number of advanced protection and restoration schemes, along with their related optimization algorithms, are discussed and investigated, focusing on three optical network architectures -- GMPLS (Generalized Multiprotocol Label Switching) enabled WDM network, multilayer optical network, and virtual optical network. As discussed in the dissertation these advanced schemes and related optimization algorithms achieve high network reachability and survivability even in the presence of multiple failure events affecting the network. By utilizing these schemes and algorithms, optical networks can be designed and managed to achieve high successful-restoration rates, fast restoration completion time, high network resource utilization, and tolerances to one or more outages.
Categories: Computer networks

Protocols for High Speed Networks

Protocols for High Speed Networks

New optical network technologies provide opportunities for fast, controllable bandwidth management. These technologies can now explicitly provide resources to data paths, creating demand driven bandwidth reservation across networks ...

Author: Georg Carle

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540436584

Category: Computers

Page: 265

View: 897

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th IFIP/IEEE International Workshop on Protocols for High Speed Networks, PfHSN 2002, held in Berlin, Germany in April 2002. The 14 revised full papers presented together with two invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 54 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on signalling and control, application-level mechanisms, TCP and high speed networks, quality of service, and traffic engineering and mobility.
Categories: Computers

IP over WDM

IP over WDM

This is the first book to focus on IP over WDM optical networks.

Author: Kevin H. Liu

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9780470855294

Category: Computers

Page: 416

View: 631

This is the first book to focus on IP over WDM optical networks. It not only summarizes the fundamental mechanisms and the recent development and deployment of WDM optical networks but it also details both the network and the software architectures needed to implement WDM enabled optical networks designed to transport IP traffic. The next generation network employing IP over optical networks is quickly emerging not only in the backbone but also in metro and access networks. Fiber optics revolutionizes the telecom and networking industry by offering enormous network capacity to sustain the next generation Internet growth. IP provides the only convergence layer in a global and ubiquitous Internet. So integrating IP and WDM to transport IP traffic over WDM enabled optical networks efficiently and effectively is an urgent yet important task. * Covers hot areas like traffic engineering, MPLS, peer-to-peer computing, IPv6. * Comprehensive overview of history, background and research. * Presents all requirements for a WDM optical network (enabling technologies, optical components, software architecture, management, etc.). * Performance studies and descriptions of experimental WDM optical networks guarantee the practical approach of the book. Technical engineers and network practitioners, designers and analysts, network managers and technical management personnel as well as first year graduate students or senior undergraduate students majoring in networking and/or network control and management will all find this indispensable.
Categories: Computers